University English: the blog for ESL students

April 19, 2014

Extra Online Practice

Filed under: extra online practice — richardlstansfield @ 8:32 am

I recommend that you prepare for your mid-term exam by doing some extra online practice.

1. Click on the link below.

http://www.cambridge.org/us/esl/touchstone/student/index.html

2. Click on the big, blue number “2”. The screen should change to a blue color.

3. Click on either Unit 1, Unit 2, or Unit 3. Exercises will appear.

4. Do the exercises and check your answers by scrolling down and clicking on “Check Answers” at the bottom.

5. Try again if you didn’t do well. Or go back to “Menu” on the left and try another exercise.

More Information about the Mid-term Exam

Filed under: Mid-term Exam — richardlstansfield @ 8:24 am

Midterm listening test information

1. The midterm listening test will take place on Monday April 21st at 1 PM.

2. Check the portal for the room number in which you will have the test.

3. There are about 40 questions on the test. There are:

 24 X Short conversations
 2 X Longer conversations
 2X Long monologues (One person talking)

4. It is very important to take notes as this is a listening test, not a memory test.

5. You should bring:

 School identification
 A pencil and eraser
 A computer pen

Use your pencil to fill in the blanks first in case you make a mistake. After finishing, use your computer pen to fill in the dots.

*DON’T FORGET to write your name on the answer sheet.

Answers to Homework & Vocabulary Notebook exercises

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 8:17 am

Vocabulary Notebook

Page 20

Exercise 1

Answers

I’m good at playing chess and skiing and writing poetry

I don’t like to bake cakes or play the guitar or listen to rock music.

Exercise 2

Answers will vary.

Page 30

Exercise 1

Answers

feel: better, sick

stay: home, in bed

take: a break, medicine

Exercise 2

Answers

be, feel, get sick

get, have allergies

do, get, have a checkup

be, feel, get stressed

do, get exercise

get, have a headache

be, get, go, stay, take home

be, feel, get, stay in shape

get, have, take a vacation

get, have a cough

be, feel, get, stay healthy

be, get, go to, have, see a doctor

Homework

Page 18, Exercise 1, Parts B and C

Answers

Part B

rockman — outdoors

daisylady — arts and crafts

moneymaker — fashion/arts and crafts

Part C

Answers — Also, which word(s) in each message tell you?

1. moneymaker

sell, flea market

2. rockman

exercise, walk(ing)

3. daisylady

make, pottery, creative

4. moneymaker

(making) money

5. daisylady

creating, cards, handmade

6. rockman

bicycle

Page 28, Exercise 1, Part C

Possible Answers

1. Some people stop exercising and eating well because they can’t exercise, eat healthy foods, and manage stress all at once.

 They have an “all-or-nothing” approach.

2. The article mentions meditation as a relaxation technique.

3. Some examples of healthy snacks are fruits and nuts.

4. When you eat fast food, you can order something light, go easy on the dressings, and add a healthy side dish.

5. To get more exercise, you can take the stairs instead of the elevator.

Take a walk.

6. A cool, quiet, dark room can help you get a good night’s sleep.

Don’t watch TV before going to sleep.

April 11, 2014

Written Test 1 Dates

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 12:51 pm

Class 57: Wednesday, April 16

Class 27: Thursday, April 17

Class 87: Thursday, April 17

Class 117: Friday, April 18

Class 147: Friday, April 18

About Written Test #1

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 12:50 pm

Possible Test Questions

* Vocabulary

I give you a definition, and you write the word.

example

_______ : (noun) someone who lives very near you, especially in the next house

answer: neighbor

* Useful Language

Complete the conversation.

example

A: ____________________ ?
B: We have to do exercise 3 on page 4.

answer

A: What do we have to do?
B: We have to do exercise 3 on page 4.

(See page xxviii in the text book.)

* Correct the errors

example

What your name?

answer

What is your name? / What’s your name?

* Questions and answers

Write the question for each answer.

example

A:
B: Turquoise. And I like blue, too.

answer

A: What’s your favorite color?/What color do you like best?
B: Red.

(See page pages 3, 12, and 16 of the text book.)

* Rejoinders and follow-up questions

Complete the conversations by writing a rejoinder and a follow-up question.

example

A: I often stay up until 2:00 or 3:00 a.m.
B: __________ ? ________________________ ?

answer

A: I often stay up until 2:00 or 3:00 a.m.
B: Oh, really? What do you do all night?/Why do you stay up so late?

(See hand-outs)

* Starting a conversation

Write down a way to start a conversation for each situation.

example

You meet someone new at a party. The food is really good.

possible answers

This food is delicious!
Mmm. The food is good.
Boy, this food is great!

