University English: the blog for ESL students

October 26, 2009


Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 2:42 am

At the beginning of the semester, I said to you:

“Kim Yu-na did not become a champion figure skater by watching figure skating. She became a champion by doing figure skating.
In the same way, you will only become good at English if you practice.”

Do you remember? (Probably not.)

Do you know this guy?


In an interview with the Korea Herald newspaper, he said this:

What if Korean figure skating queen, Kim Yu-na, read all the books about skating theory in the library but never went out to the rink for actual practices?

The answer is obvious for anybody familiar with the unwritten rule of sports: You never improve unless you practice on a regular basis.

Strangely enough, a number of Korean learners of English are doing just the opposite when it comes to speaking proficiency. Instead of trying out conversational skills in English, many learners read or study English speaking guide books – silently.

Now that a Korean teacher has repeated what I said before, maybe now you will think about it seriously. (Or maybe not.)

— — — — —

Look at the pictures below.

– Who are the people?

– What are they doing?

– Is the situation similar to that of us and our teacher? How? Why?


I’m like the parent, and you are like the child on the bicycle. (Of course, you are not children. You are adults.) I’m here to help you. I will catch you if you “fall.” However, you must do it yourself. I will help you, but I won’t do it for you.


This will be especially true when you write the texts for your presentations. You must write it yourself, but I will be happy to help you, correct your mistakes, etc.


Filed under: announcements,lessons — richardlstansfield @ 2:21 am

_ Step 1. Make your groups.

Get into groups of three or four students.

_ Step 2. Write down your group members’ names on the sheet of paper.

_ Step 3. Choose a day for your presentation.

Presentations will be on hour # 3, in the last several weeks of classes. There will be a maximum of three presentations (three groups) per class. The week of your presentation, before your presentation, you must make an appointment to see your teacher, Richard Stansfield, in his office.

* Class 138

– Wednesday, December 2nd

– Wednesday, November 25th

– Wednesday, November 18th

– Wednesday, November 11th

– Wednesday, November 4th

* Class 102

– Thursday, December 3rd

– Thursday, November 26th

– Thursday, November 19th

– Thursday, November 12th

– Thursday, November 5th

* Class 32

– Thursday, December 3rd

– Thursday, November 26th

– Thursday, November 19th

– Thursday, November 12th

– Thursday, November 5th

* Class 172

– Friday, December 4th

– Friday, November 27th

– Friday, November 20th

– Friday, November 13th

– Friday, November 6th

* Class 67

– Friday, December 4th

– Friday, November 27th

– Friday, November 20th

– Friday, November 13th

– Friday, November 6th

* Class 175

– Friday, December 4th

– Friday, November 27th

– Friday, November 20th

– Friday, November 13th

– Friday, November 6th

_ Step 4. Think of topics.

Discuss with your group members. Think of five topics.






_ Step 5. Choose a topic.

Discuss with your group members. Choose one topic from the five above.

_ Step 6. Make a mind map.


_ Step 7. Write your text.

You and the other group members, as a team, write your text.

Suggestion: One person takes notes, and the others help.

Do not cut-and-paste from the Internet. (“Copy” = “복사”) Write it yourselves. Plagiarism (표절) will get you a score of zero/0 on your presentation.

Do not write in Korean and then translate. If you do, the English will be very bad and impossible to understand. Write in English from the beginning.

You should have numbers in square brackets (e.g. [1], [2], etc.) in your texts. Information before the numbers should match the numbers in front of references.


~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~[1] ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~[2] ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~[3] ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~[4]


[1] http:// ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

[2] http:// ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

[3] http:// ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

[4] http:// ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Below are examples of texts and references that were done properly.

Illegal Downloading

Real Name System on the Web

University Tuition

Cell-phone addiction

_ Step 8. Write discussion questions

Write at least two or three discussion questions.

I will put some of the discussion questions on the Final Speaking Exam. So, as a class, together, you are helping to make your own final exam.

_ Step 9. Who will do what?

( glossary, references, typing, and pictures )

Discuss with your group members. Each job must be done. Who will do which job? Decide.

– glossary. Explain any difficult vocabulary. You may copy from the Internet. Here is an excellent online dictionary for students of English:

Cambridge Online Dictionary

– references (Where did you get this information? Give the URL. e.g. online newspaper).

Here are some English-language Korean newspapers.

They should be numbered.

[1] http:// ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

[2] http:// ~ ~ ~ ~ ~


– typing –> They have to be done in Microsoft Word, Notepad, or Open Office. It cannot be in Hangul, because my computer cannot read it.

