University English: the blog for ESL students

May 30, 2009

World’s famous team : ‘Manchester United’

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 8:07 am

※Glossary :

▷ commercial : involving or relating to the buying and selling of goods
▷ corporation : a large business or company
▷ insurance : an arrangement in which you pay money to a company, and they pay money to you if something unpleasant happens to you, for example if your property is stolen or damaged, or if you get a serious illness
▷ pursuit : an activity, interest, or plan consists of all the things that you do when you are carrying it out.
▷ capability : you have the ability or the qualities that are necessary to do it
▷ sequentially : follows a fixed order
▷ priceless : you are emphasizing that it is worth a very large amount of money

World’s famous team : ‘Manchester United’

Manchester United's logo

Manchester United's logo


Park Ji-sung

Park Ji-sung


Christiano Ronaldo

Christiano Ronaldo

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Soccer is one of the, if not the, most popular sports in the world. There are many soccer leagues in the world, but England premier league is the most popular. So, most of the best soccer players play in the premier league and the games are broadcasting all around the world. Especially, there are four team in the premier league, these teams have a lot of fans in the world. One of those team name is Manchester United. M.U is located in Manchester city. And their stadium is ‘Old Trafford’
M.U have good coaches like Ferguson, and the best players like Ronaldo, Rooney, Giggs, and Ji-sung etc. Wherever they show up, a lot of M.U fans cheers their team, and respect each players and coaches.
Although M.U is soccer team, M.U is also well-known for commercial-related team. Because of their fame, many commercial corporation wants to advertise their products or other things through M.U team. For example, insurance corporation ‘AIG’ contracts with M.U condition for ‘AIG’ marks on the team’s uniforms. Sometimes M.U is blamed for these commercial pursuit but their capability of soccer
stands high above the others, it is not important for their fans. They are champions in EPL(English Premier League) two seasons sequentially and win the UEFA’s champions League last season.
Of course M.U is famous for Park ji-sung’s soceer team in Republic of Korea, but M.U is world’s most famous team, and their just name merit ‘Manchester United’ is priceless.

References:

http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=001&oid=073&aid=0001995459&
http://picsrv.manutd.com/?fif=/manu/1002653.jpg&obj=iip,1.0&wid=1280&hei=960&cvt=jpeg

Discussion Questions :

1. a. Have you ever watched a soccer game? Which countries or leagues were the teams from?
b. Do you like soccer? Why or why not?
2. Do you like Manchester United? Why or Why not?
3. Who are your favorite players in Manchester United?
4. What do you think about Manchester United’s commercial pursuits?
5. a. Do you think that Park Ji-sung has had an impact? Why or why not?
b. If so, what kind of impact has he had?

[ Class #53, Group #4, Lee Kyeong-yeong, Ha Myeong-hee, Pak Joon-yeon (Kang Seul-gi??) ]

May 29, 2009

Transsexuals

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 7:27 am

Glossary:
* transsexual : A transsexual is a person who has decided that they want to live as a person of the opposite sex, and so has changed their name and appearance in order to do this. Transsexuals sometimes have an operation to change their sex.
* represent : If you represent a person or thing as a particular thing, you describe them as being that thing.
* registration : The registration of something such as a person’s name or the details of an event is the recording of it in an official list.
* estrogen : estrogen is a hormone produced in the ovaries of female animals. estrogen controls the reproductive cycle and prepares the body for pregnancy.
* injection : If you have an injection, a doctor or nurse puts a medicine into your body using a device with a needle called a syringe.
* frequently : often, commonly, repeatedly, many times, habitually, not infrequently, much ≠ infrequently
* develop : When something develops, it grows or changes over a period of time and usually becomes more advanced, complete, or severe.
* honorable(=honourable) : If you describe people or actions as honourable, you mean that they are good and deserve to be respected and admired.
* protect : To protect someone or something means to prevent them from being harmed or damaged.
* conservative : Someone who is conservative or has conservative ideas is unwilling to accept changes and new ideas.

Transsexuals

What do you think about transsexuals? Korean star – ‘Ha Ri Su’ represents transsexuals. Her/His resident registration number changed from a man’s to a woman’s. She/He married ‘Mickie Jung’ who is male. She/He takes estrogen injections frequently. Due to this, She/He has developed a womanly figure.

