University English: the blog for ESL students

October 24, 2011


Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 2:20 am

You will work in groups to make presentations. Each presentations will have:

1. glossary

This is a list of vocabulary and their definitions. You can find definitions at

2. text

You have to write the text yourself. Do not plagiarize (표절). If you do, you will receive a score of 0/10.

3. references

You have to show where you found the information.

4. discussion questions

You have to write three discussion questions. You and your classmates will ask each other these questions and answer them. One question will be chosen for the Final Speaking Exam.

5. class #, group #, and group members

Here are some examples.

We will do this step-by-step.


Step 1.

Make groups of 3 or 4 students.

Step 2.

Write down your group members’ names down on a piece of paper.

Step 3.

Think of 5 possible topics.

Step 4.

Discuss with your group members and then choose one of the topics.

Step 5.

Think of ideas and organize them by making mind maps.


Step 6.

Write your text. Do this together, as a team. I will walk around the class, giving help and corrections.

Suggestion: One person takes notes, and the others help.

How to Write your Text

First, begin at the center of your mind map. Write an introduction to the topic.

e.g. These days, plagiarism is a hot topic of discussion.

… or …

Our presentation is about plagiarism.

… or …

We will present about plagiarism.

Then, go along one of your mind map’s branches. Write about that sub-topic.

e.g. Plagiarism is defined as “taking someone’s words or ideas as if they were your own.”

When you are finished with that branch, go on to another.

e.g. Most accusations of plagiarism involve songs.

Then go further along that branch.

For example, in 2006, the songwriters of Britney Spears accused Lee Hyori‘s “Get Ya” of plagiarizing “Do Somethin'”.

Also, in 2009, some Internet users (called “netizens” in Korea) accused G-Dragon’s “Heartbreaker” of being copied from Flo Rida’s “Right Round.”

When you are finished with that branch, go on to another.

e.g. There have also been accusations of plagiarizing choreography. For example, in 2010, the Korean girl group After School


Do not cut-and-paste from the Internet. (“Copy” = “복사”) Write it yourselves. Plagiarism (표절) will get you a score of zero/0 on your presentation.

Do not write in Korean and then translate. If you do, the English will be very bad and impossible to understand. Write in English from the beginning.

Write your text in class. Do not say, “We will write it later.” I want you to write in in class because I want to help you, correct your mistakes, etc.

You should have numbers in square brackets (e.g. [1], [2], etc.) in your texts. Information before the numbers should match the numbers in front of references.


On 2th of October, 2008, famous middle age actress, Choi Jin-Shil committed suicide and shocked many people.[1] The cause of her suicide was depression and It was known that she was hurt by malicious comments on the web. Actually, many Korean sports players, singers and celebrities get emotionally hurt by malicious comments.[2] It’s one of the social problems now. So since the past, there has been a suggestion that Korea should introduce the Real Name System on the web to prevent the malicious comments and encourage the sound netiquette.[3] But introducing it to all of the web sites is difficult actually. Also, opponents of this system always insist that it can infringe on the freedom of speech. Recently, Google rejected to the real name system suggested by the Korean Broadcasting Committee.[4] Google does not require Korean users Real Names in order to upload videos to YouTube.



Step 7.

Write your discussion questions.

Write three or more good discussion questions.

* Good discussion questions ask about opinions, not facts.

* It’s better to have Wh-questions instead of yes/no questions.

(You can add a Wh-question after a yes/no question).


How many planets are there? –> bad

Would you like to visit another planet? Why or why not? –> good

Step 8.

Choose 5 vocabulary items for your glossary.

Step 9.

Find your references.

Step 10.

Prepare your presentation.

Typing has to be done in Microsoft Word, Notepad, or Open Office. It cannot be in Hangul, because my computer cannot read it.

Pictures should be separate from the text (different files).

Pictures should be JPEGs.

Put your presentation on a flash drive/memory stick (Konglish: “USB”).

Step 10.

Upload your presentations.

Step 11.

Choose a presentation date.

All members have to be present during presentations.

* You can update your presentation if you want to (as long as it is not too close to your presentation date). Make an appointment to see me in my office, 5남231. Remember that you can always contact me by leaving a comment on this blog site.

* Most importantly, as I told you before, you must not copy (“복사”) or plagiarize (“표절”). Your writing must be your own.


Making Your Presentations

* All members should be present for the presentation. All members should help present it.

