University English: the blog for ESL students

November 21, 2012

Unit 12: Looking ahead

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 2:21 am

Page 118

Books closed.

Listen. Each person has plans for next year. What are they?

Christy Lewis

She‘s graduating from college next June.

She guesses she‘ll look for a job.

She may go on for a master’s degree.

[Master’s (degree): (noun) a higher university qualification; a university degree that is higher than a bachelor’s degree]

Laura Chang

She‘s going to ask her boss for a promotion.

[promotion: (noun) when someone is given a more important job in the same organization ]

She might look for a better job.

Paul Reade

He hopes that he‘ll be able to travel around Europe for two months with his friends.

He might not be able to afford it.

Jim and Katie Conley

They‘re going to have a baby in March.

They will probably take some time off from work.

They’re sure that the baby will keep them very busy.

Joe Etta

He’s going to retire in June.

He and his wife will probably move in the fall to Florida or Arizona.

He and his wife won’t spend another winter here.

——————–

Look at the different ways to talk about the future:

Present Continuous

I‘m graduating from college next June.

–> It’s used to talk about plans or decisions already made.

Will/’ll/won’t

I guess I‘ll look for a job.

I know it won’t be easy to find a job.

I probably won’t get a promotion.

I hope I‘ll be able to go with them.

It‘ll be expensive.

Both of us will probably take some time off from work.

I’m sure the baby will keep us both very busy.

I‘ll be 65 in June.

We‘ll probably move to Florida in the fall.

We won’t spend another winter here.

–> It’s used to give facts or predictions about the future

–> The words guess, probably, and hope show that we are not 100% sure about the future.

May

I may go on for a master’s degree.

–> It shows that we are not 100% certain about the future.

Might

I might look for a better job.

I might not be able to afford it.

–> It shows that we are not 100% certain about the future.

Be Going To

I‘m going to ask my boss for a promotion.

My friends are going to travel around Europe.

We‘re going to have a baby in March.

I‘m going to retire.

–> It’s used to talk about plans or decisions already made.

(See Page 119, Exercise 2, for more information.)

Unit 11: Appearances

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 2:17 am

Page 112

Books closed. Listen to the conversation between Lori and Jin Ho. They are talking about someone they know.

1. What did he used to wear? (= What did he usually wear in the past?)

2. What did he used to look like?

3. Where is he now?

4. What does he look like nowadays?

Answers

1. He used to wear cargo pants.

2. He used to have long hair and a goatee.

3. He’s sitting right behind Jin Ho.

4. He’s wearing a suit and tie, and he has short hair.

——————————

Exercise 1, Part B

1. What do you call them/those

2. what’s his name,

what do you call them

3. what do you call it

——————————

Page 113, Exercise 2

Possible Answers

1. You mean cargo pants.

2. Do you mean a ponytail? / Oh, I know. You mean a ponytail.

3. You mean freckles. / Do you mean freckles?

4. You mean braces. / Do you mean braces?

5. Do you mean bald? / You mean bald.

6. Do you mean identical twins? / You mean identical twins.

November 19, 2012

Unit 10: Communication

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:29 am

Page 100, Exercise 1, Part A

What problems does John have getting through to Sandra?

Answers

Conversation 2: Sandra is on the phone.

Conversation 3: Sandra gets another call and can’t talk.

Conversation 4: John gets the wrong number.

Conversation 5: They have a bad connection.

Conversation 6: They get cut off.

———-

Page 100, Exercise 1, Part B

What do you say when you …

… hear a lot of noise on the line?

–> We have a bad connection.

… start a voice-mail message?

–> Hi, _____ . This is _____ .

… ask to speak to someone?

–> Could I speak to _____ , please?

… call a stranger by mistake?

–> Oh, I’m sorry. I think I have the wrong number.

… want someone to return your call?

–> Call me later, OK?/Call me back.

——————————

Beginning a Phone Call

Formal: to a teacher, boss, etc.

–> Could I speak to … (Could I speak to Mr. Smith, please?)
–> This is … (This is Fred Jones.)
–> I hope I’m not bothering you by calling now.
–> I hope I’m not calling at a bad time.
–> I’m calling to … (I’m calling to see if I can meet you in your office.)

Informal, Friendly: to a friend

–> Could I speak to … (Could I speak to Tom?)
–> This is … (This is Ali.)
–> I hope I’m not bothering you (by calling now).
–> I’m calling to …
(I’m calling to see if you can tell me about today’s homework.)
–> I’m calling about … (I’m calling about the assignment.)

Direct: to a store, theater, restaurant, hair salon, etc.

–> Could you tell me … (Could you tell me if you sell CDs?)

——————–

Ending a Phone Call

Formal: to a teacher, boss, etc.

–> I don’t want to take up any more of your time.
–> Thank you for your help./Thank you very much.

Informal, Friendly: to a friend

–> Thanks a lot.
–> I’d better let you go.

Direct: to a store, theater, restaurant, hair salon, etc.

–> Thanks for the information.

