University English: the blog for ESL students

October 15, 2013

Mid-term Exam

Filed under: Mid-term Exam — richardlstansfield @ 11:26 pm

Wednesday, October 23

UE 2, Track 3 = 13:00 to 13:50 (1 pm to 1:50 pm)

Bring:
– your student ID card
– a computer pen

Listening Test –> Units 7, 8, and 9 of the text book (Making Friends, Interests, and Health)

Location: Find out by going to the Inha site.

Do not be late.
When the test starts, the door will be locked.
So, if you are late, you will not be able to take the test.

Suggestions/Recommendations:

– Do the exercises in Unit 9 that we did not do and check your answers on the Unit 9 post at this web-site.

– Practice by doing some online practice.

– Practice some English shortly before your test. This is like stretching before doing sports or exercise. It prepares you.

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Extra Online Practice

Filed under: extra online practice — richardlstansfield @ 11:15 pm

I recommend that you prepare for your mid-term exam by doing some extra online practice. Click on the link below.

http://www.cambridge.org/us/esl/touchstone/student/index.html

Attendance: Absences and Documents

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 11:13 pm

If you have documents for any absences from September 9 to October 11, please give them to me by October 18.

October 7, 2013

Possible Test Questions

Filed under: Possible Test Questions — richardlstansfield @ 1:38 am

* Vocabulary

I give you the part of speech and definition, and you give me the word.

e.g.

__________ : (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

–> backpacking

* Similar Sentences

I give you a sentence. You write a similar sentence.

Example #1

I want to see famous things.

–> I want to do some sightseeing.

Example #2

My place is comfortable.

–> My place is really comfy.

* Infinitives for Reasons

I need to get a phrase book ______________________________ .

–> I need to get a phrase book to learn some expressions.

* Infinitives for Reasons & Trips

What do you need on a beach vacation?

–> We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

* Suggestions

Example #1

A: You __________ come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, I’d love to. Are you a good skier?

–>

A: You should/could come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, I’d love to. Are you a good skier?

Example #2

A: You should come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, ____________________ . Are you a good skier?

–>

A: You should come skiing with me sometime.

B: Oh, I’d love to/that’s a great idea/that sounds great. Are you a good skier?

* Possessives

It’s Richard’s book. –> It’s __________ book. –> It’s __________ .

–>

It’s Richard’s book. –> It’s his book. –> It’s his.

* Order of adjectives. Rewrite the adjectives in correct order.

I like the big, cute, round, red speakers.

I like the ________________________________ speakers.

–> I like the cute, big, red, round speakers.

* Asking politely (Asking for Permission and Asking Somebody to Do Something)

Example #1

A: I hate to ask this, but ______________________________ off your phone during dinner?

B: No, no problem. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

–>

A: I hate to ask this, but would you mind turning off your phone during dinner?

B: No, no problem. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

Example #2

A: I hate to ask this, but would you mind turning off your phone during dinner?

B: ______________________________. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

–>

A: I hate to ask this, but would you mind turning off your phone during dinner?

B: No, no problem. But do you mind if I make just one quick call?

* Past Continuous and Simple Past

A few weeks ago, I ____________________ dinner when my friend ____________________ .

–> A few weeks ago, I was making dinner when my friend called.

Vocabulary

Filed under: vocabulary — richardlstansfield @ 1:36 am

Unit 7: Going away …

backpacking: (noun) travelling or camping with your clothes and belongings in a backpack

bargain: (noun) something that is sold for less than its usual price or its real value

– example sentence: “At $8.95, it’s a bargain.”

binoculars: (noun) a piece of equipment for looking at things that are far away, made from two tubes with glass at the ends

cactus: (noun) a plant with thick leaves for storing water and often sharp points that grows in deserts (plural: cacti)

chapel: (noun) a small church, or a room used as a church in a building

currency: (noun) the units of money used in a particular country

embassy: (noun) the official group of people who live in a foreign country and represent their government there, or the building where they work

inflatable: (adjective) when an object has to be filled with air before you can use it

insect repellent: (noun) a substance that you use to keep insects away

jumbo jet: (noun) a very large aircraft for carrying passengers

lounge: (noun) a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait

parasol: (noun) a type of umbrella used for protection from the sun (especially by women)

