University English: the blog for ESL students

September 30, 2010

Homework

Filed under: announcements,homework,lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:41 am

Page 82, Exercise 1, Part C

Answers

1. 74% of people in the U.S. make their beds every morning.

2. 58% of them wash the dishes/do the dishes right after eating.

3. 8% of Americans never turn off the light when they leave a room.

4. 13% of them organize their books and CDs.

5. 50% of all Americans throw away old magazines after six months.

6. Almost all unmarried men in the U.S. do at least one load of laundry a week.

———-

Discussion. Talk about the text.

1. Do you make your bed every morning?

2. When do you do the dishes? How often do you do them?

3. Do you always turn off the light when you leave a room? If not, why not?

4. Do you organize your books? How about your CDs?

5. For how long do you keep old magazines?

6. How often do you do the laundry?

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September 27, 2010

Self-Study Listening Exercises: Unit 7

Filed under: announcements,self study — richardlstansfield @ 2:15 am

Answers
Page SSL2

1. b

2. a

3. a

4. b

5. a

Unit 8: At Home

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:49 am

Discuss. Ask each other these questions.

1. Where do you live?

2. Do you live in a house or an apartment?

3. Would you prefer to live in an apartment or a house? Why?

4. What do you like about your home? What don’t you like?

5. If you could change something about your home, what would it be?

6. Do you have your own room or do you share?

7. Is your room messy or clean?

8. What’s your favorite room in your home?

9. Is it better to rent or buy a house?

10. Do you like your neighborhood?

* neighborhood: (noun) an area of a town or city that people live in

Page 76

Spring Cleaning

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

Books Closed

John and Sandra are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Whose bathing suit do they find?

2. Whose clothes do they find?

3. Whose jewelry do they find?

4. Whose earrings do they find?

Answers

1. Sandra’s.

2. Sandra’s sister’s.

3. Sandra’s sister’s.

4. Sandra’s.

———-

Page 76, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Whose …

2. … mine.

3. … hers.

———-

Page 77, Exercise 2, Part A

Possessive Pronouns

1. mine

hers

theirs

his

2. mine

ours

3. mine

theirs

hers

4. yours

mine

———-

Adam and Bob are best friends. (Adam is Asian, and Bob is white.) Adam has a sister, Charlene.

Watch the video and answer the questions.

1. What are Adam and Bob doing?

2. Why is Bob surprised?

3. Why is Charlene surprised?

Answers

1. They are watching TV and eating fried chicken.

2. His best friend’s sister is so hot.

3. The barbecue sauce is so hot.

———-

Discussion. Ask each other these questions, and answer them. Use possessive pronouns in your answer.

(Possessive pronouns = whose, my, your, her, his, our, their, mine, yours, hers, his, ours, & theirs.)

1. Is your best friend’s sister/brother hot? Would you like to date your best friend’s sister/brother? Why or why not?

2. How would you feel if your best friend wanted to date your brother or sister?  Why?

3. Who is your favorite actor/actress? What’s his/her most famous movie?

4. Let’s form a new club at Inha. What’s our club’s name going to be? What are we going to do in our club?

5. What do you think about 2NE1? Do you like their style? How about their music? What’s your favorite 2NE1 song? Who’s your favorite 2NE1 member?

6. What do you think about Lady Gaga’s clothes? What do you think about her fashion sense?

7. Whose island is Dokto?  Korea’s or Japan’s?  Why?

8. Did Lee Hyori have plastic surgery? What parts of her body did she change? How about other celebrities? Did they change their bodies?

Page 79, Exercise 3

Order of Adjectives = opinion, size, color, shape, nationality, material.

Opinion: beautiful, cute, etc.

Size: big, small, etc.

Color: red, green, etc.

Shape: round, square, etc.

Nationality: Korean, Turkish, Taiwanese, etc.

Material: wood, cotton, etc.

e.g. “They have beautiful, big, red, rectangular, Turkish, cotton rugs.”

Discussion

Look at Page 79 and the items below. Discuss which ones you like and don’t like.

———-

A: Which … … … do you like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

and

A: Which … … … do you not like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I don’t like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

LG-Intros-New-Clamshell-Phone-Lollipop-2samsung-announces-anycall-branded-c3110h-for-hong-kong

26594product2

1010892607p952850

317v6ep4bgl_sl500_aa280_6a00c225239a5e8fdb00e398aa0f690004-500pi


———-

Page 80

Conversation Strategy: Asking Politely

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think about yourself

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

Books closed.

Jessica visits Ben at his apartment. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Ben asks Jessica to do four things. What are they?

2. Jessica asks for permission do something. What is it?

Answers

1. – to make herself at home

– to give him her coat

– to help him in the kitchen

– to chop the onions

2. – to look around Ben’s apartment

———-

Asking someone to do something:

– Would you mind … ?

(“Would you mind helping me in the kitchen”?)

–> Saying “Yes.” = “No, not at all.”

