University English: the blog for ESL students

November 22, 2015

Unit 9: People

Filed under: Unit 9: People — richardlstansfield @ 8:52 am

In this Unit, you will learn how to describe an object and its functions.

Pair Work
1. What are some famous websites?
2. What do these websites do?
3. Which ones do you like? Why?
4. Who invented these websites?
5. Before the Internet, how did people get information about things?
6. How have social media websites* like Twitter and Facebook changed the lives of people?
* also known as (a.k.a.) social networking services (SNSs)

First Listening Exercise

What websites are mentioned in the video?

Page 160, Exercise 5

1.
2.

Page 161, Exercise 7
Try to complete the table. Then watch the video to check your answers. Then we will go over the answers together.
1. advertise
2. Craig Newark
3. 1996
4. 50
5. encyclopaedia
6. Jimmy Wales
7. 2001
8. 285

Page 161, Exercise 10: Saying Dates

In this video, the new prime minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, answers a question from a reporter. The reporter says, “Your cabinet, as you said, looks a lot like Canada. I understand that one of the priorities for you was to have a cabinet that was gender-balanced. Why was that so important to you?”
What is Trudeau’s answer?

“_Because_ _it’s_ _2015_.”
twenty fifteen

1. fourteen hundred
2. fifteen fifty
3. two thousand and five
4. two thousand and ten or twenty ten
5. twenty twenty-four or two thousand and twenty-four

Page 162

Look at the picture of “Emperor” Joshua Abraham Norton.
What kind of person do you think he was?
What kind of life do you think he had?

Exercises 2 and 3
Read the sentences in Exercise 2. Then match the words in bold to the definitions in Exercise 3.
3. a. homeless
b. sword
c. funeral
d. emperor
e. remarkable
f. fascinating

Listening Exercise

1. What work do Sam and Yasmin have to do?
– write a history essay on remarkable people
2. Who has done most of their work?
– Yasmin
3. Write down three facts about Joshua Abraham Norton and Joseph Conrad.

Joshua Abraham Norton

He grew up in South Africa and had a business there but it didn’t work.
So then he went to America in 1849 because he thought he could get rich.
To start with he was quite successful, but then his business failed and he lost all his money in 1853.
He became homeless and started living in the streets.
Possibly, he went a bit mad.
In 1859, he declared to everyone in San Francisco that he was the President of America and he started to walk around the streets in a uniform with a big hat and a sword.
He became quite famous.
The people around him called him “emperor” and when the police tried to arrest him people were very angry and he was let free again.
He even made his own paper money and the shops would let him use it.
When he died in 1880 he was still homeless but thirty thousand people came to his funeral.

Joseph Conrad

He was a Polish writer, but he didn’t write in Polish; he wrote in English.
He was a sailor before he became a writer.

Books closed. Listen to the teacher as he tells you about Joseph Conrad, and answer the questions.

1. What was Joseph Conrad’s job?

2. Why was he an extraordinary person?

3. What else did you learn about Joseph Conrad?

Page 166, Exercise 9

Try to write the correct form of the words in brackets in the gaps to complete the text. Then listen to the teacher as he tells the story again.

1. fascinated
2. happy
3. surprising
4. expensive
5. interesting
6. successful
7. believable

Now we will look at root words, word families, and parts of speech.

examples

fascinate (verb)  fascinated (adjective)

happy (adjective)  happiness (noun)
 happily (adverb)

surprise (verb, noun)  surprising (adjective)  surprisingly (adverb)

expense (noun)  expensive (adjective)

interest (verb, noun)  interesting (adjective)  interestingly (adverb)

succeed (verb)  success (noun)  successful (adjective)  successfully (adverb)

Page 164, Exercise 1
Look at the sentences and underline the adjectives in each one.

1. That is amazing!

2. Why are you interested in him?

3. He was a fascinating man.

4. Are you bored?

Page 164, Exercise 2
Underline the words that the adjective describes.

e.g. I gave my girlfriend a beautiful picture.

e.g. I gave my beautiful girlfriend a picture.

