University English: the blog for ESL students

March 8, 2010

Unit 1

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 11:54 pm

Page 2

Lesson A

1. Getting Started

Questionnaire: How well do you know your new classmates?

Your Name

2. What does your name mean?

e.g. Richard means “strong king.”

4. Are you named after someone?

–> Did your parents choose your name from a famous person or a family member?

e.g. I was named after a king, Richard I of England (“Richard the Lionheart”).

e.g. My middle name, Lionel, is my grandfather’s name.

Home and Family

2. Do you like your neighborhood?

neighborhood = area around your home

(neighbor = person who lives next to you)

5. Where are your parents from?

–> What is your parents’ hometown?

Lifestyle

1. Are you a full-time student?

–> All of you are full-time students. So, all of you should say, “Yes, I am.”

2. How do you get to work or class?

= What kind of transportation do you use

e.g. bus, subway, walking, riding a cow, etc.

Friends

3. What are your friends like?

= Describe your friends. (e.g. funny, friendly, strange, ugly, etc.)

4. Do you and your friends get together a lot?

= Do you and your friends meet often?

get together = meet

———————————————–

Report to the class. Tell us one interesting thing about your partner.

e.g. Marcella has seven brothers and sisters.

e.g. Richard’s name means “strong king.”

e.g. Richard has a middle name, Lionel. It’s his grandfather’s name.

e.g. Ji-young rides a cow to school.

————————————————

2. Speaking Naturally: Stress and Intonation

stress = saying it more loudly and clearly

intonation = tone = pitch (e.g. low pitch and high pitch; low pitch = big drum, high pitch = violin)

When you speak English, you stress the last content word (e.g. noun, verb, or adjective).

e.g. Do you have a NICKname?

——————————————

Page 3

3. Grammar

A. Possible Answers. Capital letters = stressed syllable

1. What’s your favorite COLor?

2. Are you an only CHILD?

–or–

Are you from a big FAMily?

3. Do you have a CAR?

–or–

Do you have a driver’s LICense?

4. What does your FAther do?

–or–

Where does your BROther work?

5. What do you and your friends do on the WEEKend?

6. Do your parents go OUT a lot?

7. Do you like MORnings?

8. Do you WORK?

B. Ask each other the questions. Pronounce the stress properly. Give your own answers.

————————————————-

4. Listening and Speaking. What’s the question?

Answers. Capital letters = stressed syllable

1. What’s your favorite NAME?

2. Who’s your favorite ACTor?

3. What do you do on WEEKnights?

4. Do you have any PETS?

5. When do you spend time with your FAMily?

6. Do you go out a lot on WEEKends?

–> Ask each other the questions. Pronounce the stress properly.

——————————————————–

Page 4

Lesson B

Things in Common

If you and somebody else have something in common, then you are similar in some way.

Example: I like to play role-playing games.

My friends Mark and Emanuel also like to play role-playing games.
We have something in common. We like to play role-playing games.

Vocabulary:

* afford: (verb) can afford = to have enough money to buy something or enough time to do something
[e.g. I can’t afford a new car. = I don’t have enough money to buy a new car.]

* allergic: (adjective) when you have a medical condition in which your body reacts badly to something that you eat, breathe, or touch

[e.g. I’m allergic to cats. When a cat is near, I get a runny nose.]

* broke: (adjective) not have any money

* noisy: (adjective) when people or things make a lot of loud, unpleasant sounds

* wreck: (verb) to destroy or damage something completely

—————————————————

Fill in the blanks, so that the sentences are about you.

I like (kind of animal —>) __________ .

I don’t like (kind of animal —>) __________ .

I like to watch (kind of TV program —>) __________ .

I don’t like to watch (kind of TV program —>) __________ .

I like to __________ .

I don’t like to __________ .

I am allergic to __________ .

I can afford __________ .

I can’t afford __________ .

I am a fan of __________ .

I am not a fan of __________ .

————————————

Talk with a partner.
If you are similar, respond with “too” or “either.”
If you are not similar, then don’t use “too” or “either.”

– I am (too).

– I’m not (either).

– I do (too).

– I don’t (either).

– I can (too).

– I can’t (either).

Example #1

A likes professional wrestling. B likes professional wrestling.

A: I like professional wrestling.

B: I do too.

Example #2

A likes professional wrestling. B does not like professional wrestling.

A: I like professional wrestling.

B: I don’t.

————————————————

Write a sentence about you and your partner.

Examples:

* I’m allergic to kimchi, and my partner is too.

* I’m allergic to kimchi, but my partner isn’t.

* I’m not a fan of Kang Ho-dong, and my partner isn’t either.

* I’m not a fan of Kang Ho-dong, but my partner is.

* I like to watch historical dramas, and my partner does too.

* I like to watch historical dramas, but my partner doesn’t.

* I can’t afford a new car, and my partner can’t either.

* I can’t afford a new car, but my partner can.

