University English: the blog for ESL students

October 12, 2014

Things to bring on a trip

Filed under: Unit 7: Going away ... — richardlstansfield @ 12:56 pm

On a beach vacation …
- you need a bathing suit to go swimming.
- you need sunscreen to protect our skin (from ultraviolet (UV) rays)
- you need pajamas to sleep in
- you need sunglasses to protect our eyes (from ultraviolet (UV) rays)
- you need a camera to take pictures
- you need sandals to protect our feet (while walking)
- you need shampoo to wash your hair
- you need a toothbrush to brush our teeth
- you need a hair dryer to dry our hair
- you need a towel to dry ourselves
- you need soap to wash/clean your face/body
- you need food to eat
- you need money to buy things
- you need a tent to protect us from animals/insects/rain
- you need a flashlight to see at night

On a camping trip …
- you need an icebox/cooler to keep food fresh/cool
- you need a first-aid kit to treat injuries
- you need a guitar to play music (to make a friendly atmosphere)
- you need a portable stove to cook food
- you need insect repellent to repel insects
- you need a tent to protect ourselves from animals/insects/rain
- you need a flashlight to see at night
- you need a sleeping bag to sleep in warmly
- you need batteries to recharge our cell-phone/flashlight
- you need a map to find out where we are (going)
- you need a shovel to even out the ground for the tent
- you need sunscreen to protect our skin (from ultraviolet (UV) rays)
- you need a portable stove to cook food

To stay overnight with a friend …
- you need a toothbrush (and toothpaste) to brush your teeth
- you need pajamas to sleep in comfortably at night
- you need a change of clothes to wear the next day
- you need makeup remover to remove makeup
- you need a razor to shave your face (men) or legs (women)
- you need a bottle of wine to give as a gift
- you need a charger to recharge your cell-phone’s battery
- you need a laptop to watch movies with your friend
- you need spare batteries to power your cell-phone

Unit 7: Going Away

Filed under: Unit 7: Going away ... — richardlstansfield @ 12:53 pm

In this unit, we will talk about:

* using infinitives to give reasons (grammar)

* things to take on a trip

* how to give advice and suggestions

* how to respond to suggestions (conversation strategy)

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Alicia and Rita and answer the questions.

( http://www.cambridge.org/us/esl/touchstone/audio/level2/TS2eL2CD3T01_P066U07Ex1PtB.mp3 )

1. Where is Rita going?

2. What are two things that Rita has to do?

3. What are two things that Rita will do on her trip?

Answers

1. To Puerto Rico

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_Rico )

2. a. She needs to go shopping to get a suitcase.

b. She needs to go online to find a flight.

3. a. She’s going to see her relatives in San Juan.

b. She’s going to go snorkeling.

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snorkeling )
Bonus Questions

Is it hard to find cheap flights? How can you find cheap flights?

Answers

It’s not too hard to find a bargain.

You just have to do some research.

bargain = something that is sold for less than its usual price (싸게 산 물건)

Page 66, Exercise C

1. to see

2. to buy

3. Is it

4. It’s

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Page 67, Exercise 2, Part A

1. go to Tokyo to study Japanese

is it necessary to learn some Japanese

It’s nice to say “Thank you,”

It’s important to know a few expressions

to get a phrase book to read

2. buy a guidebook to get some ideas

is it easy to get around

it’s not hard to use the subway

it’s easy to get lost

3. go to the bank to change some money

it’s good to have some cash

carry some cash to pay for taxis

It’s not possible to pay

It’s not easy to do

Page 67, Part A

Listen to the sentences. How is “to” pronounced?

Quickly or slowly? Loudly or softly? Clearly or not clearly?

Reduction = said quickly, softly, and not clearly

Page 67, Exercise 3, Part B

Do you need a visa to visit your country?

Do you need to speak the language to get around your city?

Is it easy to find a cheap place to stay?

Is it safe to walk around late at night?

Do you have to pay to go in museums?

Reduction = said more quickly
= said more softly
= said less clearly
Reductions are the opposite of “stressed.”
Stressed = said more slowly
= said more loudly
= said more clearly
Listen again. Which words are stressed?
(Stressed = said slowly, loudly, and clearly)

Do you need a visa to visit your country?

Do you need a visa to visit your country?

Do you need to speak the language to get around your city?

Do you need to speak the language to get around your city?

Is it easy to find a cheap place to stay?

Is it easy to find a cheap place to stay?

Is it safe to walk around late at night?

Is it safe to walk around late at night?

Do you have to pay to go in museums?
Do you have to pay to go in museums?

Page 68

Work with a partner. What are six things that you need on a beach vacation? The first one has been done for you. Use “infinitives for reasons.”

On a beach vacation …
1. you need a bathing suit to go swimming.
2. you need
3. you need
4. you need
5. you need
6. you need

What are five things that you need on a camping trip?
On a camping trip …
1. you need
2. you need
3. you need
4. you need
5. you need
What are five things that you need to stay overnight with a friend?

To stay overnight with a friend …
1. you need
2. you need
3. you need
4. you need
5. you need

Look again at the conversation on Page 66. You will have similar conversations, but you will fill in the blanks with your own ideas.