* Presentations should begin with all members introducing themselves.

Then, these three sections of the presentation should be presented in correct order:

1. glossary

2. text

3. discussion questions

Just go over them. Don’t answer them or ask the audience to answer them during your presentation.

(You don’t have to mention your references. They must be in your presentation, but you don’t have to talk about them.)

* Please explain any pictures.


“This is a picture of M.C. Mong. He is a rapper who tried to avoid his military duty by taking out his teeth.”

* After each presentation, everyone (including the presenters) will ask and answer the discussion questions.


From each presentation:

– 3 vocabulary items will be taken from the glossary for Written Test #2.

– 1 discussion question will be used in the Final Speaking Test.


* Pay attention to other people’s presentations.

(Not paying attention to other people’s presentations can lead to penalties.)

* Asking questions about other people’s presentations is good. It shows that you paid attention, that you understood, that you were interested, and that you want to know more.
Asking questions about other people’s presentations could give you bonus points.

… … …

Don’t be nervous about your presentations. You have done most of the hard work already.

Look at the presenter below.

1. What is he presenting about?

2. About how old is he?


October 13, 2011

Mid-term Exam

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 1:44 am

– Wednesday, October 19

– Track 3 –> 13:00 (1 p.m.)

– Don’t be late. The door will be locked when the exam begins.

– Bring a computer pen.

– Bring your student ID card.

– I don’t know the location. You have to find out.

– Listening.

– Chapters 7, 8, and 9.

– The exam will be 50 minutes long.

October 10, 2011

Possible Test Material

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 1:45 am

* Parts of Speech *

Identify the part of speech of a word (e.g. excerpt from Harry Potter).

* Vocabulary *

I give you the part of speech and definition, and you give me the word.


__________ : (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

* Infinitives for reasons *

e.g. On a camping trip, we need a towel to dry ourselves.

* Making Suggestions *


Chris: We should take a few days off.

Adam: That’s a great idea.

* Possessives *

It’s Richard’s iPad. –> It’s his iPad. –> It’s his.

* Order of Adjectives *

e.g. Harry saw some strange silver instruments in the store.

e.g. They have beautiful Turkish rugs.

* Asking for Permission *


Ben: “Do you mind if I open the window?”

Jessica: “No, go ahead.”

* Asking somebody to do something *


Ben: “Would you mind opening the window?”

Jessica: “No, not at all.”

* Evening Routines *

page 83, exercise 2

* Morning Routines *

e.g. Mr. Bean

* Simple Past vs. Past Continuous *

e.g. Sean was talking to a woman on the train, and he missed his stop.

Review of Infinitives for Reasons

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 1:26 am

On a beach vacation, we need …

– a bathing suit to swim in.

– a towel to dry ourselves.

– sunscreen to protect our skin from ultraviolet (UV) rays.

– a sleeping bag keep us warm when we sleep.

– insect repellent to keep insects away.

– a toothbrush and toothpaste to brush our teeth.

– sandals to protect our feet from the hot sand.

– a map to find our location.

– a tent to protect us from the rain.

– books to read.

– water to drink.

– soap to wash our bodies.

– a volleyball to play with.

On a camping trip, we need …

– a flashlight to be able to see at night.

– a first-aid kit to treat injuries.

On a business trip, we need …

– money to buy things.

– a dress shirt and tie to look good.

– a razor to shave my face.

– a suitcase to bring clothes in.

– a brush to brush my hair.

– makeup to look good.

To stay overnight with a friend, we need …

– pajamas to sleep in.

– a toothbrush and toothpaste to brush my teeth.

Vocabulary Review

Filed under: announcements,vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 12:54 am

Unit 7

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

– example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

– example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

–> Extra Online Practice

Unit 8

antique: (adjective) when an object is old, and often rare or beautiful

as soon as: (adverb) immediately after or right after

awful: (adjective) very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant

dining room: (noun) a room where you eat your meals in a house or hotel

faucet: (noun) an object at the end of a pipe which you turn to control the flow of water

microwave: (noun) an electric oven that uses waves of energy to cook or heat food

study: (noun) a room in a house where you can read, write, etc.

taste: (noun) the particular things you like, such as styles of music, clothes, decoration, etc.

weird: (adjective) very strange

while: (conjunction) at the same time as

Unit 9

ankle: (noun) the part of your leg that is just above your foot

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

wrist: (noun) the part of your body between your hand and your arm

Unit 9: Things happen

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 12:39 am

Page 86

Books closed

Some bad things happened to Sean Davis, Julia Chen, and Roberto Moreno. What?








