University English: the blog for ESL students

October 6, 2015

Unit 5: Language and Communication

Filed under: Unit 5: Language and Communication — richardlstansfield @ 9:29 am

Page 88, Exercise 2

1. few c
2. many e
3. Equator f
4. beach b
5. speakers g
6. ancestors d
7. Antarctica a

Page 88, Exercise 3

1. Equator
2. beach
3. Antarctica
4. speakers
5. Many
6. ancestors
7. few
Page 89, Exercise 11

1. a real person or event
2. formal

2000px-Wales_in_United_Kingdom

russ-MMAP-md

Genres

“Genre” is a word similar in meaning to “type of.” (Korean uses the word “genre” too but the pronunciation is different.)

For example, there are music genres (such as heavy metal and hip hop) and movie genres (such as horror).

Genres have characteristics that can be used to identify them.

For example, heavy metal uses loud, distorted electric guitars, and hip hop is distinguished by fast talking in a rhythm. Horror movies have violence and fearful situations.

Now we will look at some other genres and their characteristics.

Page 91, Exercise 6

Genre Characteristics
d. present tenses used to describe recent
events

As you know, there are three tenses: past (e.g. yesterday), present (e.g. now), and future (e.g. tomorrow). However, we sometimes use the present tense to talk about things in the past. We do this when we are telling a story and want the events to feel like they are happening in front of you.

e.g. Person A is telling Person B a story, and wants the story to sound interesting.

A: “So I ask my friend to go and get it for me, and my friend is annoyed because he thinks it’s inconvenient …”

h. short sentences with positive
adjectives

Adjectives are another part of speech. They modify nouns. That means that they describe, or tell us about, nouns. Look at the sentences below, and say what the adjectives are.
* It’s an interesting book.

* I went to the book store.

Genre Characteristics

radio advertisement: e, h
telephone message: f, g
museum tour: b, c
TV news report: a, d

Page 91, Exercise 7

radio advertisement: 4
telephone message: 2
museum tour: 3
TV news report: 1

Page 92, Exercise 9

Genre Country Language
1. television news report India Bo
2. telephone message the USA Navajo
3. museum tour Russia Tuva
4. radio advertisement Wales Welsh

Tuvan

Discussion

* Do you think we should make efforts to preserve minority languages? (Remember that doing so will cost taxpayer money.) Why or why not?

* What if there was only one language in the world? What would be the advantages and disadvantages?

Objects

In the sentences below, what are the subjects, objects, and verbs? What are the types of objects?

* Michael gave his grandmother a present.

subject – Michael
verb – gave
direct object – a present
indirect object – his grandmother

* I tossed the ball to him.

subject – I
verb – tossed
direct object – the ball
indirect object – him

Some verbs must have an object (transitive verbs).

e.g.

wrong – I can do.

correct – I can do it.

Verb Patterns
1. say
We say something (to someone).
2. tell
We tell someone something.
We don’t tell to someone something.
3. that
We can say that …
We can’t tell that …
4. speak
We speak to someone about something.
5. ask
We ask someone about something.
We ask someone to do something.

Page 94, Exercise 4

1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a
6. b
7. a

Now, try to correct the incorrect sentences.

1. b He told me Tuvan is a type of Russian.
2. b He told us that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
3. b He told us Tuvan is a type of Russian.
4. a He said that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
He said, “Tuvan is a type of Russian.”
5. a We spoke to someone.
6. b. We asked him about the end of Bo.
7. a. We spoke to him about the end of Bo.

Page 94, Exercise 5
Which one is incorrect?
1. We tell …
the answer
2. We say …
me something

I told the answer.
–> I told my friend the answer.
My friend said me something.
–> My friend said something to me.

Page 94, Exercise 6
1. tell
2. speak
3. tell
4. Tell
5. asked

Page 95, Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with one of these words:
blind lip palm pat pick up
1. blind
2. pick up
3. palm
4. lip
5. pat

Gran Torino
* What did the man do?
* What kind of reaction did the people have?
* Why?

Page 96, Exercise 4
1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a

Page 96, Exercise 5
a. 3
b. 2
c. 1
Page 96, Exercise 8
1. “Hello!” –> We hold our hand up with our palm facing towards the person and we wave.
2. “OK.” –> Make a circle with your thumb and index finger. Your palm faces away from you.
3. “It smells bad!” –> Pinch your nose with your index finger and thumb.
4. “It’s expensive.” (or signal for money) –> Rub your thumb against your index finger and middle finger.
5. “Please be quiet.” –> Put your index finger to your lips.

* “Come here.” –> Bring your hand towards your body repeatedly.
* “Go away.” –> Move your hand away from your body repeatedly.
* “Don’t do that.” –> Move your index finger to the left and to the right repeatedly.

