University English: the blog for ESL students

March 30, 2015

Unit 4: The Internet and Technology

Filed under: Unit 4: The Internet and Technology — richardlstansfield @ 9:21 am

Page 70, Exercise 1
1. diving
2. helmet
3. tank
4. screen
5. projector
6. shark
7. virtual reality
8. submarine

Ask each other:

Would you like to …?

– go diving in a sea where you can find sharks?
– ride a motorbike with no helmet?
– keep a fish tank with different fish at home?
– have a projector and a cinema screen at home to watch films?
– travel under water in a submarine?
– experience virtual reality?
Page 70, Exercise 3
1. five
2. the world
3. laughing
4. under the tank
5. some
6. glass
7. dark
8. can

Page 71, Exercise 4
1. expensive … far away
2. helmet … glasses
3. training
4. camera
5. sharks

Page 71, Exercise 6
2. a. You can swim with the sharks and see them up close.
2. b. You can’t get hurt.

“What would you like to experience in virtual reality? Why?”

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous.

Report to the Class

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous. My partner would like to experience skydiving in virtual reality because if your parachute doesn’t open, you can die.

Page 72, Exercise 1

Page 72, Exercise 3
Pronunciation for Listening
/s/ – subject
– suit
– sort
– maths
– face
– disabled person
/sh/ – wash
– fish
– nation
– water pollution
– ocean
– wish
– short
/ch/ – teacher
– kitchen
– which
– match
– cheap

You will listen to a radio program in which people will talk about robots. Listen and answer the questions.
1. Are there many or few sorts of robots? – many
2. Are the robots cheap or expensive? – cheap(er)
3. What kinds of things do the robots do?
a. factory work *
b. household chores for old people (e.g. washing clothes) *
c. cooking
d. medical care *
e. measuring pollution in the sea *
f. police checks
g. answering phones

Page 73, Exercise 8

1. expensive
2. new types of robots
3. age
4. robot fish

Giving Reasons

We can use the following phrases to give reasons:
– as – because
– thanks to – because of
– due to

“Because” and “as” are followed by complete clauses. (Clauses = small sentence inside of a larger sentence.)

e.g. I failed the test because I didn’t study.
e.g. I failed the test as I didn’t study.

“Thanks to,” “because of,” and “due to” are followed by noun phrases.

e.g. People have a much better quality of life thanks to food from other countries.
e.g. Some disabled people can’t do housework because of their disabilities.
e.g. We can find out about pollution quickly due to new technology.

“Thanks to” is only used with positive (good) things.

Page 74, Exercise 9
1. Thanks to
2. due to/because of
3. as
4. Because of/Due to


* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Discuss these questions with partners. Remember to use expressions to “Give Opinions,” “Agree,” and “Disagree.” Also, give reasons why. (You can use phrases like “as,” “thanks to,” “because,” and “due to.”)


A: Have robots changed society?
B: It seems to me that robots have changed society as they do a lot of factory work. Thanks to factory robots, more people can work in offices instead of factories.
A: Yes, I see what you’re saying but some people still work in factories …

* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Page 76, Exercise 6

1. switch it on
2. keyboard … mouse
3. log on
4. wifi … go online
5. the cloud
6. shut down

Page 76, Exercise 7

Page 77, Exercise 8

Verbs Nouns

surf battery
charge apps
text text

Page 77, Exercise 9

1. keys
2. apps
3. surf
4. text
5. battery
6. charger … charge

Page 77, Exercise 10

Page 78, Exercise 1

1. stupid b
2. memory f
3. research a
4. difficult c
5. scientist g
6. location e
7. computer file d

Page 78, Exercise 3


When a word ends in two consonants, and the next word begins with a consonant, we don’t pronounce the second consonant.


And two weeks later …

When a syllable is reduced (reduced = not stressed), the vowels often becomes a schwa.

Page 79, Exercise 5

1. memory
2. difficult
3. websites
4. information
5. lazy

Page 79, Exercise 6

6. information
7. answer
8. how
9. put
10. facts
11. location
12. find

What are some possible problems with keeping your information …
– on your computer?
– on your smartphone?
– in “the cloud”?