Other Useful Phrases (Direct)

–> I heard about you from a friend of mine.
–> I read in the newspaper that you were having a sale.
–> Could you tell me how much the charge is?
–> Could you tell me if you have/do/fix …

——————–

Page 102, Exercise 1

Books closed.

Listen and answer the questions.

1. What kind of contest did Maria enter?

2. What did Maria win?

3. Maria asks Lucy if she wants to do something. What?

4. How many times is their conversation interrupted?

[interrupt: (verb) to stop an action or activity, usually for a short period of time]

Answers

1. Maria entered a photo contest.

2. Maria won a trip to Mexico.

3. Maria asks Lucy if she wants to come with her.

4. Twice.

If your telephone conversation is interrupted, use the phrases below.

Interrupting a Conversation:

* Just a minute/second.
* Excuse me just a second.
* I’m sorry. Hold on (a second).
* Can/Could you hold on a second?

Restarting the Conversation:

* What were you saying?
* You were saying?
* Where were we?
* What were we talking about?

——————–

Work with partners. One person is Student A, and the other is Student B. Read the information, then have conversations.
Remember how to: begin a conversation // end a conversation // interrupt a conversation // restart a conversation

Conversation 1

Student A
You are a student named Ann. You are calling your teacher, Mr. Smith. You were absent from class, and so you want to know what the homework was. Begin the conversation with, “Ring, ring.”

Student B
You are Mr. Smith. You are a history teacher. You gave your students homework, which was to read Chapters 9 and 10. While you talk, your dinner begins burning. Interrupt the conversation, and then restart the conversation.

Conversation 2

Student A
You are Maria. You are a student. The teacher told you that the next test will be on Tuesday, December 1st. While you talk, your coffee spills. Interrupt the conversation, and then restart the conversation.

Student B
You are Ali. You are a student. You call your classmate, Maria. You were absent from class, and so you want to know when the next test is. Begin the conversation with, “Ring, ring.”

Conversation 3

Student A
You want to make reservations at a restaurant, for you and your spouse, at seven o’clock. You want to eat a restaurant that serves cream sauce pasta. You call The European Chef, a restaurant. Begin the conversation with, “Ring, ring.” During the conversation, your dog begins barking. Interrupt the conversation, and then restart the conversation.

Student B
You work at a restaurant, The European Chef. Your restaurant serves many kinds of salad, pizza, and pasta.

Conversation 4

Student A
You are Ji-young, a sexy girl. You like Italian food and romantic comedy movies. During the conversation, a delivery boy arrives at your door with a pizza. Interrupt the conversation, and then restart the conversation.

Student B
You are Michael. You call one of your classmates, Ji-young, to invite her to a movie and/or dinner. Begin the conversation with, “Ring, ring.”

— — — — —

Other useful phrases

– May I ask who’s calling?
– May I leave a message?
– May I take a message?

Example:

Ken’s mom: Hello?
John: Hello? May I speak to Ken?
Ken’s mom: I’m sorry, but Ken’s not at home. May I ask who’s calling?
John: This is John. I’m a classmate of Ken’s. May I leave a message?
Ken’s mom: Sure.
John: Could you tell him that John called, and that he’s wondering if our teacher gave our class any homework.
Ken’s mom: I’ll tell him.
John: Thanks a lot. Bye.
Ken’s mom: Bye.

October 4, 2012

Unit 8: At home

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 12:59 am

Page 76

Spring Cleaning

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

Books Closed

John and Sandra are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Whose bathing suit do they find?

2. Whose clothes do they find?

3. Whose jewelry do they find?

4. Whose earrings do they find?

Answers

1. Sandra’s.
.

2. Sandra’s sister’s.
.

3. Sandra’s sister’s.
.

4. Sandra’s.

———-

Page 76, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Whose …

2. … mine.

3. … hers.

———-

Page 77, Exercise 2, Part A

Possessive Pronouns

1. mine

hers

theirs

his

2. mine

ours

3. mine

theirs

hers

4. yours

mine

——————–

Discussion. Ask each other these questions, and answer them. Use possessive pronouns in your answer.

(Possessive pronouns = whose, my, your, her, his, our, their, mine, yours, hers, his, ours, & theirs.)

1. Who is your favorite actor/actress? What’s his/her most famous movie?

2. Let’s form a new club at Inha. What’s our club’s name going to be? What are we going to do in our club?

3. What do you think about 2NE1? Do you like their style? How about their music? What’s your favorite 2NE1 song? Who’s your favorite 2NE1 member?

4. What do you think about Lady Gaga’s clothes? What do you think about her fashion sense?

5. Whose island is Dokto? Korea’s or Japan’s? Why?

6. Did Lee Hyori have plastic surgery? What parts of her body did she change? How about other celebrities? Did they change their bodies?

Page 79, Exercise 3

Order of Adjectives = opinion, size, color, shape, nationality, material.

Opinion: beautiful, cute, etc.

Size: big, small, etc.

Color: red, green, etc.

Shape: round, square, etc.

