University English: the blog for ESL students

November 8, 2015

Unit 8: Business

Filed under: Unit 8: Business — richardlstansfield @ 5:34 am

In this unit, we will be talking about:
– jobs,
– job requirements,
– job seeking, and
– how to give advice (especially for job seekers).

We will begin by looking at the pictures on Page 142 and discussing the questions in Exercise 1.

Page 142, Exercise 2

1. popular
2. line
3. catch
4. dangerous
5. Fishermen
While Watching: Page 143, Exercise 4

Cape of Good Hope
– in South Africa
– Dangerous! famous for _storms_
– David’s _father_ disappeared at sea
– he _understands dangers_
– 2000 types of _fish_

Snoek (a kind of fish)
– fish
– popular _food_

David
– fisherman
– _family_ business
– teaches his _sons_
– family works _together_

Page 143, Exercise 5

Match the sentence halves.

1. e
2. b
3. d
4. f
5. a
6. c

Discussion
* Would you like to work in a job that isn’t in an office? Why or why not?
* If you couldn’t get an office job, what kind of job would you prefer, and why?
– fisherman
– farmer
– construction worker
– plumber
– carpenter
– something else (e.g. photographer, barista, travel guide, mechanic, etc.)

Page 144, Exercise 1
1. We earn money by _working_.
2. Colleagues are people who _we work with_.
3. When we spend time on something it means we _use time doing it_.
4. When we waste time we _use time badly_.
5. A project is a _piece of planned work_.

Page 144, Exercise 2
You will listen to a business student talking about a project. You will hear all of the numbers below. Write each number using words.
Example: 1  one
Example: 21  twenty-one

1. 48%
2. 1/2
3. 1/3
4. 31.5
5. 103
6. 1,540
7. 6,001

Answers
1. 48%
 forty-eight percent
2. 1/2
 a half // one half
3. 1/3
 one third
4. 31.5
 thirty-one point five
5. 103
 one hundred and three // a hundred and three
6. 1,540
 one thousand five hundred and forty
7. 6,001
 six thousand and one

Page 144, Exercise 4

1. usually after hundreds, but only after thousands if the number has thousands and then a single unit with no hundred in between
e.g. six thousand and one (6,001)
but
six thousand one hundred and one (6,101)

2. fifty percent

3. yes

4. we say zero (or nought in the United Kingdom)

5. we say “oh,” especially for phone numbers, or “zero”;
in the United Kingdom, they occasionally say “nought” but not in a phone number

Page 145, Exercise 5

1. F (She hasn’t finished yet. She ran out of time.)
2. T (She read 103 reports.)
3. F (She looked at how people spend time at work.)
4. T
5. F (A lot of people wasted time at work because they weren’t happy with their job.)

Page 145, Exercise 6
Listen again and complete the information on the chart.
Time Wasted At Work
5% 
15% 
31.5% 
48% 
Reasons For Wasting Time
__ % 
__ % 
__ % 

Answers

Time Wasted At Work

5%
 texting,
making plans for after work

15%
 taking longer coffee and lunch breaks than they should

31.5%
 talking to colleagues

48%
 surfing the Internet or
writing personal e-mails

Reasons For Wasting Time

33.5%
 didn’t work as hard as they should because they thought they weren’t earning enough

approx. 50%
 weren’t happy with their jobs

19 %
 said they were working too many hours

Discussion

Ask each other:
“What do you think are the two best ways to stop people from wasting time at work? Why?”

– make sure everyone has a regular break
– pay a very high wage
– shout at people who waste time
– give extra pay to people who work fast
– (something else)

Discuss and together come up with the two best ways to stop people from wasting time at work.

Report to the Class:

What two solutions did you and your partner decide upon? And why?

Example:
“My partner and I decided to make sure everyone has a regular break because sometimes people get tired and need to rest.
We also decided to give promotions to people who think of new ideas because companies need new ideas.
We decided not to shout at people who waste time because shouting at people makes them feel bad.

– make sure everyone has a regular break
– pay a very high wage
– shout at people who waste time
– give extra pay to people who work fast
– (something else)

Pre-discussion

Look at the sentences on Page 145, Exercise 8. Which ones do you agree with? Which ones do you disagree with? Write “agree” or “disagree” next to each sentence.

Discussion
Ask each other these questions. Discuss them using the phrases that we learned before.

1. Do you think that earning a lot of money is more important than having an interesting job?
2. Do you think that the most exciting work is to have your own business?
3. Do you think that younger people do not have enough experience to be good managers?
4. Do you think that older people with families don’t work as hard as young, single people?
5. Do you think that people who work the longest hours do the most work?
6. Do you think that the best time to start work is after university?

