University English: the blog for ESL students

December 2, 2015

Unit 10: Space and the Universe

Filed under: Unit 10: Space and the Universe — richardlstansfield @ 5:32 am

Video

. Where does this movie take place?
. What is this movie about?
. Would you like to go on an adventure like this?
Why or why not?

. Have you heard of this movie?
. Did you see the movie?
–> If so, did you like it? Why or why not?
–> If not, would you like to see it? Why or why not?
. If you were alone on Mars, what do you think would be the best thing?
. If you were alone on Mars, what do you think would be the worst thing?

Bonus Question: Do you recognize this song from the soundtrack?

Synonyms
– words that have similar meanings
e.g. big, large
e.g. smart, intelligent

Homonyms
– words that have the same pronunciation
(but have different meanings)
e.g. see, sea
e.g. meet, meat

Fill in the blanks with the correct homonyms.
* Chicken, beef, and pork are different kinds of _meat_.
* I like to go to the beach and swim in the _sea_.

Page 180, Exercise 1

Underline the two words in each sentence that have the same pronunciation.

1. sun, son
2. read, red
3. whether, weather
4. ate, eight
5. There, their
6. Our, hour

Page 181, Exercise 6

Write one word in each gap.

1. whether
2. our
3. sun
4. Red
5. to … two
6. few (four)

Page 182, Exercise 8

1. F
2. T
3. T
4. F
5. F
6. F

If it’s False, what is the true information?

1. F
Inspiration Mars don’t want a couple as they won’t will help each other.
2. T
3. T
4. F
Diamond planets are found in outside of our solar system.
5. F
Lucy is not as heavy as eight times heavier than Earth.
6. F
… one year passes in 24 18 hours.

Listen to the second part of the listening again, and answer the questions.

1. How long will the journey to Mars take?
2. Will the spacecraft land on Mars?
3. What was Lucy created by?
4. How big is Lucy?
5. How many diamonds does Lucy have?
6. Is Lucy hot or cold? How hot or cold?

Answers

1. How long will the journey to Mars take?
The journey will take 501 days.
2. Will the spacecraft land on Mars?
No, it will just circle Mars.
3. What was Lucy created by?
Lucy was created by heat.
4. How big is Lucy?
Lucy is 4,000 km across.
5. How many diamonds does Lucy have?
Lucy has more diamonds than all the ones found on Earth throughout history.
6. Is Lucy hot or cold? How hot or cold?
Lucy is very hot. Lucy is 3,500 degrees Celsius.

Page 183, Exercise 1

1. travel
2. travel
3. travel

4. journey

5. trip

6. voyage

Page 183, Exercise 2

1. journey
2. travel
3. cruise/voyage
4. flight
5. trip
6. voyage
7. trip
8. voyage

Page 184, Exercise 4
Match the sentence halves.
1. b
2. a

Page 184, Exercise 5
Match the conditional sentences in Exercise 4 with their functions.
i. 2
ii. 1

Condition Clause Result Clause
If + present tense will/can

If they can find a married couple, they believe the couple
will be able to help each
other.

Condition Clause Result Clause
If + past tense would/could

If the planet Lucy were mined, there would be more
diamonds than on earth.

Page 184, Exercise 7

1. If I meet my friend later, we will go to the cinema.
 i
2. If I met the president or leader of my country, I wouldn’t know what to say.
 ii
3. If I spoke perfect English, I would be very proud.
 ii
4. If I lose my phone, I will have to buy a new one.
(If I lost my phone, I would have to buy a new one.)
 i (ii)
5. If the weather is good tomorrow, I will go out.
 i
6. You could travel into space if you had enough money.
 ii

Discuss
. If you meet your friend later, what will you do?
. If you met the leader of your country, what would you say?
. If you spoke perfect English, would you be very proud? Why or why not?
. If you lose your phone, will you buy a cheaper phone or a more expensive phone? Why?
. If the weather is good tomorrow, will you go out? Why or why not?
. If you had enough money, would you travel into space? Why or why not?

Page 185, Exercise 1

Complete the words in the table.

Verb Person Noun
1. explore 2. explorer
3. research 4. research
5. worker 6. work
7. traveller
8. presenter 9. presentation
10. thinker

Discuss

– Have you heard of the International Space Station?
– What do you think it is used for?
– Do you think it is useful? Why or why not?
Page 186, Exercise 7

1. exploration

2. work

3. money

4. future

Page 186, Exercise 10

Question 1: What are they doing during the discussion?
1. describing what the Space Station looks like
2. evaluating the Space Station and its good and bad points
3. inventing a new Space Station which can do different things
Question 2: What do they mention during the discussion?
1. time taken to travel to the Space Station
2. the type of work done on the Space Station
3. routines of living there
4. money spent on the project
5. the number of astronauts living there
6. types of space shuttle to travel there

Answers

– Exercise 8:
2 to evaluate the Space Station and its good and bad points
– Exercise 9
2 the type of work done on the Space Station
and
4 money spent on the project

Page 186, Exercise 11
Match the people with their opinion about the space station.