Puerto Rico: (noun) an island in the Caribbean Sea. The people there have U.S. citizenship and speak Spanish and English. Ricky Martin is from there.

rug: (noun) a soft piece of material used to cover the floor

sauna: (noun) a room that is hot and filled with steam where people sit to relax or feel healthy

snorkel: (noun) a tube that you use to help you breathe if you are swimming with your face under water

spare: (adjective) something that is available to use, because it is extra and not being used

suitcase: (noun) a rectangular case with a handle that you use for carrying clothes when you are travelling

tropical: (adjective) from or in the hottest parts of the world

visa: (noun) an official mark in your passport (= document which proves your nationality) that allows you to enter or leave a particular country

windsurfer: (noun) a narrow board with a sail fixed to it which you hold, standing up, while the wind blows you along the surface of a sea or lake

Unit 8: At home

awful: (adjective) very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant

charity: (noun) an official organization that gives money, food, or help to people who need it

faucet: (noun) an object at the end of a pipe which you turn to control the flow of water

frame: (noun) a structure that goes around the edge of something such as a door, picture, window, or mirror

laundry: (noun) clothes, sheets, etc that need to be washed

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think about yourself

receipt: (noun) a piece of paper that proves that you have received goods or money

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

taste: (noun) the particular things you like, such as styles of music, clothes, decoration, etc.

washing machine: (noun) a machine that washes clothes

weird: (adjective) very strange

Unit 9: Things happen

aerobics: (noun) physical exercises that you do to music, especially in a class

anecdote: (noun) a short story that you tell someone about something that happened to you or someone else

background: (noun) the situation that an event happens in, or things which have happened in the past which affect it

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

routine: (noun) the things you regularly do and how and when you do them

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

while: (conjunction) at the same time as; simultaneously; during the time that

passport: (noun) an official document, often a small book, that you need to enter or leave a country

bedtime: (noun) the time that you usually go to bed

as soon as: (adverb) immediately after; right after; at the same time or a very short time after

Unit 9: Things happen

Filed under: conversation strategies — richardlstansfield @ 1:29 am

* Note

This unit summary has been completely updated. There are answers to all exercises in the book. You should do them and check your answers to prepare for next week’s Mid-term Exam.

Page 86

Books closed

Some bad things happened to Sean Davis, Julia Chen, and Roberto Moreno. What?

Page 86, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Sean was talking to a woman on the train, and he missed his stop.

2. Julia’s friend deleted her files when she was using Julia’s computer.

3. Roberto and his friend were trying to look cool when they walked into a glass door.

Page 87.
We usually use the simple past tense.
Usually, we only use the past continuous in these two situations:

1. Interrupted Actions

e.g. “I was driving from Toronto to Montreal when my car broke down.”

I may have repaired (fixed) my car and completed my journey to Montreal, or I may have stopped there. We don’t know from this sentence.

The interrupted action uses the past continuous. The interrupting action uses the simple past.

2. Settings

A setting is like the background for the beginning of a story.

e.g. “It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing. People were chatting when suddenly the sound of a gunshot rang out. A man in a gray suit grabbed his chest and slowly sank to the ground.”

Page 87, Exercise 2, Part A
1. was making

called

forgot

burned

2. damaged

was driving

ran

3. hurt

was doing

fell

4. was having

spilled

got

5. were talking

weren’t paying

was standing

were listening
Page 89. Books closed.

Listen to the conversation between Nicole and Barry, and answer the questions.

1. What kind of trip did Barry go on?

2. What happened during his trip?

3. Why did it happen?

Answers

1. He went on a ski trip.

2. He had an accident and broke his leg.

3. He was talking on his cell-phone while skiing.

Page 89, Exercise 3, Part A

1. c

2. d

3. e

4. b

5. f

6. a

Practice the conversations using the fall-rise intonation that you learned about in Exercise 3.