Giving Your Opinion:
I think … // It seems to me … // In my opinion … // I feel … // Don’t you think … ?
Agreeing:
I agree. // I totally agree. // That’s true. // Yes, that’s right. // Exactly! // You’re right. // That’s a good point.
Disagreeing:
Yes, but … // It’s good but … // I am not really sure. // I don’t think so. // I don’t agree with that // Yes, I see what you’re saying but … // I’m afraid I disagree. // I’m not sure I agree. // Maybe, but … // Perhaps, but … // I don’t agree.

Example
A: Do you think that the best time to start work is after university?
B: It seems to me if you work right after university, you won’t have much experience. I think that you should travel to other countries before working.
A: I’m afraid I disagree. Travelling to other countries before getting a job is good. However, I feel you should travel while in university, and then start work after university.

Report to the Class

Did you and your partner agree on anything, or not? Tell us.

Agreement  Both of us thought that …
 Neither of us thought that …

Disagreement  I thought that …
However, my partner thought that …

Example:

I thought that if you work right after university, you won’t have much experience, so you should travel to other countries before working.
However, my partner thought that you should travel while in university, and then start work after university.

Page 146, Exercise 1  Comparatives

Comparing Quantities

0%  the least
 less
 more
100%  the most

Page 146, Exercise 2

1. People spent the least amount of time _on the phone_.
2. People spent less time _in meetings_ than having breaks.
3. People spent the most time _working at a desk_.
4. People spent more time _having breaks_ than in meetings.

Page 146, Exercise 3

– People spent the least amount of time filling in papers and forms.
– People spent the most time helping someone else with their work.
– People spent less time going to meetings than waiting for someone to finish their part of a project.
– People spent more time waiting for someone to finish their part of a project than going to meetings.

Page 148, Exercise 7  Phrasal Verbs (Multi-word Verbs)

Phrasal (multi-word) verbs have more than one part: a verb and a particle or particles.

Also notice where the object (subject, verb, object) can be.

e.g. Please turn on the TV.

e.g. Please turn the volume down.

1. You have noted a lot of information down.
2. I haven’t finished yet –I ran out of time.
3. I noted down the key information.
4. I took part in the discussion on this.
5. I found out a larger amount of information.
6. I found a lot of information out.
7. I looked at how people spend time at work …
8. … the reasons why they didn’t get on with their work.
9. They only just had enough money to get by.

Page 148, Exercise 8

1. run out (of sth)
2. get on with
3. find out
4. get by
5. note down
6. take part in
7. look at

Page 149, Exercise 9

(1) I found a lot of information out.
(2) I noted down the key information.
(3) I found out a lot of information.

(4) I took part in the discussion on this.
(5) I looked at how people spend time at work.
(6) I looked at the reasons they didn’t get on with their work.

Page 149, Exercise 10

1. She looks after my children when I am at work.
– Type 2 (“inseparable”)
2. She decided to take yoga up to help with stress.
– Type 1
3. I need to leave the meeting early, but you can carry on.
– Type 3 (“intransitive”)

Page 149, Exercise 11

1. Would you like to take up a new hobby? If so, what would you do?
2. Can you get on with your work if it’s noisy?
3. If you have to find out new information for a lesson where do you look?
4. Do you note down phone numbers or put them straight into your phone?
5. Have you ever run out of money while you were out? How did you get by?
6. Is it easy to look after children? Why or why not?

Page 150, Exercise 1

1. d
2. a
3. f
4. e
5. g
6. c
7. b
8. h

Page 151, Exercise 4
What advice does the mentor give to Sami about what he should do in an interview?
1. * 5.
2. 6. *
3. * 7. *
4. * 8. *
Page 151, Exercise 5
Number the phrases in the order that you hear them.

a. 4
b. 2
c. 1
d. 5
e. 3

Page 151, Exercise 6
Which of the sentences in Exercise 5 look like statements?
Which ones look like questions?
We will listen again to the part of the conversation in which they discuss making eye contact.

1. Why didn’t Sami make eye contact?
In his country/culture, it can be rude to look someone in the eyes.

2. Why should you make eye contact in western countries (Europe, the United States, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand)?
People might think that you are unfriendly or nervous. (People might also think that you are dishonest, untrustworthy, and/or trying to hide something.)

Page 151, Exercise 9

Put the words in order to make questions the mentor asked Sami in the interview.
1. Why would you like to work with us?
2. What are your strengths and weaknesses?
3. Why should we give you the job?
4. What do you want to do long term?
5. Are you always on time?
6. Are you good at working in a team?
7. What kind of qualifications have you got?
8. When did you last solve a difficult problem?

