University English: the blog for ESL students

October 12, 2014

Unit 7: Going Away

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 12:53 pm

In this unit, we will talk about:

* using infinitives to give reasons (grammar)

* things to take on a trip

* how to give advice and suggestions

* how to respond to suggestions (conversation strategy)

Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Alicia and Rita and answer the questions.

( http://www.cambridge.org/us/esl/touchstone/audio/level2/TS2eL2CD3T01_P066U07Ex1PtB.mp3 )

1. Where is Rita going?

2. What are two things that Rita has to do?

3. What are two things that Rita will do on her trip?

Answers

1. To Puerto Rico

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_Rico )

2. a. She needs to go shopping to get a suitcase.

b. She needs to go online to find a flight.

3. a. She’s going to see her relatives in San Juan.

b. She’s going to go snorkeling.

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snorkeling )
Bonus Questions

Is it hard to find cheap flights? How can you find cheap flights?

Answers

It’s not too hard to find a bargain.

You just have to do some research.

bargain = something that is sold for less than its usual price (싸게 산 물건)

Page 66, Exercise C

1. to see

2. to buy

3. Is it

4. It’s

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Page 67, Exercise 2, Part A

1. go to Tokyo to study Japanese

is it necessary to learn some Japanese

It’s nice to say “Thank you,”

It’s important to know a few expressions

to get a phrase book to read

2. buy a guidebook to get some ideas

is it easy to get around

it’s not hard to use the subway

it’s easy to get lost

3. go to the bank to change some money

it’s good to have some cash

carry some cash to pay for taxis

It’s not possible to pay

It’s not easy to do

Page 67, Part A

Listen to the sentences. How is “to” pronounced?

Quickly or slowly? Loudly or softly? Clearly or not clearly?

Reduction = said quickly, softly, and not clearly

Page 67, Exercise 3, Part B

Do you need a visa to visit your country?

Do you need to speak the language to get around your city?

Is it easy to find a cheap place to stay?

Is it safe to walk around late at night?

Do you have to pay to go in museums?

Reduction = said more quickly
= said more softly
= said less clearly
Reductions are the opposite of “stressed.”
Stressed = said more slowly
= said more loudly
= said more clearly
Listen again. Which words are stressed?
(Stressed = said slowly, loudly, and clearly)

Do you need a visa to visit your country?

Do you need a visa to visit your country?

Do you need to speak the language to get around your city?

Do you need to speak the language to get around your city?

Is it easy to find a cheap place to stay?

Is it easy to find a cheap place to stay?

Is it safe to walk around late at night?

Is it safe to walk around late at night?

Do you have to pay to go in museums?
Do you have to pay to go in museums?

Page 68

Work with a partner. What are six things that you need on a beach vacation? The first one has been done for you. Use “infinitives for reasons.”

On a beach vacation …
1. you need a bathing suit to go swimming.
2. you need
3. you need
4. you need
5. you need
6. you need

What are five things that you need on a camping trip?
On a camping trip …
1. you need
2. you need
3. you need
4. you need
5. you need
What are five things that you need to stay overnight with a friend?

To stay overnight with a friend …
1. you need
2. you need
3. you need
4. you need
5. you need

Look again at the conversation on Page 66. You will have similar conversations, but you will fill in the blanks with your own ideas.

A: So, are you all packed for your trip?
B: No. I’m nowhere near ready – look at my to-do list! I need to _______ to _______ . And I still have to _______ to _______ .
A: Uh – oh. So, is it expensive to fly to _______ — or is it easy to find cheap flights?
B: Well, it’s not too hard to find a bargain. You just have to do some research.
A: Right. So why are you going, exactly?
B: To _______ . Then I’m going somewhere to _______ .
A: Nice. Sounds like a fun trip. Good luck with your list.
B: Thanks.

Example

A: So, are you all packed for your trip?
B: No. I’m nowhere near ready – look at my to-do list! I need to get a phrase book to study Japanese. And I still have to go to the bank to change some money.
A: Uh – oh. So, is it expensive to fly to Japan — or is it easy to find cheap flights?
B: Well, it’s not too hard to find a bargain. You just have to do some research.
A: Right. So why are you going, exactly?
B: To see some castles. Then I’m going somewhere to go shopping to buy some electronics.
A: Nice. Sounds like a fun trip. Good luck with your list.
B: Thanks.

