University English: the blog for ESL students

October 27, 2012

Week 9

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 6:46 am

Next week (week #9) we will begin to work on presentations. So, do not be late or absent.

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October 18, 2012

Online Self-study

Filed under: announcements,self study — richardlstansfield @ 12:53 am

Go to the web-site below for extra practice.

http://www.cambridge.org/us/esl/touchstone/student/index.html

Mid-Term Exam

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 12:51 am

Wednesday, October 24th
UE 2, Track 3
= 13:00 to 13:50 (1 pm to 1:50 pm)

Bring:
– your student ID card
– a computer pen

Listening Test
Units 7, 8, and 9 of the text book (Touchstone 2)

Location: Find out by going to the Inha site.

Do not be late.
When the test starts, the door will be locked.
So, if you are late, you will _not_ be able to take the test.

October 14, 2012

Possible Test Material

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 4:26 am

Possible Test Questions

* Vocabulary

I give you the part of speech and definition, and you give me the word.

e.g.

__________ : (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

–> backpacking

* Infinitives for Reasons

I need to get a phrase book ______________________________ .

–> I need to get a phrase book to learn some expressions.

* Infinitives for Reasons & Trips

What do you need on a beach vacation?

–> We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

* Suggestions

Example #1

A: You __________ come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, I’d love to. Are you a good skier?

–>

A: You should/could come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, I’d love to. Are you a good skier?

Example #2

A: You should come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, ____________________ . Are you a good skier?

–>

A: You should come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, I’d love to/that’s a great idea/that sounds great. Are you a good skier?

* Possessives

It’s Richard’s book. –> It’s __________ book. –> It’s __________ .

–>

It’s Richard’s book. –> It’s his book. –> It’s his.

* Order of adjectives. Rewrite the adjectives in correct order.

I like the big, cute, round, red speakers.

I like the ________________________________ speakers.

–> I like the cute, big, red, round speakers.

* Asking politely (Asking for Permission and Asking Somebody to Do Something)

Example #1

A: I hate to ask this, but ______________________________ off your phone during dinner?

B: No, no problem. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

–>

A: I hate to ask this, but would you mind turning off your phone during dinner?

B: No, no problem. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

Example #2

A: I hate to ask this, but would you mind turning off your phone during dinner?

B: ______________________________. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

–>

A: I hate to ask this, but would you mind turning off your phone during dinner?

B: No, no problem. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

* Past Continuous and Simple Past

A few weeks ago, I ____________________ dinner when my friend ____________________ .

–> A few weeks ago, I was making dinner when my friend called.

* Rejoinders/Reacting to a Story

A: Hi, how was the tennis match?

B: I won!

A: __________ !

–>

A: Hi, how was the tennis match?

B: I won!

A: That’s great!/Terrific!/Wonderful!

——————————————————————————————

——————————————————————————————

Review of Infinitives for Reasons and Trips

Beach Vacation

We need sunscreen to protect our skin (from ultraviolet/UV rays).
We need a tent to protect us from the wind, rain, and animals.
We need a tent to sleep in/to protect us from the weather.
We need a camera to take pictures with.
We need a flashlight to see in the dark.
We need a sleeping bag to sleep warmly.
We need a sleeping bag to keep us warm when we sleep.
We need a first aid kit to treat injuries.
We need spare batteries to power our MP3 player.
We need a hair dryer to dry our hair.
We need shampoo to wash our hair.
We need (a pair of) sandals to protect our feet.
We need soap to wash ourselves.
We need a hairdryer to dry our hair.
We need a brush to brush our hair.
We need an alarm clock to wake us up early.

Camping Trip

We need a tent to protect us from the weather.
We need a tent to keep the rain off of us.
We need a knife to cut things with.
We need a map to find out where we are.
We need a sleeping bag to keep warm when we sleep.
We need insect repellent to repel insects.
We need a flashlight to see in the dark.
We need a pot to cook food in.
We need a first aid kit to treat injuries.
We need food to eat.

Business Trip

We need a laptop to be able to work.
We need a pencil to write things.
We need makeup to look good.
We need a razor to shave our face.
We need a briefcase to carry our laptop/notebook computer/papers/iPad.
We need a lot of money to treat other business people.
We need glasses to look intelligent.
We need a brush to brush our hair.
We need a cell-phone to communicate with/contact other people.
We need pajamas to sleep in.