Page 152, Exercise 2
1. Why would you like to _work_ with us?
2. What are your _strengths_ and weaknesses?
3. Why should we _give_ you the job?
4. What do you want to do _long term_?
5. When _did_ you last solve a difficult problem?
6. Are you good _at_ working in a team?
7. Are you always _on_ time?
8. What kind of qualifications _have_ you got?
9. Are you a patient type of _person_?

Page 154, Exercise 1

What is the function of this sentence?

“If you want to do better, you should start by looking more confident.”

a. explaining
b. requesting
c. giving advice *

Page 154, Exercise 2
– I think you should …
– Be careful not to …
– Why don’t you …?

Page 154, Exercise 3

Why do you think JP can’t find a job?

“I think JP can’t find a job because … “
– he gets low grades.
– he has no job experience.
– he hasn’t shaved.
– he looks too casual/carefree.

Page 155, Exercise 5

Underline the advice that the teacher gives.

– I think you should …

– If you want to do better, you need to …

Page 155, Exercise 4
Complete the sentences with your own ideas.

1. If I were you, I would …
– study harder (to get better grades).
– wear neat clothes/dress smartly.
2. I think you should …
– shave.
– take care of yourself.
3. If you want to do better, you should …
– get enough sleep.
– iron your shirt.
4. Be careful not to …
– bring your headphones when you have a job interview.

5. You should try (not) to …
– You should try to get some job experience.
– You should try to have confidence in yourself.

Page 156, Exercise 1

Look at the list of problems. Think of two or three solutions for each problem. You can use the words and phrases in the grey box to help you.

Page 156, Exercise 2

Choose two of the problems from Exercise 1 and ask your partner for help. Also, give your partner advice for his/her problems, using the phrases below.
– If I were you, I would …
– I think you should …
– If you want to do better, you should …
– Be careful not to …
– You should try (not) to …
– Why don’t you … ?
Pair Work
1. I’m working/studying long hours.
2. I’m not getting along with my boss/classmates.
3. I’m not enjoying my job/studies.
4. I’m finding it difficult to organize my time.
5. I’m finding it difficult to do my work/studies.

– If I were you, I would … // – I think you should …
– Be careful not to … // – You should try (not) to …
– If you want to do better, you should …
– Why don’t you …?

Pair Work

Tell each other your problems, and give advice to each other.

Student A
1. My friends are often late for appointments and waste my time.
2. When I speak English, I get so nervous.
3. I can’t use computers very well.
Student B
1. I keep forgetting appointments.
2. I think I’m doing badly in my English class.
3. I find it difficult to do presentations because I get so nervous.

– If I were you, I would …
– I think you should …
– If you want to do better, you should …
– Be careful not to …
– You should try (not) to …
– Why don’t you … ?

Discuss and Give Advice

Ask each other these questions, and give advice.

1. What are your strengths and weaknesses?
2. What do you want to do long term?
3. Are you always on time?
4. Are you good at working in a team?
5. When did you last solve a difficult problem?
6. Are you a patient type of person?

– If I were you, I would … // – I think you should …
– You should try (not) to … // – Why don’t you …?
– If you want to do better, you should …
– Be careful not to …

Example

A: Are you always on time?
B: I’m sometimes late for classes and appointments.
A: If you want to do better, you should use your cell-phone’s alarm clock to remind you of your appointments.

Report to the Class

Tell us one piece of advice that you gave to your partner.

Example
My partner is sometimes late for classes and appointments.
So I told her, “If you want to do better, you should use your cell-phone’s alarm clock to remind you of your appointments.”

1. What are your strengths and weaknesses?
2. What do you want to do long term?
3. Are you always on time?
4. Are you good at working in a team?
5. When did you last solve a difficult problem?
6. Are you a patient type of person?

November 1, 2015

Scores for Quizzes (Units 3, 4, and 5) and Mid-term Exams

Filed under: announcements,Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 10:19 am

Dear Students,

Look below to see your scores for your Quizzes (on Units 3, 4, and 5) and Mid-term Exams.

First find your Class #.

The first number is for your quizzes. The scores for the quizzes have been put together into one score out of 37. The second number is your Mid-term score, out of 25. The third number is your Student ID#.