A: So, are you all packed for your trip?
B: No. I’m nowhere near ready – look at my to-do list! I need to _______ to _______ . And I still have to _______ to _______ .
A: Uh – oh. So, is it expensive to fly to _______ — or is it easy to find cheap flights?
B: Well, it’s not too hard to find a bargain. You just have to do some research.
A: Right. So why are you going, exactly?
B: To _______ . Then I’m going somewhere to _______ .
A: Nice. Sounds like a fun trip. Good luck with your list.
B: Thanks.

Example

A: So, are you all packed for your trip?
B: No. I’m nowhere near ready – look at my to-do list! I need to get a phrase book to study Japanese. And I still have to go to the bank to change some money.
A: Uh – oh. So, is it expensive to fly to Japan — or is it easy to find cheap flights?
B: Well, it’s not too hard to find a bargain. You just have to do some research.
A: Right. So why are you going, exactly?
B: To see some castles. Then I’m going somewhere to go shopping to buy some electronics.
A: Nice. Sounds like a fun trip. Good luck with your list.
B: Thanks.

A: So, are you all packed for your trip?
B: No. I’m nowhere near ready – look at my to-do list! I need to _______ to _______ . And I still have to _______ to _______ .
A: Uh – oh. So, is it expensive to fly to _______ — or is it easy to find cheap flights?
B: Well, it’s not too hard to find a bargain. You just have to do some research.
A: Right. So why are you going, exactly?
B: To _______ . Then I’m going somewhere to _______ .
A: Nice. Sounds like a fun trip. Good luck with your list.
B: Thanks.

Books closed.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mom. Jenny is going on a trip. Mom suggests that Jenny take 6 things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent
2. flashlight
3. spare batteries
4. jacket (whose?)
5. hat (whose?)
6. extra shoes

Bonus question
Did Jenny hear her mom? Why or why not.

No she didn’t.
She was wearing headphones.

Look again at the conversation between Jenny and her mom. Mom is making suggestions and giving advice. What phrases does Mom use to make suggestions or give advice?

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Practice the conversation with a partner. Use a phrase for “advice and suggestions” in the blanks.

Do you want to … ? could … need to …
It’s a good idea to … Why don’t … ? should …
Don’t forget to …
Mom: Jenny, maybe _____ take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and _____ pack some spare batteries. … _____ take my jacket? _____ have something warm. … Now, _____ take a hat. _____ borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, _____ pack some other shoes?
Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Books closed. Listen to the conversation between Chris and Stan. What four suggestions does Chris make?

1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking

Listen again. What does Stan think about each of Chris’ suggestions? (Does he like them or not?) How do you know? (What does he say?)

1. take a few days off

likes

Stan says, “We should,” and “Definitely.”

2. go to Mexico

likes

Stan says, “That’s a great idea.”

3. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

doesn’t like

Stan says, “Maybe,” and “I guess we could, but …”

4. quit their jobs and go backpacking

doesn’t like

Stan says, “I don’t know,” and “I’d like to, but …”

Responding to Suggestions

Like: Don’t like:
That’s a great idea. Maybe.
That sounds great. I guess we could, but …
I’d love to. I don’t know.
I’d like to, but …

Page 70, Exercise 1, Part D

1. That’s a great idea. / That sounds great. / I’d love to.

2. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

3. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

4. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

5. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

6. That’s a great idea. / That sounds great. / I’d love to.

Practice the conversation, but fill in the blanks with ways to make suggestions and how to respond to suggestions.

A: You know, we _____ take a few days off sometime.
B: Yeah, _____ .
A: We _____ go to Mexico or something.
B: _____ .
A: We _____ even go for a couple of weeks.
B: Well, _____ …
A: You know, we _____ just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months.
B: Well, _____ … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
A: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Books closed. Listen to the conversations and answer the questions.

Conversation 1

Where does Mark want to go this summer?

Answer: Mexico

Does Mark’s friend want to go to Mexico? If not, why not?

Answer: Not really.

He doesn’t know if it’s easy to find cheap flights.

What kind of class does Mark want to take?

Answer: French

Does Mark’s friend want to take a French class? If not, then what kind of class would she prefer?

Answer: Not really.

He really wants to learn Spanish.

How does Mark want to travel along the coast?

Answer: By driving.

Does Mark’s friend want to join them? If not, then why not?

Answer: Yes.

However, he would like to know if there are any nice places to stay.

What would Mark like to do in Australia?

Answer: Backpacking.

Does Mark’s friend want to join him? If not, then why not?

Answer: No.

It’s not easy to go, and he has to work.

What does Mark want to go and see?

Answer: A Chinese festival.

Does Mark’s friend want to go, too? If not, then why not?

Answer: Yes.

He would like to know if they have music and food.

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

Bonus Questions

1. What can you buy at the town near the Cave Hotel?

2. What are the rooms in the Lighthouse Hotel like? (Describe the rooms.)

3. Besides dolphins, what else can you watch at the Lighthouse Hotel?

4. How do you get to the Spa Hotel from Vienna? How long does it take?

5. What is it like at the Spa Hotel? How is the view?

6. What can you do at the Spa Hotel?

Bonus Questions

1. What can you buy at the town near the Cave Hotel?

You can buy local crafts, like rugs and jewelry.