1. Dorota Loy
c
2. Professor Chen
a
3. Raj Padow
b

Page 189, Exercise 3

Inviting Someone Else To Speak
– Let’s get your thoughts on this.
a. What is your opinion?
f. You haven’t said much. What do you think?
g. Why don’t you start us off?
i. Would anybody like to say anything else about …?

Interrupting
– Can I just say something here?
d. Can I just cut in there?
e. Sorry, but I have to interrupt you and say …
h. Sorry, but can I just say …

Continuing To Speak
– Can I finish my point?
– Please allow me to finish.
b. Can I finish?
c. I’d like to finish my point.
j. Let me finish what I was saying.

Page 190, Exercise 4
1. a (What is your opinion?)
/g (Why don’t you start us off …)
2. d (Can I just cut in there?)
3. b (Can I finish?)
/c (I’d like to finish my point)
/j (Let me finish what I was saying.)
4. i (Would anybody like to say anything else about …)
5. f (You haven’t said much. What do you think?)
6. a (What is your opinion?)
/i (Would anybody like to say anything else about …)

Page 190, Exercise 6
1. S
2. F
3. S
4. S
5. F
6. F

Discussion Procedure

1. Student A expresses opinion.
2. Student A invites Student B to express opinion.
3. Student B begins to express opinion.
4. Student C interrupts Student B and expresses opinion.
5. Student B continues and finishes expressing opinion.
(6. Student D expresses opinion.)

Discussion

– Should we explore space? Why or why not?

– Should we build a colony on the moon? Why or why not?

– Should all countries be forbidden from having weapons in space? Why or why not?

– Should we send explorers to Mars? Why or why not?

– What should we do if we find evidence of aliens?

– Which place in the solar system do you think would be the best place for humans to live (e.g. the moon, another planet in the solar system, etc.)? Why?

– What should we do if we find an asteroid coming towards the earth?

– Do you think Global Climate Change is a serious problem? Why or why not?
– How can we reduce pollution in the world?

– Should South Korea increase immigration? Why or why not?

– Should Kim Jong-un be assassinated? Why or why not?

– Should Yoo Seung-jun and MC Mong be forgiven for evading their military service? Why or why not?

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May 31, 2015

Possible Material for Unit 10 Quiz

Filed under: Tests/Exams,Unit 10: Space and the Universe — richardlstansfield @ 2:53 am

* Inviting Someone Else to Speak, Interrupting (politely), and Continuing to Speak After an Interruption

* Conditionals (Type i and Type ii)

May 29, 2015

Unit 10: Space and the Universe

Filed under: Unit 10: Space and the Universe — richardlstansfield @ 8:24 am

Synonyms
– words that have similar meanings
e.g. big, large
e.g. smart, intelligent

Homonyms
– words that have the same pronunciation
(but have different meanings)
e.g. see, sea
e.g. meet, meat

Fill in the blanks with the correct homonyms.
* Chicken, beef, and pork are different kinds of _meat_.
* I like to go to the beach and swim in the _sea_.

Page 180, Exercise 1

Underline the two words in each sentence that have the same pronunciation.

1. sun, son
2. read, red
3. whether, weather
4. ate, eight
5. There, their
6. Our, hour

Page 181, Exercise 6

Write one word in each gap.

1. whether
2. our
3. sun
4. Red
5. to … two
6. few

Page 182, Exercise 8

Is each sentence True or False? If it’s False, what is the true information?

1. F
… won’t will try to help each other.
2. T
3. T
4. F
Diamond planets are found in outside of our solar system.
5. F
Lucy is not as heavy as eight times heavier than Earth.
6. F
… one year passes in 24 18 hours.

Listen to the second part of the listening again, and answer the questions.

1. How long will the journey to Mars take?
2. Will the spacecraft land on Mars?
3. What was Lucy created by?
4. How big is Lucy?
5. How many diamonds does Lucy have?
6. Is Lucy hot or cold? How hot or cold?

Answers

1. How long will the journey to Mars take?
The journey will take 501 days.
2. Will the spacecraft land on Mars?
No, it will just circle Mars.
3. What was Lucy created by?
Lucy was created by heat.
4. How big is Lucy?
Lucy is 4,000 km across –twice as wide as the earth.
5. How many diamonds does Lucy have?
Lucy has more diamonds than all the ones found on Earth throughout history.
6. Is Lucy hot or cold? How hot or cold?
Lucy is very hot. Lucy is 3,500 degrees Celsius.