Class 5

29.00 22.00 12150384
27.00 20.00 12150021
24.00 25.00 12110739
4.00 0.00 12150484
11.00 21.00 12153886
24.00 21.00 12150412
24.00 19.00 12151075
33.00 14.00 12111740
31.00 18.00 12150926
0.00 0.00 12151976
20.00 20.00 12151086
2.00 0.00 12134630
24.00 13.00 12131921
1.00 10.00 12154604
16.00 17.00 12151481
35.00 25.00 12150474

Class 14

23.00 19.00 12150243
28.00 21.00 12121613
29.00 18.00 12112044
25.00 18.00 12151026
24.00 25.00 12154627
0.00 8.00 12154628
37.00 25.00 12013580
33.00 25.00 12154689
3.00 25.00 12154686
16.00 0.00 12150711
30.00 21.00 12123741
29.00 25.00 12150106
15.00 16.00 12151878
21.00 19.00 12150229
33.00 22.00 12150304

Class 23

27.00 25.00 12091064
17.00 11.00 12150968
31.00 25.00 12150413
9.00 18.00 12150069
12.00 22.00 12150419
19.00 23.00 12150074
17.00 19.00 12150427
0.00 0.00 12151270
26.00 19.00 12150987
23.00 19.00 12153703
31.00 25.00 12150441
31.00 17.00 12150104
21.00 25.00 12153753
22.00 19.00 12141002
36.00 25.00 12100981

Class 32

21.00 18.00 12151117
27.00 11.00 12151228
29.00 22.00 12150024
18.00 18.00 12150664
36.00 25.00 12122015
17.00 12.00 12151251
27.00 25.00 12151554
28.00 25.00 12101828
0.00 0.00 12150422
30.00 21.00 12111287
20.00 14.00 12150093
29.00 23.00 12143090
28.00 19.00 12091792
31.00 25.00 12122071
15.00 25.00 12150306

Class 41

23.00 10.00 12121607
21.00 22.00 12150386
0.00 0.00 12102241
25.00 23.00 12091066
20.00 18.00 12100082
19.00 19.00 12151133
17.00 21.00 12121280
33.00 25.00 12110293
3.00 15.00 12154618
0.00 0.00 12150503
25.00 20.00 12150284
32.00 25.00 12141454
19.00 20.00 12151303
25.00 21.00 12151311

October 16, 2015

Week 8 Homework Assignment

Filed under: homework — richardlstansfield @ 9:52 am

Read the text. Then write the answers on a piece of paper, and put the paper into a box in front of the teacher’s office during Week 8. The deadline is Friday, October 23rd, at 5 pm (17:00). Don’t forget to write your name and your class number.

Text

Why all the interest in texting?

An article on the Internet recently caught my eye. It was about the Texting Championships in New York City. The 17-year-old winner texted 149 characters in 39 seconds and won $50,000. That is certainly impressive, and much, much faster than me – LOL : – ). However, I started to wonder: Why is there still so much interest in texting? After all, texting is a commonplace activity these days.

It’s clear that texting, with all of its abbreviations and symbols, is now part of our lives. According to research, about 75% of Americans send text messages, and almost one third prefer to text rather than talk on their phone. It’s just quicker to send a text than make a call. Typing SUP is faster than asking “How are you?” and listening to the answer. It’s also more discrete because no one can overhear your conversation – and that’s FBM.

OTOH, texting has its downsides, too, and perhaps it’s these problems that create all the interest. Texters gripe that they are getting more spam texts than ever before. Teachers complain that students’ test scores are getting worse because teens spend more time texting than they should. Some also say that texting encourages bad grammar and punctuation and IMO, that’s true. Students don’t realize they shouldn’t write their essays in “textese,” and they get low grades as a result. Many young people are sleeping less because they wake up in the night every time a text pops up on their phone. Others have injuries to their hands and thumbs from the constant texting.

There are also more serious problems with texting, however, such as the accidents that happen when people text and drive at the same time. Fortunately, many countries are passing laws that make it illegal to text when you’re behind the wheel of a car. In addition, public service advertisements warn of the dangers of texting while driving. Perhaps, then, there is good reason for all the interest in texting.

Textese

Match the textese with its meaning.

1. LOL __
2. : – ) __
3. SUP __
4. FBM __
5. OTOT __
6. IMO __

a. Fine by me.
b. In my opinion
c. Laugh out loud
d. On the other hand
e. Smile
f. What’s up?

Vocabulary

Match the vocabulary with their meanings.

1. caught my eye __
2. wonder __
3. discreet __
4. overhear __
5. downsides __
6. warn of __

a. disadvantages
b. not noticeable
c. hear without intending to
d. got my attention
e. say there’s a problem
f. ask myself

Questions

1. What are two reasons why many people like texting better than talking on the phone?

2. What is “textese” and what kinds of problems does it cause?

3. What are four downsides to texting?

Mr. Stansfield’s Office: 5남242

October 6, 2015

Mid-term Exam Appointments

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 9:43 am

Class 14
Wednesday, October 14

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김구현 12150243 9:00
김만정 12121613 9:05
류지혜 12112044 9:10
박소연 12151026 9:15
사아려 12154627 9:20
상연 12154628 9:25
송지영 12013580 9:30
아블라예바카 12154689 9:35
왕군림 12154686 9:40
윤영우 12150711 9:45
이다혜 12123741 9:50
이동길 12150106 9:55
이효영 12151878 10:00
조하늘 12150229 10:05
최규락 12150304 10:10

