University English: the blog for ESL students

May 3, 2011

Japan’s Tsunami

Filed under: student presentations — richardlstansfield @ 12:47 am

1. Glossary
1) tsunami : an extremely large wave caused by movement of the Earth under the sea, often caused by an earthquake.
2) volcano : a mountain with a large circular hole at the top through which lava (= hot liquid rock) gases, steam and dust are or have been forced out
3) landslide : a mass of rock and earth moving suddenly and quickly down a steep slope
4) magnitude : the large size or importance of something
5) death toll : the number of people who die because of an event such as a war or an accident
6) trillion : the number 1 000 000 000 000
7) disaster : great harm, damage or death, or serious difficulty
8 ) radiation : a form of energy that comes from a nuclear reaction and that can be very dangerous to health
9) leakage : the act of leaking or the leak itself (noun) the problem of a liquid or gas coming out of something when it should not
10) catastrophe : a sudden event that causes very great trouble or destruction

2. Text
A tsunami hit Japan on April 11, 2011.1) A tsunami is usually caused by underwater earthquakes, underwater volcanoes or coastal landslides.2) A big earthquake which occurred near Japan’s north-eastern coast caused the tsunami. The earthquake’s magnitude was measured at 9.0.3) The earthquake is the fourth largest earthquake since earthquake’s magnitudes have been measured.4)
Japan was seriously damaged by the tsunami. The death toll from the tsunami has reached 13,000 until now.5) Some reports say property loss is estimated about 336 trillion won.6) Some nuclear power plants were destroyed by the earthquake. Many Japanese are being exposed to the radiation which is very harmful to people’s health. Many Koreans raised funds to help the Japanese out on this matter.
There are some similar examples like this disaster. There was a radiation leakage accident at a nuclear power plant in Chernobyl 25 years ago.7) Also, a tsunami hit Indonesia 8 years ago.8) Japan should recover from the catastrophe as soon as possible through these similar examples.

3. Discussion questions
Q1. Have you ever experienced an earthquake?
If an earthquake happened, how would you react?

If an earthquake occurred, how would you react?

–> Have you ever experienced an earthquake?
If an earthquake occurred, how would you react?

Q2. Do you want to help the Japanese?
If you do, what can we do to help the Japanese?

–> Do you want to help the Japanese?
If you do, what can we do to help the Japanese?

Q3. Can you go to Japan to help the Japanese? Why? Why not?

–> Can you go to Japan to help the Japanese? Why or why not?

4. References
1) http://search.naver.com/search.naver?where=nexearch&query=%C0%CF%BA%BB%C1%F 6%C1%F8&sm=top_hty&fbm=1
2) http://navercast.naver.com/contents.nhn?contents_id=2912
3) http://search.naver.com/search.naver?where=nexearch&query=%C0%CF%BA%BB%C1%F 6%C1%F8&sm=top_hty&fbm=1
4) http://search.naver.com/search.naver?where=nexearch&query=%BC%BC%B0%E8+%C1% F6%C1%F8+%BC%F8%C0%A7+%C0%CF%BA%BB&sm=tab_etc
5) http://mbn.mk.co.kr/pages/news/newsView.php?category=mbn00008&news_seq_no=10514 28
6) http://www.segye.com/Articles/NEWS/ECONOMY/Article.asp?aid=20110330005155&subct g1=&subctg2=
7) http://navercast.naver.com/contents.nhn?contents_id=5026
8 ) http://blog.naver.com/geo7319?Redirect=Log&logNo=40124975691

(Class #29, Group#2)
김진석
양미나
김호중
목동균

— — — — — — —

Teacher’s Note:

I have chosen the following three vocabulary items to be on Written Test #2:

1. magnitude: (noun) the large size or importance of something

2. leakage: (noun) the problem of a liquid or gas coming out of something when it should not

3. catastrophe: (noun) a sudden event that causes very great trouble or destruction

I have chosen the following discussion question to be on the Final Speaking Test.

– Have you ever experienced an earthquake? If an earthquake occurred, how would you react?

Remember to stress it properly.

– Have you ever experienced an earthquake? If an earthquake occurred, how would you react?

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