University English: the blog for ESL students

October 6, 2015

Unit 5: Language and Communication

Filed under: Unit 5: Language and Communication — richardlstansfield @ 9:29 am

Page 88, Exercise 2

1. few c
2. many e
3. Equator f
4. beach b
5. speakers g
6. ancestors d
7. Antarctica a

Page 88, Exercise 3

1. Equator
2. beach
3. Antarctica
4. speakers
5. Many
6. ancestors
7. few
Page 89, Exercise 11

1. a real person or event
2. formal




“Genre” is a word similar in meaning to “type of.” (Korean uses the word “genre” too but the pronunciation is different.)

For example, there are music genres (such as heavy metal and hip hop) and movie genres (such as horror).

Genres have characteristics that can be used to identify them.

For example, heavy metal uses loud, distorted electric guitars, and hip hop is distinguished by fast talking in a rhythm. Horror movies have violence and fearful situations.

Now we will look at some other genres and their characteristics.

Page 91, Exercise 6

Genre Characteristics
d. present tenses used to describe recent

As you know, there are three tenses: past (e.g. yesterday), present (e.g. now), and future (e.g. tomorrow). However, we sometimes use the present tense to talk about things in the past. We do this when we are telling a story and want the events to feel like they are happening in front of you.

e.g. Person A is telling Person B a story, and wants the story to sound interesting.

A: “So I ask my friend to go and get it for me, and my friend is annoyed because he thinks it’s inconvenient …”

h. short sentences with positive

Adjectives are another part of speech. They modify nouns. That means that they describe, or tell us about, nouns. Look at the sentences below, and say what the adjectives are.
* It’s an interesting book.

* I went to the book store.

Genre Characteristics

radio advertisement: e, h
telephone message: f, g
museum tour: b, c
TV news report: a, d

Page 91, Exercise 7

radio advertisement: 4
telephone message: 2
museum tour: 3
TV news report: 1

Page 92, Exercise 9

Genre Country Language
1. television news report India Bo
2. telephone message the USA Navajo
3. museum tour Russia Tuva
4. radio advertisement Wales Welsh



* Do you think we should make efforts to preserve minority languages? (Remember that doing so will cost taxpayer money.) Why or why not?

* What if there was only one language in the world? What would be the advantages and disadvantages?


In the sentences below, what are the subjects, objects, and verbs? What are the types of objects?

* Michael gave his grandmother a present.

subject – Michael
verb – gave
direct object – a present
indirect object – his grandmother

* I tossed the ball to him.

subject – I
verb – tossed
direct object – the ball
indirect object – him

Some verbs must have an object (transitive verbs).


wrong – I can do.

correct – I can do it.

Verb Patterns
1. say
We say something (to someone).
2. tell
We tell someone something.
We don’t tell to someone something.
3. that
We can say that …
We can’t tell that …
4. speak
We speak to someone about something.
5. ask
We ask someone about something.
We ask someone to do something.

Page 94, Exercise 4

1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a
6. b
7. a

Now, try to correct the incorrect sentences.

1. b He told me Tuvan is a type of Russian.
2. b He told us that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
3. b He told us Tuvan is a type of Russian.
4. a He said that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
He said, “Tuvan is a type of Russian.”
5. a We spoke to someone.
6. b. We asked him about the end of Bo.
7. a. We spoke to him about the end of Bo.

Page 94, Exercise 5
Which one is incorrect?
1. We tell …
the answer
2. We say …
me something

I told the answer.
–> I told my friend the answer.
My friend said me something.
–> My friend said something to me.

Page 94, Exercise 6
1. tell
2. speak
3. tell
4. Tell
5. asked

Page 95, Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with one of these words:
blind lip palm pat pick up
1. blind
2. pick up
3. palm
4. lip
5. pat

Gran Torino
* What did the man do?
* What kind of reaction did the people have?
* Why?

Page 96, Exercise 4
1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a

Page 96, Exercise 5
a. 3
b. 2
c. 1
Page 96, Exercise 8
1. “Hello!” –> We hold our hand up with our palm facing towards the person and we wave.
2. “OK.” –> Make a circle with your thumb and index finger. Your palm faces away from you.
3. “It smells bad!” –> Pinch your nose with your index finger and thumb.
4. “It’s expensive.” (or signal for money) –> Rub your thumb against your index finger and middle finger.
5. “Please be quiet.” –> Put your index finger to your lips.

* “Come here.” –> Bring your hand towards your body repeatedly.
* “Go away.” –> Move your hand away from your body repeatedly.
* “Don’t do that.” –> Move your index finger to the left and to the right repeatedly.

Page 98, Exercise 1
1. Put
2. Put
3. thumb
4. chin
5. under
6. happy

Page 99, Exercise 3
1. Pick
2. Unlock
3. Enter
4. Select
5. Save
6. Press
7. Put
Page 100, Exercise 2
Start Middle End
first of all next 4. at the end
1. firstly then 5. finally
2. to start with 3. after that 6. to finish

Page 100, Exercise 4
Student A –> Page 100, Exercise 4
Student B –> Page 197

Student A
1. First of all, lift/open the lid of the photocopier.
2. Put the paper face down on the glass.
3. Next, open the paper tray.
4. Put the paper into the paper tray.
5. Straighten the paper.
6. Close the paper tray.
7. Finally, press the start button.

Student B
1. First of all, press/select the message icon.
2. Select “Create new message.”
3. Choose the recipient from your address book.
4. Next, type your message.
5. Select/Press “Send to …”
6. Finally, switch off your computer/tablet/smartphone.

Final Task
1. Choose one of the tasks below or think of your own.
* make a cup of tea or coffee
* change the oil or wheel of a car
* send an e-mail on a mobile phone
* sew on a button
* cook your national dish
2. Make a flow chart to prepare your instructions.
3. Give your instructions to a partner.
* Remember to use the Imperative verb form.
* Remember to use Adverbs of Sequence (first of all, firstly, to start with, next, then, after that, at the end, finally, to finish).


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