1. a. The news was surprising.
b. I was surprised by the news.
2. a. I was always bored when I went to see her.
b. She was boring so I tried not to see her.
3. a. He was excited by the idea for the new business.
b. His idea for the new business was exciting.
4. a. The man was very interested in my story.
b. The man told me a very interesting story.
5. a. The walk was very tiring.
b. The walk took a long time because I was tired.
6. a. What a fascinating picture!
b. My friend was fascinated by the picture.

Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes: come at the beginning of a word

happy  unhappy

man  superman

Suffixes: come at the end of a word

walk  walked

Page 164, Exercise 3

1. Adjectives ending in _-ing_ describe the reason for a feeling (e.g. situation).

2. Adjectives ending in _-ed_ describe what people feel as a result of something.

“My friend was horrified by the horrifying movie.”

Discussion

. Tell me about an exciting hobby.
. Tell me about an interesting person you know.
. Tell me about what makes you feel very tired.
. Tell me about a book or video that fascinated you.
. Tell me about the last time you were bored.
. Tell me about a boring job.

Page 165, Exercise 5

1. Suffixes come at the beginning/end of a word.

2. The suffixes –ing and –ed often make words into adjectives/nouns.

Page 165, Exercise 6

Write the adjective form of the verbs and nouns.

excite // exciting // excited // excitable
surprise // surprising // surprised
believe // believable
succeed // successful
comfort // comforted // comforting // comfortable
relax // relaxed // relaxing
shock // shocked // shocking // shockable
expense // expensive
happiness // happy
politeness // polite

Page 167, Exercise 1

Match the shapes to the nouns in the box.

1. diamond

2. square

3. oval

4. circle

5. triangle

6. rectangle

7. semicircle

Pronunciation

Stressed vs. Reduced Syllables
– more loudly – more softly
– more slowly – more quickly
– more clearly – less clearly

e.g. conditioner

# syllables =

stressed syllable = conditioner

e.g. extraordinary

# syllables =

stressed syllable = extraordinary
Page 167, Exercise 2

Underline the stressed syllable in each word.

1. diamond

2. square

3. oval

4. circle

5. triangle

6. rectangle

7. semicircle

Answers

1. diamond

2. square

3. oval

4. circle

5. triangle

6. rectangle

7. semicircle

Turn each noun into an adjective.

1. diamond 

2. square 

3. oval 

4. circle 

5. triangle 

6. rectangle 

7. semicircle 

Answers

1. diamond  diamond-shaped

2. square  square

3. oval  oval

4. circle  circular

5. triangle  triangular

6. rectangle  rectangular

7. semicircle  semicircular

Page 167, Exercise 5

Where is the stress in each adjective form? Is it the same as the nouns?

Answers

1. diamond  diamond-shaped

2. square  square

3. oval  oval

4. circle  circular

5. triangle  triangular

6. rectangle  rectangular

7. semicircle  semicircular
Page 168, Exercise 7

Listen and match each invention with both its inventor and its picture

Invention Inventor
1. hand-dryer a
2. egg chair c
3. wheelbarrow a
4. climbing car b

Picture 1  hand dryer
Picture 2  wheelbarrow
Picture 3  climbing car
Picture 4  egg chair

Page 168, Exercise 8

Listen again and write a word in each gap.

1. (kind of) round
2. colours
3. comfortable
4. two
5. square
6. easily
7. expensive
8. rectangular
9. quickly
10. oval
11. space
12. buildings

Discussion

. Which of the inventions do you think is the best and why?

. What objects do you use every day, and why?
. Which objects are most important to you, and why?
. Which objects would you like to own in the future, and why?

Page 169, Exercise 2
Write the words in the box in the correct sections of the description wheel.
Functions
1.
2.
Color
3.
Shape
4.
5.
Size
6.
7.
Features
8. Internet display
9.
Weight
10.
Price
11.
Materials
12.
13.

Answers

Functions
1. to provide entertainment
2. to provide information

Color
3. black

Shape
4. flat
5. rectangular

Size
6. large
7. 1 meter wide

Features
8. Internet display
9. high definition
Weight
10. heavy

Price
11. expensive

Materials
12. plastic
13. glass

Which object is described in the wheel?

 a TV

Page 170, Exercise 4

United Kingdom North America
mechanical torch flashlight

Correct the words in italics in the description.