She/He is honorable, but some people think that She/He is strange. Also, Some people protect her/him, but other people dislike her/him. Especially, Koreans are conservative, so many Koreans don’t understand her/him.

Ha Ri-su makes efforts to encourage transsexuals. For example, she/he founded a small dance club – ‘Mix-Trans club’ recently. The club is similar to other dance clubs, but that is for transsexuals.

References:
http://www.todaykorea.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=72127
http://www.newshankuk.com/news/news_view.asp?articleno=s20090528222300r8137
http://news.cnbnews.com/category/read.html?bcode=79740
http://sstv.freechal.com/News/Detail.aspx?cSn=1&pSn=51921
http://www.maxmovie.com/movie_info/ent_news_view.asp?mi_id=MI0084266162

Discussion Questions:

1. Do you think that Ha Ri-Su looks better before or after?
Why do you think so?
2. What do you think about transsexuals?
Positive or Negative?
Why do you think so?
3. Do you think that transsexuals can make a social wave(or damage)?
If the answer is Yes, what kind of social influence can occur?
4. Do you know other transsexuals?
Who was it?
Did they have a good result or not?
5. Do you think Ha Ri-su is a man? or a woman?
Why do you think so?

Before

Before


After

After


After

After

[ Class #18, Group #4, Hwang Seul-gi, Lee Hyeong-oo, Bae Joon-hyeop ]

Illegal Downloading

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 7:02 am

Bul-ggeun!!!!!!!

Bul-ggeun!!!!!!!


Come on!!!! Come on!!!!%#@^#%@

Come on!!!! Come on!!!!%#@^#%@

Glossary:
* p2p: diverse connectivity between participants in a network
* copyright: If someone has copyright on a piece of writing or music, it is illegal to reproduce or perform it without their permission.
* Association: An official group of people who have the same job, aim, or interest.
* penalty: A punishment that someone is given for doing something which is against a law or rule.
* bul-ggeun: Campaign to stop downloading illegal music files.

Illegal Downloading

These days, lots of people try to download the movies and music illegally. And there are many P2P site for illegal downloading. Many people don’t know about copyrights. Though some know about the copyrights, they don’t feel guilty and they download illegally because they don`t want to spend money.[1] As a result, some people who shared music files are to have penalties imposed.[2] And some associations try to protect copyrights. For example, some music web sites have started a “Bul-ggeun Campaign”. [3]

References:
[1] http://www.etnews.co.kr/news/detail.html?id=200903250176
[2] http://www.asiae.co.kr/uhtml/read.jsp?idxno=463985
[3] http://sstv.freechal.com/News/Detail.aspx?cSn=1&pSn=45810

Discussion Questions:
1. Have you ever downloaded movies or music illegally? Why?
2. What do you thought about illegal downloading?
3. Have you ever heard of the “Bul-ggeun Campaign”?
4. How can we stop illegal downloading?

(Class #18, Group #1)
남훈희 : discussion questions, pictures
남혜신 : translation, pictures
서영주 : glossary, text, references
이승준 : typing, glossary, text

“Influenza A (H1N1)” – Virus’s Counterattack!

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 6:48 am

Glossary:
1. surveillance – when the police, army, etc watch a person or place carefully because they may be connected with criminal activities
2. diagnose – to find out what illness someone has, or what the cause of a fault is, after doing tests, examinations etc
3. quarantine – a period of time when a person or animal is kept apart from others in case they are carrying a disease

“Influenza A (H1N1)” – Virus’s Counterattack!

May 24, the patient is isolated in the hospital all six people are hospitalized. Trained in the same facility seven foreign language instructors show similar symptoms, so tests are under a separate isolation.
Region Public Health Center is checking that the patient and the citizen’s investigation, and preparing for the spread in the local community, in the medical institutions and schools surveillance to influenza A.
The government is on alert with the possibility of more ‘person-to-person transmissions’ nationwide as the patients were reported to have been in contact with many local residents before being diagnosed and hospitalized.
Concerns are mounting as those who were later diagnosed had been going about their daily lives and mixing with the general public before being confirmed with the disease. Some have even been out of the city, and the officials are now concerned that the disease could have spread nationwide.
According to the institute, the instructors had not been teaching and there is no chance that any students have contracted the virus.
The government is expected to focus on treatment rather than prevention through quarantine.
References
#1: http://www.mw.go.kr/front/al/sal0301vw.jsp?PAR_MENU_ID=04&MENU_ID=0403&page=1&BOARD_ID=140&BOARD_FLAG=&CONT_SEQ=213967&SEARCHKEY=&SEARCHVALUE=&CREATE_DATE1=&CREATE_DATE2=
#2:
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/05/117_45651.html

Discussion Questions:

1. The world is infected with a H1N1 virus. What’s the reason this is happening?
2. In Korea, there have been few cases of influenza A so far. Why?
3. Do you know how to prevent infection? How?
4. What do you think about the government’s solution?

