University English: the blog for ESL students

October 25, 2010


Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 3:28 am

Step 1. Make your groups.

Get into groups of three or four students.

Step 2. Write down your group members’ names on the sheet of paper.

Step 3. Choose a day for your presentation.

Presentations will be on the second day (hour #3), in the last several weeks of classes. There will be a maximum of three presentations (three groups) per class.  One week from today, you will upload your presentations to this blog site.


Possible Presentation Dates:

Class 30:

Thursday, November 4th

Thursday, November 11th

Thursday, November 18th

Thursday, November 25th

Class 100:

Thursday, November 4th

Thursday, November 11th

Thursday, November 18th

Thursday, November 25th

Class 65:

Friday, November 5th

Friday, November 12th

Friday, November 19th

Friday, November 26th

Class 167:

Friday, November 5th

Friday, November 12th

Friday, November 19th

Friday, November 26th


Step 4. Think of topics.

Discuss with your group members. Think of five topics.






Step 5. Choose a topic.

Discuss with your group members. Choose one topic from the five above.

Step 6. Make a mind map.


Step 7. Write your text.

You and the other group members, as a team, write your text.

Suggestion: One person takes notes, and the others help.


How to Write your Text

First, begin at the center of your mind map. Write an introduction to the topic.

e.g. These days, plagiarism is a hot topic of discussion.

… or …

Our presentation is about plagiarism.

… or …

We will present about plagiarism.

Then, go along one of your mind map’s branches. Write about that sub-topic.

e.g. Plagiarism is defined as “taking someone’s words or ideas as if they were your own.”

When you are finished with that branch, go on to another.

e.g. Most accusations of plagiarism involve songs.

Then go further along that branch.

For example, in 2006, the songwriters of Britney Spears accused Lee Hyori‘s “Get Ya” of plagiarizing “Do Somethin'”.

Also, in 2009, some Internet users (called “netizens” in Korea) accused G-Dragon’s “Heartbreaker” of being copied from Flo Rida’s “Right Round.”

When you are finished with that branch, go on to another.

e.g. There have also been accusations of plagiarizing choreography. For example, in 2010, the Korean girl group After School


Do not cut-and-paste from the Internet. (“Copy” = “복사”) Write it yourselves. Plagiarism (표절) will get you a score of zero/0 on your presentation.

Do not write in Korean and then translate. If you do, the English will be very bad and impossible to understand. Write in English from the beginning.

Write your text in class. Do not say, “We will write it later.” I want you to write in in class because I want to help you, correct your mistakes, etc.

You should have numbers in square brackets (e.g. [1], [2], etc.) in your texts. Information before the numbers should match the numbers in front of references.


On 2th of October, 2008, famous middle age actress, Choi Jin-Shil committed suicide and shocked many people.[1] The cause of her suicide was depression and It was known that she was hurt by malicious comments on the web. Actually, many Korean sports players, singers and celebrities get emotionally hurt by malicious comments.[2] It’s one of the social problems now. So since the past, there has been a suggestion that Korea should introduce the Real Name System on the web to prevent the malicious comments and encourage the sound netiquette.[3] But introducing it to all of the web sites is difficult actually. Also, opponents of this system always insist that it can infringe on the freedom of speech. Recently, Google rejected to the real name system suggested by the Korean Broadcasting Committee.[4] Google does not require Korean users Real Names in order to upload videos to YouTube.



Below are examples of texts and references that were done properly.

Illegal Downloading

Real Name System on the Web

University Tuition

Cell-phone addiction

Step 8. Write discussion questions

Write two or three good discussion questions.

* Good discussion questions ask about opinions, not facts.

* It’s better to have Wh-questions instead of yes/no questions.

(You can add a Wh-question after a yes/no question).


How many planets are there? –> bad

Would you like to visit another planet? Why or why not? –> good

I will put some of the discussion questions on the Final Speaking Exam. So, as a class, together, you are helping to make your own final exam.

Step 9. Who will do what?

( glossary, references, typing, and pictures )

Discuss with your group members. Each job must be done. Who will do which job? Decide.

Step 10. Glossary

A glossary is like a mini-dictionary.