(See hand-outs and pages 6 and 7 of the text book.)

* Stopping a conversation

Complete the conversation with a conversation stopper.

example

A: I think the teacher is ready to start. It’s been __________ .
B: OK. Bye.

answer

A: I think the teacher is ready to start. It’s been nice talking to you.
B: OK. Bye.

(See hand-out.)

* Verb forms

Complete the conversations with the correct verb and use the correct form.

example

A: Do you like _______ board games?
B: Yes, I think they’re interesting.

answer

A: Do you like playing/to play board games?
B: Yes, I think they’re interesting.

(See page 13 of the text book.)

* Simple present and present continuous

Complete the conversations with the correct verb and use the correct tense.

example

A: How _______ you _______ with stress?
B: I _______ a course in meditation right now.

answer

A: How do you cope with stress?
B: I am taking a course in meditation right now.

(See page 23 of the text book.)

* Music Genres

example question

What are six genres of music?

* Joining clauses with “if” and “when”

Complete each conversation by writing a response with “if” or “when”.

example

A: Oh, I have a terrible cold!
B:

possible answer

A: Oh, I have a terrible cold!
B: If I get a terrible cold, I drink hot vinegar with honey.

* Possible bonus questions from homework

Vocabulary: Units 1, 2, and 3

Filed under: vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 12:49 pm

Unit 1

only child: (noun) someone who has no siblings (brothers or sisters)

weeknight: (noun) the evening or night of any day of the week except Saturday and Sunday

wreck: (verb) to destroy something completely

allergy: (noun) a medical condition in which your body reacts badly to something that you eat, breathe, or touch:

afford: (verb) to have enough money to buy something or enough time to do something

broke: (adjective) to not have any money

neighbor: (noun) someone who lives very near you, especially in the next house

neighborhood: (noun) an area of a town or city that people live in

vintage: (adjective) having all the best or most typical qualities of something, especially from the past

surroundings (noun) the place where someone or something is and the things that are in it

sweatshirt: (noun) a shirt made of soft, thick cotton that is worn during exercise or informal activities

Unit 2

creative: (adjective) good at thinking of new ideas or using imagination to create new and unusual things

pool: (noun) a game in which two people use long, thin sticks to hit coloured balls into holes around the edge of a table

work out: (verb) to do exercises to make your body stronger

skill: (noun) the ability to do an activity or job well, especially because you have practised it:

gym: (noun) a building with equipment for doing exercises

local: (adjective) relating to an area near you

lasagne: (noun) a type of Italian food consisting of flat pieces of pasta with layers of meat and sauce in between

martial arts: (noun) traditional fighting methods, done as self-defense or a sport

puzzles: (noun) a game or activity in which you have to put pieces together or answer questions using skill

memorabilia: (noun) objects relating to famous people or events that people collect:

geocaching: (noun) the outdoor sport or game of searching for hidden objects by using Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinates posted on the Internet

duct tape: (noun) a long, thin strip of very strong sticky material that is sold in a roll and is often used for covering holes or other repair jobs

flea market: (noun) a market where you can buy old or used things cheaply

pottery: (noun) the activity of making plates, bowls, etc from clay

Unit 3

cope: (verb) to deal quite successfully with a difficult situation

checkup: (noun) a medical examination to test your general state of health

reunion: (noun) an occasion when people who have not met each other for a long time meet again

in shape: (phrase) healthy and physically strong

once in a while: (phrase) sometimes but not often

meditation: (noun) to think calm thoughts for a long period in order to relax or as a religious activity

cut down: (verb) to eat or drink less of something, or to reduce the amount or number of something

give up: (verb) to stop doing or having a bad habit or something unhealthy, such as smoking or alcohol

flu: (noun) an illness like a very bad cold, that makes you feel hot and weak

vinegar: (noun) a sour liquid that is used in cooking, often made from wine

gargle: (verb) to move liquid or medicine around in your throat without swallowing, especially to clean it or stop it feeling painful

run-down: (adjective) weak; having lost energy, power, or strength

sore: (adjective) painful, especially when touched

cough drop: (noun) a hard, sweet piece of medicine that you suck on to help a cough get better

upset stomach: (phrase) an illness in the stomach

Unit 3: Healthy living

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 12:20 pm

Books closed.

Listen to the people and answer the questions.

* Are they doing anything to stay healthy?

* If so, what? And how often or why?

* If not, then why not?