A: So, are you all packed for your trip?
B: No. I’m nowhere near ready – look at my to-do list! I need to _______ to _______ . And I still have to _______ to _______ .
A: Uh – oh. So, is it expensive to fly to _______ — or is it easy to find cheap flights?
B: Well, it’s not too hard to find a bargain. You just have to do some research.
A: Right. So why are you going, exactly?
B: To _______ . Then I’m going somewhere to _______ .
A: Nice. Sounds like a fun trip. Good luck with your list.
B: Thanks.

Books closed.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mom. Jenny is going on a trip. Mom suggests that Jenny take 6 things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent
2. flashlight
3. spare batteries
4. jacket (whose?)
5. hat (whose?)
6. extra shoes

Bonus question
Did Jenny hear her mom? Why or why not.

No she didn’t.
She was wearing headphones.

Look again at the conversation between Jenny and her mom. Mom is making suggestions and giving advice. What phrases does Mom use to make suggestions or give advice?

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Practice the conversation with a partner. Use a phrase for “advice and suggestions” in the blanks.

Do you want to … ? could … need to …
It’s a good idea to … Why don’t … ? should …
Don’t forget to …
Mom: Jenny, maybe _____ take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and _____ pack some spare batteries. … _____ take my jacket? _____ have something warm. … Now, _____ take a hat. _____ borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, _____ pack some other shoes?
Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Books closed. Listen to the conversation between Chris and Stan. What four suggestions does Chris make?

1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking

Listen again. What does Stan think about each of Chris’ suggestions? (Does he like them or not?) How do you know? (What does he say?)

1. take a few days off

likes

Stan says, “We should,” and “Definitely.”

2. go to Mexico

likes

Stan says, “That’s a great idea.”

3. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

doesn’t like

Stan says, “Maybe,” and “I guess we could, but …”

4. quit their jobs and go backpacking

doesn’t like

Stan says, “I don’t know,” and “I’d like to, but …”

Responding to Suggestions

Like: Don’t like:
That’s a great idea. Maybe.
That sounds great. I guess we could, but …
I’d love to. I don’t know.
I’d like to, but …

Page 70, Exercise 1, Part D

1. That’s a great idea. / That sounds great. / I’d love to.

2. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

3. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

4. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

5. Maybe. / I guess we could, but … / I don’t know. / I’d like to, but …

6. That’s a great idea. / That sounds great. / I’d love to.

Practice the conversation, but fill in the blanks with ways to make suggestions and how to respond to suggestions.

A: You know, we _____ take a few days off sometime.
B: Yeah, _____ .
A: We _____ go to Mexico or something.
B: _____ .
A: We _____ even go for a couple of weeks.
B: Well, _____ …
A: You know, we _____ just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months.
B: Well, _____ … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
A: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Books closed. Listen to the conversations and answer the questions.

Conversation 1

Where does Mark want to go this summer?

Answer: Mexico

Does Mark’s friend want to go to Mexico? If not, why not?

Answer: Not really.

He doesn’t know if it’s easy to find cheap flights.

What kind of class does Mark want to take?

Answer: French

Does Mark’s friend want to take a French class? If not, then what kind of class would she prefer?

Answer: Not really.

He really wants to learn Spanish.

How does Mark want to travel along the coast?

Answer: By driving.

Does Mark’s friend want to join them? If not, then why not?

Answer: Yes.

However, he would like to know if there are any nice places to stay.

What would Mark like to do in Australia?

Answer: Backpacking.

Does Mark’s friend want to join him? If not, then why not?

Answer: No.

It’s not easy to go, and he has to work.

What does Mark want to go and see?

Answer: A Chinese festival.

Does Mark’s friend want to go, too? If not, then why not?

Answer: Yes.

He would like to know if they have music and food.

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

Bonus Questions

1. What can you buy at the town near the Cave Hotel?

2. What are the rooms in the Lighthouse Hotel like? (Describe the rooms.)

3. Besides dolphins, what else can you watch at the Lighthouse Hotel?

4. How do you get to the Spa Hotel from Vienna? How long does it take?

5. What is it like at the Spa Hotel? How is the view?

6. What can you do at the Spa Hotel?

Bonus Questions

1. What can you buy at the town near the Cave Hotel?

You can buy local crafts, like rugs and jewelry.