2. What are the rooms in the Lighthouse Hotel like? (Describe the rooms.)

3. Besides dolphins, what else can you watch at the Lighthouse Hotel?

2. The rooms are very beautiful and luxurious.

3. You can do bird-watching.

4. How do you get to the Spa Hotel from Vienna? How long does it take?

5. What is it like at the Spa Hotel? How is the view?

6. What can you do at the Spa Hotel?

4. It’s a two-hour drive.

5. It’s so quiet and peaceful. The views are fantastic.

6. You can relax or exercise. You can go swimming, walk on the grounds, or just sleep by the pool.

Homework: Unit 7

Go to Page 72. Read the text.

* Vocabulary *

Next to each definition, write the word from the text.

__________ (noun) a curved, round roof of a building

__________ (noun) a large group of animals, such as cows, that live and eat together

__________ (adjective) pleasant and attractive

__________ (noun) a large South American animal with a long neck and long hair, often kept for its meat, milk, or fur and to carry heavy loads

__________ (noun) objects relating to famous people or events that people collect

__________ (verb) to appear through or from behind something, or to make something do this

__________ (adjective) excellent

__________ (noun) an electric vehicle for carrying passengers, mostly in cities, which moves along metal lines in the road

__________ (noun) a long, difficult journey that you make by walking

__________ (noun) a vehicle that is used for carrying things but that is smaller than a truck

__________ (verb) to walk slowly about a place without any purpose

Read the text and answer the questions.

* Controversy Tram Hotel, The Netherlands *

1. What are the rooms?

2. What are the themes?

3. Where do the owners sleep and cook?

* EcoCamp, Chile *

1. Where is EcoCamp?

2. At EcoCamp, what is amazing?

3. What can you do during the daytime?

4. What can you do during the evening?

* Giraffe Manor, Nairobi *

1. What should you bring? Why?

Homework: Unit 7

Go to Page 72. Read the text.

* Vocabulary *

Next to each definition, write the word from the text.

_dome_ (noun) a curved, round roof of a building

_herd_ (noun) a large group of animals, such as cows, that live and eat together

_inviting_ (adjective) pleasant and attractive

_llama_ (noun) a large South American animal with a long neck and long hair, often kept for its meat, milk, or fur and to carry heavy loads

_memorabilia_ (noun) objects relating to famous people or events that people collect

_poke_ (verb) to appear through or from behind something, or to make something do this

_superb_ (adjective) excellent

_tram_ (noun) an electric vehicle for carrying passengers, mostly in cities, which moves along metal lines in the road

_trek_ (noun) a long, difficult journey that you make by walking

_van_ (noun) a vehicle that is used for carrying things but that is smaller than a truck

_wander_ (verb) to walk slowly about a place without any purpose

Read the text and answer the questions.

* Controversy Tram Hotel, The Netherlands *

1. What are the rooms?

They are old trams from Germany and Holland.

2. What are the themes?

The themes are American, Italian, French, and Mexican.

3. Where do the owners sleep and cook?

The owners sleep in an old double-decker bus from England.

They cook in a French van.

* EcoCamp, Chile *

1. Where is EcoCamp?

It’s in the heart of the Torres del Paine National Park.

2. At EcoCamp, what is amazing?

The scenery and the peace and quiet are amazing.

3. What can you do during the daytime?

You can trek through the mountains and see guanacos (a type of llama) and other wildlife.

4. What can you do during the evening?

You can relax and enjoy a delicious dinner.

* Giraffe Manor, Nairobi *

1. What should you bring? Why?

You should bring a camera to take pictures of the giraffes, elegant rooms, or superb views of the Ngong Hills.

Pair work.

Have many conversations with a partner. Change the underlined words. Give reasons why

A: Do you want to go to the Cave Hotel?
Why don’t we the Lighthouse Hotel?
We could the Spa Hotel
We should the Controversy Tram Hotel
We ought to the EcoCamp
It would be a good idea to the Giraffe Manor
B: That’s a great idea. We can take a hot-air balloon ride.
That sounds great. We can watch the dolphins.
I’d love to.
I guess we could, but I need to work to pay for school.
I’d like to, but I don’t have any money.
I don’t know. I already have an appointment.
Maybe. It’s very far away.

September 20, 2014

Homework: Unit 7

Filed under: homework,Unit 7: Going away ... — richardlstansfield @ 11:53 pm

Homework: Unit 7

Go to Page 72. Read the text.

* Vocabulary *

Next to each definition, write the word from the text.

__________ (noun) a curved, round roof of a building

__________ (noun) a large group of animals, such as cows, that live and eat together

__________ (adjective) pleasant and attractive

__________ (noun) a large South American animal with a long neck and long hair, often kept for its meat, milk, or fur and to carry heavy loads

__________ (noun) objects relating to famous people or events that people collect

__________ (verb) to appear through or from behind something, or to make something do this

__________ (adjective) excellent

__________ (noun) an electric vehicle for carrying passengers, mostly in cities, which moves along metal lines in the road

__________ (noun) a long, difficult journey that you make by walking

__________ (noun) a vehicle that is used for carrying things but that is smaller than a truck

__________ (verb) to walk slowly about a place without any purpose

Read the text and answer the questions.

