University English: the blog for ESL students

September 26, 2011

Unit 8: At home

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 12:27 am

Discuss. Ask each other these questions.

1. Where do you live?

2. Do you live in a house or an apartment?

3. Would you prefer to live in an apartment or a house? Why?

4. What do you like about your home? What don’t you like?

5. If you could change something about your home, what would it be?

6. Do you have your own room or do you share?

7. Is your room messy or clean?

8. What’s your favorite room in your home?

9. Is it better to rent or buy a house?

10. Do you like your neighborhood?

* neighborhood: (noun) an area of a town or city that people live in

——————–

Page 76

Spring Cleaning

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

Books Closed

John and Sandra are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Whose bathing suit do they find?

2. Whose clothes do they find?

3. Whose jewelry do they find?

4. Whose earrings do they find?

Answers

1. Sandra’s.
.

2. Sandra’s sister’s.
.

3. Sandra’s sister’s.
.

4. Sandra’s.

———-

Page 76, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Whose …

2. … mine.

3. … hers.

———-

Page 77, Exercise 2, Part A

Possessive Pronouns

1. mine

hers

theirs

his

2. mine

ours

3. mine

theirs

hers

4. yours

mine

——————–

Discussion. Ask each other these questions, and answer them. Use possessive pronouns in your answer.

(Possessive pronouns = whose, my, your, her, his, our, their, mine, yours, hers, his, ours, & theirs.)

1. Who is your favorite actor/actress? What’s his/her most famous movie?

2. Let’s form a new club at Inha. What’s our club’s name going to be? What are we going to do in our club?

3. What do you think about 2NE1? Do you like their style? How about their music? What’s your favorite 2NE1 song? Who’s your favorite 2NE1 member?

4. What do you think about Lady Gaga’s clothes? What do you think about her fashion sense?

5. Whose island is Dokto? Korea’s or Japan’s? Why?

6. Did Lee Hyori have plastic surgery? What parts of her body did she change? How about other celebrities? Did they change their bodies?

Page 79, Exercise 3

Order of Adjectives = opinion, size, color, shape, nationality, material.

Opinion: beautiful, cute, etc.

Size: big, small, etc.

Color: red, green, etc.

Shape: round, square, etc.

Nationality: Korean, Turkish, Taiwanese, etc.

Material: wood, cotton, etc.

e.g. “They have beautiful, big, red, rectangular, Turkish, cotton rugs.”

Discussion

Look at Page 79 and the items below. Discuss which ones you like and don’t like.

———-

A: Which … … … do you like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

and

A: Which … … … do you not like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I don’t like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

LG-Intros-New-Clamshell-Phone-Lollipop-2samsung-announces-anycall-branded-c3110h-for-hong-kong

26594product2

1010892607p952850

317v6ep4bgl_sl500_aa280_6a00c225239a5e8fdb00e398aa0f690004-500pi


———-

Page 80

Conversation Strategy: Asking Politely

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think about yourself

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

Books closed.

Jessica visits Ben at his apartment. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Ben asks Jessica to do four things. What are they?

2. Jessica asks for permission do something. What is it?

Answers

1. – to make herself at home

– to give him her coat

– to help him in the kitchen

– to chop the onions

2. – to look around Ben’s apartment

——————–

Asking For Permission

Do you mind if I …

Can I …

Do you mind if I open the window?
Do you mind if I take your coat?
Do you mind if I look around?

Can I open the window?
Can I take your coat?
Can I look around?

Ben: “Do you mind if I open the window?”

Jessica: “No, go ahead.”

[Then Ben opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise B

Ask each other for permission to do these things.

Do you mind if I …
(“Do you mind if I use your phone?”)

Can I …
(“Can I take a cookie?”)

Agree to give permission.

“Do you mind if I … ?” –> “No, go ahead.”

“Can I … ?” –> Sure, go ahead.

examples

A: Do you mind if I use your phone?
B: No, go ahead.

A: Can I put on some music?
B: Sure, go ahead.

1. use your phone? 2. put on some music? 3. open a window?
4. take a cookie? 5. get a glass of water? 6. turn on the TV?

Asking Somebody To Do Something

Would you mind …

Could you …

Would you mind helping me in the kitchen?
Would you mind chopping the onions?

Could you help me in the kitchen?
Could you chop the onions?

Ben: “Would you mind opening the window?”

