University English: the blog for ESL students

April 28, 2011

Changes Because of Monday, June 6th (Updated!)

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 1:17 am

Monday, June 6th is a holiday. This will change the schedules of Class 125 and Class 93.

Class 125

Final Speaking Exams will take place on Wednesday, June 1st and Wednesday, June 8th.

Written Test #2 will take place on Monday, May 30th.

Class 93

Final Speaking Exams will take place on Monday, June 30th, Thursday, June 2nd and Thursday, June 9th.

Written Test #2 will take place on Thursday, May 26th.


April 25, 2011


Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 2:41 am

You will work in groups to make presentations. Each presentations will have:

1. glossary

This is a list of vocabulary and their definitions. You can find definitions at

2. text

You have to write the text yourself. Do not plagiarize (표절). If you do, you will receive a score of 0/10.

3. references

You have to show where you found the information.

4. discussion questions

You have to write three discussion questions. You and your classmates will ask each other these questions and answer them. One question will be chosen for the Final Speaking Exam.

5. group #, group members

Here are some examples.

We will do this step-by-step.


Step 1.

Make groups of 3 or 4 students.

Step 2.

Write down your group members’ names down on a piece of paper.

Step 3.

Think of 5 possible topics.

Step 4.

Discuss with your group members and then choose one of the topics.

Step 5.

Think of ideas and organize them by making mind maps.


Step 6.

Write your text. Do this together, as a team. I will walk around the class, giving help and corrections.

Suggestion: One person takes notes, and the others help.

How to Write your Text

First, begin at the center of your mind map. Write an introduction to the topic.

e.g. These days, plagiarism is a hot topic of discussion.

… or …

Our presentation is about plagiarism.

… or …

We will present about plagiarism.

Then, go along one of your mind map’s branches. Write about that sub-topic.

e.g. Plagiarism is defined as “taking someone’s words or ideas as if they were your own.”

When you are finished with that branch, go on to another.

e.g. Most accusations of plagiarism involve songs.

Then go further along that branch.

For example, in 2006, the songwriters of Britney Spears accused Lee Hyori‘s “Get Ya” of plagiarizing “Do Somethin'”.

Also, in 2009, some Internet users (called “netizens” in Korea) accused G-Dragon’s “Heartbreaker” of being copied from Flo Rida’s “Right Round.”

When you are finished with that branch, go on to another.

e.g. There have also been accusations of plagiarizing choreography. For example, in 2010, the Korean girl group After School


Do not cut-and-paste from the Internet. (“Copy” = “복사”) Write it yourselves. Plagiarism (표절) will get you a score of zero/0 on your presentation.

Do not write in Korean and then translate. If you do, the English will be very bad and impossible to understand. Write in English from the beginning.

Write your text in class. Do not say, “We will write it later.” I want you to write in in class because I want to help you, correct your mistakes, etc.

You should have numbers in square brackets (e.g. [1], [2], etc.) in your texts. Information before the numbers should match the numbers in front of references.


On 2th of October, 2008, famous middle age actress, Choi Jin-Shil committed suicide and shocked many people.[1] The cause of her suicide was depression and It was known that she was hurt by malicious comments on the web. Actually, many Korean sports players, singers and celebrities get emotionally hurt by malicious comments.[2] It’s one of the social problems now. So since the past, there has been a suggestion that Korea should introduce the Real Name System on the web to prevent the malicious comments and encourage the sound netiquette.[3] But introducing it to all of the web sites is difficult actually. Also, opponents of this system always insist that it can infringe on the freedom of speech. Recently, Google rejected to the real name system suggested by the Korean Broadcasting Committee.[4] Google does not require Korean users Real Names in order to upload videos to YouTube.



Step 7.

Write your discussion questions.

Write two or three good discussion questions.

* Good discussion questions ask about opinions, not facts.

* It’s better to have Wh-questions instead of yes/no questions.

(You can add a Wh-question after a yes/no question).


How many planets are there? –> bad

Would you like to visit another planet? Why or why not? –> good

Step 8.

Choose 5 vocabulary items for your glossary.

Step 9.

Find your references.

Step 10.

Prepare your presentation.

Typing has to be done in Microsoft Word, Notepad, or Open Office. It cannot be in Hangul, because my computer cannot read it.

Pictures should be separate from the text (different files).

Pictures should be JPEGs.

Put your presentation on a flash drive/memory stick (Konglish: “USB”).

Step 10.

Upload your presentations.