Brian Jones

– doesn’t eat a lot of junk food

(generally)

– doesn’t eat red meat

(at all)

– is doing karate

Lisa da Silva

– nothing

Michael Evans

– nothing

(because he’s studying for exams)

Carmen Sanchez

– drinking diet drinks

(because of her school reunion)

Mei-ling Yu

– walks everywhere

(because she doesn’t have a car)

The Parks

– exercise six days a week

– go swimming

(every other day)

– go to the gym

(in between

= every other day)

– go hiking

(once in a while)

Simple Present vs. Present Continuous

Past Present Future

——————————————>

Simple Present

I walk to school everyday. x x x x

Present Continuous

I’m walking to the bus x—————–
stop right now.

Page 22, Exercise 1, Part B

What word(s) tell you that it’s simple present or present continuous?

Answers

1. don’t eat

 generally

2. get

 usually

3. go

 usually

4. ‘m eating

 this month

5. ‘m not getting

 these days

6. ‘m trying

 right now
Page 23, Exercise 2, Part A

Answers

1. A. do … cope

Do … get

B. don’t feel

‘re working

are taking

relaxes

2. A. Do … like

B. enjoy

go

‘m not swimming

goes

3. A. Is … doing

B. ‘re trying

loves

‘re cooking

doesn’t like

Page 23, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. fast food

2. (drinking) coffee

3. playing video games

4. exercising

Discussion

Remember to ask Follow-up Questions*.

-. How do you cope with stress?
-. Do you get stressed a lot?
-. Do you like to exercise or play sports?
-. Do you eat a lot of junk food?
-. Do you drink coffee?
-. Do you play a lot of video games?
-. Are you doing anything new to stay healthy?

* Who … / What … / When … / Where … / Why … / How …

Post-discussion

Tell us three things that you learned about your partner.

Books closed.

Nora (a woman) calls her friend Ken (a man).

* How is Ken feeling?

* Why?

* Nora makes a suggestion. What is it?

Answers

* He’s feeling awful.

* He has a terrible cold.

* She suggests drinking hot vinegar with honey.

Joining Clauses with “if” and “when”

Simple sentences: He is a man. He lives in an old house.

Complex sentence: He is a man who lives in an old house.

clause = simple sentence inside of a complex sentence

Clauses are joined with conjunctions.

Conjunctions: and, or, but, if, when, etc.

Parts of Speech

* Nouns (person, place, or thing)

* Verbs (actions or state of being)

* Prepositions (e.g. at, in, etc.)

* Pronouns (e.g. he, him, she, her, etc.)

* Conjunctions (words that join; e.g. if, when)

Page 25, Exercise 3, Part B

Answers

1. I take medicine when I have a cold.

2. If I have the flu, I make hot tea with lemon.

* “when” and “if”  very similar in meaning
“when”  more usual
“if”  less usual

Page 25, Exercise 4, Part A

1. if you have a sore throat

2. If you get an upset stomach

3. if you feel run down

4. if you feel sore

5. If you have a runny nose

6. If you get a toothache

7. if you have a bad cough

8. if you have a headache
Conversation

Practice the following conversation.

A: Ring, ring.
B: Hello?
A: Hi. How are you feeling?
B: Awful.
A: What’s the matter? Do you have a cold?
B: No, I have a headache. I feel terrible.
A: That’s too bad. If I get a cold, I drink hot vinegar with honey.
B: Thanks for the suggestion. I’ll try it.
A: I hope you feel better soon.

Conversation, Part 2

Make new conversations by changing the underlined words.

A: Ring, ring.
B: Hello?
A: Hi. How are you feeling?
B: Awful.
A: What’s the matter? Do you have a cold*?
B: No, I have a headache*. I feel terrible.
A: That’s too bad. If I get a cold*, I drink hot vinegar with honey**.
B: Thanks for the suggestion. I’ll try it.
A: I hope you feel better soon.

* a cold, a headache, a fever, the flu, a cough, a stomachache, a toothache, a headache, a sore throat, allergies.

** gargle salt water, drink herbal tea, go to the dentist, suck on a cough drop, take aspirin, drink hot tea with honey, don’t take anything.

Pair Work

Ask each other these questions. Use “when” in your answers.

1. What do you do if you have a sore throat?
2. What do you do if you get an upset stomach after a meal?
3. What do you do if you feel run down?
4. What do you do if you feel sore after exercising?
5. What do you do if you have a runny nose and itchy eyes?
6. What do you do if you get a toothache?
7. What do you do if you have a bad cough?
8. What do you do if you have a headache?

Example:

A: What do you do if you have a sore throat?
B: When I have a sore throat, I drink hot tea with honey.

Post-discussion

Tell us 3 things that you learned about your partner.

Example:

When my partner feels run down, she eats dog meat.