* Controversy Tram Hotel, The Netherlands *

1. What are the rooms?

2. What are the themes?

3. Where do the owners sleep and cook?

* EcoCamp, Chile *

Where is EcoCamp?

1. At EcoCamp, what is amazing?

2. What can you do during the daytime?

3. What can you do during the evening?

* Giraffe Manor, Nairobi *

1. What should you bring? Why?

October 7, 2013

Unit 7: Going away …

Filed under: Unit 7: Going away ... — richardlstansfield @ 1:26 am

Page 65.

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each picture?

With a partner, ask each other:

“What is in Picture # 1/2/3/4 ?”

Picture 1

beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.

Picture 2

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.

Picture 3

3. jumbo jet (airplane).

Picture 4

4. couple, tropical trees.

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

A. Where is Rita going?

B. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

C. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

A. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

B.

1. go shopping

2. get a new suitcase

3. go online to find a cheap flight

C.

1. see her relatives

2. go snorkeling

——————————

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see

2. to do

3. to find

——————————

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

First, write sentences with all of the phrases.

1. I need to get a phrasebook to learn some expressions.

2. I need to call the embassy to ask about a visa.

3. I need to go on the Internet to get a flight.

4. I need to call a travel agent to get a hotel room.

5. I need to buy a guidebook to find out about trains.

6. I need to go to the bank to change some money.

Now, match each sentence with a question.

1. e

2. a

3. b

4. f

5. c

6. d

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) short conversations, using the sentences above. Start with:

I’m going to [country's name], so …
Example #1

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need to get a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.
B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?
A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.
———————————————————————-
A: I’m going to _______, so I need to _______ to _______ .
B: Is it _______ to _______?
A: Well, _______.

——————————

Look back at the conversation on page 66. Change the conversation.

A: Are you ready for your trip to __________?
B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to __________ to __________, and I still have to __________ to __________ .
A: Is it easy to __________?
B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to __________.
A: So, where are you going, exactly?
B: Well, first I’m going to __________ to __________. Then I’m going someplace to go __________.
A: That sounds exciting.
B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

Example

A: Are you ready for your trip to _Canada_ ?
B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to _get a phrase book_ to _learn some expressions_, and I still have to _go to the bank_ to _change some money_ .
A: Is it easy to _learn some expressions_?
B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to _study hard_.
A: So, where are you going, exactly?
B: Well, first I’m going to _Montreal_ to _see the jazz festival_ . Then I’m going someplace to go _skating_ .
A: That sounds exciting.
B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

Travel Talk

Part 1. Match the sentences that have similar meanings.

1. I want to do some sightseeing. ___
2. I want to relax and enjoy myself. ___
3. I want to practice my English. ___
4. I want to get away from it all. ___
5. I want to experience something new. ___
6. I’m so excited about this trip. ___
7. I’m looking forward to it. ___
8. I can’t wait to go. ___
9. I’m a little anxious about it. ___
10. Thank goodness! ___

a. I want to forget my problems.
b. I really want to go.
c. I want to have a good time.
d. I am hoping to do it.
e. Hurray!
f. I am nervous about it.
g. I want to see famous things.
h. I want to try some new things.
i. I want to use my English.
j. I am very happy about the trip.

Part 2. Have many short conversations. Change the underlined words.

A: Vacation starts tomorrow. I’m so excited!
I’m really looking forward to it.
I can’t wait to go.
Thank goodness!
I’m a little anxious about it.
B: We should go to Africa.
We could
Why don’t we
Let’s
Do you want to
A: That’s a great idea. We can experience something new.
That sounds great. do some sightseeing.
I’d love to. practice our English.
get away from it all.
relax and enjoy ourselves.

Page 69. Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes
Practice the conversation twice. (One time you are Jenny, and one time you are Mom.)

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Page 68. Part A

Look at the pictures. What would you need for a beach vacation? Why?
(Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67 –> infinitives for reasons.)

Write down some sentences.

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, insect repellent makeup, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

Part B

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?
Discuss with a partner.
Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.
Make lists and present them to the class.

Examples:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

On a beach vacation …

We need sunscreen to protect our skin from ultraviolet (UV) rays.
We need a tent to sleep/rest in/sleep safely in.
We need a watermelon to eat.
We need sandals to protect our feet from the hot sand.
We need a hat to protect our head from the sun.
We need a camera to take pictures.
We need a ball to play with.
We need soap to wash our body.
We need insect repellant to repel insects/protect ourselves from insects.
We need a flashlight to light the darkness/to shine a light.
We need sunglasses to protect our eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays.
We need a toothbrush to brush our teeth.
We need a volleyball to play (beach) volleyball with.
We need a first-aid kit to treat any injuries.
We need a map to know where we are/find where we are going.
We need shampoo to wash our hair.
We need a hair dryer to dry our hair.
We need some batteries to power our flashlight.

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

We need meat to cook over a fire.
We need some drinks to feel relaxed.
We need a tent to sleep in/protect us from insects/sleep safely in.
We need a toothbrush to brush our teeth.
We need a portable gas stove to cook food.
We need a flashlight to shine a light/light the darkness/to be able to see in the dark.
We need a backpack to carry things in.
We need a cell-phone to contact people.
We need insect repellent to repel insects/to protect us from insects.
We need batteries to power our flashlight.
We need a sleeping bag to sleep comfortably in.
We need a portable gas stove to cook food.
We need beverages to drink.