Page 98, Exercise 1
1. Put
2. Put
3. thumb
4. chin
5. under
6. happy

Page 99, Exercise 3
1. Pick
2. Unlock
3. Enter
4. Select
5. Save
6. Press
7. Put
Page 100, Exercise 2
Start Middle End
first of all next 4. at the end
1. firstly then 5. finally
2. to start with 3. after that 6. to finish

Page 100, Exercise 4
Student A –> Page 100, Exercise 4
Student B –> Page 197

Answers
Student A
1. First of all, lift/open the lid of the photocopier.
2. Put the paper face down on the glass.
3. Next, open the paper tray.
4. Put the paper into the paper tray.
5. Straighten the paper.
6. Close the paper tray.
7. Finally, press the start button.

Student B
1. First of all, press/select the message icon.
2. Select “Create new message.”
3. Choose the recipient from your address book.
4. Next, type your message.
5. Select/Press “Send to …”
6. Finally, switch off your computer/tablet/smartphone.

Final Task
1. Choose one of the tasks below or think of your own.
* make a cup of tea or coffee
* change the oil or wheel of a car
* send an e-mail on a mobile phone
* sew on a button
* cook your national dish
2. Make a flow chart to prepare your instructions.
3. Give your instructions to a partner.
* Remember to use the Imperative verb form.
* Remember to use Adverbs of Sequence (first of all, firstly, to start with, next, then, after that, at the end, finally, to finish).

April 10, 2015

Unit 5: Language and Communication

Filed under: Unit 5: Language and Communication — richardlstansfield @ 10:56 am

Discussion
* When we communicate, we share information with other people. How do people communicate with each other?
* What can make communication difficult?
* Do you think it’s important to learn another language? Why or why not?

* How many countries in South America do you know?
* Which languages are spoken in South American countries?

Page 88, Exercise 2
1. few c
2. many e
3. Equator f
4. beach b
5. speakers g
6. ancestors d
7. Antarctica a

Page 88, Exercise 3
1. Equator
2. beach
3. Antarctica
4. speakers
5. Many
6. ancestors
7. few

Discussion

* Would you like to live near the Equator? Why or why not?
* Do you like to go to the beach? Why or why not?
* Would you like to go to Antarctica? Why or why not?
* Can you speak any foreign languages? Would you like to learn more? Why or why not?
* Would you like to learn more about your ancestors and your family history? Why or why not?

Page 89, Exercise 5

Argentina 8
Brazil 6
Colombia 7
a market 5
a river 3
Machu Picchu 1
Mountains 2
South America 4

Page 89, Exercise 7
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F
6. F
7. T
8. F

Now we will watch the video again. Change the False sentences so that they’re true.

e.g. Mr. Stansfield is a chef.  teacher

1. 500  400
3. French  Spanish
5. thousand  hundred
6. no one  15 or 20 people
8. busy, modern city full of workers  place for tourists to visit

Discussion
1. What do you think is the best way to learn English?
2. How do you remember new words?
3. How do you practice speaking and listening?
4. What else do you do to learn?

Report to the Class
Tell us something about you and something that you learned about your partner.
e.g.
I try to learn new words by writing them in sentences. My partner tries to learn new words by making vocabulary cards. On one side, she writes the word in English, and on the other side, she writes the translation in her native language.
Genres
“Genre” is a word similar in meaning to “type of.” (Korean uses the word “genre” too but the pronunciation is different.)

For example, there are music genres (such as heavy metal and hip hop) and movie genres (such as horror).

Genres have characteristics that can be used to identify them.

For example, heavy metal uses loud, distorted electric guitars, and hip hop is distinguished by fast talking in a rhythm. Horror movies have violence and fearful situations.

Now we will look at some other genres and their characteristics.

Page 91, Exercise 6
Genre Characteristics
d. present tenses used to describe recent
events

As you know, there are three tenses: past (e.g. yesterday), present (e.g. now), and future (e.g. tomorrow). However, we sometimes use the present tense to talk about things in the past. We do this when we are telling a story and want the events to feel like they are happening in front of you.

e.g. Person A is telling Person B a story, and wants the story to sound interesting.

A: “So I ask my friend to go and get it for me, and my friend is annoyed because he thinks it’s inconvenient …”

h. short sentences with positive
adjectives

Adjectives are another part of speech. They modify nouns. That means that they describe, or tell us about, nouns. Look at the sentences below, and say what the adjectives are.
* It’s an interesting book.

* I went to the book store.