Give the definitions (meanings) of at least five (5) vocabulary items. You may copy definitions from the Internet. Here is an excellent online dictionary for students of English:

Cambridge Online Dictionary

Step 11. References (Where did you get this information? Give the URL. e.g. online newspaper).

Here are some English-language Korean newspapers.

Step 12. Typing –> They have to be done in Microsoft Word, Notepad, or Open Office. It cannot be in Hangul, because my computer cannot read it.

– pictures (not necessary) –> Pictures should be separate from the text (different files). Also, they should be JPEG.

Step 13. Put your presentation on a USB flash drive/USB memory stick (Konglish: “USB”).

Step 14. Uploading

One week from today, all groups will upload their presentations from their USB flash drives to this blog site (

Class 100  –>  Monday, November 1st

Class 30  –>  Tuesday, November 2nd

Class 167  –>  Tuesday, November 2nd

Class 65  –>  Wednesday, November 3rd

*  Updating

If you ever want to update your presentation, make an appointment to see me in my office, 5남231. Remember that you can always contact me by leaving a comment on this blog site.


October 11, 2010

Videos that explain Parts of Speech

Filed under: parts of speech,vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 3:13 am

Here are some videos that explain Parts of Speech.









Extra Online Practice

Filed under: extra online practice — richardlstansfield @ 2:41 am

Remember that you can do some extra online practice exercises at .

In-class Test #1

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 2:38 am

–> Vocabulary

I give you the definition, and you give me the word or phrase.

e.g. __________ (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

–> Infinitives for reasons, trips, advice and suggestions

e.g. (Your friend is going on a camping trip. Give some advice or suggestions. Use infinitives for reasons.)

On a camping trip, you should take some insect repellent to keep bugs away.

–> Possessive Pronouns

e.g. A: Whose shirt is this?

B: It’s mine.

–> Order of adjectives

e.g. They have beautiful, Turkish rugs.

–> Asking someone to do sth, Asking for permission, Requests

e.g. A: (help me in the kitchen) Would you mind helping me in the kitchen?

B: (agrees) No, not at all.

–> Daily routines

e.g. When Mr. Bean wakes up in the morning, he makes his bed, opens the curtains, and does some exercise.

–> Simple Past vs. Past Continuous

e.g. I was driving from Toronto to Montreal when my car broke down.

–> Reacting to a story

e.g. A: And so I burned the food.

B: Oh, no!

Self-study listening exercises

Filed under: announcements,self study — richardlstansfield @ 2:28 am

Unit 8 (Page SSL2)

1. Jessica

2. Ben

3. Ben

4. Jessica

5. Jessica

6. Ben

Unit 9 (Page SSL3)

1. False

2. True

3. True

4. False

5. True

6. False

October 10, 2010

Vocabulary Review #2

Filed under: announcements,lessons,vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 8:42 am

Units 8 and 9

anecdote: (noun) a short story that you tell someone about something that happened to you or someone else

answering machine: (noun) a machine that records your message if you telephone someone and they do not answer

antique: (noun) an object that is old, and often rare or beautiful

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

celebrity: (noun) a famous person

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

charity: (noun) an official organization that gives money, food, or help to people who need it

frame: (noun) a structure that goes around the edge of something such as a door, picture, window, or mirror

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

make yourself at home = to behave in a relaxed way in a place, as if it was your own home

mind: (verb) to be annoyed or worried by something

e.g. “Do you think he’d mind if I borrowed his book?”

e.g. “Tim won’t mind lending you his car.”

neighborhood: (noun) an area of a town or city that people live in

organize: (verb) to plan or arrange something

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think

about yourself

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

receipt: (noun) a piece of paper that proves that you have received goods or money

request: (noun) when you politely or officially ask for something

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

study: (noun) a room in a house where you can read, write, etc.

taste: (noun) the particular things you like, such as styles of music, clothes, decoration, etc.

villa: (noun) a large house, especially one used for holidays in a warm country

weird: (adjective) very strange

October 7, 2010


Filed under: announcements,homework — richardlstansfield @ 1:10 am

Page 92, Exercise 1, Part C


1. False. Nelson Hunter usually writes about bad things that happen to people.

2. False. A woman paid for Abby’s cab home when she missed her train.

3. True.

4. False. A young man found Andrea’s wallet when he was walking into the mall.

5. False. John shared the bag of donuts with his roommates.

Mid-Term Exam Day

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 1:09 am

The office announced that the day for the English mid-term exam is:

Oct 20 (Wednesday) at 13:00 until 15:50 for UE2

October 4, 2010

Unit 9: Things Happen

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 2:48 am

Page 86

Books closed

Some bad things happened to Sean, Julia, and Chen. What?