Conjunctions are used to link (connect) words, phrases, and clauses. (Clauses = small sentences inside larger sentences.) Clauses can be used to link similar ideas or different ideas. Look at the clauses below, and write them under “Similar Information” or “Different Information”

also and as well as but however

on the other hand too whereas

Similar Information Different Information

also but
and however
as well as on the other hand
too whereas

Final Speaking Project

Choose one of the technologies below, then write some advantages and disadvantages about it.

the Internet mobile phones Internet TV

3D TV cars that work without a driver

robot surgeons

Advantages Disadvantages

Pair Work

Tell each other about the technology you chose. Give your opinions by using phrases for “Giving Opinions” and give reasons by using conjunctions like “as” and “because of.”

Talk about both advantages and disadvantages by using conjunctions such as “as well as,” “on the other hand,” and “whereas.”

It seems to me that the Internet is making us lazy due to the fact that people don’t remember information anymore. They just remember where to find the information. Also, people don’t know how to spell words anymore, since they just use symbols like “k thnx” and “ㅋㅋㅋ.”
On the other hand, the Internet is a great way to learn about things because it has more up-to-date information than most books …


March 20, 2015

Possible Material for Unit 3 Surprise Quiz

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 10:33 am

* Vocabulary (Page 53, Exercise 1 and Page 53, Exercise 2)

* Stress Patterns:
Be able to say how many syllables a word has, and which syllable is stressed.

* Be able to write sentences that express purpose (Page 56, Exercises 7 and 8)

* Verb Patterns (Page 58, Exercises 6 and 7, and Page 59, Exercise 8)

* Phrases for “Giving Your Opinion/Statements,” “Agreeing,” and “Disagreeing” (Page 65, Exercise 5, and class hand-outs)

Unit 3: Answers

Filed under: Unit 3: School and Education — richardlstansfield @ 10:12 am

Getting Ready to Watch a Video: Discussion

* Have you ever learned something outside of a classroom? What was it? How did you learn it? Did you enjoy it? Why?

* Do you plan to learn something new? If so, then what would you like to learn? Why?

* What do you think will happen to schools and learning in the future?

Discussion, Part 2

Report to the class. Tell us about your partner. Use phrases like:
“My partner learned something outside of a classroom …”
“My partner plans to learn something new … “
“My partner thinks that, in the future, schools and learning will …”

“My partner learned something outside of a classroom. She learned how to make videos. She filmed things with her smart phone. Then she uploaded it to her computer. Then she edited it with software that she found on the Internet. She enjoyed it because she then uploaded her video onto YouTube. Now she is a YouTube star with many followers.”

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 1


1. b
2. a
3. b
4. a
5. b
6. b
7. a
8. a

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 2


1. results
2. education
3. primary
4. feed
5. high school
6. pass
7. training
8. martial arts

Pair Work: Discussion

Do you think schools are the same or different in China, India, and South Africa?

While Watching, Exercise 5

Were the schools in China, India, and South Africa the same or different? How were they the same or different?

Similarities: students want to get a job // students wear uniforms // schools feed the children (India and South Africa)

Differences: teachers use newspapers due to a lack of text books (South Africa) // students learn martial arts (China) // boarding school (India) // school is far away (South Africa)

While Watching, Exercise 6


1. 37
2. 106
3. 10
4. 14
5. 1st
6. 300


* In your country, is it important to go to university? Why or why not?

* In your country, what kinds of jobs are popular? Do you need special education to do them?

Page 54, Preparing To Listen

1. Subjects: biology, physics, French, chemistry, geography, history, art, math(s)

2. Places: classroom, computer room, laboratory, library, corridor, office, stairs

3. People: teacher, lecturer

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening


How many syllables does it have? 2

Which syllable is stressed?
(“Stressed” = said more loudly, slowly, clearly, and said at a higher pitch)


How many syllables does it have? 3
Which syllable is stressed?


How many syllables does it have? 4
Which syllable is stressed?

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening

(1 syllable) (2 syllables, (3 syllables, (4 syllables,
1st stressed) 1st stressed) 2nd stressed)

art teacher lecturer biology
math(s) Physics chemistry geography
French office corridor computer room
stairs classroom library

Ask each other the question below. When you answer:
a. give reasons why, and
b. use the correct stress patterns when answering
e.g. “I like biology because I’m interested in living things and how they work.”