– pictures (not necessary) –> Pictures should be separate from the text (different files). Also, they should be JPEG.

_ Step 10. Put your presentation on a USB flash drive/USB memory stick (Konglish: “USB”).

_ Step 11. Visit me in my office (5남246), where I will upload it onto my blog (

October 8, 2009

Vocabulary to Know

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 1:49 am

Below is a list of vocabulary from the text book that you should know.

Chapter 7

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

research: (noun) when someone studies a subject in detail in order to discover new information

relative: (noun) a member of your family

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

phrase: (noun) a group of words which are often used together and have a particular meaning

sunscreen: (noun) a substance that protects your skin in the sun

backpack: (noun) a large bag used to carry things on your back, used especially by walkers and climbers

tent: (noun) a shelter made of cloth, which you can fold up and carry with you and which is supported by poles and ropes

required: (adjective) needed or necessary

coral: (noun) a hard, usually pink or white substance produced by a type of very small sea animal

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

fireplace: (noun) a space in the wall of a room where you can have a fire, or the structure around this space

binoculars: (noun; plural) a piece of equipment for looking at things that are far away, made from two tubes with glass at the ends

Chapter 8

bathing suit: (noun) a piece of clothing that you wear to swim in

weird: (adjective) very strange

album: (noun) a book in which you keep photographs, stamps, etc.

frame: (noun) a structure that goes around the edge of something such as a door, picture, window, or mirror

microwave oven: (noun) an electric oven that uses waves of energy to cook or heat food

dresser: (noun) a piece of bedroom furniture with a mirror and drawers for keeping clothes in

faucet: (noun) the part at the end of a pipe which controls the flow of water

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

antique: (adjective) old, and often rare or beautiful

request: (noun) when you politely or officially ask for something

favor: (noun) something that you do to help someone

laundry: (noun) clothes, sheets, etc that need to be washed

alphabetize: (verb) to arrange things in the same order as the letters of the alphabet (a, b, c, etc.)

electricity: (noun) a type of energy that can produce light and heat, or make machines work

Chapter 9

pay attention (to sth/sby): (phrase) to watch, listen to, or think about something or someone carefully or with interest

delete: (verb) to remove something, especially from a computer’s memory

anecdote: (noun) a short story that you tell someone about something that happened to you or someone else

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body (usually your ankle or wrist) by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist. It is not the Konglish meaning of “hip.”

buttocks/butt: (noun) the two sides of your bottom. In Konglish, “hip.”

waist: (noun) the part around the middle of your body where you wear a belt. Don’t confuse it with “back.”

back: (noun) the part of your body from your shoulders to your bottom. Don’t confuse it with “waist.”

column: (noun) a regular article in a newspaper or magazine on a particular subject or by the same writer

Unit 9: Things Happen

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:48 am

Page 87, Exercise 2.

We usually use the simple past tense. Usually, we only use the past continuous in these two situations:

1. Interrupted Actions

e.g. “I was driving from Toronto to Montreal when my car broke down.”

I may have repaired (fixed) my car and completed my journey to Montreal, or I may have stopped there. We don’t know from this sentence.
The interrupted action uses the past continuous. The interrupting action uses the simple past.

2. Settings

e.g. “It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing. People were chatting when suddenly the sound of a gunshot rang out. A man in a gray suit grabbed his chest and slowly sank to the ground.”

A setting is like the background for the beginning of a story.

Page 87, Exercise 2, Part A

1. was making … called … forgot … burned

2. damaged … was driving … ran

3. hurt … was doing … fell

4. was having … spilled … got

5. were talking … weren’t paying … was standing … were listening

Page 89, Exercise 3, Part A

1. c

2. d

3. e

4. b

5. f

6. a

Page 90, Exercise 1, Part B

1. c

2. d

3. a

4. e

5. b

Choose one of the pairs from Page 89, Exercise 3, Part B, and make a conversation.

Use phrases that show that someone is interested.

A: I burned myself last night.

B: Oh, no! Were you cooking?

A: No, I was making some tea.

B: Oh, I love tea. What kind of tea was it?

A: Green tea. I think it’s good for your health.

B: Oh, I bet.

A: So, I put some water in a kettle on the stove. It was starting to boil …

— — — — —

Reacting to a Story


– That’s great! // Terrific! // Wonderful!


– That’s too bad. // I’m sorry to hear that. // Oh, no!


– I see. // That’s nice. // Oh, yeah?


– You’re kidding! // I can’t believe it! // Oh, really!/Oh, really?