Nationality: Korean, Turkish, Taiwanese, etc.

Material: wood, cotton, etc.

e.g. “They have beautiful, big, red, rectangular, Turkish, cotton rugs.”

Discussion

Look at Page 79 and the items below. Discuss which ones you like and don’t like.

———-

A: Which … … … do you like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

and

A: Which … … … do you not like? (rug, speakers, clock, curtains, TV, etc.)

B: I don’t like the … … … one (ones). How about you?

LG-Intros-New-Clamshell-Phone-Lollipop-2samsung-announces-anycall-branded-c3110h-for-hong-kong

26594product2

1010892607p952850

317v6ep4bgl_sl500_aa280_6a00c225239a5e8fdb00e398aa0f690004-500pi


———-

Page 80

Conversation Strategy: Asking Politely

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think about yourself

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

Books closed.

Jessica visits Ben at his apartment. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Ben asks Jessica to do four things. What are they?

2. Jessica asks for permission do something. What is it?

Answers

1. – to make herself at home

– to give him her coat

– to help him in the kitchen

– to chop the onions

2. – to look around Ben’s apartment

——————–

Asking For Permission

Do you mind if I …

Can I …

Do you mind if I open the window?
Do you mind if I take your coat?
Do you mind if I look around?

Can I open the window?
Can I take your coat?
Can I look around?

Ben: “Do you mind if I open the window?”

Jessica: “No, go ahead.”

[Then Ben opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise B

Ask each other for permission to do these things.

Do you mind if I …
(“Do you mind if I use your phone?”)

Can I …
(“Can I take a cookie?”)

Agree to give permission.

“Do you mind if I … ?” –> “No, go ahead.”

“Can I … ?” –> Sure, go ahead.

examples

A: Do you mind if I use your phone?
B: No, go ahead.

A: Can I put on some music?
B: Sure, go ahead.

1. use your phone? 2. put on some music? 3. open a window?
4. take a cookie? 5. get a glass of water? 6. turn on the TV?

Asking Somebody To Do Something

Would you mind …

Could you …

Would you mind helping me in the kitchen?
Would you mind chopping the onions?

Could you help me in the kitchen?
Could you chop the onions?

Ben: “Would you mind opening the window?”

Jessica: “No, not at all.”

[Then Jessica opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise C

Ask each other to do these things.

Would you mind …
(“Would you mind answering the door for me?”)

Could you …
(“Could you hand me the newspaper?”)

Agree to your partner’s requests.

“Would you mind … ?” –> No, not at all.

“Could you … ?” –> Sure, no problem.

examples

A: Would you mind answering the door for me?
B: No, not at all.

A: Could you hand me the newspaper?
B: Sure, no problem.

1. answer the door for me 2. hand me the newspaper 3. set the table for me
4. make some coffee 5. help me with the dishes 6. feed the cat

——————–

Page 81, Exercise 2

(Other answers are possible.)

1. B: No, no problem.

2. B: No, not at all.

3. B: … go ahead.

4. B: No, not at all.

5. B: Sure.

“Do you mind … ?” means “Does … bother you?”

“Would you mind … ?” means “Would … bother you?”

That’s why we say “Yes” by saying “No …”

——————–

Page 81, Exercise 3

Listen to the conversations. What is each request? Did the person agree to it?

1. magazine,

doesn’t agree

2. money,

agrees

3. wastebasket,

agrees

4. shirts,

doesn’t agree

——————–

Ask each other to do something, or for permission.

– introduce me to a pretty girl/handsome boy

– lend me 10,000 won

– massage my back

– give me a hug

– let me call on your cell-phone

– show me your cell-phone pictures

– help me study English

– cut my hair

– visit your home

– cook a meal for me

——————–

Evening Routines

Page 83, Exercise B

Number the pictures in the order that Mario does them.

6 (prepares dinner) 7 (check his mail) 1 (opens the window) 4 (takes a shower)

3 (washes/does the dishes) 8 (does his laundry) 2 (checks his messages) 5 (watches TV)

———-

Page 83

Morning Routines

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the morning? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every morning, Mr. Bean …

– turns off his alarm clock.

– makes his bed.

– puts on his slippers.

– opens the curtains.

– does exercise.

– shaves.

– takes his day clothes out of his closet.

– hangs his alarm clock up to dry.

– tucks Teddy Bear in.

– changes into his day clothes.

(puts on his shirt,

his pants,

his jacket,

his socks,

his tie,

and his shoes.)

– brushes his teeth.

– rinses his mouth.

———-

Pair Work. Work with a partner. Face each other. However, only one can see the screen.

What does Mr. Bean do in the evening? One student describes what he sees on the screen. His partner listens.

Every night, Mr. Bean …

– brushes his teeth and

rinses his mouth.

– cleans his ears.

– brushes his eyebrows.

– reads a story to Teddy Bear.

– puts Teddy Bear to sleep.

– puts out the light.

———-

Did Mr. Bean sleep well? What did he do?

When you have difficulty sleeping, what do you do?

