University English: the blog for ESL students

March 12, 2012

Unit 1: Making friends

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 2:08 am

Page 3, Exercise 3

Grammar — Simple present and present of be (review)

Write the questions.

Possible Answers

1. What’s your favorite color?

2. Are you an only child?

Are you from a big family?

3. Do you have a car?

Do you have a driver’s license?

Do you drive?

4. What does your father/brother do?

Where does your brother/father work?

5. What do you and your friends do on the weekend?

What do you and your girlfriend/boyfriend do on the weekend?

What do you and your family do on the weekend?

6. Do your parents go out a lot?

7. Do you like mornings?

Are you a morning person?

Do you get up early?

morning person –opposite–> night owl

8. Do you work?

Do you have a job?

What do you do on Saturdays?

——————–

Exercise 4: Listening and Speaking

What’s the question? Number the questions from 1 to 6.

1. What’s your favorite name?

2. Who’s your favorite actor?

3. What do you do on weeknights?

4. Do you have any pets?

5. When do you spend time with your family?

6. Do you go out a lot on weekends?

——————–

Listen again. What are his answers?

1. What’s your favorite name?

Jack and Melissa.

2. Who’s your favorite actor?

Jennifer Lopez and Tom Hanks.

3. What do you do on weeknights?

I get home at 8 o’clock and then have dinner and listen to music.

4. Do you have any pets?

No, I can’t because I live in an apartment. However, my mother has a lot of pets.

5. When do you spend time with your family?

Twice a month, usually on Sundays.

6. Do you go out a lot on weekends?

During the day, I go to the park and play basketball. At night, I go out, meet a couple of friends, hang out, and catch a movie.

——————–

Lesson B: Things in common.

Vocabulary:

* afford: (verb) can afford = to have enough money to buy something or enough time to do something

[e.g. I can’t afford a new car. = I don’t have enough money to buy a new car.]

* allergic: (adjective) when you have a medical condition in which your body reacts badly to something that you eat, breathe, or touch

[e.g. I’m allergic to cats. When a cat is near, I get a runny nose.]

* broke: (adjective) not have any money

* noisy: (adjective) when people or things make a lot of loud, unpleasant sounds

* can’t stand sby/sth = to hate somebody or something

* wreck: (verb) to destroy or damage something completely

First Picture

The man doesn’t like dogs.

The woman doesn’t like dogs.

–> So …

Man: I’m not an animal lover.

Woman: I’m not either.

Second Picture

Man A doesn’t watch much television.

Man B doesn’t watch much television.

Man A watches pro football.

Man B watches pro football.

–> So …

Man A: I don’t watch much television.

Man B: I don’t either.

Man A: I watch pro football.

Man B: I do too.

Third Picture

Woman A can’t afford anything new.

Woman B can’t afford anything new.

Woman A is broke.

Woman B is broke.

–> So …

Woman A: I can’t afford anything new.

Woman B: I can’t either. I’m broke.

Woman A: I am too.

——————–

Listen and answer the questions.

1. Do they know each other?

2. What topics do they talk about?

– salary – family – weather

– health – neighborhood – problems

– things they see – interests

——————–

1. They don’t know each other.

How do you know?

They introduce themselves to each other.

My name’s Chris.”

I’m Eve.”

2. They talk about three things:

– the weather (“It’s cold tonight.”)

– things they see (“There are a lot of people out here tonight.”)

– interests (“Are you a big hip-hop fan?”)

– family (“My brother’s in the band.”)

——————–

In Korea, people don’t introduce themselves to strangers (people they don’t know). People are introduced by other people like friends, elders (“선배”), etc.

However, in countries like Canada, the United States, people introduce themselves. So, learning how to start a conversation is an important skill.

——————–

Vocabulary:

work out: (phrasal verb) to do exercises to make your body stronger

gym: (noun) a building with equipment for doing exercises; similar to health club

odd: (adjective) strange or unusual

avoid: (verb) to stay away from a person, place, situation, etc.

e.g. I try to avoid the topic of politics. = I try not to talk about politics.

——————–

Page 6, Lesson C, Part A: Starting a Conversation

You have met somebody for the first time.

Look at the sentences below. Are they good or bad to say? If they’re bad, why?

a. How much money do you earn?

b. I have the flu today.

c. How many people are there in your family?

d. Where do you live?

e. Are you feeling well today?

f. Where do you come from?

g. Do you think it will rain soon?

h. I broke up with my girlfriend yesterday.

i. Do you think that you should lose weight?

j. Do you think those trees look pretty?

k. What’s your religion?

j. What do you do for a living?

m. You’re very sexy.

n. How old are you?

o. Which political party do you like, the Democrats or the Republicans?

——————–

a. How much money do you earn?

– bad (personal question)

b. I have the flu today.

– maybe OK

c. How many people are there in your family?