October 10, 2012

Vocabulary Review: Units 7, 8, and 9

Filed under: vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 3:29 am

Unit 7: Going away

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

– example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

– example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

Unit 8: At home

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

awful: (adjective) very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant

weird: (adjective) very strange

taste: (noun) the particular things you like, such as styles of music, clothes, decoration, etc

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think about yourself

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

frame: (noun) a structure that goes around the edge of something such as a door, picture, window, or mirror

charity: (noun) an official organization that gives money, food, or help to people who need it

receipt: (noun) a piece of paper that proves that you have received goods or money

faucet: (noun) an object at the end of a pipe which you turn to control the flow of water

Unit 9: Things happen

background: (noun) the situation that an event happens in, or things which have happened in the past which affect it

anecdote: (noun) a short story that you tell someone about something that happened to you or someone else

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom

passport: (noun) an official document, often a small book, that you need to enter or leave a country

bedtime: (noun) the time that you usually go to bed

routine: (noun) the things you regularly do and how and when you do them

while: (conjunction) at the same time as; simultaneously; during the time that

as soon as: (adverb) immediately after; right after; at the same time or a very short time after

October 7, 2012

Unit 9: Things happen

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 11:59 pm

Page 86

Books closed

Some bad things happened to Sean Davis, Julia Chen, and Roberto Moreno. What?

.

.

.

.

.

.

———-

Page 86, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Sean was talking to a woman on the train, and he missed his stop.

2. Julia’s friend deleted her files when she was using Julia’s computer.

3. Roberto and his friend were trying to look cool when they walked into a glass door.

———-

Page 87

We usually use the simple past tense. Usually, we only use the past continuous in these two situations:

1. Interrupted Actions

e.g. “I was driving from Toronto to Montreal when my car broke down.”

I may have repaired (fixed) my car and completed my journey to Montreal, or I may have stopped there. We don’t know from this sentence.

The interrupted action uses the past continuous. The interrupting action uses the simple past.

2. Settings

A setting is like the background for the beginning of a story.

e.g. “It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing. People were chatting when suddenly the sound of a gunshot rang out. A man in a gray suit grabbed his chest and slowly sank to the ground.”

Page 87, Exercise 2, Part A

1. was making … called … forgot … burned

2. damaged … was driving … ran

3. hurt … was doing … fell

4. was having … spilled … got

5. were talking … weren’t paying … was standing … were listening

———-

Practice the conversations using the fall-rise intonation that you learned about in Exercise 3.

———-

Where is Mr. Bean? Why is the woman there? Why is Mr. Bean there?

(from 2:00 to 3:30)

———-

Page 88

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

Be careful not to confuse “hip” with “buttocks.”

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom

———-

Page 89

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Nicole and Barry, and answer the questions.

1. What kind of trip did Barry go on?

2. What happened during his trip?

3. Why did it happen?

Answers

1. He went on a ski trip.

2. He had an accident and broke his leg.

3. He was talking on his cell-phone while skiing.

———-

Page 89, Exercise 3, Part A

1. c

2. d

3. e

4. b

5. f

6. a

———-

Page 90

Conversation Strategy: Reacting to a story

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Matt and Emily, and answer the questions.

First Listening

1. What was Matt doing?

a. cooking

b. skiing

c. driving

2. Did something good or something bad happen to Matt?

Answers

1. a. He was cooking.

2. Something bad happened to Matt.

Second Listening

1. What happened to Matt?

2. How did he solve his problem?

Answers

1. He dropped rice onto the floor.

2. He bought some rice from a restaurant.

———-

Rejoinders

Rejoinders are special phrases. We use them for three reasons:

1. to show that we are listening

2. to show that we understand

3. to show that we are interested

For example, for each conversation, choose the best rejoinder.

Example #1

A: My dog died last night.

B:

(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2

A: I won the lottery last night. (Lottery = “lotto” in Konglish)

B:

(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Here are the different kinds of rejoinders.

Happy:

– That’s great!

– Terrific!

– Wonderful!

Sad:

– That’s too bad.

– I’m sorry to hear that.

– Oh, no!

Interested:

– I see.

– That’s nice.

– Oh, yeah?

Surprised:

– You’re kidding!

