University English: the blog for ESL students

September 18, 2015

Unit 3: School and Education

Filed under: Unit 3: School and Education — richardlstansfield @ 8:18 am

Getting Ready to Watch a Video: Discussion

* Have you ever learned something outside of a classroom? What was it? How did you learn it? Did you enjoy it? Why?

* Do you plan to learn something new? If so, then what would you like to learn? Why?

* What do you think will happen to schools and learning in the future?

Discussion, Part 2

Report to the class. Tell us about your partner. Use phrases like:
“My partner learned something outside of a classroom …”
“My partner plans to learn something new … “
“My partner thinks that, in the future, schools and learning will …”

Example
“My partner learned something outside of a classroom. She learned how to make videos. She filmed things with her smart phone. Then she uploaded it to her computer. Then she edited it with software that she found on the Internet. She then uploaded her video onto YouTube. Now she is a YouTube star with many followers.”

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 1

Answers

1. b
2. a
3. b
4. a
5. b
6. b
7. a
8. a

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 2

Answers

1. results
2. education
3. primary
4. feed
5. high school
6. pass
7. training
8. martial arts

Pair Work: Discussion

How do you think schools in China, India, and South Africa are the same? How do you think they are different?
While Watching, Exercise 5

How were the schools in China, India, and South Africa the same? How were they different?

Similarities: the students all want to have a better life // the Indian and South African students ate at school // the students wear uniforms // the Chinese and Indian students live in student housing (e.g. Indian boarding school)

Differences: the Chinese students learn martial arts // the South African teachers use newspapers // the Indian students eat with their hands // the South African students have dinner with their families // the South African students have to walk long distances to school // the Chinese students have to wake up at 5 a.m. // the Chinese students can receive a certificate for future employment

While Watching, Exercise 6

Answers

1. 37
2. 106
3. 10
4. 14
5. 1st
6. 300

Discussion

* In your country, is it important to go to university? Why or why not?

* In your country, what kinds of jobs are popular? Do you need special education or training to do them?

Page 54, Preparing To Listen

1. Subjects: Biology, Physics, French, Chemistry, Geography, History, Art, Math(s)

2. Places: classroom, computer room, laboratory, library, corridor, office, stairs

3. People: teacher, lecturer

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening

table

How many syllables does it have? 2 syllables

Which syllable is stressed?
(“Stressed” = said more loudly, slowly, and clearly)

radio

How many syllables does it have? 3 syllables
Which syllable is stressed?

conditioner

How many syllables does it have? 4 syllables
Which syllable is stressed?

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening

A B C D
(1 syllable) (2 syllables, (3 syllables, (4 syllables,
1st stressed) 1st stressed) 2nd stressed)

Art classroom lecturer Biology
Math(s) teacher Chemistry computer room
stairs Physics History Geography
French office library
corridor

1. What are some other subjects in school?
2. What are their stress patterns? (How many syllables does it have and which syllable is stressed?)

music (2 syllbles)
sociology (5 syllables)
physical (3 syllables) education (4 syllables)
English (2 syllables)
philosophy (4 syllables)
economics (4 syllables)
linguistics (3 syllables)
Japanese (3 syllables)
humanities (4 syllables)
electronic (4 syllables) engineering (4 syllables)
biochemistry (5 syllables)

Discussion

Ask each other the question below. When you answer:
a. give reasons why, and
b. use the correct stress patterns when answering
e.g. “I like biology because I’m interested in living things and how they work.”

* Which subjects at school do you like?
* Which subjects at school are you good at?

Page 55: Exercise 5, While Listening
Listen to the tour of the university and complete the map.
1. library d
2. canteen a
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater f
5. events office c
6. international office b
7. computer room e

Page 56: Exercise 6
Listen again and match the places with their functions.
1. canteen d
2. library e
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater b
5. events office f
6. international office a
7. computer room c

Page 56, Exercise 7: Post-listening
Match the sentence beginnings with their endings to make sentences that express purpose (why we go to a place and what we can do there).
1. It’s a really useful place to go for help with visas.
2. It’s a really useful place to go to get help with visas.
3. It’s a really useful place where you can get help with visas.