–> Saying “No.” = “I would rather not.” -or- “I’d rather not.”

Asking for permission:

– Do you mind if I … ?

(“Do you mind if I look around your apartment?”)

–> Saying “Yes.” = “No, go ahead.”

–> Saying “No.” = “I would rather that you didn’t.” -or- “I’d rather you didn’t.”

Exercise: Ask each other to do something, or for permission.

– introduce me to a pretty girl/handsome boy

– lend me 10,000 won

– massage my back

– give me a hug

– let me call on your cell-phone

– show me your cell-phone pictures

– help me study English

– cut my hair

– visit your home

– cook a meal for me

———-

Requests

request: (noun) when you politely or officially ask for something

Can I use your phone?

–> Saying “Yes.”

* Yes./Sure./Go (right) ahead.

–> Saying “No.”

* I would rather you didn’t./I’d rather you didn’t.

* Well, actually … [excuse/reason]

e.g. Well, actually, this phone is very expensive and I’m afraid that it might break.

Could you chop the onions?

–> Saying “Yes.”

* Yes./Sure./OK./No problem.

–> Saying “No.”

* I would rather not./I’d rather not.

* Well, actually … [excuse/reason]

e.g. Well, actually, I’m scared of knives.

Do you mind if I use your phone?

–> Saying “Yes.”

* No, go (right) ahead./No, not at all.

–> Saying “No.”

* * I would rather you didn’t./I’d rather you didn’t.

* Well, actually … [excuse/reason]

e.g. Well, actually, this phone is very expensive and I’m afraid that it might break.

Would you mind helping me in the kitchen?

–> Saying “Yes.”

* No, not at all./Oh, no. No problem.

–> Saying “No.”

* * I would rather not./I’d rather not.

* Well, actually … [excuse/reason]

e.g. Well, actually, I’m feeling sick today.

———-

Page 81, Exercise 3

Listen to the conversations. What is each request? Did the person agree to it?

1. magazine,

doesn’t agree

2. money,

agrees

3. wastebasket,

agrees

4. shirts,

doesn’t agree

———-

Page 83

Morning Routines

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the morning? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every morning, Mr. Bean …

– turns off his alarm clock.

– makes his bed.

– puts on his slippers.

– opens the curtains.

– does exercise.

– shaves.

– takes his day clothes out of his closet.

– hangs his alarm clock up to dry.

– tucks Teddy Bear in.

– changes into his day clothes.

(puts on his shirt,

his pants,

his jacket,

his socks,

his tie,

and his shoes.)

– brushes his teeth.

– rinses his mouth.

———-

Evening Routines

Page 83, Exercise B

Number the pictures in the order that Mario does them.

6 … 7 … 1 … 4

3 … 8 … 2 … 5

———-

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the evening? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every night, Mr. Bean …

– brushes his teeth and

rinses his mouth.

– cleans his ears.

– brushes his eyebrows.

– reads a story to Teddy Bear.

– puts Teddy Bear to sleep.

– puts out the light.

———-

Did Mr. Bean sleep well? What did he do?

When you have difficulty sleeping, what do you do?

———-

Page 83

Exercise 2, Part D

Be sure to understand the highlighted phrases below.

– first, next, then

– before/after, during

– when, as soon as, while, before/after

September 16, 2010

Homework

Filed under: announcements,homework,lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:41 am

Page 72, Exercise 1, Part B

Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C

———-

Answers

Page 72, Exercise 1, Part B

The Jules Undersea Lodge is in Florida, in the U.S.

The Hotel de la Playa is in Bolivia.

The Ishotellet (Ice Hotel) is in Sweden, 100 miles north of the Arctic Circle.

———-

Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C

1. You have to dive.

2. It takes about an hour.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, hot springs, and Fisherman’s Island with its 12-foot cacti.

4. The sun gets extremely bright.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

6. It melts in the spring.

Review of Infinitives for Reasons

Filed under: announcements,lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:39 am

Unit 7: Review of Infinitives for Reasons

On a beach vacation, we need …

– a bathing suit to swim in.

– sunscreen to protect our skin (from the sun).

– a sleeping bag to sleep in.

– insect repellent to keep away/drive away bugs/insects

– a towel to dry ourselves.

– a toothbrush and toothpaste to brush out teeth.

– sandals to protect our feet.

– a map to find our way around.

– a tent to shield us from the wind and mosquitoes.

– some books to read.

– some water to drink.

– sandals to protect our feet from the hot sand.

– soap to wash our bodies.

– a volleyball to play with.

On a camping trip, we need …

– a flashlight to (be able to) see at night.

– a first-aid kit to treat injuries.

– (spare) batteries to power our flashlight.

– a tent to keep the rain off of us.

– insect repellent to keep bugs away.

– a sleeping bag to keep us warm when we sleep.

On a business trip, we need …

– money to buy things.

– a suitjacket and tie to look professional.

– a razor to shave your face.