Other Phrases:

– (Oh) I bet.

e.g. A: I was so surprised.
B: Oh, I bet.

e.g. A: Instead of cooking rice, I just bought some from a restaurant.
B: I bet no one even noticed.

e.g. A: I spilled coffee all over his suit.
B: I bet he was upset.

– Oh, …

e.g. A: Last Saturday, I made Mexican food for my family.
B: Oh, I love Mexican food.

e.g. A: I was working as a server at VIPS last year.
B: Oh, I hear it’s a nice place.

– That’s (really) funny.

e.g. A: Despite the accident, I made a great meal.
B: That’s really funny.

– It sounds …

e.g. A: The restaurant is fancy, with sofas and everything.
B: It sounds expensive.

e.g. I fell down and broke both of my legs.
B: It sounds like a bad accident.

October 5, 2009

Unit 8: At Home

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 11:47 pm

Your Home

1. Where do you live?

2. Do you live in a house or an apartment?

3. Would you prefer to live in an apartment or a house? Why?

4. What do you like about your home? What don’t you like?

5. If you could change something about your home, what would it be?

6. Do you have your own room or do you share?

7. Is your room messy or clean?

8. What’s your favorite room in your home?

9. Is it better to rent or buy a house?

10. Do you like your neighborhood?

— — — — —

Workbook Answers

1. A. Whose suitcases are those?

B. They’re ours.

2. A: Whose T-shirt is this?

B. It’s mine.

3. A. Whose handbag/purse/bag is that?

B. It’s hers.

4. A. Whose sneakers are these?

B. They’re his.

5. A. Whose cell-phone is this?

B. It’s hers.

6. A. Whose CDs are these?

B: They’re theirs.

— — — — —

Discussion. Ask each other these questions, and answer them. Use possessives in your answer.

1. Who is your favorite actor? What’s his most famous movie?

2. Let’s form a new club at Inha. What’s our club name going to be? What are we going to do in our club?

3. What do you think about the Brown Eyed Girls? Do you like their style? How about their music? What’s your favorite BEG song? Who’s your favorite BEG member?

4. What do you think about Kim Jong-il’s hair? What do you think about his fashion sense?

5. Dokdo should be divided between Korea and Japan. Do you agree or disagree? Why? Explain.

6. Did Lee Hyori have plastic surgery? What parts of her body did she change? How about other celebrities? Did they change their bodies?

— — — — —


Look at the items below. Discuss which ones you like. Remember to use correct order of adjectives (Page 79, Exercise 3).


A: Which television set do you like?

B: I like the big, gray, rectangular, Japanese one. How about you?

A: I like the small, black, square, Taiwanese one.

—> Which _______ do you like?





Page 83, Exercise 2, Part B

In your note books, write down eight (8) things that you do at home.
Also, note the order in which you do them (1st/first, 2nd/second, 3rd/third, etc.).

Page 83, Exercise 2, Part D

Look at the colored words (green, red, and blue). They are sequence words. They tell you how to describe order.

— — — — —

Fill in the blanks in the paragraph with the following words. (You won’t need all of them.)
* He eats and checks his phone messages at the same time (simultaneously).
* He takes a shower first, and then eats dinner.
* He eats dinner and watches the news at the same time (simultaneously).

– after – as soon as – before – during – first – next – then – when – while

_____ I get home, I put on workout clothes, and _____ I make a snack. _____ I eat it, I check my phone messages. _____ that, I open my mail. _____ , I do an exercise video. _____ I finish it, I cook dinner. Of course, _____ I eat dinner, I take a shower. _____ dinner, I usually watch the news.

Announcements: My Test and Mid-Term Exams

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 2:50 am

* Announcement #1: Test This Week

This week is the last week before Mid-Term Exams. So, at the end of this week (hour #3), there will be a test. So, the test will take place on Wednesday October 14, Thursday October 15, and Friday October 16.

It will have both listening and writing. It will be based upon Chapters 7 to 9 of the textbook, Touchstone 2. Look at the list of vocabulary that I wrote. You should know it. If I give you a definition, you should be able to give me the word.

* Announcement #2: Mid-Term Exams

UE2 Midterms will take place on Monday, 10/19 –(Monday, October 19)–periods 5, 6, & 7. That’s 1-1:50pm, 2-2:50pm, and 3-3:50pm.

Track 1 is at 1pm, Track 2 is at 2pm, and Track 3 is at 3pm.

You are responsible for all material in Chapter 7, 8, and 9 of the text book (Touchstone 2), even if it was not covered in class.

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