Jessica: “No, not at all.”

[Then Jessica opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise C

Ask each other to do these things.

Would you mind …
(“Would you mind answering the door for me?”)

Could you …
(“Could you hand me the newspaper?”)

Agree to your partner’s requests.

“Would you mind … ?” –> No, not at all.

“Could you … ?” –> Sure, no problem.

examples

A: Would you mind answering the door for me?
B: No, not at all.

A: Could you hand me the newspaper?
B: Sure, no problem.

1. answer the door for me 2. hand me the newspaper 3. set the table for me
4. make some coffee 5. help me with the dishes 6. feed the cat

——————–

Page 81, Exercise 2

(Other answers are possible.)

1. B: No, no problem.

2. B: No, not at all.

3. B: … go ahead.

4. B: No, not at all.

5. B: Sure.

“Do you mind … ?” means “Does … bother you?”

“Would you mind … ?” means “Would … bother you?”

That’s why we say “Yes” by saying “No …”

——————–

Page 81, Exercise 3

Listen to the conversations. What is each request? Did the person agree to it?

1. magazine,

doesn’t agree

2. money,

agrees

3. wastebasket,

agrees

4. shirts,

doesn’t agree

——————–

Ask each other to do something, or for permission.

– introduce me to a pretty girl/handsome boy

– lend me 10,000 won

– massage my back

– give me a hug

– let me call on your cell-phone

– show me your cell-phone pictures

– help me study English

– cut my hair

– visit your home

– cook a meal for me

——————–

Page 83

Morning Routines

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the morning? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every morning, Mr. Bean …

– turns off his alarm clock.

– makes his bed.

– puts on his slippers.

– opens the curtains.

– does exercise.

– shaves.

– takes his day clothes out of his closet.

– hangs his alarm clock up to dry.

– tucks Teddy Bear in.

– changes into his day clothes.

(puts on his shirt,

his pants,

his jacket,

his socks,

his tie,

and his shoes.)

– brushes his teeth.

– rinses his mouth.

———-

Evening Routines

Page 83, Exercise B

Number the pictures in the order that Mario does them.

6 (prepares dinner) 7 (check his mail) 1 (opens the window) 4 (takes a shower)

3 (washes/does the dishes) 8 (does his laundry) 2 (checks his messages) 5 (watches TV)

———-

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the evening? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every night, Mr. Bean …

– brushes his teeth and

rinses his mouth.

– cleans his ears.

– brushes his eyebrows.

– reads a story to Teddy Bear.

– puts Teddy Bear to sleep.

– puts out the light.

———-

Did Mr. Bean sleep well? What did he do?

When you have difficulty sleeping, what do you do?

———-

Page 83

Exercise 2, Part D

Be sure to understand the highlighted phrases below.

– first, next, then

– before/after, during

– when, as soon as, while, before/after

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September 19, 2011

Extra Online Practice

Filed under: announcements,extra online practice,self study — richardlstansfield @ 1:29 am

Go to the website below for extra practice.

http://www.cambridge.org/us/esl/touchstone/student/index.html

Parts of Speech

Filed under: lessons,parts of speech — richardlstansfield @ 1:22 am

Some words are stressed. Some are not. Which words are stressed? It depends up their part of speech.

When you look up a word in a dictionary, the first thing that it tells you is its part of speech.

What are the parts of speech?

——————–

Words that are always stressed are:

* Nouns (e.g. boy, car, building, etc.)

“Every person that you can know, and every place that you can go, and every thing that you can show, you know they’re nouns. You know they’re nouns.”

“A noun’s a person, place, or thing.”

thing –> chair, desk, etc.
–> also includes things that you cannot see or touch, such as feelings or ideas (e.g. love, justice, etc.)

* Adjectives (e.g. big, beautiful, thin, etc.)

Adjectives modify nouns (e.g. a pretty flower, the tallest girl).

Nouns can be changed into adjectives.

boy –> a boyish man

idiot –> an idiotic idea

station –> a stationary train

brain –> brainy
wind –> windy
sun –> sunny
fog –> foggy

* Verbs (e.g. eat, walk, draw, sleep, etc.)

Verbs = action or “to be”

Nouns can be changed into verbs.

e.g. ship –> I will ship a birthday present to my sister.

Verbs tell past, present, or future tense (e.g. I ate. / I am eating. / I will eat.).

English order: Subject, Verb, Object.