Page 56, Exercise 8
Write sentences about the place in bold with the words in brackets. Use the example sentences in Exercise 7 to help you.
1. It’s a useful place to go to eat (food).
It’s a useful place to go for (eating) food.
It’s a useful place where you can eat (food).
2. It’s a useful place to go to read (books).
It’s a useful place to go for (reading) books.
It’s a useful place where you can read (books).
3. It’s a useful place to go to learn.
It’s a useful place to go for information.
It’s a useful place where you can learn.

Discussion
Which places at Inha University do you use a lot? Why?

Page 57: Collocations about Learning

Exercise 1

teach

Exercise 2
1. study
2. learn
3. revise
I studied for two hours last night but I still didn’t learn the material.
He tried to teach the students the material many times, but they still didn’t learn it.
Discussion
* Do you think it’s easy to learn a new language?
Why or why not?
* What do you think are some good methods for learning a new language?
* Do you think it’s a good idea to revise a lot before an exam? Why or why not?
Page 57: Review of Prepositional Phrases

preposition

“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

prepositional phrase

“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

Exercise 4

1. in front of the stairs, in the main hall
2. opposite the stairs
3. On the right, next to the canteen
4. to the left of the canteen
5. on the left
6. on the left
7. on the first floor

Page 58: Basic Verb Patterns
Look at the sentences and find the helping verbs (auxiliary verbs) and main verbs.
e.g. I must speak to my professor.
e.g. I can swim very well.
e.g. I’m going to go to the store tomorrow.
e.g. I would like to travel to Hawaii.
1. want to pass
2. enjoyed studying
3. started to apply
4. began talking
5. didn’t mind helping
6. apologized for being
7. planning on going
8. began to learn
9. started getting
10. agreed to answer

Page 58, Exercise 7 (Basic Verb Patterns)

* Verb + Preposition followed by Verb + -ing
The course concentrated on reading and writing.

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb) or verb + -ing
Do you prefer to work alone or do you prefer working in a group?

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb)
She decided to take maths.

* verb followed by verb + -ing)
I finished doing my homework.

Page 58, Exercise 7 (Basic Verb Patterns)

* Verb + Preposition followed by Verb + -ing
The course concentrated on reading and writing.

1. apologize for (being)
2. plan on (going)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb) or verb + -ing
Do you prefer to work alone or do you prefer working in a group?

3. begin (talking/to learn)
4. start (getting/to apply)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb)
She decided to take math(s).

5. want (to pass)
6. agree (to answer)
* verb followed by verb + -ing
I finished doing my homework.

7. enjoy (studying)
8. mind (helping)

Page 59, Exercise 8
1. learning/to learn
2. reading
3. to speak
4. doing
5. working/to work
6. to help
7. talking about
8. to leave
9. driving
10. paying
11. discussing
Discuss

* Are you planning on doing something in the near future? What is it? Why are you planning on doing it?
* Would you agree to lend somebody a lot of money? Why or why not?
* When was the last time that you apologized for doing something? What did you do?
* What is something that you enjoyed doing recently? Why did you enjoy doing it?

Page 61, Exercise 8

a. agreement: 1, 3, 5
b. polite disagreement: 2, 4

Page 65, Exercise 5
Giving Your Opinion:
1. I think
2. It seems to me
3. In my opinion
4. I feel
Agreeing:
5. I agree
6. I totally agree
7. That’s true
8. Yes, that’s right
9. Exactly!
10. You’re right
Disagreeing:
11. Yes, but
12. It’s good but
13. I am not really sure
14. I don’t think so
15. I don’t agree with that
16. Yes, I see what you’re saying but

Discussion

Turn the following sentences into expressions of opinion, and discuss them. Give reasons for your opinions.
e.g. “We will always have teachers and classrooms.”
A: It seems to me that we will always have teachers and classrooms. We need a teacher to ask questions if we don’t understand.
B: I’m not sure I agree. Computers can be programmed to answer questions.
A: Perhaps, but I don’t think computers can answer questions as well as a human teacher.