———-

Page 83

Exercise 2, Part D

Be sure to understand the highlighted phrases below.

– first, next, then

– before/after, during

– when, as soon as, while, before/after

September 10, 2012

Unit 7: Going away

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 2:11 am

Watch the video and answer the questions

a. Which country did they go to?

b. Where did they go?

(12 places)

c. What did they eat?

(5 things)

d. What did they see?

(2 things)

e. What did they do?

(3 things)

——————————————————————-

Answers:

a. Which country did they go to?

.

– South Korea

.

b. Where did they go?

.

1. brother’s messy office

.

2. a temple in Seoul

.

3. Gyeong-ju

.

4. Bulguksa Temple

.

5. Seokguram Grotto

.

6. Gyeong-ju market

.

7. the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)

.

8. North Korea

.

9. Changdeok-gung Palace

.

10. the Secret Garden

.

11. Myeong-dong

.

12. Namsan Tower

.

c. What did they eat?

1. fried rice, egg, and kimchi

.

2. barbecued beef

.

3. stew

.

4. bibimbap

.

5. dakkalbi

.

d. What did they see?

.

1. the world’s largest flag

.

2. a crazy dog

.

What did they do?

.

1. bought DMZ rice

.

2. signed a release form

.

3. kissed in North Korea

Discussion

Ask each other these questions.

1. Have you ever gone to any of these places?

a. When did you go?

b. How long did you stay there?

c. What did you do there?

d. Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

2. What other places have you gone to?

a. When did you go?

b. How long did you stay there?

c. What did you do there?

d. Did you enjoy it? Why or why not?

3. What is the best place that you have ever gone to?

Why was it the best place?

4. What places do you want to go to in the future?

a. When do you want to go?

b. How long do you want to stay there?

c. What do you want to do there?

*** This is not a race ***

You are to practice speaking.

Use details to continue talking until we change activity.

Do not stop talking and tell me, “Finished.” I will tell you to start again, and to do it properly (with details).

——————————

Page 65.

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each picture?

With a partner, ask each other:

“What is in Picture # 1/2/3/4 ?”

Picture 1

beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.

Picture 2

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.

Picture 3

3. jumbo jet (airplane).

Picture 4

4. couple, tropical trees.

——————————

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

A. Where is Rita going?

B. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

C. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

——————————

A. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

B.

1. go shopping
.

2. get a new suitcase
.

3. go online to find a cheap flight
.

C.

1. see her relatives
.

2. go snorkeling

——————————

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see
.

2. to do
.

3. to find

——————————

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

First, write sentences with all of the phrases.

1. I need to get a phrasebook to learn some expressions.
.

2. I need to call the embassy to ask about a visa.
.

3. I need to go on the Internet to get a flight.
.

4. I need to call a travel agent to get a hotel room.
.

5. I need to buy a guidebook to find out about trains.
.

6. I need to go to the bank to change some money.
.

Now, match each sentence with a question.

1. e
.

2. a
.

3. b
.

4. f
.

5. c
.

6. d
.

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) mini-conversations, using the sentences above. Start with:

I’m going to [country’s name], so …

Example #1

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.

B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?

A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.

——————————

Look back at the conversation on page 66. Change the conversation.

A: Are you ready for your trip to __________ ?

B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to __________ to __________ , and I still have to __________ to __________ .

A: Is it easy to __________ ?

B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to __________ .

A: So, where are you going, exactly?

B: Well, first I’m going to __________ to __________ . Then I’m going someplace to go __________ .

A: That sounds exciting.

B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Example

A: Are you ready for your trip to _Canada_ ?

B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to _get a phrase book_ to _learn some expressions_ , and I still have to _go to the bank_ to _change some money_ .

A: Is it easy to _learn some expressions_ ?

B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to _study hard_ .

A: So, where are you going, exactly?

B: Well, first I’m going to _Montreal_ to _see the jazz festival_ . Then I’m going someplace to go _skating_ .

A: That sounds exciting.

B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

——————–

Page 68

Part A

Look at the pictures. What would you need for a beach vacation? Why?
(Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67 –> infinitives for reasons.)

Write down some sentences.

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, insect repellent makeup, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

Part B

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?
Discuss with a partner.
Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.
Make lists and present them to the class.

Examples:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

——————–

Page 69

Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes

——————————————————————-

Practice the conversation. One of you is Mom, and the other is Jenny.

After you do it once, do it again, but change the _underlined_ words.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take _some insect repellent_ … Oh, and take _a flashlight_, and don’t forget to pack _some spare batteries_ … Why don’t you take my _jacket_? It’s a good idea to have something warm … Now, you need to take _a hat_. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack _some other shoes_?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Example:

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent sunscreen. … Oh, and take a flashlight first-aid kit, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries shoes

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, a hat, insect repellent makeup, a jacket, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, shoes, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

——————–

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first? How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end? How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months
.

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”
.

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ? (e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

– That’s a great idea.

– That sounds great.

– I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

– I guess we could, but …

– I don’t know.