Page 88

sprain: (verb) to injure part of your body by twisting it, but not so badly that it breaks

Be careful not to confuse “hip” with “buttocks.”

hip: (noun) one of the two parts of your body above your leg and below your waist

buttock: (noun) one of the two sides of your bottom

Discussion

When answering a question, pay attention to your verbs (past continuous vs. simple past).

Example:
A: Have you ever made a mistake while cooking?
B: Yes. I was watching TV and I dropped an egg on the floor. What a mess!

Example:
A: Have you ever been embarrassed?
B: Yes. I was looking at some girls and I walked into a glass door.

. Have you ever made a mistake while cooking?
. Have you ever been in a traffic accident?
. Have you ever hurt yourself while exercising or playing sports?
. Have you ever had a bad experience in a restaurant or bar?
. Have you ever been embarrassed?
Tell us something about your partner.

Example:

My partner was in a traffic accident. She was driving to work and she ran into a stop sign.

Page 90. Conversation Strategy: Reacting to a story

Books closed. Listen to the conversation between Matt and Emily, and answer the questions.

First Listening

1. What was Matt doing?

a. cooking

b. skiing

c. driving

2. Did something good or something bad happen to Matt?

Answers

1. a. He was cooking.

2. Something bad happened to Matt.

Second Listening

1. What happened to Matt?

2. How did he solve his problem?

Answers

1. He dropped rice onto the floor.

2. He bought some rice from a restaurant.

Matt: I was making Mexican food for a bunch of people one time …
Emily: Oh, I love Mexican.
Matt: Anyway, everything was ready, and I picked up this big pot of rice, and I burned myself, and I dropped it right in the middle of the floor, upside down!
Emily: Oh, no.
Matt: I freaked!
Emily: Oh, I bet.
Matt: So anyway, I just ran out to the restaurant down the street, bought some rice, put it in a bowl, and served dinner.
Emily: I bet no one even noticed.
Matt: They didn’t. I was only gone for five minutes.
Emily: That’s really funny.

Rejoinders

Rejoinders are special phrases. We use them for three reasons:

1. to show that we are listening

2. to show that we understand

3. to show that we are interested

For example, for each conversation, choose the best rejoinder.

Example #1

A: My dog died last night.

B:

(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2

A: I won the lottery last night. (Lottery = “lotto” in Konglish)

B:

(a) That’s great!

(b) That’s nice.

(c) I’m sorry to hear that.

(d) Oh, really?

Here are the different kinds of rejoinders.

Happy:

– That’s great!

– Terrific!

– Wonderful!

Sad:

– That’s too bad.

– I’m sorry to hear that.

– Oh, no!

Interested:

– I see.

– That’s nice.

– Oh, yeah?

Surprised:

– You’re kidding!

– I can’t believe it!

– Oh, really!/Oh, really?

Step 1

Student A reads out a sentence.

Student B listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Example #1:

A: I broke my finger yesterday.

B:

(a) Wonderful!

(b) Oh, yeah?

(c) Oh, no!

(d) Oh, really?

Example #2:

A: IU will marry a member of Super Junior.

B:

(a) That’s too bad.

(b) You’re kidding!

(c) I see.

(d) That’s great!

Step 2

Vice versa.

Student B reads out a sentence.

Student A listens and then gives an appropriate rejoinder.

Step 3

First, fill in the blanks.

Example:

My favorite kind of animals are ___ .

Then, take turns reading out your sentences and giving appropriate rejoinders.
Step 4

Take turns with your partner. One person tells about a travel experience, and the other gives rejoinders.
Example:
A: This past vacation, I went on a trip to Jeju Island.
B: That’s nice.
A: My uncle is the mayor of Jeju City.
B: Oh, really!
A: So I stayed at his house for a few days.
B: I see.
A: Unfortunately, I was punched by a drunk man.
B: Oh, no!
A: But I wasn’t too hurt, and I received a lot of “blood money.”
B: That’s great!