Class 32
Thursday, October 15

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
고경서 12151117 10:30
김경현 12151228 10:35
김민중 12150024 10:40
김진현 12150664 10:45
김혜승 12122015 10:50
류시헌 12151251 10:55
박다혜 12151554 11:00
박수홍 12101828 11:00
배예찬 12150422 11:05
송창민 12111287 11:10
신승훈 12150093 11:15
이다솜 12143090 11:20
이용호 12091792 11:25
정범기 12122071 11:30
최용호 12150306 11:35

Class 5
Thursday, October 15

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김다미 12150384 2:30
김동균 12150021 2:35
김민수 12110739 2:40
김수헌 12150484 2:45
리우림 12153886 2:50
박근범 12150412 2:55
박소현 12151075 3:00
박주석 12111740 3:05
서성준 12150926 3:10
윤성원 12151976 3:15
윤형우 12151086 3:20
이데르바트 12134630 3:25
이승훈 12131921 3:30
장전서 12154604 3:35
정우영 12151481 3:40
황민지 12150474 3:45

Class 23
Friday, October 16

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김영진 12091064 10:30
김장곤 12150968 10:35
박다해 12150413 10:40
박윤호 12150069 10:45
박진수 12150419 10:50
박창수 12150074 10:55
송혁진 12150427 11:00
신광훈 12151270 11:05
신산하 12150987 11:10
염채린 12153703 11:15
오치종 12150441 11:20
이경민 12150104 11:25
이유경 12153753 11:30
정우석 12141002 11:35
호종현 12100981 11:40

Class 41
Friday, October 16

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김근용 12121607 2:30
김동희 12150386 2:35
김민주 12102241 2:40
김유준 12091066 2:45
김인성 12100082 2:50
김재현 12151133 2:55
김현웅 12121280 3:00
양희승 12110293 3:05
예명동 12154618 3:10
유연진 12150503 3:15
이명석 12150284 3:20
이정균 12141454 3:25
이헌 12151303 3:30
전덕원 12151311 3:35

About the Mid-term Exam

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 9:40 am

You will give a presentation. Its maximum length will be 3 or 4 minutes. You will talk about the following two things:

* Talk about the advantages and disadvantages of one of the technologies below:

– the Internet
– mobile phones
– Internet TV
– 3D TV
– cars that work without a driver
– robot surgeons

Give your opinions by using phrases for “Giving Opinions” and give reasons by using conjunctions like “as” and “because of.”

Talk about both advantages and disadvantages by using conjunctions such as “as well as,” “on the other hand,” and “whereas.”

* Choose one of these tasks and tell people how to do it.

(There are now more choices. You can also choose your own task.)

– make a cup of tea or coffee
– change the oil or wheel of a car
– send an e-mail on a mobile phone
– sew on a button
– cook one of your favorite dishes
– do part of a dance [1]
– start and drive a car
– dry your hair
– apply your makeup [2]
– wash dishes
– have the perfect date

–> Remember to use the Imperative verb form.
–> Remember to use Adverbs of Sequence (first of all, firstly, to start with, next, then, after that, at the end, finally, to finish).
–> No reading. No Power Point presentations. Just you talking.

[1] Example 1: (starts at 1 minute 18 seconds of the video)

First of all, turn your body to the left or to the right so that your shoulder is forward.

Next, put your arm out straight. Your palm faces the audience.

Then, move your hand back and forth.

After that, make a circle with your hand.

Next, lift your knee. At the same time, bend your body towards that knee. Repeat on the other side.

Finally, hold up your index finger and move it back and forth.

[2] Example 2: (starts at 58 seconds of the video)

First of all, apply generous amounts of sunscreen lightly and delicately.

Next, apply small amounts of liquid and runny foundation.

Then, use a sponge to smooth out the foundation.

After that, use a brush to use cake-like concealer to cover the dark areas under your eyes and the red areas under your nose.

Next, use a brush to apply facial powder to brighten your face.

Finally, use a powder puff to apply brightening powder to tone up your face.

Instructions

–> Arrive early and wait inside.

During the mid-term exams, some people came in late. Here are two real examples.

Real Example #1

Student: I’m ready to do my exam now.
Teacher: You missed your exam.
Student: My exam is at 2:40.
Teacher: No, your exam was at 1:40.
Student: 헐 …

Real Example #2

Student: I’m ready to do my exam now.
Teacher: You missed your exam. It was at 1:40.
Student: I was outside at 1:30.
Teacher: So why didn’t you come inside and take your exam?
Student: I don’t know.
Teacher: I don’t know either.

