University English: the blog for ESL students

October 7, 2013

Unit 7: Going away …

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 1:26 am

Page 65.

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each picture?

With a partner, ask each other:

“What is in Picture # 1/2/3/4 ?”

Picture 1

beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.

Picture 2

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.

Picture 3

3. jumbo jet (airplane).

Picture 4

4. couple, tropical trees.

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

A. Where is Rita going?

B. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

C. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

A. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

B.

1. go shopping

2. get a new suitcase

3. go online to find a cheap flight

C.

1. see her relatives

2. go snorkeling

——————————

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see

2. to do

3. to find

——————————

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

First, write sentences with all of the phrases.

1. I need to get a phrasebook to learn some expressions.

2. I need to call the embassy to ask about a visa.

3. I need to go on the Internet to get a flight.

4. I need to call a travel agent to get a hotel room.

5. I need to buy a guidebook to find out about trains.

6. I need to go to the bank to change some money.

Now, match each sentence with a question.

1. e

2. a

3. b

4. f

5. c

6. d

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) short conversations, using the sentences above. Start with:

I’m going to [country’s name], so …
Example #1

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need to get a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.
B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?
A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.
———————————————————————-
A: I’m going to _______, so I need to _______ to _______ .
B: Is it _______ to _______?
A: Well, _______.

——————————

Look back at the conversation on page 66. Change the conversation.

A: Are you ready for your trip to __________?
B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to __________ to __________, and I still have to __________ to __________ .
A: Is it easy to __________?
B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to __________.
A: So, where are you going, exactly?
B: Well, first I’m going to __________ to __________. Then I’m going someplace to go __________.
A: That sounds exciting.
B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

Example

A: Are you ready for your trip to _Canada_ ?
B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to _get a phrase book_ to _learn some expressions_, and I still have to _go to the bank_ to _change some money_ .
A: Is it easy to _learn some expressions_?
B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to _study hard_.
A: So, where are you going, exactly?
B: Well, first I’m going to _Montreal_ to _see the jazz festival_ . Then I’m going someplace to go _skating_ .
A: That sounds exciting.
B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

Travel Talk

Part 1. Match the sentences that have similar meanings.

1. I want to do some sightseeing. ___
2. I want to relax and enjoy myself. ___
3. I want to practice my English. ___
4. I want to get away from it all. ___
5. I want to experience something new. ___
6. I’m so excited about this trip. ___
7. I’m looking forward to it. ___
8. I can’t wait to go. ___
9. I’m a little anxious about it. ___
10. Thank goodness! ___

a. I want to forget my problems.
b. I really want to go.
c. I want to have a good time.
d. I am hoping to do it.
e. Hurray!
f. I am nervous about it.
g. I want to see famous things.
h. I want to try some new things.
i. I want to use my English.
j. I am very happy about the trip.

Part 2. Have many short conversations. Change the underlined words.

A: Vacation starts tomorrow. I’m so excited!
I’m really looking forward to it.
I can’t wait to go.
Thank goodness!
I’m a little anxious about it.
B: We should go to Africa.
We could
Why don’t we
Let’s
Do you want to
A: That’s a great idea. We can experience something new.
That sounds great. do some sightseeing.
I’d love to. practice our English.
get away from it all.
relax and enjoy ourselves.

Page 69. Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes
Practice the conversation twice. (One time you are Jenny, and one time you are Mom.)

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Page 68. Part A

Look at the pictures. What would you need for a beach vacation? Why?
(Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67 –> infinitives for reasons.)

Write down some sentences.

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, insect repellent makeup, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

Part B

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?
Discuss with a partner.
Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.
Make lists and present them to the class.

Examples:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

On a beach vacation …

We need sunscreen to protect our skin from ultraviolet (UV) rays.
We need a tent to sleep/rest in/sleep safely in.
We need a watermelon to eat.
We need sandals to protect our feet from the hot sand.
We need a hat to protect our head from the sun.
We need a camera to take pictures.
We need a ball to play with.
We need soap to wash our body.
We need insect repellant to repel insects/protect ourselves from insects.
We need a flashlight to light the darkness/to shine a light.
We need sunglasses to protect our eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays.
We need a toothbrush to brush our teeth.
We need a volleyball to play (beach) volleyball with.
We need a first-aid kit to treat any injuries.
We need a map to know where we are/find where we are going.
We need shampoo to wash our hair.
We need a hair dryer to dry our hair.
We need some batteries to power our flashlight.

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

We need meat to cook over a fire.
We need some drinks to feel relaxed.
We need a tent to sleep in/protect us from insects/sleep safely in.
We need a toothbrush to brush our teeth.
We need a portable gas stove to cook food.
We need a flashlight to shine a light/light the darkness/to be able to see in the dark.
We need a backpack to carry things in.
We need a cell-phone to contact people.
We need insect repellent to repel insects/to protect us from insects.
We need batteries to power our flashlight.
We need a sleeping bag to sleep comfortably in.
We need a portable gas stove to cook food.
We need beverages to drink.

