University English: the blog for ESL students

March 16, 2014

Unit 1: Making friends

Filed under: conversation strategies — richardlstansfield @ 12:39 pm

Page 3, Exercise 3

Possible Answers

1. Are you one of four children? / Are you from a big family? / Are you an only child?

“only child” = somebody with no siblings (brothers or sisters)

2. Where does your sister/mother work? / What does your sister/mother do?

3. Do you have your own car? / Do you use your own car? /
Do you have a car? / Do you take the subway/bus to class? / Do you walk everyday?

4. What’s your favorite colour? / What colour do you like best?

5. Are your parents from Korea? / Are your parents from here? (Are your parents living near here?)

6. What do you do with your friends? / What do you usually do with your girlfriend/boyfriend/family/friends on the weekend? / What do you and your friends do in your free time?

7. Does your mother/sister/best friend/girlfriend live nearby/near here?

8. Are your classmates smart? / What do you think about your classmates? / What are your classmates like?

Page 3, Exercise 4, Part A

Answers

1. What’s your favorite season?

2. What’s your favorite band?

3. Do you ever go out on weeknights?

4. Do you have any pets?

5. How much time do you spend with your family?

6. What do you usually do on the weekends?

Page 3, Exercise 4, Part B

Listen again and answer these questions.

1. What is her favorite season? Why?

2. What kinds of bands does she listen to?

3. What does she usually do on weeknights? When does she usually get home?

4. Does she have any pets? What kind of pet would she like to have? Why can’t she have one?

5. Does she spend a lot of time with her family? Why or why not? When does she usually see them?

6. What does she usually do on weekends?

Page 3, Exercise 4, Part B

Listen again and answer these questions.

1. What is her favorite season? Why?

winter: * sunny * sky is blue * beautiful

2. What kinds of bands does she listen to?

* “Toy” * new bands * not well-known * a lot of different (kinds of) music

3. What does she usually do on weeknights? When does she usually get home?

* usually goes straight home and has dinner and watches TV * sometimes goes out for dinner with a friend * about 7 or 8

4. Does she have any pets? What kind of pet would she like to have? Why can’t she have one?

* goldfish * cat * lives in an apartment

5. Does she spend a lot of time with her family? Why or why not? When does she usually see them?

* not much * live an hour away by car * on holidays * calls Mom every Sunday

6. What does she usually do on weekends?

* usually meets friends and go out for coffee and chat * sometimes go out to a club and dance or go and see a movie

Discussion

Work with a partner. Ask each other these questions.
When your partner gives an answer, give a Rejoinder and a Follow-up Question.

A: Question
B: Answer
A: Rejoinder and Follow-up Question
B: Answer

Example

A: Are you an only child? (Question)
B: No. (Answer)
A: Oh really? (Rejoinder) How many siblings do you have? (Follow-up Question)
B: I have one younger brother.

1. Are you an only child?
2. What does your mother/father do?
3. How do you get to class?
4. What’s your favorite colour?
5. What do you and your friends do in your free time?
6. What’s your favorite season?
7. What’s your favorite band?
8. What do you usually do on the weekends?
9. Do you have any pets?
10. How much time do you spend with your family?

Post-discussion

Tell us three things that you learned about your partner.

Page 4, Exercise 1

Books closed. Listen and answer the questions.

Conversation 1

1. Does the first person like dogs?

2. Does the second person like dogs? Why or why not?

Conversation 2

1. Does the first person watch a lot of television?

2. Does the second person watch a lot of television?

3. What kinds of television programs does the first person watch?

4. What kinds of television programs does the second person watch?

Conversation 3

1. Does the first person like to shop?

2. Can the first person afford anything?

(afford = have enough money to pay for something)

3. Can the second person afford anything?

“Too” and “Either”

positive + positive = “too”

Person A likes football. Person B likes football.

à Person A likes football, and Person B does too.

negative + negative = either

Person A doesn’t like football. Person B doesn’t like football.

à Person A doesn’t like football, and Person B doesn’t either.

Discussion

Work with a partner. Ask each other these questions.
Respond with a Rejoinder.
If you are similar to your partner, respond with “too” or “either.”
Examples

A: Do you watch sports on television?
B: Yes. I watch a lot of football.
A: Oh really? (Rejoinder) I watch football too.

A: Do you watch sports on television?
B: No, I don’t.
A: Oh, yeah? (Rejoinder) I don’t either.

1. Do you like sports? What kinds of television programs do you like to watch? (e.g. news, talk shows, cartoons, documentaries, etc.)
2. Are you allergic to anything?
3. Can you afford a new laptop (notebook computer)?
4. Are you a morning person?
5. Do you like to eat chocolate? What kinds of food do you like to eat?
6. What kinds of clothing do you like to wear? (e.g. sweater, suit jacket, miniskirt, etc.)

Can you tell us something in common with your partner?

e.g. I love to eat chocolate, and she does too.

e.g. I don’t like to wear miniskirts, and she doesn’t either.