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

We need a schedule to not forget any appointments/know what I have to do.
We need a cell-phone to communicate/keep in touch with people/contact people.
We need a laptop/notebook computer to do work/make presentations on/to find information/write documents/store our presentation/do research/record the meeting.
We need a watch to know the time/tell the time/know what time it is.
We need that country’s currency to pay for things.
We need a briefcase to carry documents/papers in.
We need a passport to enter another country legally.
We need a razor to shave our face.
We need makeup to look good.
We need soap to wash ourselves.
We need a suit jacket (and tie) to look professional.
We need a notebook to write notes in.
We need credit cards to pay for things.
We need business cards to network with new clients.

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

We need pajamas to sleep comfortably in/wear while we sleep.
We need a game console to play games with our friend.
We need a toothbrush to brush out teeth.
We need shampoo to wash our hair.
We need alcoholic beverages to relax with our friend/to drink together with our friend.
We need a spare cell-phone battery to power our cell-phone.
We need playing cards to play games with our friend.
We need a brush to brush our hair.
We need beverages/snacks to drink/eat with our friend.
We need toothpaste to put on our toothbrush.

Look again at the conversation between Jenny and her mom. Mom is making suggestions and giving advice. Look at the phrases that Mom uses to make suggestions or give advice.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first? How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end? How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months
.

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”
.

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Practice the conversation twice. (One time, you are Chris, and one time, you are Adam.)

Chris: You know, we should take a few days off sometime.
Adam: Yeah, we should. Definitely.
Chris: We could go to Mexico or something.
Adam: That’s a great idea.
Chris: We could even go for a couple of weeks.
Adam: Well, maybe. I guess we could, but …
Chris: You know, we could just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months. …
Adam: Well, I don’t know. I’d like to, but … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
Chris: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Look at the conversation again. Look at the phrases that Chris uses to make suggestions. Look at the phrases that Adam uses to respond to the suggestions.

Chris: You know, we should take a few days off sometime.
Adam: Yeah, we should. Definitely.
Chris: We could go to Mexico or something.
Adam: That’s a great idea.
Chris: We could even go for a couple of weeks.
Adam: Well, maybe. I guess we could, but …
Chris: You know, we could just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months. …
Adam: Well, I don’t know. I’d like to, but … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
Chris: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ?
(e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

- That’s a great idea.
- That sounds great.
- I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

- I guess we could, but …
- I don’t know.
- I’d like to, but …

Page 70, Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses. Then practice with a partner.

1. b

2. d

3. e

4. f

5. a

6. c

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 2

Answers

1. A: You know, I guess my favorite kind of vacation is going camping.

2. A: I guess it gets pretty cold in Canada in the winter.

B: …

A: Yeah, I guess I’d probably like the snow.

3. A: …

B: Well, I guess I could go. Oh, wait, I have an exam next week. But I could study in the car, I guess.

4. A: …

B: Yeah. Two weeks’ vacation a year isn’t enough, I guess.

A: But I guess we could go away on weekends or something.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. Everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime.

2. Everyone should learn another language.

3. World cultures should be a required class in high school.

4. It’s a good idea to travel with a friend.

5. You should read a lot about a place before you go there.

6. It’s nice to try the local food in a new country.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part B

Discuss their statements. Do you agree with them?
Why or why not?  Later, you will present your opinions to the class.

* Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
* Do you think everyone should learn another language?
* Do you think world cultures should be a required class in high school?
* Do you think it’s a good idea to travel with a friend?
* Do you think you should read a lot about a place before you go there?
* Do you think it’s nice to try the local food in a new country?
Example:
A: Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
B: Yes, I think so. It’s good to visit other countries.
A: Definitely. But some people can’t afford to travel.

Present your opinions to the class.

My partner and I agree/don’t agree.

Both/Neither of us think that _______ because…
I think/don’t think
He/She thinks/doesn’t think

Example:
My partner and I don’t agree.
She doesn’t think that everyone should learn another language because it’s difficult.
I think that everyone should learn another language because languages help you communicate with more people.

Example:
My partner and I agree.
Both of us think that everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime because you can learn interesting things.

Homework (Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C)

Answers

(Answers can be slightly different as long as they have the correct information.)

1. You dive.

2. It takes about an hour.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, and hot springs. You can also see Fisherman’s island with its 12-foot cacti.

4. Because the sun gets extremely bright.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

(chapel = a small church, or a room used as a church in a building)

(lounge = a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait)

6. Because it melts in the spring.

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

Discussion

Discuss which hotel would you like to visit? Why?
Then tell the class.

A: Which hotel would you like to visit?

B: I would like to visit the Jules Undersea Lodge because …
Hotel de la Playa
Ishotellet
Cave Hotel
Lighthouse Hotel
Spa Hotel

Present your opinions to the class.

My partner and I agree/don’t agree.

Both of us would like to go to _______ because …
I
He/She

Example
My partner and I don’t agree.
I would like to go to the Jules Undersea Lodge because I love to watch fish.
He would like to go to the Cave Hotel because he wants to look down from the hot-air balloon.