Genre Characteristics

radio advertisement: e, h
telephone message: f, g
museum tour: b, c
TV news report: a, d

Page 91, Exercise 7
radio advertisement: 4
telephone message: 2
museum tour: 3
TV news report: 1

Page 92, Exercise 9

Genre Country Language
1. television news report India Bo
2. telephone message the USA Navajo
3. museum tour Russia Tuva
4. radio advertisement Wales Welsh

Discussion
Do you think we should make efforts to preserve minority languages? (Remember that doing so will cost taxpayer money.) Why or why not?

* What if there was only one language in the world? What would be the advantages and disadvantages?
Imperative

The imperative is used when we tell someone to do (or not do) something.

e.g. Don’t touch that! It’s hot.
e.g. Fill out an application. You have to register to go to this school.
Page 93, Exercise 1
a. 1
b. 3
c. 3
d. 2

Page 93, Exercise 2

1. You open your books.
2. Don’t to be late.
3. Open it the window.
4. Come you back later.
5. Unlocking your screen please.

Objects

In the sentences below, what are the subjects, objects, and verbs? What are the types of objects?

* Michael gave his grandmother a present.
subject verb indirect object direct object

* I tossed the ball to him.
s. v. d.o. i.o.

Some verbs must have an object (transitive verbs).

e.g.

wrong – I can do.

correct – I can do it.

Verb Patterns
1. say
We say something (to someone).
2. tell
We tell someone something.
We don’t tell to someone something.
3. that
We can say that …
We can’t tell that …
4. speak
We speak to someone about something.
5. ask
We ask someone about something.
We ask someone to do something.

Page 94, Exercise 4

1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a
6. b
7. a

Now, try to correct the incorrect sentences.

1. b He told me Tuvan is a type of Russian.
2. b He told me that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
3. b He told us Tuvan is a type of Russian.
4. a He said that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
He said, “Tuvan is a type of Russian.”
5. a We spoke to someone.
6. b. We asked him about the end of Bo.
7. a. We spoke to him about the end of Bo.

Page 94, Exercise 5
Which one is incorrect?
1. We tell …
the truth // a lie // the time // a story // the answer // someone about something
2. We say …
hello and goodbye // something // the answer // me something

I told the answer. <– Wrong
I told my friend the answer.
My friend said me something. <– Wrong
My friend said something to me.

Page 94, Exercise 6
1. tell
2. speak
3. tell
4. Tell
5. asked

Page 95, Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with one of these words:
blind pick up palm lip pat
1. blind
2. pick up
3. palm
4. lip
5. pat

Gran Torino
* What did the man do?
* What kind of reaction did the people have?
* Why?

Page 96, Exercise 4
1. (b)
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a

Page 96, Exercise 5
a. 3
b. 2
c. 1
Page 96, Exercise 8
1. “Hello!”  We hold our hand up with our palm facing towards the person and we wave.
2. “OK.”  Make a circle with your thumb and index finger. The other fingers point upwards.
3. “It smells bad!”  Hold/Pinch your nose.
4. “It’s expensive.” (or signal for money)  (Korea) Make a circle with your thumb and index finger. The palm faces upwards. (Other Countries) Rub your thumb against your index finger and middle finger.
5. “Please be quiet.”  Put your index finger to your lips.

* “Come here.”  Move your hand towards yourself repeatedly.
* “Go away.”  Move your hand away from yourself repeatedly.
* “Don’t do that.”  Hold up your index finger and move it back and forth.
* “I don’t know.”  Lift both shoulders. At the same time, raise your hands to shoulder height, with the palms facing upwards.

Page 98, Exercise 1
1. Put
2. Put
3. thumb
4. chin
5. under
6. happy

Page 99, Exercise 3
1. Pick
2. Unlock
3. Enter
4. Select
5. Save
6. Press
7. Put
Page 100, Exercise 2
Start Middle End
first of all next 4. at the end
1. firstly then 5. finally
2. to start with 3. after that 6. to finish

Page 100, Exercise 4
Student A  Page 100, Exercise 4
Student B  Page 197

Answers
Student A
1. First of all, open the lid of the photocopier.
2. Put the paper face down on the glass.
3. Next, open the paper tray.
4. Put the paper into the paper tray.
5. Straighten the paper.
6. Close the paper tray.
7. Finally, press the start button.

Student B
1. First of all, press the message icon.
2. Select “Create new message.”
3. Choose the recipient from your address book.
4. Next, type your message.
5. Select/Press “Send to …”
6. Finally, switch off your laptop/computer/tablet.

Final Task
1. Choose one of the tasks below or think of your own.
* make a cup of tea or coffee
* change the oil or wheel of a car
* send an e-mail on a mobile phone
* sew on a button
* cook one of your favorite dishes
2. Make a flow chart to prepare your instructions.
3. Give your instructions to a partner.
* Remember to use the Imperative verb form.
* Remember to use Adverbs of Sequence (first of all, firstly, to start with, next, then, after that, at the end, finally, to finish).

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