Korean order: Subject, Object, Verb.

Verbs can be changed into adjectives.

scare –> scary
frighten –> frightened, frightening
frustrate –> frustrated, frustrating

Main Verbs vs. Auxiliary Verbs (“Helping Verbs”)

I will eat.

eat = main verb. It tells us the action.

will = auxiliary verb. It only tells us that it’s the future.

——————–

* Adverbs (e.g. quickly, slowly, diligently, etc.)

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or adverbs.

Adjectives can be changed into adverbs (e.g. diligent –> diligently).

He works diligently.

He works very diligently.

He is tall.

He is very tall.

Adverbs answer the questions “How?”, “Where?”, and “When?”

How? –> diligently, slowly, quickly

Where? –> There.

When? –> Now.

Here are some other parts of speech.

* Conjunctions

e.g. and, but, or

Conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses.

phrase = group of words

clause = small sentence inside of a larger sentence.

I will go shopping. I will do my homework. –> I will go shopping and do my homework.

“And” and “or” are not stressed because they show similarity.

“But” is stressed because it shows difference.

e.g. He exercises but he is fat.

* Prepositions

e.g. in school; with a friend; over the rainbow

Prepositions are not stressed.

* Be careful of phrasal verbs (which are also known as two-part verbs).

examples:

Turn up the television. = Make the television louder.

Turn on the computer. = Make the computer start to work.

The second part of a phrasal verb (e.g. “up” in “Turn up the television.”) looks like a preposition. However, it is not. It is part of the phrasal verb.

Both parts of a phrasal verb are stressed.

* Pronouns

Pronouns replace nouns.

e.g. Richard is our teacher. Richard He gives us lots of homework. Richard He gives us difficult tests. Richard He is very strict.

e.g. he, him, his, it

“Who”, “what”, and “which” are pronouns for unknown nouns.

Pronouns are not stressed.

* Interjections

Interjections show excitement or emotion.

All languages have interjections. For example, in Korea, the interjection “아이고” is used for almost everything (surprise, shock, aching body, expressions of concern or mourning, etc.).

They’re generally set apart from a sentence by an exclamation point or by a comma when the feeling’s not a strong.

e.g. Ouch! That hurts!

e.g. Ouch, that hurts.

Interjections are stressed.

——————–

Let’s practice identifying some of the words in this text.

“Welcome,” said Hagrid, “to Diagon Alley.”
He grinned at Harry’s amazement. They stepped through the archway. Harry looked quickly over his shoulder and saw the archway shrink instantly back into solid wall.
The sun shone brightly on a stack of cauldrons outside the nearest shop. Cauldrons –All Sizes – Copper, Brass, Pewter, Silver–Self-Stirring–Collapsible, said a sign hanging over them.
“Yeah, you’ll be needin’ one,” said Hagrid, “but we gotta get yer money first.”
Harry wished he had about eight more eyes. He turned his head in every direction as they walked up the street, trying to look at everything at once: the shops, the things outside them, the people doing their shopping. A plump woman outside an Apothecary was shaking her head as they passed, saying, “Dragon liver, sixteen Sickles an ounce, they’re mad….”
A low, soft hooting came from a dark shop with a sign saying Eeylops Owl Emporium–Tawny, Screech, Barn, Brown, and Snowy. Several boys of about Harry’s age had their noses pressed against a window with broomsticks in it. “Look,” Harry heard one of them say, “the new Nimbus Two Thousand–fastest ever–” There were shops selling robes, shops selling telescopes and strange silver instruments Harry had never seen before, windows stacked with barrels of bat spleens and eels’ eyes, tottering piles of spell books, quills, and rolls of parchment, potion bottles, globes of the moon….

Do you know where this is from?

– Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone, page 71

September 5, 2011

Unit 7: Going away …

Filed under: announcements,lessons — richardlstansfield @ 2:28 am

Page 65. Unit 7: Going away …

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each picture?

With a partner, ask each other:

“What is in Picture # 1/2/3/4 ?”

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

1. beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.
.

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.
.

3. jumbo jet (airplane).
.

4. couple, tropical trees.

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

A. Where is Rita going?

B. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

C. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

——————————————————————-

A. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

B.

1. go shopping
.

2. get a new suitcase
.

3. go online to find a cheap flight
.

C.

1. see her relatives
.

2. go snorkeling

——————————————————————-

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see
.