September 10, 2012

Unit 7: Going away

Filed under: lessons,Unit 7: Going away ... — richardlstansfield @ 2:11 am

Watch the video and answer the questions

a. Which country did they go to?

b. Where did they go?

(12 places)

c. What did they eat?

(5 things)

d. What did they see?

(2 things)

e. What did they do?

(3 things)

——————————————————————-

Answers:

a. Which country did they go to?

.

- South Korea

.

b. Where did they go?

.

1. brother’s messy office

.

2. a temple in Seoul

.

3. Gyeong-ju

.

4. Bulguksa Temple

.

5. Seokguram Grotto

.

6. Gyeong-ju market

.

7. the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)

.

8. North Korea

.

9. Changdeok-gung Palace

.

10. the Secret Garden

.

11. Myeong-dong

.

12. Namsan Tower

.

c. What did they eat?

1. fried rice, egg, and kimchi

.

2. barbecued beef

.

3. stew

.

4. bibimbap

.

5. dakkalbi

.

d. What did they see?

.

1. the world’s largest flag

.

2. a crazy dog

.

What did they do?

.

1. bought DMZ rice

.

2. signed a release form

.

3. kissed in North Korea

Discussion

Ask each other these questions.

1. Have you ever gone to any of these places?

a. When did you go?

b. How long did you stay there?

c. What did you do there?

d. Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

2. What other places have you gone to?

a. When did you go?

b. How long did you stay there?

c. What did you do there?

d. Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

3. What is the best place that you have ever gone to?

Why was it the best place?

4. What places do you want to go to in the future?

a. When do you want to go?

b. How long do you want to stay there?

c. What do you want to do there?

*** This is not a race ***

You are to practice speaking.

Use details to continue talking until we change activity.

Do not stop talking and tell me, “Finished.” I will tell you to start again, and to do it properly (with details).

——————————

Page 65.

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each picture?

With a partner, ask each other:

“What is in Picture # 1/2/3/4 ?”

Picture 1

beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.

Picture 2

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.

Picture 3

3. jumbo jet (airplane).

Picture 4

4. couple, tropical trees.

——————————

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

A. Where is Rita going?

B. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

C. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

——————————

A. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

B.

1. go shopping
.

2. get a new suitcase
.

3. go online to find a cheap flight
.

C.

1. see her relatives
.

2. go snorkeling

——————————

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see
.

2. to do
.

3. to find

——————————

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

First, write sentences with all of the phrases.

1. I need to get a phrasebook to learn some expressions.
.

2. I need to call the embassy to ask about a visa.
.

3. I need to go on the Internet to get a flight.
.

4. I need to call a travel agent to get a hotel room.
.

5. I need to buy a guidebook to find out about trains.
.

6. I need to go to the bank to change some money.
.

Now, match each sentence with a question.

1. e
.

2. a
.

3. b
.

4. f
.

5. c
.

6. d
.

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) mini-conversations, using the sentences above. Start with:

I’m going to [country's name], so …

Example #1

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.

B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?

A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.

——————————

Look back at the conversation on page 66. Change the conversation.

A: Are you ready for your trip to __________ ?

B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to __________ to __________ , and I still have to __________ to __________ .

A: Is it easy to __________ ?

B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to __________ .

A: So, where are you going, exactly?

B: Well, first I’m going to __________ to __________ . Then I’m going someplace to go __________ .

A: That sounds exciting.

B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Example

A: Are you ready for your trip to _Canada_ ?

B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to _get a phrase book_ to _learn some expressions_ , and I still have to _go to the bank_ to _change some money_ .

A: Is it easy to _learn some expressions_ ?

B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to _study hard_ .

A: So, where are you going, exactly?

B: Well, first I’m going to _Montreal_ to _see the jazz festival_ . Then I’m going someplace to go _skating_ .

A: That sounds exciting.

B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Page 68

Part A

Look at the pictures. What would you need for a beach vacation? Why?
(Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67 –> infinitives for reasons.)

Write down some sentences.

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, insect repellent makeup, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

Part B

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?
Discuss with a partner.
Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.
Make lists and present them to the class.

Examples:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

——————–

Page 69

Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes

——————————————————————-

Practice the conversation. One of you is Mom, and the other is Jenny.

After you do it once, do it again, but change the _underlined_ words.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take _some insect repellent_ … Oh, and take _a flashlight_, and don’t forget to pack _some spare batteries_ … Why don’t you take my _jacket_? It’s a good idea to have something warm … Now, you need to take _a hat_. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack _some other shoes_?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Example:

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent sunscreen. … Oh, and take a flashlight first-aid kit, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries shoes

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, a hat, insect repellent makeup, a jacket, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, shoes, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

——————–

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first? How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end? How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months
.

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”
.

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ? (e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

- That’s a great idea.

- That sounds great.

- I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

- I guess we could, but …

- I don’t know.

- I’d like to, but …

Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses. Then practice with a partner.

1. b
.

2. d
.

3. e
.

4. f
.

5. a
.

6. c
.

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 2

Answers

1. A: You know, I guess my favorite kind of vacation is going camping.

2. A: I guess it gets pretty cold in Canada in the winter.

B: …

A: Yeah, I guess I’d probably like the snow.

3. A: …

B: Well, I guess I could go. Oh, wait, I have an exam next week. But I could study in the car, I guess.