[ Class #53, Group #5, Kim Min-ho, Kim Beom-joon, Jeong In-yong, Jeong Seung-won ]

Real Name System on the Web

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 6:37 am

Glossary :
* suicide : the act of killing yourself deliberately.
* depression : a mental state in which you are sad and feel that you cannot enjoy anything, because your situation is so difficult and unpleasant.
* malicious comment : a very insulting reply on a web board, just for blaming someone.
* netiquette : the set of rules and customs that it is considered polite to follow when you are communicating by means of e-mail or the Internet.
* infringe : to break a law or rule

Real Name System on the Web

Choi Jin-shil

Choi Jin-shil


Google recently rejected to the real name system suggested by Korean Broadcasting Committee

Google recently rejected to the real name system suggested by Korean Broadcasting Committee

On 2th of October, 2008, famous middle age actress, Choi Jin-Shil committed suicide and shocked many people.[1] The cause of her suicide was depression and It was known that she was hurt by malicious comments on the web. Actually, many Korean sports players, singers and celebrities get emotionally hurt by malicious comments.[2] It’s one of the social problems now. So since the past, there has been a suggestion that Korea should introduce the Real Name System on the web to prevent the malicious comments and encourage the sound netiquette.[3] But introducing it to all of the web sites is difficult actually. Also, opponents of this system always insist that it can infringe on the freedom of speech. Recently, Google rejected to the real name system suggested by the Korean Broadcasting Committee.[4] Google does not require Korean users Real Names in order to upload videos to YouTube.

References:

[1] http://isplus.joins.com/enter/star/200810/02/200810021054041406020100000201040002010401.html
[2] http://www.newsen.com/news_view.php?uid=200904281411351010
[3] http://www.donga.com/fbin/output?n=200905040037
[4] http://www.ohmynews.com/NWS_Web/view/at_pg.aspx?CNTN_CD=A0001126545

Discussion Questions:

1. (a)Have you ever written malicious comments ?
(b)If so why did you do that

2. Do you think malicious comments can cause the death of someone?

3. (a)Do you think that netizens who wrote malicious comments on the web should be punished?
(b) If so, then what kind of punishment is proper for them?

4. What do you think about the Real Name System?

5. Do you think that the Real Name system can infringe on the freedom of speech?

[ Class number = 97, Group number = 5, Members :Jang soon-ho, Lee jung-han, Kim ki-nam;
Glossary+Text = Kim ki-nam, Discussion questions+Typing = Jang soon-ho, References+Translation= Lee jung-han, Pictures = together ]

Divorce in Korea

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 6:23 am

Glossary

* astonish: If something or someone astonishes you, they surprise you very much.
* celebrity: A celebrity is someone who is famous, especially in areas of entertainment such as films, music, writing, or sport.
* statistics : Statistics are facts which are obtained from analysing information expressed in numbers, for example information about the number of times that something happens.
* Adultery: If a married person commits adultery, they have sex with someone that they are not married to.
* disturbance: Disturbance means upsetting or disorganizing something which was previously in a calm and well-ordered state.

Divorce in Korea

In 2007, news of married couple 옥 소리 and 박철`s divorce astonished the public.
Because they appeared to be a couple in harmony.
Actually the Divorce rate in Korea, for example amongst celebrities like 옥 소리 and 박철, is increasing rapidly.
According to statistics, there are 124,600 divorces in Korea per year.
This means that 370 couples get divorced per day.
Why is the divorce rate increasing? One reason is adultery.
However, the main reason is “unreasonable treatment” such as domestic violence, neglect etc…
And another reason is that women`s social position has been improving because of their increasing economic power.
A specialist said, “These days, unlike in the past, people feel less uncomfortable with divorce, and place more importance upon individual happiness.
So more and more people are getting divorced for trifling reasons.
The social aftereffects of divorce, such as psychological and emotional disturbances, are very serious.

