University English: the blog for ESL students

March 20, 2015

Unit 3: Answers

Filed under: Unit 3: School and Education — richardlstansfield @ 10:12 am

Getting Ready to Watch a Video: Discussion

* Have you ever learned something outside of a classroom? What was it? How did you learn it? Did you enjoy it? Why?

* Do you plan to learn something new? If so, then what would you like to learn? Why?

* What do you think will happen to schools and learning in the future?

Discussion, Part 2

Report to the class. Tell us about your partner. Use phrases like:
“My partner learned something outside of a classroom …”
“My partner plans to learn something new … “
“My partner thinks that, in the future, schools and learning will …”

Example
“My partner learned something outside of a classroom. She learned how to make videos. She filmed things with her smart phone. Then she uploaded it to her computer. Then she edited it with software that she found on the Internet. She enjoyed it because she then uploaded her video onto YouTube. Now she is a YouTube star with many followers.”

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 1

Answers

1. b
2. a
3. b
4. a
5. b
6. b
7. a
8. a

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 2

Answers

1. results
2. education
3. primary
4. feed
5. high school
6. pass
7. training
8. martial arts

Pair Work: Discussion

Do you think schools are the same or different in China, India, and South Africa?

While Watching, Exercise 5

Were the schools in China, India, and South Africa the same or different? How were they the same or different?

Similarities: students want to get a job // students wear uniforms // schools feed the children (India and South Africa)

Differences: teachers use newspapers due to a lack of text books (South Africa) // students learn martial arts (China) // boarding school (India) // school is far away (South Africa)

While Watching, Exercise 6

Answers

1. 37
2. 106
3. 10
4. 14
5. 1st
6. 300

Discussion

* In your country, is it important to go to university? Why or why not?

* In your country, what kinds of jobs are popular? Do you need special education to do them?

Page 54, Preparing To Listen

1. Subjects: biology, physics, French, chemistry, geography, history, art, math(s)

2. Places: classroom, computer room, laboratory, library, corridor, office, stairs

3. People: teacher, lecturer

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening

table

How many syllables does it have? 2

Which syllable is stressed?
(“Stressed” = said more loudly, slowly, clearly, and said at a higher pitch)

radio

How many syllables does it have? 3
Which syllable is stressed?

conditioner

How many syllables does it have? 4
Which syllable is stressed?

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening

A B C D
(1 syllable) (2 syllables, (3 syllables, (4 syllables,
1st stressed) 1st stressed) 2nd stressed)

art teacher lecturer biology
math(s) Physics chemistry geography
French office corridor computer room
stairs classroom library
history

Discussion
Ask each other the question below. When you answer:
a. give reasons why, and
b. use the correct stress patterns when answering
e.g. “I like biology because I’m interested in living things and how they work.”

* Which subjects at school do you like?
* Which subjects at school are you good at?

Page 55: Exercise 5, While Listening
Listen to the tour of the university and complete the map.
1. library d
2. canteen a
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater f
5. events office c
6. international office b
7. computer room e

Page 56: Exercise 6
Listen again and match the places with their functions.
1. canteen d
2. library e
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater b
5. events office f
6. international office a
7. computer room c

Page 56, Exercise 7: Post-listening
Match the sentence beginnings with their endings to make sentences that express purpose (why we go to a place and what we can do there).
1. It’s a really useful place to go for help with visas.
2. It’s a really useful place to go to get help with visas.
3. It’s a really useful place where you can get help with visas.

Page 56, Exercise 8
Write sentences about the place in bold with the words in brackets. Use the example sentences in Exercise 7 to help you.
1. A canteen is a place where we can eat. // We go to a canteen to eat. // We go to a canteen for food.
2. A library is a place where we can read. // We go to a library to read. // We go to a library for books.
3. A lecture theater is a place where we can learn. // We go to a lecture theater to learn. // We go to a lecture theater for information.
Discussion
* Which places at Inha University do you use the most? Why?
* Which places at Inha University do you think are the most useful? Why?