* So, for the final speaking exam:
– come early, and
– come inside and wait.

The teacher will not go outside and call you to come it. You should be inside the classroom when it is time for your exam.

* If anyone misses their final speaking exam, they get zero (0/25) points.

* If anyone comes in late, they will receive penalties as follows:
1 minute late: – 25%
2 minutes late: – 50%
3 minutes late: – 75%
4 minutes late: missed the exam –> 0 points

Unit 5: Possible Material for Quiz

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 9:34 am

* Vocabulary (Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3 // Page 95, Exercise 3)

* Verb Patterns (Page 94, Exercises 4, 5, and 6)

* Giving Instructions

–> How to make the sign for “happy” (Page 98)
–> How to set the alarm on a mobile phone (Page 99)
–> How to prepare a photocopier (Page 100)
–> How to send an instant message (Page 197)

* Parts of Speech

Give the part of speech for the underlined words.

Examples

1. The science laboratories are on the first floor.
2. Homework is important because I want to pass my exams.
3. Robots were not used so much in the past as robots were expensive.
4. When I switch on my laptop, it takes a long time to start.
5. My cell-phone doesn’t have it touchscreen, it has keys that I press.
6. It seems that computers are not making us stupid, but they are making us lazy.
7. People use computers to save information and to organize it.
8. Please follow me.
9. She is a pretty girl.

Answers

1. preposition [page 57]
2. verb (auxiliary verb + main verb) [page 58]
3. conjunction [page 73]
4. verb (phrasal verb) [page 76]
5. noun [page 77]
6. conjunction [page 81]
7. conjunction [page 82]
8. verb. [page 93]
9. adjective

Homework

Filed under: homework — richardlstansfield @ 9:31 am

Class 5

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 5 and 6

Class 14

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 5 and 6

Class 23

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 4, 5, and 6

Class 32

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 6

Class 41

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

Unit 5: Language and Communication

Filed under: Unit 5: Language and Communication — richardlstansfield @ 9:29 am

Page 88, Exercise 2

1. few c
2. many e
3. Equator f
4. beach b
5. speakers g
6. ancestors d
7. Antarctica a

Page 88, Exercise 3

1. Equator
2. beach
3. Antarctica
4. speakers
5. Many
6. ancestors
7. few
Page 89, Exercise 11

1. a real person or event
2. formal

2000px-Wales_in_United_Kingdom

russ-MMAP-md

Genres

“Genre” is a word similar in meaning to “type of.” (Korean uses the word “genre” too but the pronunciation is different.)

For example, there are music genres (such as heavy metal and hip hop) and movie genres (such as horror).

Genres have characteristics that can be used to identify them.

For example, heavy metal uses loud, distorted electric guitars, and hip hop is distinguished by fast talking in a rhythm. Horror movies have violence and fearful situations.

Now we will look at some other genres and their characteristics.

Page 91, Exercise 6

Genre Characteristics
d. present tenses used to describe recent
events

As you know, there are three tenses: past (e.g. yesterday), present (e.g. now), and future (e.g. tomorrow). However, we sometimes use the present tense to talk about things in the past. We do this when we are telling a story and want the events to feel like they are happening in front of you.

e.g. Person A is telling Person B a story, and wants the story to sound interesting.

A: “So I ask my friend to go and get it for me, and my friend is annoyed because he thinks it’s inconvenient …”

h. short sentences with positive
adjectives

Adjectives are another part of speech. They modify nouns. That means that they describe, or tell us about, nouns. Look at the sentences below, and say what the adjectives are.
* It’s an interesting book.

* I went to the book store.

Genre Characteristics

radio advertisement: e, h
telephone message: f, g
museum tour: b, c
TV news report: a, d

Page 91, Exercise 7

radio advertisement: 4
telephone message: 2
museum tour: 3
TV news report: 1

Page 92, Exercise 9

Genre Country Language
1. television news report India Bo
2. telephone message the USA Navajo
3. museum tour Russia Tuva
4. radio advertisement Wales Welsh

Tuvan

Discussion

* Do you think we should make efforts to preserve minority languages? (Remember that doing so will cost taxpayer money.) Why or why not?

* What if there was only one language in the world? What would be the advantages and disadvantages?

Objects

In the sentences below, what are the subjects, objects, and verbs? What are the types of objects?

* Michael gave his grandmother a present.

subject – Michael
verb – gave
direct object – a present
indirect object – his grandmother

* I tossed the ball to him.

subject – I
verb – tossed
direct object – the ball
indirect object – him

Some verbs must have an object (transitive verbs).

e.g.

wrong – I can do.

correct – I can do it.