Answers

(1) five
 two

(2) circle
 round / cylindrical

(3) square
 circular

(4) short
 long
Page 170, Exercise 5
Complete the description wheel with words and phrases from the description in Exercise 4.

Colour
– pale blue
– black

Shape
round / cylindrical

Size
small

Features
– easy to carry / portable
– good for the environment

Weight
light
Price
not given, but possibly cheap

Materials
– plastic
– glass

Functions
to provide/give light; there is a handle to wind up to give power

Page 171, Exercise 6

List the advantages and disadvantages of the flashlight (“mechanical torch”).

Advantages:
– easy to use
– does not need electricity
– small
– easy to take with you (e.g. on journeys, in a car, etc.)
– can be used anywhere
– can be used for a long time (by rewinding)

Disadvantages:
– have to wind it up to start it
(so it may not give light immediately and
might not be so good if you are tired)
– might be fragile
– might not be bright

Pair Work

Student A  go to Page 195
Student B  go to Page 198

Step 1
Student A describes the vacuum cleaner to Student B. Student B listens and labels the picture.

Step 2
Student B describes the shopping trolley to Student A. Student A listens and labels the picture.

Use the description of the flashlight on Page 170 as a model.

* It’s made of ___. (“It’s made of plastic and glass.”)

* heavy / light / long / short / thin / thick
(“The handle is long and thin.”)

* It has ___ parts.
(“It has two parts: a handle and the main body.”)

* You can … (“You can pull the handle out.”)

* It’s used for verb-ing … / It’s used to (verb) …
(“The handle’s used to wind up the flashlight to give it power.”)

* diamond-shaped / square / oval / circular / triangular / rectangular / semicircular

* at the front/at the back/on the side/on the bottom/on the top
(“On the side there is a handle.”)
Page 171, Exercise 1
Match the headings with the information about a radio.

1. a
2. c
3. f
4. b
5. e
6. d

Page 172, Exercise 2
Write a word in each gap in the description of the radio.

1. main
2. made
3. for
4. for
5. lets
6. to

Page 172, Exercise 3

1. What’s it made of?
It’s made of plastic and metal.
2. What does it look like?
It’s rectangular and has a handle.
3. What’s it used for?
It’s used for listening to radio programs where there is no electricity.
4. What does the antenna let you do?
The antenna lets people receive different radio programs.
5. What is the solar panel used to do?
The solar panel is used to get energy from the sun.

Let’s take another look at the phrases from Exercise 2.

a. is used for + verb-ing

The radio is used for listening to radio programs where there is no electricity.

b. is a thing for + verb-ing

The handle is a thing for winding the radio to get power.

c. is used to + verb (infinitive)

The solar panel is used to get energy from the sun.

d. lets + subject + verb (infinitive)

The antenna lets people receive different radio programs.

e. is made of + noun

The radio is made of plastic and metal.

f. has … main parts

The radio has two main parts.

Page 173, Exercise 7
Choose an object but don’t tell your partner what it is. Your partner asks you some questions to find out what it is.

– What does it look like?
– What’s it made of?
– What’s it used for?
– How many parts does it have?
– What are its advantages?
– What are its disadvantages?
– Is it ___?

 functions / color / shape / size / features / weight / price / materials / # of parts
 You see it …
 It looks like a ___.

Page 174, Exercise 1
Choose and object and make notes about it. Here are some examples: smart phone, car, laptop, watch, glasses, bus, etc.

Page 174, Exercise 2
Work with a partner. Take turns telling each other about the object, but don’t say the name. You have to guess the name of each other’s object.

 functions / color / shape / size / features / weight / price / materials / # of parts
– It’s made of …
– It has ___ parts …
– It’s used for [verb-ing] … / It’s used to [verb] … / It’s a thing for [verb-ing] …
– It lets + subject + verb
– Its advantages are …
– Its disadvantages are …
– You see it …
– It looks like ___.

 functions / color / shape / size / features / weight / price / materials / # of parts
 You see it …
 It looks like a ___.

– What does it look like?
– What’s it made of?
– What’s it used for?
– What is the ___ used for?
– What are its advantages?
– What are its disadvantages?
– Is it ___?

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