References:

1. http://www.google.co.kr/dictionary?langpair=en%7Cen&q=disturbance&hl=ko&aq=f
2. http://blog.naver.com/s7036?Redirect=Log&logNo=90036674802
3. http://www.newsbeat.co.kr
4. http://media.daum.net/economic/others/cluster_list.html?newsid=20090427171209153&clusterid=11013&clusternewsid=20090427175810036

Questions:

1. What do you think about celebrities` divorce?
2. Do you think that being married is better than being single?
3. What do you think about the increasing divorce rate in Korea?
4. Do you think popular culture (soap drama, movie etc…) is influencing the increasing divorce rate?
5. Do you think we need the change our point of view about divorce?

옥 소리 (left) 박철 (right)

옥 소리 (left) 박철 (right)


a couple having problems

a couple having problems


chart showing annual divorce rate increases

chart showing annual divorce rate increases

[ Class #18, Group 7, Jo Hang-joon, Shin Eun-chan, Seo Seol, Jeong Se-ri ]

The Dangers of A(H1N1)

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 6:07 am

Glossary:

* outbreak: the sudden start of unpleasant, especially violence or a disease
* flu: an infectious disease like a very bad cold, that causes fever, pains
* impersonator: a person who copies the way another person talks or behaves in order to entertain people
* puppet: a model of a person or an animal that can be made to move
* vulnerable: weak and easily hurt physically or emotionally
* chill: a feeling of being cold

The Dangers of A(H1N1)

The World Health Organization has issued an emergency warning over the outbreak. There are concerns that the virus, partially transmittable to humans, could be another `Spanish flu,’ which killed hundreds of thousands of people in the early part of the 20th century. [1] It’s the ultimate impersonator, fooling the infected into believing they have a bad cold, so they suspect nothing until it’s too late. When the offensive begins, the virus storms its targets’ cells and takes charge. This unseen threat is a sinister invasion on unsuspecting populations; even the healthy and strong are vulnerable. [2] The symptoms are similar to those of regular flu including fever, cough, sore throat, an aching body, headache, chills and fatigue, while some have reported diarrhea and vomiting. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions, the authorities say. [3] Tamiflu, and the less talked-about Relenza, are antiviral drugs. They slow down the rate at which viruses infect cells in your body and, therefore, how fast they spread and make you ill. Antiviral drugs do this by stopping the virus producing an enzyme called neuraminidase — hence they are called neuraminidase inhibitors.

References:

[1] http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/04/117_43862.html
[2]http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/service/print.asp?tpl=print&sname=National&img=/img/pic/ico_nat_pic.gif&id=200905290056
[3] https://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/04/117_44001.html
[4] http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/health/article6250021.ece

Discussion Questions:

1. Do you know about S.I.?
2. How many people have died because of S.I.?
3. Do you think Korea is safe from S.I.? Why or Why not?
4. What do you think about influenza?

infected blood

infected blood


symptoms

symptoms


preventing infections

preventing infections


influenza's appearance

influenza's appearance

임형석,차민철,권용덕,김민중(Class #18, Group#2)

Celebrities’ Suicide

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 4:07 am

Former President Roh Moo-hyun

Former President Roh Moo-hyun


actress Choi Jin-shil

actress Choi Jin-shil


actress Jang Ja-yeon

actress Jang Ja-yeon

Glossary:

* Celebrity : someone is famous, especially in areas of entertainment such as films,
music, writing, or sport.
* Suicide : kill themselves because they do not want to continue living.
* Residence: a house where people live.
* Inflict : To inflict harm or damage on someone or something means to make them
suffer it.
* Iconic : An iconic image or thing is important or impressive because it seems to be
a symbol of something.
* President : The president of a country that has no king or queen is the person who
is the head of state of that country
* Galvanize : To galvanize someone means to cause them to take action, for example
by making them feel very excited, afraid, or angry.

Celebrities’ Suicide

Nowadays celebrities’ suicide has become a big issue in our society. On May 23, 2009,Korea former president Roh moo-hyun jumped to his death from a cliff behind his residence in his hometown of bongha village, south gyeongsang province. He said that “he felt sorry for the suffering inflicted on many people because of him.[1] On October 2,2008. South Korea’s iconic actress Choi Jin-sil was found dead at her home in what appears to be a suicide amid rumors that linked her to the recent death of another actor,[2] Jang Ja-yeon, the 30-year-old actress, hanged herself at her house in Bundang, south of Seoul, on March 7,2009. Supposedly written by Jang, a suicide note said that a former agent had forced her to provide sexual and other favors to several high-powered entertainment figures and journalists.[3] news of celebrities’ suicides has a trigger effect that galvanize someone to do what is called a “copycat suicide”. Like this, celebrities’ suicide is a serious problem to deal.