– I’d like to, but …

Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses. Then practice with a partner.

1. b
.

2. d
.

3. e
.

4. f
.

5. a
.

6. c
.

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 2

Answers

1. A: You know, I guess my favorite kind of vacation is going camping.

2. A: I guess it gets pretty cold in Canada in the winter.

B: …

A: Yeah, I guess I’d probably like the snow.

3. A: …

B: Well, I guess I could go. Oh, wait, I have an exam next week. But I could study in the car, I guess.

4. A: …

B: Yeah. Two weeks’ vacation a year isn’t enough, I guess.

A: But I guess we could go away on weekends or something.

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. Everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime.
.

2. Everyone should learn another language.
.

3. World cultures should be a required class in high school.
.

4. It’s a good idea to travel with a friend.
.

5. You should read a lot about a place before you go there.
.

6. It’s nice to try the local food in a new country.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part B

Discuss their statements. Do you agree with them?
Why or why not?

Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
Do you think everyone should learn another language?
Do you think world cultures should be a required class in high school?
Do you think it’s a good idea to travel with a friend?
Do you think you should read a lot about a place before you go there?
Do you think it’s nice to try the local food in a new country?

example:

A: Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
B: Yes, I think so. It’s good to visit other countries.
A: Definitely. But some people can’t afford to travel.

——————–

Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C

Answers

(Answers can be slightly different as long as they have the correct information.)

1. You dive.
.

2. It takes about an hour.
.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, and hot springs. You can also see Fisherman’s island with its 12-foot cacti.
.

4. Because the sun gets extremely bright.
.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

(chapel = a small church, or a room used as a church in a building)

(lounge = a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait)

6. Because it melts in the spring.

——————–

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)
.

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)
.

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)
.

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

——————–

Vocabulary Review

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

grotto: (noun) a small cave

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

itinerary: (noun) a detailed plan of a trip or a list of places that you plan to visit on a journey

– example sentence: “We planned our itinerary several weeks before the trip.”

– example sentence: “The President’s itinerary includes visits to Boston and New York.”

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

weather forecast: (noun) a description of what the weather will be like

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

windsurfing: (noun) a sport in which you sail across water by standing on a board and holding onto a large sail

May 12, 2012

Unit 4: Celebrations

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 3:43 am

Page 33

Which of these special events are the people celebrating?

1. They’re celebrating a graduation.

2. They’re celebrating a retirement.

3. They’re celebrating a wedding.

4. They’re celebrating the birth of a baby.

——————–

Page 34

Books closed.

Listen and answer the questions.

1. What three special days are coming?

2. When are they?

3. What gifts will Dave and Alicia buy for these special days?

Answers

1. Mom’s birthday,

Mom and Dad’s anniversary,

and Dave’s birthday.

2. On the first (1st),

the tenth (10th),

and the twenty-third (23rd).

3. For Mom’s birthday, Alicia will buy a necklace.

For Mom and Dad’s anniversary, Dave and Alicia will buy some flowers.

For Dave’s birthday, Alicia will buy nothing.

——————–

Alicia will buy a necklace.

Alicia = subject

necklace = direct object

Alicia will buy Mom a necklace.

Mom = indirect object

——————–

Stressed Words –> said more slowly, loudly, and clearly

* Nouns (but not pronouns)

* Main Verbs (but not auxiliary/helping verbs)

* Adjectives

* Adverbs

* Conjunctions that show difference (but not conjunctions that show similarity)

——————–

Page, 35, Exercise 2

Answers

Part A

1. Are you going to do anything special for your next birthday?

2. Are you going to invite your friends over for a party?

3. Is someone going to bake you a birthday cake?

4. Are your parents going to buy you something nice?

5. How old are your parents going to be on their next birthdays?

6. What are you going to give your father for his birthday?

How about your mother? And your best friend?

——————–

Page 35

Exercise 3 (Speaking Naturally)

Part B

1. e

Are you going to buy anyone a gift this month?

2. c

How many cards are you going to send this year?

3. d

Are you going to send anyone a card this month?

4. a

Who are you going to spend your next birthday with?

5. b

Are you going to send anyone flowers this year?

——————–

Pages 40 and 41, Exercise 1, Part C

Answers

1. In Taiwan, children get red envelopes with money inside for New Year’s celebrations.

In Ecuador, young people ask for money for fireworks for New Year’s celebrations.

In Korea, on a baby’s first birthday, parents put money, thread, and pencils in front of the baby.

2. In Ecuador, people dress dummies in old clothes and burn them for New Year’s celebrations.

In the United Kingdom and other countries, brides wear something old, something new, something borrowed, and something blue at their weddings.

In Turkey, the bride’s friends write their names inside her shoes.

3. In Ecuador, people dress dummies in old clothes and burn them for New Year’s celebrations. Young people ask for money for fireworks for New Year’s celebrations.

In Colombia, the bride and groom light candles.

4. The words for two people who get married are bride and groom.

April 2, 2012

Unit 3: Health

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 6:24 am

Watch the video. What is he doing to be healthy? You should find eight (8) things.