– good

d. Where do you live?

– good

e. Are you feeling well today?

– maybe OK

f. Where do you come from?

– good

g. Do you think it will rain soon?

– good

h. I broke up with my girlfriend yesterday.

– maybe OK

i. Do you think that you should lose weight?

– bad

j. Do you think those trees look pretty?

– good

k. What’s your religion?

– bad (might start an argument)

l. What do you do for a living?

– good

m. You’re very sexy.

– bad

n. How old are you?

– bad (personal question)

o. Which political party do you like, the Democrats or the Republicans?

– bad (might start an argument)

—————————————

Good and Bad Conversation Topics (when you meet someone for the first time)

Good:

your family (c), where you live (d), where you are from (f), the weather (g), things you see around you (j), and jobs (l).

Bad:

your salary (a), someone’s appearance, especially weight (i and m), religion (k), age (n), and politics (o).

Might be OK if they naturally become part of the conversation: b, e, h.

——————–

Page 7, Exercise 2, Part A

The word “actually” is used for three reasons.

1. to give new information

example

A: Do you come here a lot?

B: Yeah, I do, actually.

2. to give surprising information

example

A: Ooh, it’s cold tonight.

B: Yeah, it is. But actually, I kind of like cold weather.

3. to “correct” things people say or think

example

A: So, you’re America?

B: Well, actually, I’m from Canada.

Match each conversation starter with a response.

Answers

1. d

2. c

3. e

4. b

5. f

6. a

——————–

Page 7, Exercise 3, Part A

Listen to six people talk at Sally’s party.

Which conversation starters are the people responding to? Number the sentences.

1. Is it me, or is it really hot in here?

2. This is a great party.

3. Are you a friends of Sally’s?

4. Mmm. The food looks good.

5. I don’t really know anyone here. Do you?

6. Gosh, the music is really loud, huh?

————————————–

Page 7, Exercise 3, Part B

Now listen to the complete conversations.

What do you find out about Sally? Write one or two sentences.

1. Sally lives in a nice, big apartment. She’s looking for a roommate.

2. Sally travels –all over the world.

3. Sally does karate. She’s good at it.

* karate: (noun) a sport from Japan in which people fight using fast, hard hits with the hands or feet

4. Sally is a wonderful cook and is a vegetarian.

* vegetarian: (noun) someone who does not eat meat (some eat fish)

5. Sally is a writer. She writes for a sports magazine.

6. Sally’s in a band, and she plays the guitar.

——————–

Work with a partner. Use each conversation starter to begin a conversation. Use the word “actually” in a response. Then use rejoinders and follow-up questions.

1. Is it me, or is it really hot in here?

2. This is a great party.

3. Are you a friends of Sally’s?

4. Mmm. The food looks good.

5. I don’t really know anyone here. Do you?

6. Gosh, the music is really loud, huh?

Example:

A: This is a great party.

B: Actually, I’m not enjoying this party so much.

A: You’re kidding! Why do you think so?

B: I don’t like the music. I think that Girls’ Generations is terrible.

——————–

Ways to Begin a Conversation

* the weather

“Ooh, it’s cold tonight.”

“Boy, it’s warm in here.”

“Is it me, or is it really hot in here?”

* things you see/hear/taste

“Boy, there are a lot of people out here tonight.”

“Is that your newspaper?”

“Gosh, the music is really loud, huh.?”

“Mmm. The food looks good.”

“This is a great party.”

“This food is delicious!”

* interests

“So, are you a big hip-hop fan?”

* family

“My brother’s in the band tonight.”

* someone’s clothing

“I like your jacket.”

“I like your shirt.”

“Can I ask where you got your shirt?”

* habits

“Do you come to this hip-hop club often?

” Do you come here by bus?”

* Where you live/come from

“Do you live around here?”

* people you know

“Are you a friend of Jim’s?”

“Are you a friend of Sally’s?”

“I don’t know anyone here. Do you?”

* class

“Do you know the teacher for this class?”

“Do you like this class?”

——————–

Page 6, Lesson C, Part B

Possible Answers:

1. “This food is delicious!”

2. “It’s really hot today!”

“Is this Room 4B?”

“Is this Mr. Stansfield’s class?”

“Have you had this teacher before?”

3. “It’s freezing out here!”

“This movies seems to be popular.”

“Have any of your friends seen this movie?”

“This movie got a great review.”

* review: (noun) a report in a newspaper, magazine, or programme that gives an opinion about a new book, film, etc.

e.g. The film has had mixed reviews (= some good, some bad).

4. “Do you like this loud music?”

“This music is loud, isn’t it?”

“Do you come here often?”

5. “Do you want to get some coffee?”

“Have you had this teacher before?”

“What do you think about this class?”

6. “How often does the bus come?”

“It’s a beautiful day, isn’t it?”

“Have you been waiting for a long time?”

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