– a suitcase to bring clothes in.

– a brush to brush your hair.

– makeup to look good.

– extra clothes to wear.

To stay overnight with a friend, we need …

– pajamas to sleep in/to wear when you sleep

– a toothbrush and toothpaste to brush your teeth.

Vocabulary Review # 1

Filed under: announcements,lessons,vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 1:31 am

Unit 7: Vocabulary Review

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

– example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

– example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sailboard/windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

September 13, 2010

Extra Online Practice

Filed under: announcements,extra online practice,self study — richardlstansfield @ 1:54 am

I encourage you to go to the website below for extra practice.

http://www.cambridge.org/touchstonearcade/

Remember that you use Book 2, which is blue.

September 6, 2010

Unit 7: Going away …

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 3:43 am

Watch the video and answer the questions.

a. Which country did they go to?

b. Where did they go?

(12 places)

c. What did they eat?

(5 things)

d. What did they see?

(2 things)

e. What did they do?

(3 things)

——————————————————————-

Answers:

a. Which country did they go to?

– South Korea

b. Where did they go?

1. brother’s messy office

2. a temple in Seoul

3. Gyeong-ju

4. Bulguksa Temple

5. Seokguram Grotto

6. Gyeong-ju market

7. the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)

8. North Korea

9. Changdeok-gung Palace

10. the Secret Garden

11. Myeong-dong

12. Namsan Tower

c. What did they eat?

1. fried rice, egg, and kimchi

2. barbecued beef

3. stew

4. bibimbap

5. dakkalbi

d. What did they see?

1. the world’s largest flag

2. a crazy dog

What did they do?

1. bought DMZ rice

2. signed a release form

3. kissed in North Korea

——————————————————————-

Discussion

Talk with a partner. Ask each other these questions.

1. Have you been to any of the places in the video?

What did you do there? Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

2. Are there any places in the video that you have not gone to?

Which ones do you want to go to? Why?

——————————————————————-

Unit 7: Going away …

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each?

1. beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.

3. jumbo jet (airplane).

4. couple, tropical trees.

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Where is Rita going?

2. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

3. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

——————————————————————-

1. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

2. – go shopping

– get a new suitcase

– go online to find a cheap flight

3. – see her relatives

– go snorkeling

——————————————————————-

What are some things that you need to do before you go on a trip?

Write down at least three things.

Work with a partner.

Examples:

– buy a guide/travel book (which have maps and information)

– get a phrase book

– book your plane/train/bus tickets

– get your itinerary

– get foreign currency

– make hotel reservations

– get an international bank card or credit card

– get a passport (and, probably, a visa)

– pack your suitcase

– check the weather forecast

– etc.

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see

2. to do

3. to find

——————————————————————-

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

1. e

2. a

3. b

4. f

5. c

6. d

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) mini-conversations, using the sentences above.

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.

B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?

A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.

——————————————————————-

Syllables and Stress

Syllables

All words have syllables.

Very short words have only one syllable.

Examples:

desk –> 1 syllable

chair –> 1 syllable

Long words have more than one syllable.

Examples:

speaker

–> 2 syllables

window

–> 2 syllables

computer

–> 3 syllables

conditioner

–> 4 syllables

television

–> 4 syllables

refrigerator

–> 5 syllables

Stress

When something is stressed, it is said more loudly, slowly, and clearly.

You must stress the correct syllable.

Examples:

speaker

window

computer

conditioner

television

refrigerator

Stressed Words

Some words are stressed.  Some are not.  Stressed words are:

– nouns (e.g. boy, car, building, etc.)

– adjectives (e.g. big, beautiful, thin, etc.)

– main verbs (e.g. eat, walk, draw, sleep, etc.)

– adverbs (e.g. quickly, slowly, diligently, etc.)

——————————————————————-

Page 67

Exercise 3

Part A

Listen to the sentences. Notice which words and syllables are stressed.

(Stressed = said more loudly, slowly, and clearly)

Is it expensive to visit your country?

Well, it’s hard to find cheap hotels.

Part B

Listen and complete the sentences.

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

Listen again.

Which parts are stressed?

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

——————————————————————-

Page 68

Part A

Look at the pictures.  What would you need for a beach vacation?  Why?  (Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.)

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Part B

What are three things that you would need …

– on a camping trip?

– on a business trip?

– to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?  Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.

Example:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

——————————————————————-

Page 69

Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes

——————————————————————-

Practice the conversation. One of you is Mom, and the other is Jenny.

After you do it once, do it again, but change the conversation.

Example:

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some sunscreen. … Oh, and take a first-aid kit, and don’t forget to pack some …

——————————————————————-

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first?  How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end?  How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ? (e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

– That’s a great idea.

– That sounds great.

– I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

– I guess we could, but …

– I don’t know.

– I’d like to, but …

Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses.  Then practice with a partner.

1. b

2. d

3. e

4. f

5. a

6. c

Vocabulary Review

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

– example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

– example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

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