University English: the blog for ESL students

September 6, 2010

Unit 7: Going away …

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 3:43 am

Watch the video and answer the questions.

a. Which country did they go to?

b. Where did they go?

(12 places)

c. What did they eat?

(5 things)

d. What did they see?

(2 things)

e. What did they do?

(3 things)

——————————————————————-

Answers:

a. Which country did they go to?

– South Korea

b. Where did they go?

1. brother’s messy office

2. a temple in Seoul

3. Gyeong-ju

4. Bulguksa Temple

5. Seokguram Grotto

6. Gyeong-ju market

7. the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)

8. North Korea

9. Changdeok-gung Palace

10. the Secret Garden

11. Myeong-dong

12. Namsan Tower

c. What did they eat?

1. fried rice, egg, and kimchi

2. barbecued beef

3. stew

4. bibimbap

5. dakkalbi

d. What did they see?

1. the world’s largest flag

2. a crazy dog

What did they do?

1. bought DMZ rice

2. signed a release form

3. kissed in North Korea

——————————————————————-

Discussion

Talk with a partner. Ask each other these questions.

1. Have you been to any of the places in the video?

What did you do there? Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

2. Are there any places in the video that you have not gone to?

Which ones do you want to go to? Why?

——————————————————————-

Unit 7: Going away …

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each?

1. beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.

3. jumbo jet (airplane).

4. couple, tropical trees.

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Where is Rita going?

2. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

3. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

——————————————————————-

1. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

2. – go shopping

– get a new suitcase

– go online to find a cheap flight

3. – see her relatives

– go snorkeling

——————————————————————-

What are some things that you need to do before you go on a trip?

Write down at least three things.

Work with a partner.

Examples:

– buy a guide/travel book (which have maps and information)

– get a phrase book

– book your plane/train/bus tickets

– get your itinerary

– get foreign currency

– make hotel reservations

– get an international bank card or credit card

– get a passport (and, probably, a visa)

– pack your suitcase

– check the weather forecast

– etc.

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see

2. to do

3. to find

——————————————————————-

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

1. e

2. a

3. b

4. f

5. c

6. d

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) mini-conversations, using the sentences above.

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.

B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?

A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.

——————————————————————-

Syllables and Stress

Syllables

All words have syllables.

Very short words have only one syllable.

Examples:

desk –> 1 syllable

chair –> 1 syllable

Long words have more than one syllable.

Examples:

speaker

–> 2 syllables

window

–> 2 syllables

computer

–> 3 syllables

conditioner

–> 4 syllables

television

–> 4 syllables

refrigerator

–> 5 syllables

Stress

When something is stressed, it is said more loudly, slowly, and clearly.

You must stress the correct syllable.

Examples:

speaker

window

computer

conditioner

television

refrigerator

Stressed Words

Some words are stressed.  Some are not.  Stressed words are:

– nouns (e.g. boy, car, building, etc.)

– adjectives (e.g. big, beautiful, thin, etc.)

– main verbs (e.g. eat, walk, draw, sleep, etc.)

– adverbs (e.g. quickly, slowly, diligently, etc.)

——————————————————————-

Page 67

Exercise 3

Part A

Listen to the sentences. Notice which words and syllables are stressed.

(Stressed = said more loudly, slowly, and clearly)

Is it expensive to visit your country?

Well, it’s hard to find cheap hotels.

Part B

Listen and complete the sentences.

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

Listen again.

Which parts are stressed?

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

——————————————————————-

Page 68

Part A

Look at the pictures.  What would you need for a beach vacation?  Why?  (Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.)

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Part B

What are three things that you would need …

– on a camping trip?

– on a business trip?

– to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?  Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.

Example:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

——————————————————————-

Page 69

Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes

——————————————————————-

Practice the conversation. One of you is Mom, and the other is Jenny.

After you do it once, do it again, but change the conversation.

Example:

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some sunscreen. … Oh, and take a first-aid kit, and don’t forget to pack some …

——————————————————————-

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first?  How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end?  How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ? (e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

– That’s a great idea.

– That sounds great.

– I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

– I guess we could, but …

– I don’t know.

– I’d like to, but …

Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses.  Then practice with a partner.

1. b

2. d

3. e

4. f

5. a

6. c

Vocabulary Review

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

– example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

– example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

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