Verb Patterns
1. say
We say something (to someone).
2. tell
We tell someone something.
We don’t tell to someone something.
3. that
We can say that …
We can’t tell that …
4. speak
We speak to someone about something.
5. ask
We ask someone about something.
We ask someone to do something.

Page 94, Exercise 4

1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a
6. b
7. a

Now, try to correct the incorrect sentences.

1. b He told me Tuvan is a type of Russian.
2. b He told us that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
3. b He told us Tuvan is a type of Russian.
4. a He said that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
He said, “Tuvan is a type of Russian.”
5. a We spoke to someone.
6. b. We asked him about the end of Bo.
7. a. We spoke to him about the end of Bo.

Page 94, Exercise 5
Which one is incorrect?
1. We tell …
the answer
2. We say …
me something

I told the answer.
–> I told my friend the answer.
My friend said me something.
–> My friend said something to me.

Page 94, Exercise 6
1. tell
2. speak
3. tell
4. Tell
5. asked

Page 95, Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with one of these words:
blind lip palm pat pick up
1. blind
2. pick up
3. palm
4. lip
5. pat

Gran Torino
* What did the man do?
* What kind of reaction did the people have?
* Why?

Page 96, Exercise 4
1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a

Page 96, Exercise 5
a. 3
b. 2
c. 1
Page 96, Exercise 8
1. “Hello!” –> We hold our hand up with our palm facing towards the person and we wave.
2. “OK.” –> Make a circle with your thumb and index finger. Your palm faces away from you.
3. “It smells bad!” –> Pinch your nose with your index finger and thumb.
4. “It’s expensive.” (or signal for money) –> Rub your thumb against your index finger and middle finger.
5. “Please be quiet.” –> Put your index finger to your lips.

* “Come here.” –> Bring your hand towards your body repeatedly.
* “Go away.” –> Move your hand away from your body repeatedly.
* “Don’t do that.” –> Move your index finger to the left and to the right repeatedly.

Page 98, Exercise 1
1. Put
2. Put
3. thumb
4. chin
5. under
6. happy

Page 99, Exercise 3
1. Pick
2. Unlock
3. Enter
4. Select
5. Save
6. Press
7. Put
Page 100, Exercise 2
Start Middle End
first of all next 4. at the end
1. firstly then 5. finally
2. to start with 3. after that 6. to finish

Page 100, Exercise 4
Student A –> Page 100, Exercise 4
Student B –> Page 197

Answers
Student A
1. First of all, lift/open the lid of the photocopier.
2. Put the paper face down on the glass.
3. Next, open the paper tray.
4. Put the paper into the paper tray.
5. Straighten the paper.
6. Close the paper tray.
7. Finally, press the start button.

Student B
1. First of all, press/select the message icon.
2. Select “Create new message.”
3. Choose the recipient from your address book.
4. Next, type your message.
5. Select/Press “Send to …”
6. Finally, switch off your computer/tablet/smartphone.

Final Task
1. Choose one of the tasks below or think of your own.
* make a cup of tea or coffee
* change the oil or wheel of a car
* send an e-mail on a mobile phone
* sew on a button
* cook your national dish
2. Make a flow chart to prepare your instructions.
3. Give your instructions to a partner.
* Remember to use the Imperative verb form.
* Remember to use Adverbs of Sequence (first of all, firstly, to start with, next, then, after that, at the end, finally, to finish).

October 5, 2015

Unit 4: Possible Material for Quiz

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 5:12 am

* Vocabulary (Page 70, Exercise 1; Page 76, Exercise 6; Page 77, Exercise 9; Page 78, Exercise 1

* Conjunctions for Reasons (Page 73, Exercise 8; Page 74, Exercise 9

* Conjunctions for Similar and Different Information (Page 81, Exercise 1; Page 82, Exercise 5)

Unit 4: The Internet and Technology

Filed under: Unit 4: The Internet and Technology — richardlstansfield @ 5:09 am

Page 70, Exercise 1
1. diving
2. helmet

helmets

3. tank
4. screen
5. projector
6. shark

shark

7. virtual reality

virtual reality

8. submarine

submarine

Ask each other:

Would you like to …?

– go diving in a sea where you can find sharks?
– ride a motorbike with no helmet?
– keep a fish tank with different fish at home?
– have a projector and a cinema screen at home to watch films?
– travel under water in a submarine?
– experience virtual reality?
Page 70, Exercise 3
1. five
2. the world
3. laughing
4. under the tank
5. some
6. glass
7. dark
8. can

Page 71, Exercise 4
1. expensive … far away
2. helmet … glasses
3. training
4. camera
5. sharks

Page 71, Exercise 6
2. a. You can see sharks up close and swim alongside them.
2. b. You can’t get hurt.
Discussion

“What would you like to experience in virtual reality? Why?”