4. A: …

B: Yeah. Two weeks’ vacation a year isn’t enough, I guess.

A: But I guess we could go away on weekends or something.

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. Everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime.
.

2. Everyone should learn another language.
.

3. World cultures should be a required class in high school.
.

4. It’s a good idea to travel with a friend.
.

5. You should read a lot about a place before you go there.
.

6. It’s nice to try the local food in a new country.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part B

Discuss their statements. Do you agree with them?
Why or why not?

Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
Do you think everyone should learn another language?
Do you think world cultures should be a required class in high school?
Do you think it’s a good idea to travel with a friend?
Do you think you should read a lot about a place before you go there?
Do you think it’s nice to try the local food in a new country?

example:

A: Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
B: Yes, I think so. It’s good to visit other countries.
A: Definitely. But some people can’t afford to travel.

——————–

Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C

Answers

(Answers can be slightly different as long as they have the correct information.)

1. You dive.
.

2. It takes about an hour.
.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, and hot springs. You can also see Fisherman’s island with its 12-foot cacti.
.

4. Because the sun gets extremely bright.
.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

(chapel = a small church, or a room used as a church in a building)

(lounge = a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait)

6. Because it melts in the spring.

——————–

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)
.

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

——————–

Vocabulary Review

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

- example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

- example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

- example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

September 5, 2011

Unit 7: Going away …

Filed under: announcements,lessons,Unit 7: Going away ... — richardlstansfield @ 2:28 am

Page 65. Unit 7: Going away …

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each picture?

With a partner, ask each other:

“What is in Picture # 1/2/3/4 ?”

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

1. beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.
.

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.
.

3. jumbo jet (airplane).
.

4. couple, tropical trees.

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

A. Where is Rita going?

B. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

C. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

——————————————————————-

A. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

B.

1. go shopping
.

2. get a new suitcase
.

3. go online to find a cheap flight
.

C.

1. see her relatives
.

2. go snorkeling

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see
.

2. to do
.

3. to find

——————————————————————-

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

First, write sentences with all of the phrases.

1. I need to get a phrasebook to learn some expressions.
.

2. I need to call the embassy to ask about a visa.
.

3. I need to go on the Internet to get a flight.
.

4. I need to call a travel agent to get a hotel room.
.

5. I need to buy a guidebook to find out about trains.
.

6. I need to go to the bank to change some money.
.

Now, match each sentence with a question.

1. e
.

2. a
.

3. b
.

4. f
.

5. c
.

6. d
.

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) mini-conversations, using the sentences above. Start with:

I’m going to [country's name], so …

Example #1

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.

B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?

A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.

——————————————————————-

Syllables and Stress

Syllables

All words have syllables.

Very short words have only one syllable.

Examples:

desk –> 1 syllable

chair –> 1 syllable

Long words have more than one syllable.

Examples:

speaker

–> 2 syllables

window

–> 2 syllables

computer

.
–> 3 syllables

conditioner

.
–> 4 syllables

television

.
–> 4 syllables

refrigerator

.
–> 5 syllables

Stress

When something is stressed, it is said more loudly, slowly, and clearly.

If a word has more than one syllable, you must stress the correct syllable.

Examples:

speaker
.

window
.

computer
.

conditioner
.

television
.

refrigerator
.

English (and some other languages) use a lot of stress. Korean uses a little.

If you do not use stress, and you speak in a monotone, you can sound like a robot or Stephen Hawking’s voice synthesizer.

.

.

.

This can make it very difficult for native speakers of English to understand you.

Even when words seem to be the same in English and in Korean, you must add stress.

e.g. taxi vs. 택시

e.g. corner vs. 코너

Many students say that “English is so fast.” It’s not fast. Its speed is uneven.
Korean has little stress, so its speed is very even.
English uses a lot of stress, and when we stress something, we say it more slowly. So when native speakers talk in English, their speed is always changing from fast to slow or from slow to fast.

Listen to Korean and English rap. Their rhythms are different because their rhythms are based on their languages’ rhythms.

Korean rap tends to sound like what I call a “staccato monotone.”

English raps tends to have more changes in speed, more of what rappers call “rhyme and flow.” For example, listen to this song.

——————–

First verse

I’m armed until I’m on a island

My life’s riding on the Autobahn on autopilot

Before I touch dirt, I’ll kill you all with kindness

I kill you, my natural persona’s much worse

You’ve been warned if you’ve been born or if you conform

——————–

First verse

I’m armed until I’m on a island

My life’s riding on the Autobahn on autopilot

Before I touch dirt, I’ll kill you all with kindness

I kill you, my natural persona’s much worse

You’ve been warned if you’ve been born or if you conform

——————————————————————-

Look at the conversation on Page 66 again. Practice the conversation with a partner, and stress the syllables correctly.

Alicia: Are you ready for your trip to Puerto Rico?

Rita: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to go shopping to get a new suitcase, and I have to go online to find a cheap flight.

Alicia: Is it easy to find bargains on the Internet?

Rita: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to do some research.

Alicia: So, where are you going exactly?

Rita: Well, first I’m going to San Juan to see my relatives, and then we’re all going someplace to go snorkeling.

Alicia: That sounds exciting.