1. running/jogging (at 0:06 and 1:53)

2. skipping rope (at 0:21 and 1:21)

3. push-ups (at 0:25 and 0:50)

4. boxing (0:35)

5. lifting weights (1:00 and 1:25 and 2:25)

6. sit-ups (1:05)

7. chin-ups (1:35)

8. running up stairs (2:12)

——————–

Page 22, Exercise 1

Listen.

What does each person do to be healthy?

Brian Jones …

– doesn’t eat junk food.

– doesn’t eat red meat.

– does karate.

Carmen Sanchez …

– drinks diet drinks.

Mei-ling Yu …

– walks everywhere.

Michael Evans …

– eats a lot of snacks.

– doesn’t exercise at all.

Lisa da Silva …

– eats anything she wants.

The Parks …

– exercise six days a week.

– go swimming every other day.

– go to the gym every other day.

– go hiking once in a while.

How about you? What do you do to be healthy?

——————–

Page 23, Exercise 2, Part A

1. A: How do you cope with stress?

B: I’m taking … I’m enjoying … don’t get

2. A: What kind of exercise do you usually do?

B: like … go … I’m not swimming … goes

3. A: Are you eating a lot of fast food these days?

B: love … I’m trying … doesn’t like

——————–——————–

Page 23, Exercise 3, Part A

1. Ian: “I’m trying to cut down on _chocolate_ and _candy_.

2. Kaylie: “I want to give up _coffee_, but I can’t. It’s very hard.

3. Martin: “I _drive_ everywhere. It’s bad, I know. I never _walk_.

4. Silvia: “I _work_ a lot. I _get home_ late almost every night.

cut down sth: (phrasal verb) to eat or drink less of something, or to reduce the amount or number of something

e.g. My doctor says I should cut down on cigarettes.

give up sth: (phrasal verb) to stop an unhealthy habit or stop having something unhealthy

e.g. I gave up smoking cigarettes.

Discussion

1. Do you eat chocolate or candy? Are you trying to cut down? Why or why not?

2. Do you drink a lot of coffee? Do you want to give it up? Why or why not?

3. How do you get around? Do you drive, use public transportation, or walk? Why?

4. Do you get home late almost every night? Why or why not? Do you want to get home earlier?

——————–——————–

Page 25, Exercise 3

Listen and answer the questions.

1. How does Mark feel?

2. Why?

3. What is he doing (because of how he is feeling)?

4. What is Sonia’s advice?

Answers

1. He feels awful.

2. He has a terrible cold.

3. He is taking cold medicine.

4. She suggests that he drink hot vinegar with honey.

[vinegar: (noun) a sour liquid that is used in cooking, often made from wine]

——————–——————–

Practice the conversation again, but change the words.

cold –> fever // flu // cough // stomachache // toothache // headache // sore throat // upset stomach // allergy

drink hot vinegar with honey –> stay in bed // go to the doctor // lie down for a while // drink hot tea with honey // take aspirin

e.g.

A: Hello?

B: Hi, _Richard_. How are you feeling?

A: Awful. I still have this terrible _stomachache_.

B: That’s too bad. Are you taking anything for it?

A: Just some _stomachache_ medicine.

B: Hmm. I never take that stuff when I have a _stomachache_. But if I get a really bad _stomachache_, I _lie down for a while_.

A: Oh, no thanks! I don’t feel that bad.

——————–——————–

Page 25, Exercise 4

“If” and “when” have very similar meanings and usage (almost the same).

when –> usual situations

if –> unusual situations

You can change the order of the clauses.

When the when/if clause comes first, put a comma (,) after the clause.

Page 25, Exercise 4, Part A

Join the phrases to make sentences that are true for you. Use “when” or “if” and an adverb of frequency.

100%
always — almost always – usually — often — sometimes — rarely — hardly ever — never
0%

examples

1. have a fever / take medicine

When I have a fever, I rarely take medicine.

2. get a stomachache / stay in bed

I almost always stay in bed if I get a stomachache.

Discussion

Read your sentences to each other.

If you are similar, respond with “too.”

If you are not similar, tell your partner about yourself.

example

A: When I have a fever, I rarely take medicine.

B: Me, too.

A: I almost always stay in bed if I get a stomachache.

B: Oh, really? If I get a stomachache, I hardly ever stay in bed.

——————–——————–

Page 26, Exercise 1, Part A

* how come: (phrase) [informal] used to ask about the reason for something, especially when you feel surprised about it

e.g.

A: “Kate’s gone to the party on her own.”
B: “How come?”

Books closed. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Why is Adam tired?

2. Where does he work?

3. When does he wake up?

4. When does he go to bed?

Answers

1. He is tired because he is working two jobs. He is only getting about four hours’ sleep each night.

2. He works at a supermarket and at a restaurant.

3. He wakes up at around 5:30 a.m.

4. He goes to bed around 1:00 or 1:30 a.m.

———————————————-

Page 29, Exercise 2, Part B

* chill out: (phrasal verb) [informal] to relax completely, or not allow things to upset you

e.g. “Chill out, Dad – if we miss this train there’s always another one.”