1. What do you do if you have a sore throat?
2. What do you do if you get an upset stomach after a meal?
3. What do you do if you feel run down?
4. What do you do if you feel sore after exercising?
5. What do you do if you have a runny nose and itchy eyes?
6. What do you do if you get a toothache?
7. What do you do if you have a bad cough?
8. What do you do if you have a headache?

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Stan and Yuki.

1. How many jobs does Stan have?

2. Where does he work?

3. When does he get up?

4. When does he go to bed?

Answers

1. He has two jobs.

2. He works at a supermarket and at a restaurant.

3. He gets up at 5:30.

4. He goes to bed around 1:00 … 1:30.

Page 26, Exercise 1, Part D

Answers

1. I often stay up until 2:00 or 3:00 a.m.

e. Really? What do you do all night?

2. I love sleeping late on weekends.

f. Me too. What time do you get up on Sundays?

3. I often take a nap during my lunch break.

d. At work? How long do you sleep?

4. I only sleep about five hours a night.

c. That’s not much. Do you get tired during the day?

5. I sometimes fall asleep in lectures.

a. You do? Does the professor notice?

6. I usually go to bed early during the week.

b. That’s good. Do you wake up early, too?

Pair Work

Practice the conversations with a partner. Add one more sentence to each conversation.

Example

A: I often stay up until 2:00 or 3:00 a.m.

B: Really? What do you do all night?

A: Sometimes I watch Youtube videos on the Internet, but usually I play the computer game Starcraft.

Page 27, Exercise 2, Part A

1. Really?

2. You’re kidding!

3. No way!

4. Gosh!

5. Are you serious?

6. Oh!

Page 29, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

3, 4, 2, 1

Page 29, Exercise 2, Part C

Answers

Picture 1

She sings loudly in the shower.

Picture 2

She goes running outdoors.

Picture 3

She goes swimming.

Picture 4

She goes hiking with a friend.

Unit 2: Interests

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 12:08 pm

College News

Books closed.

Listen to the interview with the new reporter, Brad Hayes.

1. What does Brad like to do?

2. What does Brad hate doing?

Answers

1. What does Brad like to do?

creative writing, designing cards, drawing, computer graphics, learning new programs, playing the saxophone, playing the piano, singing, watching sports on TV, playing pool, learning new things.

2. What does Brad hate doing?

going to the gym and working out

Page 12, Exercise 1, Part B

Answers

4 — Are you good at sports?

3 — Can you play a musical instrument?

5 — Are you interested in learning new things?

1 — What are your hobbies?

2 — What else do you enjoy doing in your free time?

Verb Forms

Page 13, Exercise 2

infinitive = to + basic verb

e.g. to whistle

gerund = basic verb + -ing

e.g. whistling

* can/can’t + basic verb

* like + infinitive/gerund

* love + infinitive/gerund

* hate + infinitive/gerund

* prefer + infinitive/gerund

* would like/’d like + infinitive

* enjoy + gerund

* preposition + gerund

e.g. I’m good at drawing people.

e.g. I’m interested in running a marathon.

Page 13, Exercise 2, Part A

Answers

1. A: Do you enjoy cooking?

B: Actually, yeah. I like making/to make my own food.

2. A: Are you good at reading music?

B: No, but I can play music by ear.

3. A: What kinds of games do you enjoy playing?

Do you like to play games online?

B: No. I hate sitting/to sit at the computer in my free time.

4. A: Are you interested in joining a gym class?

B: Well, I enjoy going to the gym, but I’m not interested in taking a class.

I¡¯d like to start tennis lessons, though.

5. A: How do you like spending/to spend an evening?

Do you prefer being/to be alone or with friends?

B: That’s easy. I love eating/to eat out with my friends.

Pair Work

You and a partner ask each other these questions. Remember to use Rejoinders and Follow-up Questions every time.

* Can you play a musical instrument?
* Do you enjoy cooking?
* Are you interested in learning new things?
* Are you good at sports?
* Are you interested in joining a gym class?
* What kinds of games do you enjoy playing? Do you like to play games online?
* What do you enjoy doing in your free time?
* How do you like to spend an evening? Do you prefer being alone or with friends?

Example:
A: What are your hobbies?
B: I like to raise snakes.
A: I can’t believe it! What kinds of snakes do you like to raise?
B: I like to raise cobras and pythons.

Post-discussion

Tell us some things that you learned about your partner by completing at least three of these sentences.

My partner can/can’t __________.

My partner would/wouldn’t like __________.

My partner enjoys/doesn’t enjoy __________.

My partner is/isn’t good at __________.