Step 11.

Choose a presentation date.

All members have to be present during presentations.



If you ever want to update your presentation, make an appointment to see me in my office, 5남231. Remember that you can always contact me by leaving a comment on this blog site.

April 13, 2011

Mid-term Exams

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 12:39 pm

Track 3, Semester 1: Wednesday, April 20, Period 5 (13:00 -to- 13:50)

There will be no classes during the week. The exam will not be in our classroom. Find out where your exam will be. Remember 3 things:

1. Bring a computer pen.

2. Bring a picture ID. It can be a:
– Student ID card,
– Korean National ID card, or
– Korean drivers license.

3. Don’t be late. When the exam starts, the door will be locked. If you are late, you will not be able to take your exam.

The exam is on Units 1, 2, and 3 from the text book. It’s all listening, so practice your listening with your text book’s CD and at

April 6, 2011

Written Test 1: Units 1 to 3 (Updated)

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 7:56 am

The following might be on Written Test 1.

* Vocabulary *

You have to write the vocabulary item next to its definition.

e.g. __________ (noun) a sport from Japan in which people fight using fast, hard hits with the hands or feet

* Parts of Speech *


How often does Richard do it?

1. adverb

2. auxiliary/helping verb

3. noun

4. main verb

5. pronoun

* Questions and Answers *

You have to write the question.


Question: ____________________ ?

Answer: Red.

(Page 3, Exercise 3, Part A)


Question: ____________________ ?

Answer: I enjoy writing. Someday I want to write a novel.

(Page 12, Exercise 1, Part A)


Question: ____________________ ?

Answer: No, not really. I don’t have a lot of free time.

(Page 16, Exercise 1, Part B)

* Either, Neither, Too *


Gina likes fried rice and pizza, but doesn’t like kimchi or ice cream.

Hee-yeol likes kimchi and fried rice, but doesn’t like pizza or ice cream.

* * *

Gina: I like fried rice.

Seol-hee: I do, too.

Gina: I don’t like ice cream.

Seol-hee: I don’t, either.

* Good and Bad Things to Talk About *

What are good/bad things to talk about when you meet a stranger for the first time?

* Beginning and Ending a Conversation *

e.g. You meet someone new at Sally’s party. The food is really good. Start a conversation.

–> Are you a friend of Sally’s?


This food is delicious!


What are four phrases you can use to end a conversation?

* Verb Forms *

Fill in the blanks with verbs in the correct forms.


Can you __________ ?

Do you enjoy __________ ?


A: How _____ you _____ with stress?

B: Well, right now I _____ _____ a course in aromatherapy.

(Page 23, Exercise 2, Part A)

* Music Genres *

Listen to the music and write down its genre.

* Reading on Page 8 *

e.g. What’s an example of an information question?


What’s something to say if someone asks you a difficult question?

* Exercise *

e.g. What is he doing?

* “Actually” *

– What are three reasons why native speakers use the word “actually”?

(Page 7, Exercise 2)

* “Really” *

What are two reasons why native speakers use the word “really”?

(Page 17, Exercise 2)

* Health *

Write sentences about your good and bad health habits. Use adverbs of frequency.

(0% never — hardly ever — sometimes — often — usually — almost always — always 100%)

e.g. I often drink black tea.


I hardly ever go to the gym.


* If/When *


A: What do you do when you have a fever?

B: When I have a fever, I usually take medicine.

A: What do you do if you have a bad cold and have to go to class?

B: If I have a bad cold, I sometimes take a lot of tissues to class.

A: What do you do when you have an upset stomach after you eat?

B: When I have an upset stomach after I eat, I always just stay home.

–> Don’t forget that you can get extra online practice for free.

Vocabulary: Units 1 to 3

Filed under: vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 3:38 am

Unit 1

* afford: (verb) can afford = to have enough money to buy something or enough time to do something; e.g. “I can’t afford a new car.” = I don’t have enough money to buy a new car.

* allergic: (adjective) when you have a medical condition in which your body reacts badly to something that you eat, breathe, or touch; e.g. “I’m allergic to cats. When a cat is near, I get a runny nose.”

* broke: (adjective) not have any money

* noisy: (adjective) when people or things make a lot of loud, unpleasant sounds

* can’t stand sby/sth = to hate somebody or something

* wreck: (verb) to destroy or damage something completely

* work out: (phrasal verb) to do exercises to make your body stronger

* gym: (noun) a building with equipment for doing exercises; similar to health club

* odd: (adjective) strange or unusual

* avoid: (verb) to stay away from a person, place, situation, etc.; e.g. “I try to avoid the topic of politics.” = I try not to talk about politics.