2. to do
.

3. to find

——————————————————————-

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

First, write sentences with all of the phrases.

1. I need to get a phrasebook to learn some expressions.
.

2. I need to call the embassy to ask about a visa.
.

3. I need to go on the Internet to get a flight.
.

4. I need to call a travel agent to get a hotel room.
.

5. I need to buy a guidebook to find out about trains.
.

6. I need to go to the bank to change some money.
.

Now, match each sentence with a question.

1. e
.

2. a
.

3. b
.

4. f
.

5. c
.

6. d
.

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) mini-conversations, using the sentences above. Start with:

I’m going to [country’s name], so …

Example #1

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.

B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?

A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.

——————————————————————-

Syllables and Stress

Syllables

All words have syllables.

Very short words have only one syllable.

Examples:

desk –> 1 syllable

chair –> 1 syllable

Long words have more than one syllable.

Examples:

speaker

–> 2 syllables

window

–> 2 syllables

computer

.
–> 3 syllables

conditioner

.
–> 4 syllables

television

.
–> 4 syllables

refrigerator

.
–> 5 syllables

Stress

When something is stressed, it is said more loudly, slowly, and clearly.

If a word has more than one syllable, you must stress the correct syllable.

Examples:

speaker
.

window
.

computer
.

conditioner
.

television
.

refrigerator
.

English (and some other languages) use a lot of stress. Korean uses a little.

If you do not use stress, and you speak in a monotone, you can sound like a robot or Stephen Hawking’s voice synthesizer.

.

.

.

This can make it very difficult for native speakers of English to understand you.

Even when words seem to be the same in English and in Korean, you must add stress.

e.g. taxi vs. 택시

e.g. corner vs. 코너

Many students say that “English is so fast.” It’s not fast. Its speed is uneven.
Korean has little stress, so its speed is very even.
English uses a lot of stress, and when we stress something, we say it more slowly. So when native speakers talk in English, their speed is always changing from fast to slow or from slow to fast.

Listen to Korean and English rap. Their rhythms are different because their rhythms are based on their languages’ rhythms.

Korean rap tends to sound like what I call a “staccato monotone.”

English raps tends to have more changes in speed, more of what rappers call “rhyme and flow.” For example, listen to this song.

——————–

First verse

I’m armed until I’m on a island

My life’s riding on the Autobahn on autopilot

Before I touch dirt, I’ll kill you all with kindness

I kill you, my natural persona’s much worse

You’ve been warned if you’ve been born or if you conform

——————–

First verse

I’m armed until I’m on a island

My life’s riding on the Autobahn on autopilot

Before I touch dirt, I’ll kill you all with kindness

I kill you, my natural persona’s much worse

You’ve been warned if you’ve been born or if you conform

——————————————————————-

Look at the conversation on Page 66 again. Practice the conversation with a partner, and stress the syllables correctly.

Alicia: Are you ready for your trip to Puerto Rico?

Rita: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to go shopping to get a new suitcase, and I have to go online to find a cheap flight.

Alicia: Is it easy to find bargains on the Internet?

Rita: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to do some research.

Alicia: So, where are you going exactly?

Rita: Well, first I’m going to San Juan to see my relatives, and then we’re all going someplace to go snorkeling.

Alicia: That sounds exciting.

Rita: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Alicia: Are you ready for your trip to Puerto Rico?

Rita: Yeah, kind of.

But I still have a lot to do!

I need to go shopping to get a new suitcase,
and I have to go online to find a cheap flight.

Alicia: Is it easy to find bargains on the Internet?

Rita: Well, it’s not too hard.

You just have to do some research.

Alicia: So, where are you going exactly?

Rita: Well, first I’m going to San Juan to see my relatives,
and then we’re all going someplace to go snorkeling.

Alicia: That sounds exciting.

Rita: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Page 67

Exercise 3

Part A

Listen to the sentences. Notice which words and syllables are stressed.

(Stressed = said more loudly, slowly, and clearly)

Is it expensive to visit your country?

Well, it’s hard to find cheap hotels.

Part B

Listen and complete the sentences.

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

Listen again.

Which parts are stressed?

1. Do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. Is it OK to drink the water?

3. Do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. Is it safe to go out late at night?

5. Can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

——————–

In pairs, ask each other these questions, and remember to stress correctly.

