University English: the blog for ESL students

April 6, 2011

Vocabulary: Units 1 to 3

Filed under: vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 3:38 am

Unit 1

* afford: (verb) can afford = to have enough money to buy something or enough time to do something; e.g. “I can’t afford a new car.” = I don’t have enough money to buy a new car.

* allergic: (adjective) when you have a medical condition in which your body reacts badly to something that you eat, breathe, or touch; e.g. “I’m allergic to cats. When a cat is near, I get a runny nose.”

* broke: (adjective) not have any money

* noisy: (adjective) when people or things make a lot of loud, unpleasant sounds

* can’t stand sby/sth = to hate somebody or something

* wreck: (verb) to destroy or damage something completely

* work out: (phrasal verb) to do exercises to make your body stronger

* gym: (noun) a building with equipment for doing exercises; similar to health club

* odd: (adjective) strange or unusual

* avoid: (verb) to stay away from a person, place, situation, etc.; e.g. “I try to avoid the topic of politics.” = I try not to talk about politics.

* karate: (noun) a sport from Japan in which people fight using fast, hard hits with the hands or feet

* vegetarian: (noun) someone who does not eat meat (some eat fish)

* review: (noun) a report in a newspaper, magazine, or program that gives an opinion about a new book, film, etc.; e.g. “The film has had mixed reviews.” (mixed = some good, some bad)

Unit 2

* journalism: (noun) the work of writing articles for newspapers, magazines, television, or radio

* meditate: (verb) to think calm thoughts for a long period in order to relax or as a religious activity

* martial art: (noun) traditional skills of fighting, especially from East Asia; e.g. tae-kwon-do from Korea, karate from Japan, kung-fu from China, etc.

* celebrity: (noun) a famous person

* pool: (noun) a game in which two people use long, thin sticks to hit coloured balls into holes around the edge of a table; similar to billiards

* genre: (noun) a type of art or writing with a particular style

* knit: (verb) to make clothes using wool and two long needles to join the wool into rows]

* sew: (verb) to join things together with a needle and thread

* crochet: (verb) to make clothes and other items using wool and a special needle with a hook at one end

* jigsaw puzzle: (noun) a picture in many small pieces that you put together as a game

* crossword puzzle: (noun) a game in which you write words which are the answers to questions in a pattern of black and white squares

* enthusiasm: (noun) a lot of interest in something and wanting very much like to be involved in it

* recipe: (noun) a list of foods and a set of instructions telling you how to cook something; e.g. “I have a recipe for carrot cake.”

* freak: (noun) someone who is very interested in a particular subject or activity [informal], e.g. “My brother’s a bit of a computer freak.”

* handyman: (noun) someone who is good at making things or repairing them

* bookworm: (noun) someone who enjoys reading very much

* daredevil: (noun) someone who enjoys doing dangerous things

Unit 3

* checkup: (noun) a general medical examination to see if you are healthy

* meditate: (verb) to think calm thoughts for a long period in order to relax or as a religious activity

* yoga: (noun) a set of exercises for the mind and body, based on the Hindu religion

* symptom: (noun) a physical feeling or problem which shows that you have a particular illness; e.g. “A toothache is often a symptom of a cavity.”

* vinegar: (noun) a sour liquid that is used in cooking, often made from wine

* asthma: (noun) an illness which makes it difficult to breathe

* bloodshot eyes: when your eyes are red in the part that should be white

* bruise: (noun) a dark area on your skin where you have been hurt

* burn: (noun) a place where fire or heat has damaged or hurt something

* constipation (noun) when you are unable to empty your bowels as often as you should (bowels = the long tubes that carries solid waste from your stomach out of your body)

* cut: (noun) an injury made when the skin is cut with something sharp (e.g. a knife)

* insomnia (noun) when you find it difficult to sleep

* itchy eyes: (noun) when your eyes feel uncomfortable and you want to rub them

* nausea: (noun) the unpleasant feeling of wanting to vomit (vomit = when food or liquid that was in your stomach comes up and out of your mouth)

* rash: (noun) a group of small, red spots on the skin

* runny nose: when your nose is producing liquid all the time

* sprain (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

* sunburn: (noun) when your skin becomes painful and red from being in the sun too long

* bee: (noun) a flying insect that has a yellow and black body and makes honey (honey = sweet, sticky food)

* sting: (noun) a painful wound that you get when an insect, plant, etc puts poison into your skin


1 Comment »

  1. […] The following might be on Written Test 1. Vocabulary […]

    Pingback by Written Test 1: Units 1 to 3 « University English: the blog for ESL students — April 6, 2011 @ 7:56 am | Reply

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