* karate: (noun) a sport from Japan in which people fight using fast, hard hits with the hands or feet

* vegetarian: (noun) someone who does not eat meat (some eat fish)

* review: (noun) a report in a newspaper, magazine, or program that gives an opinion about a new book, film, etc.; e.g. “The film has had mixed reviews.” (mixed = some good, some bad)

Unit 2

* journalism: (noun) the work of writing articles for newspapers, magazines, television, or radio

* meditate: (verb) to think calm thoughts for a long period in order to relax or as a religious activity

* martial art: (noun) traditional skills of fighting, especially from East Asia; e.g. tae-kwon-do from Korea, karate from Japan, kung-fu from China, etc.

* celebrity: (noun) a famous person

* pool: (noun) a game in which two people use long, thin sticks to hit coloured balls into holes around the edge of a table; similar to billiards

* genre: (noun) a type of art or writing with a particular style

* knit: (verb) to make clothes using wool and two long needles to join the wool into rows]

* sew: (verb) to join things together with a needle and thread

* crochet: (verb) to make clothes and other items using wool and a special needle with a hook at one end

* jigsaw puzzle: (noun) a picture in many small pieces that you put together as a game

* crossword puzzle: (noun) a game in which you write words which are the answers to questions in a pattern of black and white squares

* enthusiasm: (noun) a lot of interest in something and wanting very much like to be involved in it

* recipe: (noun) a list of foods and a set of instructions telling you how to cook something; e.g. “I have a recipe for carrot cake.”

* freak: (noun) someone who is very interested in a particular subject or activity [informal], e.g. “My brother’s a bit of a computer freak.”

* handyman: (noun) someone who is good at making things or repairing them

* bookworm: (noun) someone who enjoys reading very much

* daredevil: (noun) someone who enjoys doing dangerous things

Unit 3

* checkup: (noun) a general medical examination to see if you are healthy

* meditate: (verb) to think calm thoughts for a long period in order to relax or as a religious activity

* yoga: (noun) a set of exercises for the mind and body, based on the Hindu religion

* symptom: (noun) a physical feeling or problem which shows that you have a particular illness; e.g. “A toothache is often a symptom of a cavity.”

* vinegar: (noun) a sour liquid that is used in cooking, often made from wine

* asthma: (noun) an illness which makes it difficult to breathe

* bloodshot eyes: when your eyes are red in the part that should be white

* bruise: (noun) a dark area on your skin where you have been hurt

* burn: (noun) a place where fire or heat has damaged or hurt something

* constipation (noun) when you are unable to empty your bowels as often as you should (bowels = the long tubes that carries solid waste from your stomach out of your body)

* cut: (noun) an injury made when the skin is cut with something sharp (e.g. a knife)

* insomnia (noun) when you find it difficult to sleep

* itchy eyes: (noun) when your eyes feel uncomfortable and you want to rub them

* nausea: (noun) the unpleasant feeling of wanting to vomit (vomit = when food or liquid that was in your stomach comes up and out of your mouth)

* rash: (noun) a group of small, red spots on the skin

* runny nose: when your nose is producing liquid all the time

* sprain (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

* sunburn: (noun) when your skin becomes painful and red from being in the sun too long

* bee: (noun) a flying insect that has a yellow and black body and makes honey (honey = sweet, sticky food)

* sting: (noun) a painful wound that you get when an insect, plant, etc puts poison into your skin

April 1, 2011

Starting and Stopping a Conversation

Filed under: conversation strategies,starting & stopping a conversation — richardlstansfield @ 6:52 am

Conversation Starters

Excuse me, I like your __________ .

Could/Can I ask … ?


A: Excuse me, I like your shirt. Can I ask where you got it?

B: Sure. I got it at the mall downtown.


Are you a friend of __________ .


A: Hi. Are you a friend of Jim’s?

B: Yes, I am. Jim and I work together. How about you?


Could I ask you something?


A: Excuse me. Could I ask you something? Do you know the teacher for this class?

B: Yes, I do. My friends all say that she’s helpful.


Conversation Stoppers

Would you excuse me?

Well, I’d better be going/I should be going.

(It’s been) nice talking to you.

I hope we get a chance to talk again sometime.


Filed under: Facepalm — richardlstansfield @ 6:19 am

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