References:

[1]http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/05/117_45576.html
[2]http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2008/10/113_32026.html
[3] http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/05/117_43776.html

Discussion Questions:

1. What do you think about celebrities’ suicide?
2. a) What do you think about the negative social effects of celebrities’ suicide?
b) Why do you think so?
3. a)Do you know anyone who committed suicide?
b)Why did they commit suicide?
4. a)Have you ever thought about suicide?
b)If so, what was the reason?

[ Class #97, Group #3, Yoo Jae-oo, Choi Jong-jin, Lee Yong-min, Yoon Yeo-beom ]

University Tuition

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 3:44 am

Arrest soaring tuition!

Arrest soaring tuition!


Shaving heads to fight high tuition

Shaving heads to fight high tuition

Glossary:

* shave: a part of their body, they remove the hair from it so that it is somooth
* clash: they fight, argue, or disagree with each other.
* disperse: it spreads over a wide area
* demonstrate: they march or gather somewhere to show their opposition to something or their support for something
* alliance: is a group of countries or political parties that are formally united and working together
* supplementary: things are added to something in order to improve it

University Tuition

Recently students are worried about their university tuition.
Members of student groups rally in front of the headquarters of the Grand National Party in Yeouido in Seoul, demanding the ruling party to draw up a supplementary budget to finance steps to cut soaring tuition costs.[1]
And a group of university students had their heads shaven in protest at high tuition costs in front of Jongno-gu Office, downtown Seoul. Police clashed with members of the alliance of universities as they dispersed the demonstrating student leaders.[2]
Students will continue to worry even if tuition is frozen. So tuition should be lowered.

References:

[1] http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/05/115_42423.html
[2] http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/05/115_42981.html

Discussion Questions:

1. Are we receiving a suitable education for our tuition fees?
2. Do we have to lower the tuition fee?
3. Do we have to be satisfied with the tuition-freeze?
4. What is the solution to the problem of high tuition?

[ Class #157, Group #1, Sohn Jee-hoon, Pak Han-sem, Jeon Yu-jin, Nam Seung-oo ]

Divorce

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 2:06 am

Serving Sara (2002, romantic comedy)

Serving Sara (2002, romantic comedy)


Divorce

Divorce

Glossary:

* Divorce: the formal ending of marriage by law
* Family Legal Advice and Counseling Center:
This center provides advice about legal problems that happen in Family
* married couple: man(husband) and wife
* conversation: communication by two or more people, or by oneself
* sacrifice: the fact of giving up sth important or valuable to you in order to get or do sth that seems more important; sth that you give up in this way
*draw(drawn) to: to attract or interest sby

Divorce

Divorce has become a big issue in our society. According to the Family Legal Advice and Counseling Center, divorce counselling has increased for 10 years.
There are some reasons.
First, on television, some dramas and programs have divorce as a subject. In addition, viewers are drawn to something. [1] Second, because they don’t have any conversation, they misunderstand each other. Third, there is no love or sacrifice between man and wife. [2]
Divorce is not only the problem for married couples but for their children. And, many children suffer from inerasable memory. And, many children are forever scarred by their bad memories. [3]

References:

[1] http://www.fnn.co.kr/content.asp?aid=eab49aecbc7c4ca09c30488e49860b67&strParnt_id=20200000000
[2] http://blog.daum.net/hanngil/9090324
[3] http://www.usinews.com/ArticleView.asp?intNum=5855&ASection=001009

Discussion Questions:

1. What do you think about divorce?
a. If you think of it as a negative word, why do you think that?
b. If you think of it as a positive word, why do you think that?

2. What’s your opinion of dramas that have divorce as a main topic?

3. What do you think are the main reasons for getting divorced?

4. How do you think we can decrease the divorce rate?

5. Some people insist there are some positive results of divorce. Do you agree with that?

6. When parents get divorced, what kinds of effects might there be on their children?

Class number#53, Group #2
Name: 김대규, 송영균, 윤혜성, 황소산

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