* Which subjects at school do you like?
* Which subjects at school are you good at?

Page 55: Exercise 5, While Listening
Listen to the tour of the university and complete the map.
1. library d
2. canteen a
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater f
5. events office c
6. international office b
7. computer room e

Page 56: Exercise 6
Listen again and match the places with their functions.
1. canteen d
2. library e
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater b
5. events office f
6. international office a
7. computer room c

Page 56, Exercise 7: Post-listening
Match the sentence beginnings with their endings to make sentences that express purpose (why we go to a place and what we can do there).
1. It’s a really useful place to go for help with visas.
2. It’s a really useful place to go to get help with visas.
3. It’s a really useful place where you can get help with visas.

Page 56, Exercise 8
Write sentences about the place in bold with the words in brackets. Use the example sentences in Exercise 7 to help you.
1. A canteen is a place where we can eat. // We go to a canteen to eat. // We go to a canteen for food.
2. A library is a place where we can read. // We go to a library to read. // We go to a library for books.
3. A lecture theater is a place where we can learn. // We go to a lecture theater to learn. // We go to a lecture theater for information.
* Which places at Inha University do you use the most? Why?
* Which places at Inha University do you think are the most useful? Why?

Page 57: Collocations about Learning

Exercise 1

“teach”  because the others are what students do

Exercise 2
1. study
2. learn
3. revise
* Do you think it’s easy to learn a new language? Why or why not?
* Do you think it’s a good idea to revise a lot before an exam? Why or why not?

Page 57: Review of Prepositional Phrases


“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

prepositional phrase

“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

Exercise 4

1. in front of the stairs, in the main hall
2. opposite the stairs
3. On the right, next to the canteen
4. to the left of the canteen
5. on the left
6. The second on the left
7. on the first floor
Page 58: Basic Verb Patterns

Look at the sentences and find the helping verbs (auxiliary verbs) and main verbs.
e.g. I can swim very well.
e.g. I’m going to go to the store tomorrow.

1. want to pass
2. enjoyed studying
3. started to apply
4. began talking
5. didn’t mind helping
6. apologized for being
7. planning on going
8. began to learn
9. started getting
10. agreed to answer

Page 58, Exercise 7 (Basic Verb Patterns)

* Verb + Preposition followed by Verb + -ing
concentrate on (“The course concentrated on reading and writing.”)
1. apologize for (“He apologized for being late.”)
2. plan on (“They’re planning on going abroad.”)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb) or verb + -ing

prefer (“Do you prefer to work alone or do you prefer working in a group?”)
3. start (“I started to apply to universities.”) // (“I started getting headaches.”)
4. begin (“He began talking.”) // (“She began to learn Arabic.”)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb)

decide (“She decided to take maths.”)
5. want (“I want to pass my exams.”)
6. agree (“He agreed to answer more questions.”)

* verb followed by verb + -ing)
finish (“I finished doing my homework.”)
7. enjoy (“He enjoyed studying French.”)
8. mind (“She didn’t mind helping her friend.”)

Page 59, Exercise 8
1. leaning/to learn
2. reading
3. to speak
4. doing
5. working/to work
6. to help
7. talking about
8. to leave
9. driving
10. paying
11. discussing

Page 61, Exercise 8

a. Agreement: 1, 3, 5
b. Polite Disagreement: 2, 4

Page 61, Exercise 8

a. Agreement: 1, 3, 5
b. Polite Disagreement: 2, 4

but on the other hand

Page 65, Exercise 5

Giving Your Opinion: I think // It seems to me // In my opinion // I feel

Agreeing: I agree // I totally agree // That’s true // Yes, that’s right // Exactly! // You’re right

Disagreeing: Yes, but // It’s good but // I am not really sure // I don’t think so // I don’t agree with that // Yes, I see what you’re saying but


Turn the following sentences into expressions of opinion, and discuss them. Give reasons for your opinions.
e.g. “We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.”
A: It seems to me that we will always have teachers and classrooms. We need a teacher to ask questions if we don’t understand.
B: I’m not sure I agree. Computers can be programmed to answer questions.
A: Perhaps, but I don’t think computers can answer questions as well as human teachers.

* We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.
* Learning online can/can’t help people learn quickly.
* Mobile learning is not good because students send messages instead of working.