———————————————–

Page 5, Exercise 3, Part B

Weekend Activities

– sleep late
– go to the movies
– go swimming
– go skiing
– watch TV

TV Shows

– cartoons
– sports
– game shows
– sitcoms
– the news
– soap operas
– talk shows
– documentaries

Food

– fruit
– bananas
– pasta
– salad
– milk
– cheese
– eggs
– fish
– shellfish
– vegetables

Clothes

– jacket
– sweater
– jeans
– pants
– suit
– tie
– dress
– top
– skirt
– blouse
– coat

———————————————–

Page 6, Lesson C, Part A

Starting a Conversation

You have met somebody for the first time.

What are good things to say? Which aren’t? Why not?

a. How much money do you earn?

b. I have the flu today.

c. How many people are there in your family?

d. Where do you live?

e. Are you feeling well today?

f. Where do you come from?

g. Do you think it will rain soon?

h. I broke up with my girlfriend yesterday.

i. Do you think that you should lose weight?

j. Do you think those trees look pretty?

k. What’s your religion?

j. What do you do for a living?

m. You’re very sexy.

n. How old are you?

o. Which political party do you like, the Democrats or the Republicans?

—————————————

Good: c (your family), d (where you live), f (where you are from), g (the weather), and j (things you see around you).

Bad: a (your salary), i (someone’s appearance, especially weight), k (religion), m (appearance), n (age), and o (politics).

Might be OK if they naturally become part of the conversation: b, e, h.

—————————————

Listen to the conversation. What three topics do they talk about?

(Eve = woman, Chris = man)

– the weather

(“It’s cold tonight.”)

– things they see around them

(“There are a lot of people out here tonight.”)

– taste in music

(“Are you a big hip-hop fan?”)

————————————–

Page 6, Lesson C, Part B

Possible Answers:

1. “This food is delicious!”

2. “It’s really hot today!”

–or–

“Is this Room 4B?”

–or–

“Is this Mr. Stansfield’s class?”

–or–

“Have you had this teacher before?”

3. “It’s freezing out here!”

–or–

“This movies seems to be popular.”

–or–

“Have any of your friends seen this movie?”

–or–

“This movie got a great review.”

* review: (noun) a report in a newspaper, magazine, or programme that gives an opinion about a new book, film, etc.

e.g. The film has had mixed reviews (= some good, some bad).

4. “Do you like this loud music?”

–or–

“This music is loud, isn’t it?”

–or–

“Do you come here often?”

5. “Do you want to get some coffee?”

–or–

“Have you had this teacher before?”

–or–

“What do you think about this class?”

6. “How often does the bus come?”

–or–

“It’s a beautiful day, isn’t it?”

–or–

“Have you been waiting for a long time?”

————————————-

Page 7

“Actually … “

People use the word “actually” to …

– give new information

(e.g. “Actually, I do come here often.”)

– give surprising information

(e.g. “Actually, I like cold weather.”)

– “correct” things that people say or think

(e.g. “Actually, I’m not a big hip-hop fan.”)

Page 7, Exercise 2, Part A

Match each conversation starter with a response.
Why is the word “actually” used?

1. d

– give new information

2. c

– give new information/”correct” something

3. e

– give new information/”correct” something

4. b

– give new information

5. f

– give new information

6. a

– give surprising information

—————————-

Page 7, Exercise 2, Part B

Practice the conversations.

Use the “Look up and say” method.

————————————-

Page 7, Exercise 3, Part A

Listen to six people talk at Sally’s party.

Which conversation starters are the people responding to? Number the sentences.

1. Is it me, or is it really hot in here?

2. This is a great party.

3. Are you a friends of Sally’s?

4. Mmm. The food looks good.

5. I don’t really know anyone here. Do you?

6. Gosh, the music is really loud, huh?

————————————–

Page 7, Exercise 3, Part B

Now listen to the complete conversations.

What do you find out about Sally? Write one or two sentences.

1. Sally’s looking for a roommate. She lives in a big apartment.

2. Sally travels –all over the world.

3. Sally does karate. She’s good at it.

* karate: (noun) a sport from Japan in which people fight using fast, hard hits with the hands or feet

4. Sally is a vegetarian and a very good cook.

* vegetarian: (noun) someone who does not eat meat (some eat fish)

5. Sally is a writer. She writes for a sports magazine.

6. Sally’s in a band, and she plays the guitar.

—————————————————–

Page 9, Exercise 3

Talk with your partners. Listen and remember, because you will tell us something about your partner.

Choose the correct word in parentheses, (), or complete the sentence.

– My partner (starts/never starts) conversations with strangers.

– My partner (thinks/doesn’t think) it’s odd when a stranger talks to (him/her).

– My partner (is/isn’t) a talkative person.

– My partner (thinks/doesn’t think) (he/she) talks too much.

– My partner (thinks/doesn’t think) that (he/she) is a good listener.

– My partner is usually the (“talker”/”listener”) in a conversation.

– My partner likes to talk about … … …

– My partner tries to avoid the topics of … … …

——————————————————

Vocabulary:

can’t stand sby/sth = to hate someone or something

work out: (phrasal verb) to do exercises to make your body stronger

gym: (noun) a building with equipment for doing exercises; similar to HEALTH CLUB

odd: (adjective) strange or unusual

avoid: (verb) to stay away from a person, place, situation, etc.

e.g. I try to avoid the topic of politics. = I try not to talk about politics.

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