Page 86, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Sean was talking to a woman on the train, and he missed his stop.

2. Julia’s friend deleted her files when she was using Julia’s computer.

3. Roberto and his friend were trying to look cool when they walked into a glass door.


Page 87

We usually use the simple past tense. Usually, we only use the past continuous in these two situations:

1. Interrupted Actions

e.g. “I was driving from Toronto to Montreal when my car broke down.”

I may have repaired (fixed) my car and completed my journey to Montreal, or I may have stopped there. We don’t know from this sentence.

The interrupted action uses the past continuous. The interrupting action uses the simple past.

2. Settings

A setting is like the background for the beginning of a story.

e.g. “It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing. People were chatting when suddenly the sound of a gunshot rang out. A man in a gray suit grabbed his chest and slowly sank to the ground.”

Page 87, Exercise 2, Part A

1. was making … called … forgot … burned

2. damaged … was driving … ran

3. hurt … was doing … fell

4. was having … spilled … got

5. were talking … weren’t paying … was standing … were listening


Practice the conversations using the fall-rise intonation that you learned about in Exercise 3.


Where is Mr. Bean? Why is the woman there? Why is Mr. Bean there?

(from 2:00 to 3:30)


Page 88

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

Be careful not to confuse “hip” with “buttocks.”

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom


Page 89

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Nicole and Barry, and answer the questions.

1. What kind of trip did Barry go on?

2. What happened during his trip?

3. Why did it happen?


1. He went on a ski trip.

2. He had an accident and broke his leg.

3. He was talking on his cell-phone while skiing.


Page 89, Exercise 3, Part A

1. c

2. d

3. e

4. b

5. f

6. a


Page 90

Conversation Strategy: Reacting to a story

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Matt and Emily, and answer the questions.

First Listening

1. What was Matt doing?

a. cooking

b. skiing

c. driving

2. Did something good or something bad happen to Matt?


1. a. He was cooking.

2. Something bad happened to Matt.

Second Listening

1. What happened to Matt?

2. How did he solve his problem?


1. He dropped rice onto the floor.

2. He bought some rice from a restaurant.



Rejoinders are special phrases. We use them for three reasons:

1. to show that we are listening

2. to show that we understand

3. to show that we are interested

For example, for each conversation, choose the best rejoinder.

Example #1

A: My dog died last night.


(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2

A: I won the lottery last night. (Lottery = “lotto” in Konglish)


(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Here are the different kinds of rejoinders.


– That’s great!

– Terrific!

– Wonderful!


– That’s too bad.

– I’m sorry to hear that.

– Oh, no!


– I see.

– That’s nice.

– Oh, yeah?


– You’re kidding!

– I can’t believe it!

– Oh, really!/Oh, really?


Step 1

Student A reads out a sentence.

Student B listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Example #1:

A: I broke my finger yesterday.


(a) Wonderful!

(b) Oh, yeah?

(c) Oh, no!

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2:

A: Jae-beom will be returning to the boy band 2PM.


(a) That’s too bad.

(b) You’re kidding!

(c) I see.

(d) That’s great!

Step 2

Vice versa.

Student B reads out a sentence.

Student A listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Step 3

First, fill in the blanks.

Then, take turns reading out your sentences and giving appropriate rejoinders.

Step 4

Take turns with your partner. One person tells about a recent travel experience, and the other gives rejoinders.


A: This past vacation, I went on a trip to Jeju Island.

B: That’s nice.

A: My uncle is the mayor of Jeju City.

B: Oh, really!

A: So I stayed at his house for a few days.

B: I see.

A: Unfortunately, I was punched by a drunk man.

B: Oh, no!

A: But I wasn’t too hurt, and I received a lot of “blood money.”

B: That’s great!

[ etc. … ]


Page 92, Exercise 1, Part C

1. False. Nelson Hunter usually writes about good bad things that happen to people.

2. False. Abby Walters had to pay for a A woman paid for Abby’s cab home when she missed her train.

3. True

4. False. A young man found Andrea’s wallet when he was leaving walking into the mall.

5. False. John ate shared the bag of donuts by himself with his roommates.

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