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous.

Report to the Class

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous.

My partner would like to experience skydiving in virtual reality because if your parachute doesn’t open, you can die.

skydiving with parachute

Page 72, Exercise 1

Page 72, Exercise 3
Pronunciation for Listening
/s/ – subject
– suit
– disabled
– sort
– face
– maths
/sh/ – wash
– fish
– pollution
– nation
– short
– wish
– ocean
/ch/ – teacher
– kitchen
– which
– match
– cheap

Listening
You will listen to a radio program in which people will talk about robots. Listen and answer the questions.
1. Are there many or few sorts of robots? – many
2. Are the robots cheap or expensive? – cheaper
3. What kinds of things do the robots do?
a. factory work *
b. household chores for old people (e.g. washing clothes) *
c. cooking
d. medical care *
e. measuring pollution in the sea *
f. police checks
g. answering phones

robot teaching English in South Korea

Page 73, Exercise 8

1. expensive
2. (new types of) robots
3. age
4. robot fish

Giving Reasons

We can use the following phrases to give reasons:
– as – because
– thanks to – because of
– due to

“Because” and “as” are followed by complete clauses. (Clauses = small sentences inside of a larger sentence.)

e.g. I failed the test because I didn’t study.
e.g. I failed the test as I didn’t study.

“Thanks to,” “because of,” and “due to” are followed by noun phrases.

e.g. People have a much better quality of life thanks to food from other countries.
e.g. Some disabled people can’t do housework because of their disabilities.
e.g. We can find out about pollution quickly due to new technology.

“Thanks to” is only used with positive (good) things.

Page 74, Exercise 9
1. Thanks to
2. due to/because of
3. as
4. Because of/Due to

Discussion

* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Discuss these questions with partners. Remember to use expressions to “Give Opinions,” “Agree,” and “Disagree.” Also, give reasons why. (You can use phrases like “as,” “thanks to,” “because,” and “due to.”)

e.g.

A: Have robots changed society?
B: It seems to me that robots have changed society as they do a lot of factory work. Thanks to factory robots, more people can work in offices instead of factories.
A: Yes, I see what you’re saying but some people still work in factories …

* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Page 76, Exercise 6

1. switch it on
2. keyboard … mouse
3. log on
4. wifi … go online
5. the cloud
6. shut down

Page 76, Exercise 7

Page 77, Exercise 8

Verbs Nouns
charge battery
surf apps
text charger
keys
text

Page 77, Exercise 9

1. keys
2. apps
3. surf
4. text
5. battery
6. charger … charge

Page 77, Exercise 10

Page 78, Exercise 1

1. stupid b
2. memory f
3. research a
4. difficult c
5. scientist g
6. location e
7. computer file d

Page 78, Exercise 3

1.
2.
3.

When a word ends in two consonants, and the next word begins with a consonant, we don’t pronounce the second consonant.

e.g.

And two weeks later …

When a syllable is reduced (reduced = not stressed), the vowels often becomes a schwa.

Page 79, Exercise 5

1. memory
2. difficult
3. websites
4. information
5. lazy

Page 79, Exercise 6

6. information
7. answer
8. how
9. put
10. facts
11. location
12. find

Discussion

What are some possible problems with keeping your information …
– on your computer?
– on your smartphone?
– in “the cloud”?
Conjunctions

Conjunctions are used to link (connect) words, phrases, and clauses. (Clauses = small sentences inside larger sentences.) Clauses can be used to link similar ideas or different ideas. Look at the clauses below, and write them under “Similar Information” or “Different Information”

also and as well as but however

on the other hand too whereas

Similar Information Different Information

also but
and however
as well as on the other hand
too whereas

Page 81, Exercise 1

1. However
2. whereas/but
3. On the other hand/However
4. but

Page 82, Exercise 5

1.
a. and
b. but

2.
a. whereas
b. and also

3.
a. as well as
b. However,

Final Speaking Project

Choose one of the technologies below, then write some advantages and disadvantages about it.

the Internet mobile phones Internet TV

3D TV cars that work without a driver

robot surgeons

Advantages Disadvantages

Pair Work

Tell each other about the technology you chose. Give your opinions by using phrases for “Giving Opinions” and give reasons by using conjunctions like “as” and “because of.”

Talk about both advantages and disadvantages by using conjunctions such as “as well as,” “on the other hand,” and “whereas.”

e.g.

It seems to me that the Internet is making us lazy due to the fact that people don’t remember information anymore. They just remember where to find the information. Also, people don’t know how to spell words anymore, since they just use symbols like “k thnx” and “ㅋㅋㅋ.”
On the other hand, the Internet is a great way to learn about things because it has more up-to-date information than most books …

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