Rita: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Alicia: Are you ready for your trip to Puerto Rico?

Rita: Yeah, kind of.

But I still have a lot to do!

I need to go shopping to get a new suitcase,
and I have to go online to find a cheap flight.

Alicia: Is it easy to find bargains on the Internet?

Rita: Well, it’s not too hard.

You just have to do some research.

Alicia: So, where are you going exactly?

Rita: Well, first I’m going to San Juan to see my relatives,
and then we’re all going someplace to go snorkeling.

Alicia: That sounds exciting.

Rita: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Page 67

Exercise 3

Part A

Listen to the sentences. Notice which words and syllables are stressed.

(Stressed = said more loudly, slowly, and clearly)

Is it expensive to visit your country?

Well, it’s hard to find cheap hotels.

Part B

Listen and complete the sentences.

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

Listen again.

Which parts are stressed?

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

——————–

In pairs, ask each other these questions, and remember to stress correctly.

1. If you visit Korea, do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. If you visit Korea, is it OK to drink the water?

3. If you visit Korea, do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. If you visit Korea, is it safe to go out late at night?

5. If you visit Korea, can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

——————–

Watch the video and answer the questions.

a. Which country did they go to?

b. Where did they go?

(12 places)

c. What did they eat?

(5 things)

d. What did they see?

(2 things)

e. What did they do?

(3 things)

——————————————————————-

Answers:

a. Which country did they go to?

.

- South Korea

.

b. Where did they go?

.

1. brother’s messy office

.

2. a temple in Seoul

.

3. Gyeong-ju

.

4. Bulguksa Temple

.

5. Seokguram Grotto

.

6. Gyeong-ju market

.

7. the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)

.

8. North Korea

.

9. Changdeok-gung Palace

.

10. the Secret Garden

.

11. Myeong-dong

.

12. Namsan Tower

.

c. What did they eat?

1. fried rice, egg, and kimchi

.

2. barbecued beef

.

3. stew

.

4. bibimbap

.

5. dakkalbi

.

d. What did they see?

.

1. the world’s largest flag

.

2. a crazy dog

.

What did they do?

.

1. bought DMZ rice

.

2. signed a release form

.

3. kissed in North Korea

——————————————————————-

Discussion

Talk with a partner. Ask each other these questions.

1. Have you been to any of the places in the video?

What did you do there? Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

2. Are there any places in the video that you have not gone to?

Which ones do you want to go to? Why?

——————–

Page 68

Part A

Look at the pictures. What would you need for a beach vacation? Why?
(Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67 –> infinitives for reasons.)

Write down some sentences.

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, insect repellent makeup, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

Part B

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?
Discuss with a partner.
Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.
Make lists and present them to the class.

Examples:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

——————————————————————-

Page 69

Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes

——————————————————————-

Practice the conversation. One of you is Mom, and the other is Jenny.

After you do it once, do it again, but change the _underlined_ words.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take _some insect repellent_ … Oh, and take _a flashlight_, and don’t forget to pack _some spare batteries_ … Why don’t you take my _jacket_? It’s a good idea to have something warm … Now, you need to take _a hat_. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack _some other shoes_?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Example:

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent sunscreen. … Oh, and take a flashlight first-aid kit, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries shoes

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, a hat, insect repellent makeup, a jacket, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, shoes, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

——————–

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first? How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end? How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months
.

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”
.

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ? (e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

- That’s a great idea.

- That sounds great.

- I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

- I guess we could, but …

- I don’t know.

- I’d like to, but …

Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses. Then practice with a partner.

1. b
.

2. d
.

3. e
.

4. f
.

5. a
.

6. c
.

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 2

Answers

1. A: You know, I guess my favorite kind of vacation is going camping.

2. A: I guess it gets pretty cold in Canada in the winter.

B: …

A: Yeah, I guess I’d probably like the snow.

3. A: …

B: Well, I guess I could go. Oh, wait, I have an exam next week. But I could study in the car, I guess.

4. A: …

B: Yeah. Two weeks’ vacation a year isn’t enough, I guess.

A: But I guess we could go away on weekends or something.

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. Everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime.
.

2. Everyone should learn another language.
.

3. World cultures should be a required class in high school.
.

4. It’s a good idea to travel with a friend.
.

5. You should read a lot about a place before you go there.
.

6. It’s nice to try the local food in a new country.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part B

Discuss their statements. Do you agree with them?
Why or why not?

Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
Do you think everyone should learn another language?
Do you think world cultures should be a required class in high school?
Do you think it’s a good idea to travel with a friend?
Do you think you should read a lot about a place before you go there?
Do you think it’s nice to try the local food in a new country?

example:

A: Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
B: Yes, I think so. It’s good to visit other countries.
A: Definitely. But some people can’t afford to travel.

——————–

Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C

Answers

(Answers can be slightly different as long as they have the correct information.)

1. You dive.
.

2. It takes about an hour.
.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, and hot springs. You can also see Fisherman’s island with its 12-foot cacti.
.

4. Because the sun gets extremely bright.
.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

(chapel = a small church, or a room used as a church in a building)

(lounge = a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait)

6. Because it melts in the spring.

——————–

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)
.

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

——————–

Vocabulary Review

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

- example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

- example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

- example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

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