Do two things:

1. Number the pictures.

2. Write the activity under the picture.

First Picture:

– 2

– sit in a park

Second Picture:

– 3

– take a bath

Third Picture:

– 4

– fish/go fishing

Fourth Picture:

– 1

– read a book

Page 29, Exercise 2, Part C

What else do they do to relax? Listen and write them down.

1. When she’s tired, she sometimes watches TV.

2. He likes to sit and watch people at the mall.

3. She plays with her little girl.

4. He likes to swim –especially alone.

——————————————————–——————–

Homework: Page 29, Exercise 1, Part C

Possible Answers

1. If you …

– can’t sleep well or can’t concentrate.

– feel depressed or want to cry a lot.

– have a headache or an upset stomach.

– can’t relax and you feel irritable.

– are extremely tired.

2. Stress can make you sick. It can also affect your memory or concentration.

3. If you feel stressed, you can …

– take a deep breath.

– exercise.

– talk to a friend.

– meditate.

– take a bath or have a massage.

– do something you enjoy.

4. I like the idea about talking to a friend because it’s an easy thing to do.

5. I think the leaflet is helpful because it gives some ideas about how to deal with stress.

March 26, 2012

Unit 2: Interests

Filed under: lessons — richardlstansfield @ 1:39 am

Watch the video. What are their hobbies?

You should find about 9 hobbies.

1. mountain climbing (at 0:12)

2. martial arts (at 0:20 and 2:39)

3. playing guitar (at 0:30)

4. singing (0:40)

5. playing drums (1:03)

6. dancing (1:26)

7. playing keyboards (1:40)

8. boxing (3:05)

9. surfing (4:04)

—————————————-

Listen to the interview with Eric and answer the questions.

1. What does he enjoy? What does he want to do someday?

–> He enjoys (creative) writing (in the evening).

He wants to write a novel.

[novel: (noun) a book that tells a story about imaginary people and events]

2. What is he good at?

–> He’s good at drawing.

He designs cards and is really into computer graphics.

3. Can he play any musical instruments? Can he sing?

–> He can play the saxophone. He can play the piano, but not very well.

He would like to play in a jazz band.

He can’t sing.

4. Does he prefer to watch sports or to play sports? Is there a sport that he likes to play?

–> He prefers to watch sports.

He can play pool.

[pool: (noun) a game in which two people use long, thin sticks to hit coloured balls into holes around the edge of a table]

5. What does he like to learn?

–> He likes to learn new skills.

[skill: (noun) the ability to do an activity or job well, especially because you have practised it]

Page 12, Exercise 1

journalism: (noun) the work of writing articles for newspapers, magazines, television, or radio

Part A

Answers

1. What are your hobbies?

2. What else do you enjoy doing in your free time?

3. Can you play a musical instrument?

4. Are you good at sports?

5. Are you interested in learning new things?

————————————-

Page 13, Exercise 2

infinitive = to + basic verb

e.g. to whistle

gerund = basic verb + -ing

e.g. whistling

* can/can’t + basic verb

* like + infinitive/gerund

love + infinitive/gerund

hate + infinitive/gerund

prefer + infinitive/gerund

* would like/I’d like + infinitive

* enjoy + gerund

* preposition + gerund

e.g. I’m good at drawing people.

meditate:
(verb) to think calm thoughts for a long period in order to relax or as a religious activity

martial art:
(noun) traditional skills of fighting, especially from East Asia
e.g. tae-kwon-do, from Korea; karate, from Japan

celebrities: (noun) a famous person

pool: (noun) a game in which two people use long, thin sticks to hit coloured balls into holes around the edge of a table; similar to billiards

genre: (noun) a type of art or writing with a particular style

——————–

Page 13, Exercise 2, Part A

Answers

1. Can you whistle?

2. Do you enjoy cooking?

3. Are you good at skating?

4. Do you like playing/to play board games?

5. Can you swim?

6. Are you interested in joining a meditation class?

7. Do you prefer exercising/to exercise alone or with friends?

8. Would you like to learn a martial art?

——————–

Page 13, Exercise 2, Part B
Pair work.
Ask and answer the questions. Give your own answers.
If you are similar, use “too” or “either.”
If you are not similar, use a rejoinder and then say something about yourself.
Example:
A: Can you whistle?
B: No, I can’t.
A: I can’t either. Do you enjoy cooking?
B: Yes, I do.
A: Oh, yeah? I don’t.

——————–

Verb Forms (infinitives, gerunds, and prepositions + gerunds)

Part A. Complete the sentences.
1. Can you ______________________________ ?
2. Do you enjoy ______________________________ ?
3. Are you good at ______________________________ ?
4. Do you like ______________________________ ?
5. Can you ______________________________ ?
6. Are you interested in ______________________________ ?
7. Do you prefer ______________________________ alone or with friends?
8. Would you like _______________________________________________ ?