– I can’t believe it!

– Oh, really!/Oh, really?

—————————————————

Step 1

Student A reads out a sentence.

Student B listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Example #1:

A: I broke my finger yesterday.

B:

(a) Wonderful!

(b) Oh, yeah?

(c) Oh, no!

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2:

A: Jae-beom will be returning to the boy band 2PM.

B:

(a) That’s too bad.

(b) You’re kidding!

(c) I see.

(d) That’s great!

Step 2

Vice versa.

Student B reads out a sentence.

Student A listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Step 3

First, fill in the blanks.

Then, take turns reading out your sentences and giving appropriate rejoinders.

Step 4

Take turns with your partner. One person tells about a recent travel experience, and the other gives rejoinders.

Example:

A: This past vacation, I went on a trip to Jeju Island.

B: That’s nice.

A: My uncle is the mayor of Jeju City.

B: Oh, really!

A: So I stayed at his house for a few days.

B: I see.

A: Unfortunately, I was punched by a drunk man.

B: Oh, no!

A: But I wasn’t too hurt, and I received a lot of “blood money.”

B: That’s great!

[ etc. … ]

——————–

Page 92, Exercise 1, Part C

1. False. Nelson Hunter usually writes about good bad things that happen to people.
.

2. False. Abby Walters had to pay for a A woman paid for Abby’s cab home when she missed her train.
.

3. True
.

4. False. A young man found Andrea’s wallet when he was leaving walking into the mall.
.

5. False. John ate shared the bag of donuts by himself with his roommates.

Songdo Marathon (October 7, 2012)

Filed under: marathon — richardlstansfield @ 11:52 pm

Ran in the Songdo Marathon (the half-marathon) yesterday (October 7, 2012). My time wasn’t very good, but I finished without any injuries, which is the most important thing.

Songdo Marathon, Oct. 2012

October 4, 2012

Unit 8: At home

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 12:59 am

Page 76

Spring Cleaning

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

Books Closed

John and Sandra are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Whose bathing suit do they find?

2. Whose clothes do they find?

3. Whose jewelry do they find?

4. Whose earrings do they find?

Answers

1. Sandra’s.
.

2. Sandra’s sister’s.
.

3. Sandra’s sister’s.
.

4. Sandra’s.

———-

Page 76, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Whose …

2. … mine.

3. … hers.

———-

Page 77, Exercise 2, Part A

Possessive Pronouns

1. mine

hers

theirs

his

2. mine

ours

3. mine

theirs

hers

4. yours

mine

——————–

Discussion. Ask each other these questions, and answer them. Use possessive pronouns in your answer.

(Possessive pronouns = whose, my, your, her, his, our, their, mine, yours, hers, his, ours, & theirs.)

1. Who is your favorite actor/actress? What’s his/her most famous movie?

2. Let’s form a new club at Inha. What’s our club’s name going to be? What are we going to do in our club?

3. What do you think about 2NE1? Do you like their style? How about their music? What’s your favorite 2NE1 song? Who’s your favorite 2NE1 member?

4. What do you think about Lady Gaga’s clothes? What do you think about her fashion sense?

5. Whose island is Dokto? Korea’s or Japan’s? Why?

6. Did Lee Hyori have plastic surgery? What parts of her body did she change? How about other celebrities? Did they change their bodies?

Page 79, Exercise 3

Order of Adjectives = opinion, size, color, shape, nationality, material.

Opinion: beautiful, cute, etc.

Size: big, small, etc.

Color: red, green, etc.

Shape: round, square, etc.

Nationality: Korean, Turkish, Taiwanese, etc.

Material: wood, cotton, etc.

e.g. “They have beautiful, big, red, rectangular, Turkish, cotton rugs.”

Discussion

Look at Page 79 and the items below. Discuss which ones you like and don’t like.

———-

A: Which … … … do you like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

and

A: Which … … … do you not like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I don’t like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

LG-Intros-New-Clamshell-Phone-Lollipop-2samsung-announces-anycall-branded-c3110h-for-hong-kong

26594product2

1010892607p952850

317v6ep4bgl_sl500_aa280_6a00c225239a5e8fdb00e398aa0f690004-500pi


———-

Page 80

Conversation Strategy: Asking Politely

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think about yourself

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

Books closed.