Page 57: Collocations about Learning

Exercise 1

“teach”  because the others are what students do

Exercise 2
1. study
2. learn
3. revise
Discussion
* Do you think it’s easy to learn a new language? Why or why not?
* Do you think it’s a good idea to revise a lot before an exam? Why or why not?

Page 57: Review of Prepositional Phrases

preposition

“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

prepositional phrase

“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

Exercise 4

1. in front of the stairs, in the main hall
2. opposite the stairs
3. On the right, next to the canteen
4. to the left of the canteen
5. on the left
6. The second on the left
7. on the first floor
Page 58: Basic Verb Patterns

Look at the sentences and find the helping verbs (auxiliary verbs) and main verbs.
e.g. I can swim very well.
e.g. I’m going to go to the store tomorrow.

1. want to pass
2. enjoyed studying
3. started to apply
4. began talking
5. didn’t mind helping
6. apologized for being
7. planning on going
8. began to learn
9. started getting
10. agreed to answer

Page 58, Exercise 7 (Basic Verb Patterns)

* Verb + Preposition followed by Verb + -ing
concentrate on (“The course concentrated on reading and writing.”)
1. apologize for (“He apologized for being late.”)
2. plan on (“They’re planning on going abroad.”)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb) or verb + -ing

prefer (“Do you prefer to work alone or do you prefer working in a group?”)
3. start (“I started to apply to universities.”) // (“I started getting headaches.”)
4. begin (“He began talking.”) // (“She began to learn Arabic.”)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb)

decide (“She decided to take maths.”)
5. want (“I want to pass my exams.”)
6. agree (“He agreed to answer more questions.”)

* verb followed by verb + -ing)
finish (“I finished doing my homework.”)
7. enjoy (“He enjoyed studying French.”)
8. mind (“She didn’t mind helping her friend.”)

Page 59, Exercise 8
1. leaning/to learn
2. reading
3. to speak
4. doing
5. working/to work
6. to help
7. talking about
8. to leave
9. driving
10. paying
11. discussing

Page 61, Exercise 8

a. Agreement: 1, 3, 5
b. Polite Disagreement: 2, 4

Page 61, Exercise 8

a. Agreement: 1, 3, 5
b. Polite Disagreement: 2, 4

but on the other hand

Page 65, Exercise 5

Giving Your Opinion: I think // It seems to me // In my opinion // I feel

Agreeing: I agree // I totally agree // That’s true // Yes, that’s right // Exactly! // You’re right

Disagreeing: Yes, but // It’s good but // I am not really sure // I don’t think so // I don’t agree with that // Yes, I see what you’re saying but

Discussion

Turn the following sentences into expressions of opinion, and discuss them. Give reasons for your opinions.
e.g. “We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.”
A: It seems to me that we will always have teachers and classrooms. We need a teacher to ask questions if we don’t understand.
B: I’m not sure I agree. Computers can be programmed to answer questions.
A: Perhaps, but I don’t think computers can answer questions as well as human teachers.

* We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.
* Learning online can/can’t help people learn quickly.
* Mobile learning is not good because students send messages instead of working.

Discussion, Part 2
Report to the class about your opinions. Use these phrases:
* Both of us thought that … because …
* Neither of us thought that … because …
* I thought that … because … However, my partner thought that …
e.g. “I thought that we will always have teachers and classrooms because we need a teacher to ask questions. However, my partner thought that computers can be programmed to answer questions.

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2 Comments »

  1. Dear teacher,the word “laboratory”which has three syllables and the first one is stressed didn’t appear(the answer of Page 54) (°ー°〃)

    Comment by 서옥림 — March 21, 2015 @ 7:46 am | Reply

    • The word “laboratory” can be pronounced two ways:

      – North Americans pronounce it with four syllables, with stress on the first syllable.

      – Britons pronounce it with five syllables, with stress on the second syllable.

      Comment by richardlstansfield — March 22, 2015 @ 8:32 am | Reply


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