Books closed. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Do they know each other? How do you know?

2. What topics do they talk about?

salary // family // weather // health // neighborhood // problems // things they see // interests

————————————————————

1. They don’t know each other.

How do you know?

They introduce themselves to each other.

“My name’s Chris.”

“I’m Eve.”

2. They talk about four things:

– the weather (“It’s cold tonight.”)

– things they see (“There are a lot of people out here tonight.”)

– interests (“Are you a big hip-hop fan?”)

– family (“My brother’s in the band.”)

————————————————————

In Korea, people don’t introduce themselves to strangers (people they don’t know). People are introduced by other people like friends, elders (“선배”), etc.

However, in countries like Canada, the United States, people introduce themselves. So, learning how to start a conversation is an important skill.

————————————————————

Starting a Conversation

* Excuse me, I like your _____ .

* Are you a friend of _____ ?

* Could I ask you something?

* Could/Can I ask _____ ?

——————————

Introductory Exercise answers

Could … something?

… teacher …

Do you think …

… a friend of Jim’s?

How about you?

… Jim a long time?

——————————

Stopping a Conversation

* Would you excuse me?

* Well, I’d better be going/I should be going.

* (It’s been) nice talking to you.

* I hope we get a chance to talk again sometime.

——————————

Introductory Exercise answers

… nice talking to you.

… you excuse … ?

It’s been … See you …

I’d better …

… get a chance …

——————————

Starting a Conversation

* Excuse me, I like your _____.
* Are you a friend of _____?
* Could I ask you something?
* Could/Can I ask _____?

Stopping a Conversation

* Would you excuse me?
* Well, I’d better be going/I should be going.
* (It’s been) nice talking to you.
* I hope we get a chance to talk again sometime.

——————————

Page 7, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. This is a great party.

2. Is it me, or is it really hot in here?

3. Are you a friend of Tom’s?

4. The desserts look good.

5. I don’t really know anyone here. Do you?

6. Great music, huh?

Page 7, Exercise 3, Part B

Answers

1. He has a lot of parties (about once a month).

He plays volleyball.

2. He cooks.

He takes beautiful photographs.

3. He has four sisters.

4. He’s a great cook.

He’s allergic to peanuts.

5. He goes to the gym.

He’s training for a marathon.

6. He sings in a band.

Page 6, Exercise D

Possible answers

1. “The flowers are beautiful, huh? I love spring.”

on a bench in a park

2. “Gosh, it’s so crowded here. And it’s hot!”

in a club / at a conference

3. “Wow. The elevator is really slow today.”

in an office building / in a hotel

4. “Hi, there. It’s windy, huh?

at a bus stop / on a hiking trail

5. “Hmm. This food doesn’t look too good.”

in a cafeteria / at a buffet (restaurant)

6. “I’m a bit nervous. Is it your first class, too?”

at school / in a class

Pair work

Choose three of the situations and have a short conversation for each of them.

* “The flowers are beautiful, huh? I love spring.”
on a bench in a park
* “Gosh, it’s so crowded here. And it’s hot!”
in a club / at a conference
* “Wow. The elevator is really slow today.”
in an office building / in a hotel
* “Hi, there. It’s windy, huh?
at a bus stop / on a hiking trail
* “Hmm. This food doesn’t look too good.”
in a cafeteria / at a buffet (restaurant)
* “I’m a bit nervous. Is it your first class, too?”
at school / in a class

————————————————–

Actually, …

Page 7, Exercise 2, Part A

Answers

1. It’s really chilly in here.

b. It’s the air conditioning. Actually, I feel OK.

2. Is this your first class here?

c. Yes, it is, actually. I’m a little nervous.

3. So, you’re a full-time student?

g. Um, part-time, actually. I work in a hotel.

4. Do you like this neighborhood?

f. Yeah, I do, actually, it has some great stores.

5. Do you drive to class?

a. Actually, I take the subway. It takes an hour.

6. I like your sweater.

d. Thanks. It’s actually from a vintage store.

7. Do you play guitar or anything?

h. Actually, I do. And piano.

8. So, you’re from around here?

e. No, actually I’m from a small town about three hours away.

Pair Work

Practice the mini-conversations with a partner. Use a Rejoinder and Follow-up Question every time.

Example:

A: It’s really chilly in here.

B: It’s the air conditioning. Actually, I feel OK.

A: Oh, really? What’s your favorite kind of weather?

———————————————

Homework — Answers

Page 8, Exercise C

1. (8) Leave politely.

2. (3) Ask questions.

3. (2) Make a comment about your surroundings — for example, the weather.

4. (1) Smile and say “hello” when you meet someone new.

5. (4) Listen actively.

6. (7) Answer people’s questions with interesting or funny stories.

——————————————-

Vocabulary Notebook

Page 10

Exercise 1

Complete the word webs for clothes and food using words from the box.

* clothes: jacket

* food:

Answers

* clothes: jacket, skirt, sweatshirt, jeans

* food: bread, pineapple, rice, yogurt

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