University English: the blog for ESL students

April 2, 2012

Unit 3: Health

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 6:24 am

Watch the video. What is he doing to be healthy? You should find eight (8) things.

1. running/jogging (at 0:06 and 1:53)

2. skipping rope (at 0:21 and 1:21)

3. push-ups (at 0:25 and 0:50)

4. boxing (0:35)

5. lifting weights (1:00 and 1:25 and 2:25)

6. sit-ups (1:05)

7. chin-ups (1:35)

8. running up stairs (2:12)

——————–

Page 22, Exercise 1

Listen.

What does each person do to be healthy?

Brian Jones …

– doesn’t eat junk food.

– doesn’t eat red meat.

– does karate.

Carmen Sanchez …

– drinks diet drinks.

Mei-ling Yu …

– walks everywhere.

Michael Evans …

– eats a lot of snacks.

– doesn’t exercise at all.

Lisa da Silva …

– eats anything she wants.

The Parks …

– exercise six days a week.

– go swimming every other day.

– go to the gym every other day.

– go hiking once in a while.

How about you? What do you do to be healthy?

——————–

Page 23, Exercise 2, Part A

1. A: How do you cope with stress?

B: I’m taking … I’m enjoying … don’t get

2. A: What kind of exercise do you usually do?

B: like … go … I’m not swimming … goes

3. A: Are you eating a lot of fast food these days?

B: love … I’m trying … doesn’t like

——————–——————–

Page 23, Exercise 3, Part A

1. Ian: “I’m trying to cut down on _chocolate_ and _candy_.

2. Kaylie: “I want to give up _coffee_, but I can’t. It’s very hard.

3. Martin: “I _drive_ everywhere. It’s bad, I know. I never _walk_.

4. Silvia: “I _work_ a lot. I _get home_ late almost every night.

cut down sth: (phrasal verb) to eat or drink less of something, or to reduce the amount or number of something

e.g. My doctor says I should cut down on cigarettes.

give up sth: (phrasal verb) to stop an unhealthy habit or stop having something unhealthy

e.g. I gave up smoking cigarettes.

Discussion

1. Do you eat chocolate or candy? Are you trying to cut down? Why or why not?

2. Do you drink a lot of coffee? Do you want to give it up? Why or why not?

3. How do you get around? Do you drive, use public transportation, or walk? Why?

4. Do you get home late almost every night? Why or why not? Do you want to get home earlier?

——————–——————–

Page 25, Exercise 3

Listen and answer the questions.

1. How does Mark feel?

2. Why?

3. What is he doing (because of how he is feeling)?

4. What is Sonia’s advice?

Answers

1. He feels awful.

2. He has a terrible cold.

3. He is taking cold medicine.

4. She suggests that he drink hot vinegar with honey.

[vinegar: (noun) a sour liquid that is used in cooking, often made from wine]

——————–——————–

Practice the conversation again, but change the words.

cold –> fever // flu // cough // stomachache // toothache // headache // sore throat // upset stomach // allergy

drink hot vinegar with honey –> stay in bed // go to the doctor // lie down for a while // drink hot tea with honey // take aspirin

e.g.

A: Hello?

B: Hi, _Richard_. How are you feeling?

A: Awful. I still have this terrible _stomachache_.

B: That’s too bad. Are you taking anything for it?

A: Just some _stomachache_ medicine.

B: Hmm. I never take that stuff when I have a _stomachache_. But if I get a really bad _stomachache_, I _lie down for a while_.

A: Oh, no thanks! I don’t feel that bad.

——————–——————–

Page 25, Exercise 4

“If” and “when” have very similar meanings and usage (almost the same).

when –> usual situations

if –> unusual situations

You can change the order of the clauses.

When the when/if clause comes first, put a comma (,) after the clause.

Page 25, Exercise 4, Part A

Join the phrases to make sentences that are true for you. Use “when” or “if” and an adverb of frequency.

100%
always — almost always – usually — often — sometimes — rarely — hardly ever — never
0%

examples

1. have a fever / take medicine

When I have a fever, I rarely take medicine.

2. get a stomachache / stay in bed

I almost always stay in bed if I get a stomachache.

Discussion

Read your sentences to each other.

If you are similar, respond with “too.”

If you are not similar, tell your partner about yourself.

example

A: When I have a fever, I rarely take medicine.

B: Me, too.

A: I almost always stay in bed if I get a stomachache.

B: Oh, really? If I get a stomachache, I hardly ever stay in bed.

——————–——————–

Page 26, Exercise 1, Part A

* how come: (phrase) [informal] used to ask about the reason for something, especially when you feel surprised about it

e.g.

A: “Kate’s gone to the party on her own.”
B: “How come?”

Books closed. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Why is Adam tired?

2. Where does he work?

3. When does he wake up?

4. When does he go to bed?

Answers

1. He is tired because he is working two jobs. He is only getting about four hours’ sleep each night.

2. He works at a supermarket and at a restaurant.

3. He wakes up at around 5:30 a.m.

4. He goes to bed around 1:00 or 1:30 a.m.

———————————————-

Page 29, Exercise 2, Part B

* chill out: (phrasal verb) [informal] to relax completely, or not allow things to upset you

e.g. “Chill out, Dad – if we miss this train there’s always another one.”

Do two things:

1. Number the pictures.

2. Write the activity under the picture.

First Picture:

– 2

– sit in a park

Second Picture:

– 3

– take a bath

Third Picture:

– 4

– fish/go fishing

Fourth Picture:

– 1

– read a book

Page 29, Exercise 2, Part C

What else do they do to relax? Listen and write them down.

1. When she’s tired, she sometimes watches TV.

2. He likes to sit and watch people at the mall.

3. She plays with her little girl.

4. He likes to swim –especially alone.

——————————————————–——————–

Homework: Page 29, Exercise 1, Part C

Possible Answers

1. If you …

– can’t sleep well or can’t concentrate.

– feel depressed or want to cry a lot.

– have a headache or an upset stomach.

– can’t relax and you feel irritable.

– are extremely tired.

2. Stress can make you sick. It can also affect your memory or concentration.

3. If you feel stressed, you can …

– take a deep breath.

– exercise.

– talk to a friend.

– meditate.

– take a bath or have a massage.

– do something you enjoy.

4. I like the idea about talking to a friend because it’s an easy thing to do.

5. I think the leaflet is helpful because it gives some ideas about how to deal with stress.

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