* We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.
* Learning online can/can’t help people learn quickly.
* Mobile learning is not good because students send messages instead of working.

Discussion, Part 2
Report to the class about your opinions. Use these phrases:
* Both of us thought that … because …
* Neither of us thought that … because …
* I thought that … because … However, my partner thought that …
e.g. “I thought that we will always have teachers and classrooms because we need a teacher to ask questions. However, my partner thought that computers can be programmed to answer questions.

* We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.
* Learning online can/can’t help people learn quickly.
* Mobile learning is not good because students send messages instead of working.

 Both of us thought that … because …
 Neither of us thought that … because …
 I thought that … because … However, my partner thought that …

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March 20, 2015

Unit 3: Answers

Filed under: Unit 3: School and Education — richardlstansfield @ 10:12 am

Getting Ready to Watch a Video: Discussion

* Have you ever learned something outside of a classroom? What was it? How did you learn it? Did you enjoy it? Why?

* Do you plan to learn something new? If so, then what would you like to learn? Why?

* What do you think will happen to schools and learning in the future?

Discussion, Part 2

Report to the class. Tell us about your partner. Use phrases like:
“My partner learned something outside of a classroom …”
“My partner plans to learn something new … “
“My partner thinks that, in the future, schools and learning will …”

Example
“My partner learned something outside of a classroom. She learned how to make videos. She filmed things with her smart phone. Then she uploaded it to her computer. Then she edited it with software that she found on the Internet. She enjoyed it because she then uploaded her video onto YouTube. Now she is a YouTube star with many followers.”

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 1

Answers

1. b
2. a
3. b
4. a
5. b
6. b
7. a
8. a

Preparing to Watch, Exercise 2

Answers

1. results
2. education
3. primary
4. feed
5. high school
6. pass
7. training
8. martial arts

Pair Work: Discussion

Do you think schools are the same or different in China, India, and South Africa?

While Watching, Exercise 5

Were the schools in China, India, and South Africa the same or different? How were they the same or different?

Similarities: students want to get a job // students wear uniforms // schools feed the children (India and South Africa)

Differences: teachers use newspapers due to a lack of text books (South Africa) // students learn martial arts (China) // boarding school (India) // school is far away (South Africa)

While Watching, Exercise 6

Answers

1. 37
2. 106
3. 10
4. 14
5. 1st
6. 300

Discussion

* In your country, is it important to go to university? Why or why not?

* In your country, what kinds of jobs are popular? Do you need special education to do them?

Page 54, Preparing To Listen

1. Subjects: biology, physics, French, chemistry, geography, history, art, math(s)

2. Places: classroom, computer room, laboratory, library, corridor, office, stairs

3. People: teacher, lecturer

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening

table

How many syllables does it have? 2

Which syllable is stressed?
(“Stressed” = said more loudly, slowly, clearly, and said at a higher pitch)

radio

How many syllables does it have? 3
Which syllable is stressed?

conditioner

How many syllables does it have? 4
Which syllable is stressed?

Page 54: Pronunciation for Listening

A B C D
(1 syllable) (2 syllables, (3 syllables, (4 syllables,
1st stressed) 1st stressed) 2nd stressed)

art teacher lecturer biology
math(s) Physics chemistry geography
French office corridor computer room
stairs classroom library
history

Discussion
Ask each other the question below. When you answer:
a. give reasons why, and
b. use the correct stress patterns when answering
e.g. “I like biology because I’m interested in living things and how they work.”

* Which subjects at school do you like?
* Which subjects at school are you good at?

Page 55: Exercise 5, While Listening
Listen to the tour of the university and complete the map.
1. library d
2. canteen a
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater f
5. events office c
6. international office b
7. computer room e

Page 56: Exercise 6
Listen again and match the places with their functions.
1. canteen d
2. library e
3. laboratories g
4. lecture theater b
5. events office f
6. international office a
7. computer room c

Page 56, Exercise 7: Post-listening
Match the sentence beginnings with their endings to make sentences that express purpose (why we go to a place and what we can do there).
1. It’s a really useful place to go for help with visas.
2. It’s a really useful place to go to get help with visas.
3. It’s a really useful place where you can get help with visas.