Part B. Work with a partner. Ask each other your questions.
If you are similar, use “too” or “either.”
If you are not similar, use a rejoinder and say something about yourself.
Example
A: Can you whistle?
B: No, I can’t.
A: I can’t either. Do you enjoy cooking?
B: Yes, I do.
A: Oh, yeah? I don’t.

——————–

Page 14, Exercise 1

Other Genres:

Genre 1

acapella

– ballads

Genre 2

blues

Genre 3

disco

Genre 4

electronica

Genre 5

heavy metal

Genre 6

hymns

Genre 7

new age

Genre 8

opera

Genre 9

punk rock

Genre 10

R and B (rhythm and blues)

Genre 11

reggae

Genre 12

Gregorian Chant (also here)

—————————————————-

Page 16, Exercise 1, Part B

What hobbies do Sarah and Mike have?

Sarah

– knitting [knit: (verb) to make clothes using wool and two long needles to join the wool into rows]

– sewing [sew: (verb) to join things together with a needle and thread

Matt

– photography

Page 16, Exercise 1, Part B

1. e

2. a

3. f

4. d

5. g

crochet: (verb) to make clothes and other items using wool and a special needle with a hook at one end

6. c

7. b

—————————————-

Page 17, Exercise 3, Part B

collecting teddy bears –> Eva

gardening –> Phil

making jewelry –> Jeff

playing golf –> Kim

Page 17, Exercise 3, Part C

Listen again and complete the chart.

enthusiastic: (adjective) having a lot of enthusiasm

enthusiasm: (noun) a lot of interest in something and wanting very much like to be involved in it

Also, answer these questions.

1. What kind of jewelry does Jeff make?

2. How does Eva get her teddy bears?

3. What’s Kim good at?

4. What kinds of vegetables does Phil grow?

Answers

Jeff …

–> makes money on his hobby.

–> spends a lot of money on his hobby.

1. He makes necklaces and silver jewelry.

Eva …

–> isn’t very enthusiastic about her hobby.

2. She gets them as gifts.

Kim …

–> spends a lot of money on her hobby.

–> isn’t very good at her hobby.

3. Kim’s good at watching golf on television.

Phil …

–> isn’t very good at his hobby.

4. He grows peas, onions, and tomatoes.

——————–

Page 19, Exercise 2

Part A

Listen to Joe and Lisa talk about a web site.

What kind of web site is it? Why does Joe like it?

Answers

It’s an outdoors web site. It’s about hiking and camping.

It has lots of good articles. There are some amazing photos. There are competitions.

Part B

Listen again and choose the correct information to complete the sentences.

Answers

1. 25,000

2. articles

3. different countries

4. stay home

5. bike

—————————————-

Homework

Page 18, Exercise 1, Parts B and C

Answers

Part B

sushifreak — cooking

literockfan — music

handyman — crafts

petlover — pets

bookworm — collecting

concernedmom — cars

grungeking — fashion

daredevil — outdoors

Part C

To: daredevil — climbing

To: sushifreak — Asian recipe book

To: handyman — advertise your stuff

To: concernedmom — Race Track

To: literockfan — tickets, cash

To: bookworm — hardback and paperbacks

Vocabulary

recipe: (noun) a list of foods and a set of instructions telling you how to cook something; e.g. “I have a recipe for carrot cake.”

freak: (noun) someone who is very interested in a particular subject or activity [informal], e.g. “My brother’s a bit of a computer freak.”

handyman: (noun) someone who is good at making things or repairing them

bookworm: (noun) someone who enjoys reading very much

daredevil: (noun) someone who enjoys doing dangerous things

March 18, 2012

Correcting Someone

Filed under: conversation strategies,lessons — richardlstansfield @ 7:31 am

Are you sure?

Actually, I think you mean …

Actually, …

Don’t you mean … ?

Excuse me, but … ?

But, actually, … is … , isn’t it?

——————–

Introductory Exercise One answers

Are you sure? Don’t you mean July?

You’re right.

Excuse me, but that’s not really true.

I see.

But England is in Europe, isn’t it?

Oh, yeah. What did I say?

… right?

No, actually, I was born in 1965.

——————–

Introductory Exercise Two answers

14. 50

15. 1945

16. Germany

17. whales

18. shortest

19. ahead

20. wife

21. post office

22. orange … fruit

Starting and Stopping a Conversation

Filed under: conversation strategies,lessons — richardlstansfield @ 7:27 am

Conversation Starters

Excuse me, I like your _______ .

Are you a friend of _______ ?

Could I ask you something?

Could/Can I ask . . . ?

——————–

Introductory Exercise answers

Could … something?

… teacher …

Do you think …

… a friend of Jim’s?

How about you?

… Jim a long time?

Conversation Stoppers

Would you excuse me?

Well, I’d better be going/I should be going.

(It’s been) nice talking to you.

I hope we get a chance to talk again sometime

——————–

Exercise answers

… nice talking to you.

… you excuse … ?

It’s been … See you …

I’d better …

… get a chance …

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