Page 86, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Sean was talking to a woman on the train, and he missed his stop.

2. Julia’s friend deleted her files when she was using Julia’s computer.

3. Roberto and his friend were trying to look cool when they walked into a glass door.


Page 87

We usually use the simple past tense. Usually, we only use the past continuous in these two situations:

1. Interrupted Actions

e.g. “I was driving from Toronto to Montreal when my car broke down.”

I may have repaired (fixed) my car and completed my journey to Montreal, or I may have stopped there. We don’t know from this sentence.

The interrupted action uses the past continuous. The interrupting action uses the simple past.

2. Settings

A setting is like the background for the beginning of a story.

e.g. “It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing. People were chatting when suddenly the sound of a gunshot rang out. A man in a gray suit grabbed his chest and slowly sank to the ground.”

Page 87, Exercise 2, Part A

1. was making … called … forgot … burned

2. damaged … was driving … ran

3. hurt … was doing … fell

4. was having … spilled … got

5. were talking … weren’t paying … was standing … were listening


Practice the conversations using the fall-rise intonation that you learned about in Exercise 3.


Where is Mr. Bean? Why is the woman there? Why is Mr. Bean there?

(from 2:00 to 3:30)


Page 88

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

Be careful not to confuse “hip” with “buttocks.”

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom


Page 89

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Nicole and Barry, and answer the questions.

1. What kind of trip did Barry go on?

2. What happened during his trip?

3. Why did it happen?


1. He went on a ski trip.

2. He had an accident and broke his leg.

3. He was talking on his cell-phone while skiing.


Page 89, Exercise 3, Part A

1. c

2. d

3. e

4. b

5. f

6. a


Page 90

Conversation Strategy: Reacting to a story

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Matt and Emily, and answer the questions.

First Listening

1. What was Matt doing?

a. cooking

b. skiing

c. driving

2. Did something good or something bad happen to Matt?


1. a. He was cooking.

2. Something bad happened to Matt.

Second Listening

1. What happened to Matt?

2. How did he solve his problem?


1. He dropped rice onto the floor.

2. He bought some rice from a restaurant.



Rejoinders are special phrases. We use them for three reasons:

1. to show that we are listening

2. to show that we understand

3. to show that we are interested

For example, for each conversation, choose the best rejoinder.

Example #1

A: My dog died last night.


(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2

A: I won the lottery last night. (Lottery = “lotto” in Konglish)


(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Here are the different kinds of rejoinders.


– That’s great!

– Terrific!

– Wonderful!


– That’s too bad.

– I’m sorry to hear that.

– Oh, no!


– I see.

– That’s nice.

– Oh, yeah?


– You’re kidding!

– I can’t believe it!

– Oh, really!/Oh, really?


Step 1

Student A reads out a sentence.

Student B listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Example #1:

A: I broke my finger yesterday.


(a) Wonderful!

(b) Oh, yeah?

(c) Oh, no!

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2:

A: Jae-beom will be returning to the boy band 2PM.


(a) That’s too bad.

(b) You’re kidding!

(c) I see.

(d) That’s great!

Step 2

Vice versa.

Student B reads out a sentence.

Student A listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Step 3

First, fill in the blanks.

Then, take turns reading out your sentences and giving appropriate rejoinders.

Step 4

Take turns with your partner. One person tells about a recent travel experience, and the other gives rejoinders.


A: This past vacation, I went on a trip to Jeju Island.

B: That’s nice.

A: My uncle is the mayor of Jeju City.

B: Oh, really!

A: So I stayed at his house for a few days.

B: I see.

A: Unfortunately, I was punched by a drunk man.

B: Oh, no!

A: But I wasn’t too hurt, and I received a lot of “blood money.”

B: That’s great!

[ etc. … ]

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