University English: the blog for ESL students

October 5, 2015

Unit 4: The Internet and Technology

Filed under: Unit 4: The Internet and Technology — richardlstansfield @ 5:09 am

Page 70, Exercise 1
1. diving
2. helmet


3. tank
4. screen
5. projector
6. shark


7. virtual reality

virtual reality

8. submarine


Ask each other:

Would you like to …?

– go diving in a sea where you can find sharks?
– ride a motorbike with no helmet?
– keep a fish tank with different fish at home?
– have a projector and a cinema screen at home to watch films?
– travel under water in a submarine?
– experience virtual reality?
Page 70, Exercise 3
1. five
2. the world
3. laughing
4. under the tank
5. some
6. glass
7. dark
8. can

Page 71, Exercise 4
1. expensive … far away
2. helmet … glasses
3. training
4. camera
5. sharks

Page 71, Exercise 6
2. a. You can see sharks up close and swim alongside them.
2. b. You can’t get hurt.

“What would you like to experience in virtual reality? Why?”

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous.

Report to the Class

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous.

My partner would like to experience skydiving in virtual reality because if your parachute doesn’t open, you can die.

skydiving with parachute

Page 72, Exercise 1

Page 72, Exercise 3
Pronunciation for Listening
/s/ – subject
– suit
– disabled
– sort
– face
– maths
/sh/ – wash
– fish
– pollution
– nation
– short
– wish
– ocean
/ch/ – teacher
– kitchen
– which
– match
– cheap

You will listen to a radio program in which people will talk about robots. Listen and answer the questions.
1. Are there many or few sorts of robots? – many
2. Are the robots cheap or expensive? – cheaper
3. What kinds of things do the robots do?
a. factory work *
b. household chores for old people (e.g. washing clothes) *
c. cooking
d. medical care *
e. measuring pollution in the sea *
f. police checks
g. answering phones

robot teaching English in South Korea

Page 73, Exercise 8

1. expensive
2. (new types of) robots
3. age
4. robot fish

Giving Reasons

We can use the following phrases to give reasons:
– as – because
– thanks to – because of
– due to

“Because” and “as” are followed by complete clauses. (Clauses = small sentences inside of a larger sentence.)

e.g. I failed the test because I didn’t study.
e.g. I failed the test as I didn’t study.

“Thanks to,” “because of,” and “due to” are followed by noun phrases.

e.g. People have a much better quality of life thanks to food from other countries.
e.g. Some disabled people can’t do housework because of their disabilities.
e.g. We can find out about pollution quickly due to new technology.

“Thanks to” is only used with positive (good) things.

Page 74, Exercise 9
1. Thanks to
2. due to/because of
3. as
4. Because of/Due to


* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Discuss these questions with partners. Remember to use expressions to “Give Opinions,” “Agree,” and “Disagree.” Also, give reasons why. (You can use phrases like “as,” “thanks to,” “because,” and “due to.”)


A: Have robots changed society?
B: It seems to me that robots have changed society as they do a lot of factory work. Thanks to factory robots, more people can work in offices instead of factories.
A: Yes, I see what you’re saying but some people still work in factories …

* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Page 76, Exercise 6

1. switch it on
2. keyboard … mouse
3. log on
4. wifi … go online
5. the cloud
6. shut down

Page 76, Exercise 7

Page 77, Exercise 8

Verbs Nouns
charge battery
surf apps
text charger

Page 77, Exercise 9

1. keys
2. apps
3. surf
4. text
5. battery
6. charger … charge

Page 77, Exercise 10

Page 78, Exercise 1

1. stupid b
2. memory f
3. research a
4. difficult c
5. scientist g
6. location e
7. computer file d

Page 78, Exercise 3


When a word ends in two consonants, and the next word begins with a consonant, we don’t pronounce the second consonant.


And two weeks later …

When a syllable is reduced (reduced = not stressed), the vowels often becomes a schwa.

Page 79, Exercise 5

1. memory
2. difficult
3. websites
4. information
5. lazy

Page 79, Exercise 6

6. information
7. answer
8. how
9. put
10. facts
11. location
12. find


What are some possible problems with keeping your information …
– on your computer?
– on your smartphone?
– in “the cloud”?

Conjunctions are used to link (connect) words, phrases, and clauses. (Clauses = small sentences inside larger sentences.) Clauses can be used to link similar ideas or different ideas. Look at the clauses below, and write them under “Similar Information” or “Different Information”

also and as well as but however

on the other hand too whereas

Similar Information Different Information

also but
and however
as well as on the other hand
too whereas

Page 81, Exercise 1

1. However
2. whereas/but
3. On the other hand/However
4. but

Page 82, Exercise 5

a. and
b. but

a. whereas
b. and also

a. as well as
b. However,

Final Speaking Project

Choose one of the technologies below, then write some advantages and disadvantages about it.

the Internet mobile phones Internet TV

3D TV cars that work without a driver

robot surgeons

Advantages Disadvantages

Pair Work

Tell each other about the technology you chose. Give your opinions by using phrases for “Giving Opinions” and give reasons by using conjunctions like “as” and “because of.”

Talk about both advantages and disadvantages by using conjunctions such as “as well as,” “on the other hand,” and “whereas.”


It seems to me that the Internet is making us lazy due to the fact that people don’t remember information anymore. They just remember where to find the information. Also, people don’t know how to spell words anymore, since they just use symbols like “k thnx” and “ㅋㅋㅋ.”
On the other hand, the Internet is a great way to learn about things because it has more up-to-date information than most books …


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