University English: the blog for ESL students

November 25, 2010

Unit 12: Looking Ahead

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:02 am

Page 118

Books closed.

Listen. Each person has plans for next year. What are they?

Christy Lewis

She‘s graduating from college next June.

She guesses she‘ll look for a job.

She may go on for a master’s degree.

[Master’s (degree): (noun) a higher university qualification; a university degree that is higher than a bachelor’s degree]

Laura Chang

She‘s going to ask her boss for a promotion.

[promotion: (noun) when someone is given a more important job in the same organization ]

She might look for a better job.

Paul Reade

He hopes that he‘ll be able to travel around Europe for two months with his friends.

He might not be able to afford it.

Jim and Katie Conley

They‘re going to have a baby in March.

They will probably take some time off from work.

They’re sure that the baby will keep them very busy.

Joe Etta

He’s going to retire in June.

He and his wife will probably move in the fall to Florida or Arizona.

He and his wife won’t spend another winter here.

——————–

Look at the different ways to talk about the future:

Present Continuous

I‘m graduating from college next June.

–> It’s used to talk about plans or decisions already made.

Will/’ll/won’t

I guess I‘ll look for a job.

I know it won’t be easy to find a job.

I probably won’t get a promotion.

I hope I‘ll be able to go with them.

It‘ll be expensive.

Both of us will probably take some time off from work.

I’m sure the baby will keep us both very busy.

I‘ll be 65 in June.

We‘ll probably move to Florida in the fall.

We won’t spend another winter here.

–> It’s used to give facts or predictions about the future

–> The words guess, probably, and hope show that we are not 100% sure about the future.

May

I may go on for a master’s degree.

–> It shows that we are not 100% certain about the future.

Might

I might look for a better job.

I might not be able to afford it.

–> It shows that we are not 100% certain about the future.

Be Going To

I‘m going to ask my boss for a promotion.

My friends are going to travel around Europe.

We‘re going to have a baby in March.

I‘m going to retire.

–> It’s used to talk about plans or decisions already made.

(See Page 119, Exercise 2, for more information.)

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