Page 182, Exercise 1

1. travel
2. travel
3. travel

4. journey

5. trip

6. voyage

Page 183, Exercise 2

1. journey
2. travel
3. cruise/voyage
4. flight
5. trip
6. voyage
7. trip
8. voyage

Page 184, Exercise 4
Match the sentence halves.
1. b
2. a

Page 184, Exercise 5
Match the conditional sentences in Exercise 4 with their functions.
i. 2
ii. 1

Condition Clause Result Clause
If + present tense will/can

If they can find a married couple, they believe the couple
will be able to help each
other.

Condition Clause Result Clause
If + past tense would/could

If the planet Lucy were mined, there would be more
diamonds than on earth.

Page 184, Exercise 7

1. If I meet my friend later, we will go to the cinema.
 i
2. If I met the president or leader of my country, I wouldn’t know what to say.
 ii
3. If I spoke perfect English, I would be very proud.
 ii
4. If I lose my phone, I will have to buy a new one.
(If I lost my phone, I would have to buy a new one.)
 i (ii)
5. If the weather is good tomorrow, I will go out.
 i
6. You could travel into space if you had enough money.
 ii

Discuss
. If you meet your friend later, what will you do?
. If you met the leader of your country, what would you say?
. If you spoke perfect English, would you be very proud? Why or why not?
. If you lose your phone, will you buy a cheaper phone or a more expensive phone? Why?
. If the weather is good tomorrow, will you go out? Why or why not?
. If you had enough money, would you travel into space? Why or why not?

Page 185, Exercise 1

Complete the words in the table.

Verb Person Noun
1. explore 2. explorer
3. research 4. research
5. worker 6. work
7. traveller
8. presenter 9. presentation
10. thinker

Discuss
– Have you heard of the International Space Station?
– What do you think it is used for?
– Do you think it is useful? Why or why not?
Page 186, Exercise 7

1. exploration

2. work

3. money

4. future

Page 186, Exercise 10

Question 1: What are they doing during the discussion?
1. describing what the Space Station looks like
2. evaluating the Space Station and its good and bad points
3. inventing a new Space Station which can do different things
Question 2: What do they mention during the discussion?
1. time taken to travel to the Space Station
2. the type of work done on the Space Station
3. routines of living there
4. money spent on the project
5. the number of astronauts living there
6. types of space shuttle to travel there

Answers

– Exercise 8:
2 to evaluate the Space Station and its good and bad points
– Exercise 9
2 the type of work done on the Space Station
and
4 money spent on the project

Page 186, Exercise 11
Match the people with their opinion about the space station.

1. Dorota Loy
c
2. Professor Chen
a
3. Raj Padow
b

Page 189, Exercise 3

Inviting Someone Else To Speak
– Let’s get your thoughts on this.
a. What is your opinion?
f. You haven’t said much. What do you think?
g. Why don’t you start us off?
i. Would anybody like to say anything else about … ?

Interrupting
– Can I just say something here?
d. Can I just cut in there?
e. Sorry, but I have to interrupt you and say …
h. Sorry, but can I just say …

Continuing To Speak
– Can I finish my point?
– Please allow me to finish.
b. Can I finish?
c. I’d like to finish my point.
j. Let me finish what I was saying.

Page 190, Exercise 4
1. a (What is your opinion?)
/g (Why don’t you start us off …)
2. d (Can I just cut in there?)
3. b (Can I finish?)
/c (I’d like to finish my point)
/j (Let me finish what I was saying.)
4. i (Would anybody like to say anything else about …)
5. f (You haven’t said much. What do you think?)
6. a (What is your opinion?)
/i (Would anybody like to say anything else about …)

Page 190, Exercise 6
1. S
2. F
3. S
4. S
5. F
6. F
Discussion

– Should we explore space? Why or why not?

– Should we build a colony on the moon? Why or why not?

– Should space be a “Weapons-free Zone”? Why or why not?

– Should we send explorers to Mars? Why or why not?

– What should we do if we find evidence of aliens?

– Which place in the solar system do you think would be the best place for humans to live (e.g. the moon, another planet in the solar system, Titan, Europa, etc.)? Why?

– What should we do if we find an asteroid coming towards the earth?

– Do you think Global Climate Change is a serious problem? Why or why not?
– How can we reduce pollution in the world?

– Should South Korea increase immigration? Why or why not?

– Should Kim Jong-un be assassinated? Why or why not?

– Should Yoo Seung-jun and MC Mong be forgiven for evading their military service? Why or why not?

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