My partner is/isn’t interested in __________.

Page 14, Exercise 1, Part A

Answers

1. hip-hop and rap

2. jazz

3. country music

4. folk music

5. pop music

6. Latin music

7. rock music

8. classical music

Other Music Genres

–> acapella

–> blues

–> disco

–> electronica

–> heavy metal

–> gospel

–> new age

–> opera

–> punk rock

–> R & B (rhythm and blues)

–> reggae

–> soul

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Alex (the man) and Carla (the woman).

1. What does Carla think of the song?

2. Who performs the song?

3. a. Who is the lead singer?

b. Who does she sound like?

4. Who else is in the band?

Answers

1. It’s good.

2. A new band … some local guys.

3. a. Alex’s friend Lori.

b. She sounds like Mariah Carey.

4. Alex

Object Pronouns

Page 15, Exercise 4, Part A

Answers

1. A: likes … it

B: listens

2. A: them

B: him

A: knows … loves … them

3. A: her

B: her … us

4. A: them

B: writes … him

Pair work.

Have two short conversations. Fill in the blanks with your own ideas.

Conversation 1

A: I like ___ and ___. (music genres) Do you like them?
B: Yes, I like them./No, I don’t like them.
A: Oh, really? Which artists do you like? Which of their songs do you like? Why do you like them?
— or —
A: Oh, really? Why don’t you like them? Which genres do you like? Why do you like them?

Conversation 2

A: I like to watch ___ and ___. (types of TV show). Do you like them?
B: Yes, I like them./No, I don’t like them.
A: Oh, really? Which TV shows do you like? Why do you like them?
— or —
A: Oh, really? Why don’t you like them? What types of TV shows do you like? Why do you like them?

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Sarah (the woman) and Greg (the man). Answer the questions.

1. What does Sarah smell?

2. What does Greg like to do in his free time?

3. What does Sarah like to do in her free time?

4. Sarah offers to do something for Greg. What?

Answers

1. homemade lasagna

2. cooking (making pasta dishes).

3. cooking (but not really into it),

a little photography,

has a blog,

posts photos on her blog.

4. e-mail him a link to her blog,

show him some photos.

Page 16, Exercise 1, Part D

Answers

1. Are you into photography?

d. Not really. I mean, I take pictures. But I never edit them or anything.

2. Do you read a lot?

e. No. I don’t have a lot of free time. I look at magazines sometimes.

3. Are you good at fixing things?

a. No, I’m not really good with my hands. Are you?

4. Are you interested in sports?

f. Not really. But I like to watch the Olympics.

5. Do you do any martial arts?

g. No, but my sister does. She does Tae Kwon Do.

6. Do you like to play board games?

c. No, not really. I enjoy doing puzzles, though. Like Sudoku.

7. Can you swim? I mean, are you a good swimmer?

b. No, not really. But I like to go to the pool.

Pair Work

Ask each other the questions from Exercise D, above. Give your own answers.

Post-discussion

Tell us three things that you learned about your partner. Use the sentences below and then add one more.

* My partner is/isn’t into photography. _____ …

* My partner reads/doesn’t read a lot. _____ …

* My partner is/isn’t good at fixing things. _____ …

* My partner is/isn’t interested in sports. _____ …

* My partner does/doesn’t do martial arts. _____ …

* My partner likes/doesn’t like to play board games. _____ …

* My partner is/isn’t a good swimmer. _____ …

Example 1

My partner isn’t into photography. He just takes photos of himself and his friends.

Example 2

My partner doesn’t read a lot. She doesn’t have a lot of free time, though she looks at magazines sometimes.

Page 17, Exercise 3, Part B

Answers

1. fixing up motorcycles

2. hiking

3. collecting baseball memorabilia

4. editing videos

Page 17, Exercise 3, Part C

Answers

1. Sue, Lori.

2. Jeff

3. Lori

4. Bill

Books closed

Listen to the conversation between Lisa and Joe.

1. What kind of web-site are they looking at?

2. Why does Joe like it?

Answers

1. It¡¯s an outdoors web-site.

It¡¯s about hiking and camping.

2. It has lots of good articles.

There are some amazing photos.

There are competitions.

Page 19, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. every week

2. 50,000

3. in different countries

4. bike

5. indoors

April 6, 2014

Mid-term Exams: Dates and Times

Filed under: announcements,Mid-term Exam — richardlstansfield @ 1:18 am

* Date: Monday, April 21

* Times:

13:00 ~ 13:50 –> Track 3

14:00 ~ 14:50 –> Track 2

15:00 ~ 15:50 –> Track 1

* Location:

You must find out by going to Inha’s site.

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