Jessica visits Ben at his apartment. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Ben asks Jessica to do four things. What are they?

2. Jessica asks for permission do something. What is it?

Answers

1. – to make herself at home

– to give him her coat

– to help him in the kitchen

– to chop the onions

2. – to look around Ben’s apartment

——————–

Asking For Permission

Do you mind if I …

Can I …

Do you mind if I open the window?
Do you mind if I take your coat?
Do you mind if I look around?

Can I open the window?
Can I take your coat?
Can I look around?

Ben: “Do you mind if I open the window?”

Jessica: “No, go ahead.”

[Then Ben opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise B

Ask each other for permission to do these things.

Do you mind if I …
(“Do you mind if I use your phone?”)

Can I …
(“Can I take a cookie?”)

Agree to give permission.

“Do you mind if I … ?” –> “No, go ahead.”

“Can I … ?” –> Sure, go ahead.

examples

A: Do you mind if I use your phone?
B: No, go ahead.

A: Can I put on some music?
B: Sure, go ahead.

1. use your phone? 2. put on some music? 3. open a window?
4. take a cookie? 5. get a glass of water? 6. turn on the TV?

Asking Somebody To Do Something

Would you mind …

Could you …

Would you mind helping me in the kitchen?
Would you mind chopping the onions?

Could you help me in the kitchen?
Could you chop the onions?

Ben: “Would you mind opening the window?”

Jessica: “No, not at all.”

[Then Jessica opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise C

Ask each other to do these things.

Would you mind …
(“Would you mind answering the door for me?”)

Could you …
(“Could you hand me the newspaper?”)

Agree to your partner’s requests.

“Would you mind … ?” –> No, not at all.

“Could you … ?” –> Sure, no problem.

examples

A: Would you mind answering the door for me?
B: No, not at all.

A: Could you hand me the newspaper?
B: Sure, no problem.

1. answer the door for me 2. hand me the newspaper 3. set the table for me
4. make some coffee 5. help me with the dishes 6. feed the cat

——————–

Page 81, Exercise 2

(Other answers are possible.)

1. B: No, no problem.

2. B: No, not at all.

3. B: … go ahead.

4. B: No, not at all.

5. B: Sure.

“Do you mind … ?” means “Does … bother you?”

“Would you mind … ?” means “Would … bother you?”

That’s why we say “Yes” by saying “No …”

——————–

Page 81, Exercise 3

Listen to the conversations. What is each request? Did the person agree to it?

1. magazine,

doesn’t agree

2. money,

agrees

3. wastebasket,

agrees

4. shirts,

doesn’t agree

——————–

Ask each other to do something, or for permission.

– introduce me to a pretty girl/handsome boy

– lend me 10,000 won

– massage my back

– give me a hug

– let me call on your cell-phone

– show me your cell-phone pictures

– help me study English

– cut my hair

– visit your home

– cook a meal for me

——————–

Evening Routines

Page 83, Exercise B

Number the pictures in the order that Mario does them.

6 (prepares dinner) 7 (check his mail) 1 (opens the window) 4 (takes a shower)

3 (washes/does the dishes) 8 (does his laundry) 2 (checks his messages) 5 (watches TV)

———-

Page 83

Morning Routines

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the morning? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every morning, Mr. Bean …

– turns off his alarm clock.

– makes his bed.

– puts on his slippers.

– opens the curtains.

– does exercise.

– shaves.

– takes his day clothes out of his closet.

– hangs his alarm clock up to dry.

– tucks Teddy Bear in.

– changes into his day clothes.

(puts on his shirt,

his pants,

his jacket,

his socks,

his tie,

and his shoes.)

– brushes his teeth.

– rinses his mouth.

———-

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the evening? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every night, Mr. Bean …

– brushes his teeth and

rinses his mouth.

– cleans his ears.

– brushes his eyebrows.

– reads a story to Teddy Bear.

– puts Teddy Bear to sleep.

– puts out the light.

———-

Did Mr. Bean sleep well? What did he do?

When you have difficulty sleeping, what do you do?

———-

Page 83

Exercise 2, Part D

Be sure to understand the highlighted phrases below.

– first, next, then

– before/after, during

– when, as soon as, while, before/after

Harsh but true

Filed under: Harsh but true — richardlstansfield @ 12:55 am

(source)

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