2. What are the rooms in the Lighthouse Hotel like? (Describe the rooms.)

3. Besides dolphins, what else can you watch at the Lighthouse Hotel?

2. The rooms are very beautiful and luxurious.

3. You can do bird-watching.

4. How do you get to the Spa Hotel from Vienna? How long does it take?

5. What is it like at the Spa Hotel? How is the view?

6. What can you do at the Spa Hotel?

4. It’s a two-hour drive.

5. It’s so quiet and peaceful. The views are fantastic.

6. You can relax or exercise. You can go swimming, walk on the grounds, or just sleep by the pool.

Homework: Unit 7

Go to Page 72. Read the text.

* Vocabulary *

Next to each definition, write the word from the text.

__________ (noun) a curved, round roof of a building

__________ (noun) a large group of animals, such as cows, that live and eat together

__________ (adjective) pleasant and attractive

__________ (noun) a large South American animal with a long neck and long hair, often kept for its meat, milk, or fur and to carry heavy loads

__________ (noun) objects relating to famous people or events that people collect

__________ (verb) to appear through or from behind something, or to make something do this

__________ (adjective) excellent

__________ (noun) an electric vehicle for carrying passengers, mostly in cities, which moves along metal lines in the road

__________ (noun) a long, difficult journey that you make by walking

__________ (noun) a vehicle that is used for carrying things but that is smaller than a truck

__________ (verb) to walk slowly about a place without any purpose

Read the text and answer the questions.

* Controversy Tram Hotel, The Netherlands *

1. What are the rooms?

2. What are the themes?

3. Where do the owners sleep and cook?

* EcoCamp, Chile *

1. Where is EcoCamp?

2. At EcoCamp, what is amazing?

3. What can you do during the daytime?

4. What can you do during the evening?

* Giraffe Manor, Nairobi *

1. What should you bring? Why?

Homework: Unit 7

Go to Page 72. Read the text.

* Vocabulary *

Next to each definition, write the word from the text.

_dome_ (noun) a curved, round roof of a building

_herd_ (noun) a large group of animals, such as cows, that live and eat together

_inviting_ (adjective) pleasant and attractive

_llama_ (noun) a large South American animal with a long neck and long hair, often kept for its meat, milk, or fur and to carry heavy loads

_memorabilia_ (noun) objects relating to famous people or events that people collect

_poke_ (verb) to appear through or from behind something, or to make something do this

_superb_ (adjective) excellent

_tram_ (noun) an electric vehicle for carrying passengers, mostly in cities, which moves along metal lines in the road

_trek_ (noun) a long, difficult journey that you make by walking

_van_ (noun) a vehicle that is used for carrying things but that is smaller than a truck

_wander_ (verb) to walk slowly about a place without any purpose

Read the text and answer the questions.

* Controversy Tram Hotel, The Netherlands *

1. What are the rooms?

They are old trams from Germany and Holland.

2. What are the themes?

The themes are American, Italian, French, and Mexican.

3. Where do the owners sleep and cook?

The owners sleep in an old double-decker bus from England.

They cook in a French van.

* EcoCamp, Chile *

1. Where is EcoCamp?

It’s in the heart of the Torres del Paine National Park.

2. At EcoCamp, what is amazing?

The scenery and the peace and quiet are amazing.

3. What can you do during the daytime?

You can trek through the mountains and see guanacos (a type of llama) and other wildlife.

4. What can you do during the evening?

You can relax and enjoy a delicious dinner.

* Giraffe Manor, Nairobi *

1. What should you bring? Why?

You should bring a camera to take pictures of the giraffes, elegant rooms, or superb views of the Ngong Hills.

Pair work.

Have many conversations with a partner. Change the underlined words. Give reasons why

A: Do you want to go to the Cave Hotel?
Why don’t we the Lighthouse Hotel?
We could the Spa Hotel
We should the Controversy Tram Hotel
We ought to the EcoCamp
It would be a good idea to the Giraffe Manor
B: That’s a great idea. We can take a hot-air balloon ride.
That sounds great. We can watch the dolphins.
I’d love to.
I guess we could, but I need to work to pay for school.
I’d like to, but I don’t have any money.
I don’t know. I already have an appointment.
Maybe. It’s very far away.

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