Page 56, Exercise 8
Write sentences about the place in bold with the words in brackets. Use the example sentences in Exercise 7 to help you.
1. A canteen is a place where we can eat. // We go to a canteen to eat. // We go to a canteen for food.
2. A library is a place where we can read. // We go to a library to read. // We go to a library for books.
3. A lecture theater is a place where we can learn. // We go to a lecture theater to learn. // We go to a lecture theater for information.
Discussion
* Which places at Inha University do you use the most? Why?
* Which places at Inha University do you think are the most useful? Why?

Page 57: Collocations about Learning

Exercise 1

“teach”  because the others are what students do

Exercise 2
1. study
2. learn
3. revise
Discussion
* Do you think it’s easy to learn a new language? Why or why not?
* Do you think it’s a good idea to revise a lot before an exam? Why or why not?

Page 57: Review of Prepositional Phrases

preposition

“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

prepositional phrase

“We are in front of the stairs, in the main hall.”

Exercise 4

1. in front of the stairs, in the main hall
2. opposite the stairs
3. On the right, next to the canteen
4. to the left of the canteen
5. on the left
6. The second on the left
7. on the first floor
Page 58: Basic Verb Patterns

Look at the sentences and find the helping verbs (auxiliary verbs) and main verbs.
e.g. I can swim very well.
e.g. I’m going to go to the store tomorrow.

1. want to pass
2. enjoyed studying
3. started to apply
4. began talking
5. didn’t mind helping
6. apologized for being
7. planning on going
8. began to learn
9. started getting
10. agreed to answer

Page 58, Exercise 7 (Basic Verb Patterns)

* Verb + Preposition followed by Verb + -ing
concentrate on (“The course concentrated on reading and writing.”)
1. apologize for (“He apologized for being late.”)
2. plan on (“They’re planning on going abroad.”)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb) or verb + -ing

prefer (“Do you prefer to work alone or do you prefer working in a group?”)
3. start (“I started to apply to universities.”) // (“I started getting headaches.”)
4. begin (“He began talking.”) // (“She began to learn Arabic.”)

* Verb followed by infinitive (to + verb)

decide (“She decided to take maths.”)
5. want (“I want to pass my exams.”)
6. agree (“He agreed to answer more questions.”)

* verb followed by verb + -ing)
finish (“I finished doing my homework.”)
7. enjoy (“He enjoyed studying French.”)
8. mind (“She didn’t mind helping her friend.”)

Page 59, Exercise 8
1. leaning/to learn
2. reading
3. to speak
4. doing
5. working/to work
6. to help
7. talking about
8. to leave
9. driving
10. paying
11. discussing

Page 61, Exercise 8

a. Agreement: 1, 3, 5
b. Polite Disagreement: 2, 4

Page 61, Exercise 8

a. Agreement: 1, 3, 5
b. Polite Disagreement: 2, 4

but on the other hand

Page 65, Exercise 5

Giving Your Opinion: I think // It seems to me // In my opinion // I feel

Agreeing: I agree // I totally agree // That’s true // Yes, that’s right // Exactly! // You’re right

Disagreeing: Yes, but // It’s good but // I am not really sure // I don’t think so // I don’t agree with that // Yes, I see what you’re saying but

Discussion

Turn the following sentences into expressions of opinion, and discuss them. Give reasons for your opinions.
e.g. “We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.”
A: It seems to me that we will always have teachers and classrooms. We need a teacher to ask questions if we don’t understand.
B: I’m not sure I agree. Computers can be programmed to answer questions.
A: Perhaps, but I don’t think computers can answer questions as well as human teachers.

* We will/won’t always have teachers and classrooms.
* Learning online can/can’t help people learn quickly.
* Mobile learning is not good because students send messages instead of working.

Discussion, Part 2
Report to the class about your opinions. Use these phrases:
* Both of us thought that … because …
* Neither of us thought that … because …
* I thought that … because … However, my partner thought that …
e.g. “I thought that we will always have teachers and classrooms because we need a teacher to ask questions. However, my partner thought that computers can be programmed to answer questions.

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