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

We need a schedule to not forget any appointments/know what I have to do.
We need a cell-phone to communicate/keep in touch with people/contact people.
We need a laptop/notebook computer to do work/make presentations on/to find information/write documents/store our presentation/do research/record the meeting.
We need a watch to know the time/tell the time/know what time it is.
We need that country’s currency to pay for things.
We need a briefcase to carry documents/papers in.
We need a passport to enter another country legally.
We need a razor to shave our face.
We need makeup to look good.
We need soap to wash ourselves.
We need a suit jacket (and tie) to look professional.
We need a notebook to write notes in.
We need credit cards to pay for things.
We need business cards to network with new clients.

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

We need pajamas to sleep comfortably in/wear while we sleep.
We need a game console to play games with our friend.
We need a toothbrush to brush out teeth.
We need shampoo to wash our hair.
We need alcoholic beverages to relax with our friend/to drink together with our friend.
We need a spare cell-phone battery to power our cell-phone.
We need playing cards to play games with our friend.
We need a brush to brush our hair.
We need beverages/snacks to drink/eat with our friend.
We need toothpaste to put on our toothbrush.

Look again at the conversation between Jenny and her mom. Mom is making suggestions and giving advice. Look at the phrases that Mom uses to make suggestions or give advice.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first? How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end? How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months
.

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”
.

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Practice the conversation twice. (One time, you are Chris, and one time, you are Adam.)

Chris: You know, we should take a few days off sometime.
Adam: Yeah, we should. Definitely.
Chris: We could go to Mexico or something.
Adam: That’s a great idea.
Chris: We could even go for a couple of weeks.
Adam: Well, maybe. I guess we could, but …
Chris: You know, we could just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months. …
Adam: Well, I don’t know. I’d like to, but … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
Chris: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Look at the conversation again. Look at the phrases that Chris uses to make suggestions. Look at the phrases that Adam uses to respond to the suggestions.

Chris: You know, we should take a few days off sometime.
Adam: Yeah, we should. Definitely.
Chris: We could go to Mexico or something.
Adam: That’s a great idea.
Chris: We could even go for a couple of weeks.
Adam: Well, maybe. I guess we could, but …
Chris: You know, we could just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months. …
Adam: Well, I don’t know. I’d like to, but … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
Chris: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ?
(e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

– That’s a great idea.
– That sounds great.
– I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

– I guess we could, but …
– I don’t know.
– I’d like to, but …

Page 70, Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses. Then practice with a partner.

1. b

2. d

3. e

4. f

5. a

6. c

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 2

Answers

1. A: You know, I guess my favorite kind of vacation is going camping.

2. A: I guess it gets pretty cold in Canada in the winter.

B: …

A: Yeah, I guess I’d probably like the snow.

3. A: …

B: Well, I guess I could go. Oh, wait, I have an exam next week. But I could study in the car, I guess.

4. A: …

B: Yeah. Two weeks’ vacation a year isn’t enough, I guess.

A: But I guess we could go away on weekends or something.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. Everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime.

2. Everyone should learn another language.

3. World cultures should be a required class in high school.

4. It’s a good idea to travel with a friend.

5. You should read a lot about a place before you go there.

6. It’s nice to try the local food in a new country.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part B

Discuss their statements. Do you agree with them?
Why or why not?  Later, you will present your opinions to the class.

* Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
* Do you think everyone should learn another language?
* Do you think world cultures should be a required class in high school?
* Do you think it’s a good idea to travel with a friend?
* Do you think you should read a lot about a place before you go there?
* Do you think it’s nice to try the local food in a new country?
Example:
A: Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
B: Yes, I think so. It’s good to visit other countries.
A: Definitely. But some people can’t afford to travel.

Present your opinions to the class.

My partner and I agree/don’t agree.

Both/Neither of us think that _______ because…
I think/don’t think
He/She thinks/doesn’t think

Example:
My partner and I don’t agree.
She doesn’t think that everyone should learn another language because it’s difficult.
I think that everyone should learn another language because languages help you communicate with more people.

Example:
My partner and I agree.
Both of us think that everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime because you can learn interesting things.

Homework (Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C)

Answers

(Answers can be slightly different as long as they have the correct information.)

1. You dive.

2. It takes about an hour.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, and hot springs. You can also see Fisherman’s island with its 12-foot cacti.

4. Because the sun gets extremely bright.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

(chapel = a small church, or a room used as a church in a building)

(lounge = a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait)

6. Because it melts in the spring.

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

Discussion

Discuss which hotel would you like to visit? Why?
Then tell the class.

A: Which hotel would you like to visit?

B: I would like to visit the Jules Undersea Lodge because …
Hotel de la Playa
Ishotellet
Cave Hotel
Lighthouse Hotel
Spa Hotel

Present your opinions to the class.

My partner and I agree/don’t agree.

Both of us would like to go to _______ because …
I
He/She

Example
My partner and I don’t agree.
I would like to go to the Jules Undersea Lodge because I love to watch fish.
He would like to go to the Cave Hotel because he wants to look down from the hot-air balloon.

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