1. If you visit Korea, do you need to speak the language to travel around?

2. If you visit Korea, is it OK to drink the water?

3. If you visit Korea, do you have to have ID with you all the time?

4. If you visit Korea, is it safe to go out late at night?

5. If you visit Korea, can you use a credit card to pay in restaurants?

——————–

Watch the video and answer the questions.

a. Which country did they go to?

b. Where did they go?

(12 places)

c. What did they eat?

(5 things)

d. What did they see?

(2 things)

e. What did they do?

(3 things)

——————————————————————-

Answers:

a. Which country did they go to?

.

– South Korea

.

b. Where did they go?

.

1. brother’s messy office

.

2. a temple in Seoul

.

3. Gyeong-ju

.

4. Bulguksa Temple

.

5. Seokguram Grotto

.

6. Gyeong-ju market

.

7. the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)

.

8. North Korea

.

9. Changdeok-gung Palace

.

10. the Secret Garden

.

11. Myeong-dong

.

12. Namsan Tower

.

c. What did they eat?

1. fried rice, egg, and kimchi

.

2. barbecued beef

.

3. stew

.

4. bibimbap

.

5. dakkalbi

.

d. What did they see?

.

1. the world’s largest flag

.

2. a crazy dog

.

What did they do?

.

1. bought DMZ rice

.

2. signed a release form

.

3. kissed in North Korea

——————————————————————-

Discussion

Talk with a partner. Ask each other these questions.

1. Have you been to any of the places in the video?

What did you do there? Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

2. Are there any places in the video that you have not gone to?

Which ones do you want to go to? Why?

——————–

Page 68

Part A

Look at the pictures. What would you need for a beach vacation? Why?
(Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67 –> infinitives for reasons.)

Write down some sentences.

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, insect repellent makeup, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

Part B

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?
Discuss with a partner.
Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.
Make lists and present them to the class.

Examples:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

——————————————————————-

Page 69

Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes

——————————————————————-

Practice the conversation. One of you is Mom, and the other is Jenny.

After you do it once, do it again, but change the _underlined_ words.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take _some insect repellent_ … Oh, and take _a flashlight_, and don’t forget to pack _some spare batteries_ … Why don’t you take my _jacket_? It’s a good idea to have something warm … Now, you need to take _a hat_. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack _some other shoes_?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Example:

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent sunscreen. … Oh, and take a flashlight first-aid kit, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries shoes

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, a hat, insect repellent makeup, a jacket, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, shoes, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

——————–

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first? How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end? How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months
.

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”
.

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ? (e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

– That’s a great idea.

– That sounds great.

– I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

– I guess we could, but …

– I don’t know.

– I’d like to, but …

Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses. Then practice with a partner.

1. b
.

2. d
.

3. e
.

4. f
.

5. a
.

6. c
.

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 2

Answers

1. A: You know, I guess my favorite kind of vacation is going camping.

2. A: I guess it gets pretty cold in Canada in the winter.

B: …

A: Yeah, I guess I’d probably like the snow.

3. A: …

B: Well, I guess I could go. Oh, wait, I have an exam next week. But I could study in the car, I guess.

4. A: …

B: Yeah. Two weeks’ vacation a year isn’t enough, I guess.

A: But I guess we could go away on weekends or something.

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Page 71, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. Everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime.
.

2. Everyone should learn another language.
.

3. World cultures should be a required class in high school.
.

4. It’s a good idea to travel with a friend.
.

5. You should read a lot about a place before you go there.
.

6. It’s nice to try the local food in a new country.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part B

Discuss their statements. Do you agree with them?
Why or why not?

Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
Do you think everyone should learn another language?
Do you think world cultures should be a required class in high school?
Do you think it’s a good idea to travel with a friend?
Do you think you should read a lot about a place before you go there?
Do you think it’s nice to try the local food in a new country?

example:

A: Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
B: Yes, I think so. It’s good to visit other countries.
A: Definitely. But some people can’t afford to travel.

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Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C

Answers

(Answers can be slightly different as long as they have the correct information.)

1. You dive.
.

2. It takes about an hour.
.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, and hot springs. You can also see Fisherman’s island with its 12-foot cacti.
.

4. Because the sun gets extremely bright.
.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

(chapel = a small church, or a room used as a church in a building)

(lounge = a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait)

6. Because it melts in the spring.

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Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)
.

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

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Vocabulary Review

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

– example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

– example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

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