Discussion, Part 2
Report to the class about your opinions. Use these phrases:
* Both of us thought that … because …
* Neither of us thought that … because …
* I thought that … because … However, my partner thought that …
e.g. “I thought that we will always have teachers and classrooms because we need a teacher to ask questions. However, my partner thought that computers can be programmed to answer questions.

March 2, 2015


Filed under: syllabus — richardlstansfield @ 1:18 am

Instructor: Richard Stansfield

Course Name: English Communication: Pre-Intermediate

Spring 2015, Semester 1


You will put your cell-phones into a bag at the beginning of class, and you will get them back at the end of class. You can also look at your cell-phones

during the break. However, when the break is finished, you must put your cell-phones back in the bag. Anyone who cheats will receive an absense on their

Attendance as well as a severe penalty on their Participation score.

Tablet Computers (eg. iPad, etc.)

You can use a tablet computer (such as an iPad) in class. (I use one myself.) However, you must use them for learning and class work. Do not use them to

play games, chat on Kakao Talk, etc.

Sleeping in Class

Do not sleep in my class. Ever. Anyone who sleeps in class will receive an absense on their Attendance as well as a severe penalty on their Participation


Text Book: Unlock: Listening and Speaking Skills 2


Weeks 1 to 7: Units 3, 4, and 5

Week 8: Mid-term Exams

Weeks 9 to 15: Units 8, 9, and 10

Week 16: Final Exams


Tuesday, May 5 (Children’s Day)

Monday, May 25 (Buddha’s Birthday)


Attendance: 10%

Participation: 10%

Mid-term Exam: 25%

Final Exam: 25%

Other Assessments: 30%

Details of Assessments


Attendance: 10%

Students lose 1% for every hour that they are absent. Being absent for 12 hours leads to a grade of F (Fail).

3 lates = 1 absent

20 minutes late = absent

sleeping in class = absent

using cell-phone = absent

forget pen/pencil, textbook, notebook, or folder = late

* 4 Acceptable Excuses for Absences (all require documentation):

1. went to the hospital

You must have a valid, official doctor’s note.

2. family member died

3. military service (e.g. physical examination)

4. You have a job already (not a job interview or a job offer).

–> You must bring me documents that I can keep. Also, you must take the Mid-Term Exam.

* Unacceptable Excuses for Absences:

– everything else (I do’t care about “membership training” (MTs), school festivals, etc.

* Education majors who are doing a teaching internship must inform me and provide documents

Participation: 10%

Watch the video and tell me: Do the students show good participation or not?

Participation is being active, not passive.

I will carry yellow, red, and green cards. If you receive a green card, you receive points on participation. If you receive a yellow card (bad) or red card

(very bad), you will lose points on participation.

Examples of good participation: doing discussion questions as practice, not as a race // speaking in English // speaking in complete sentences // taking

notes // sitting at or near the front.

Mid-term Exam: 25%

Final Exam: 25%

One of these exams will be a presentation, and the other will be an interview. I will give you more details later.

Other Assessments: 30%

This will include things like tests, homework, writing assignments, etc. It may also include participating on on-line discussion forums or blogs. You will

need to register and do some of this on-line. I will give you details later.


A: approx. 20%

B: approx. 30%

C: 30%

D, F: 20%

Contact Information:

* Office: 5남242

* Telephone Number: (032) 860-8858

How to Contact Me Online

Leave a comment here, at this website.

1. Go to leave a comment.

2. Under “”Leave a Reply”, write your message. Include your class number.

3. Write your e-mail address. (Only I will see it. Other people will not see it.)

4. Write your name.

5. Click on “Post comment.”

Teacher’s Schedule:


11:00 to 11:50 — Class 13

13:00 to 14:50 — Class 21

15:00 to 15:50 — English Through Music (English Lounge)


9:00 to 10:50 — Class 5

12:00 to 12:50 — Class 37


9:00 to 10:50 — Class 13

13:00 to 14:50 — Class 29


11:00 to 11:50 — Class 5

12:00 to 12:50 — Class 21

14:00 to 14:50 — Science for Anyone (English Lounge)


11:00 to 11:50 — Class 29

13:00 to 14:50 — Class 37

Office hours will be posted on my door.

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