[ etc. … ]

Page 91, Exercise 3

_4_ Oh no! That’s terrible.
_3_ I bet. That’s amazing.
_1_ Oh! That’s funny.
_2_ Oh, I bet that was boring.

1. She and her husband have matching cell-phones. She took her husband’s cell-phone by mistake. She tried to call her husband. Her phone was ringing in her purse. She was calling herself.
2. He went to see a French movie. There were no sub-titles. He couldn’t understand the movie and so he was bored. He couldn’t leave because the man next to him was asleep.
3. She sent a birthday card to her sister. She forgot about it, and so sent another card. It was the same card with the same message.
4. He lost his credit card. He was charged 1,200 dollars. Somebody used it to buy a plane ticket to Australia.

Page 92, Exercise 1, Part C

1. False. Nelson Hunter usually writes about good bad things that happen to people.

2. False. Abby Walters had to pay for a A woman paid for Abby’s cab home when she missed her train.

3. True

4. False. A young man found Andrea’s wallet when he was leaving walking into the mall.

5. False. John ate shared the bag of donuts by himself with his roommates.

Page 93, Exercise 2
Gary’s Story
1. He was having breakfast at a coffee shop.
2. He met somebody from his old high school.
3. They were still talking and laughing when they left.
4. He called the coffee shop. (They didn’t have it.)
5. Yes. He was listening to the radio and they had it on the “lost and found” announcements. (He got his briefcase and laptop back.)

Pam’s Story
1. She was going to her friend’s wedding party.
2. She got lost.
3. She went to someone’s house and asked for help.
4. She said, “Follow me.”
5. No. It was a different wedding party (not her friend’s).

Unit 8: At home

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 1:28 am

Spring Cleaning

spring cleaning: (noun) when you clean a place more carefully and using more effort than usual

Books Closed

John and Sandra are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Whose bathing suit do they find?

2. Whose clothes do they find?

3. Whose jewelry do they find?

4. Whose earrings do they find?

Answers

1. Sandra’s.

2. Sandra’s sister’s.

3. Sandra’s sister’s.

4. Sandra’s.

Page 76, Exercise 1, Part B

1. Whose …

2. … mine.

3. … hers.

Possessives

Examples of Adjectives:

pretty –> pretty girl
heavy –> heavy book

Possessive Adjectives

my –> my bathing suit
your –> your earrings

Examples of Pronouns

he
she

Possessive Pronouns

It’s mine.
They’re yours.

Page 77, Exercise 2, Part A

Possessive Pronouns

1. mine

hers

theirs

his

2. mine

ours

3. mine

theirs

hers

4. yours

mine

Discussion
Ask and answer these questions with your partner.
The possessives have been underlined.

1. a. What’s your favorite piece of clothing?
b. Why is it your favorite?
c. Who gave it to you?
2. a. How do you take photographs? (e.g. cell-phone, small digital camera, digital camera with a long lens, film camera, etc.)
b. Where do you store your photos?
c. What’s your favorite photo?
d. Why is it your favorite?
3. a. What’s your favorite kind of music?
b. Where do you store your music?
c. How do you listen to your music?

Tell us something about your partner.

Example: My partner stores her pictures on her iPad.

My Place

Part 1. Match the sentences with similar sentences.

1. It’s really comfy. __
2. It’s cozy. __
3. It’s got plenty of room. __
4. It gets a lot of sun. __
5. I feel at home here. __
6. It’s pretty cluttered. __
7. It’s a little cramped. __
8. It’s a little too dark. __
9. It doesn’t have much storage space. __
10. It needs some fixing up. __

a. It’s not very sunny.
b. It needs repair.
c. It’s too small.
d. It’s warm and pleasant.
e. It’s comfortable.
f. It has lots of space.
g. It’s a mess.
h. It has no space for things.
i. It’s very sunny.
j. I feel relaxed here.

Part 2. Practice the conversation.
Then practice it again, changing the underlined parts. Do this many times.

A: I heard you moved. How’s your new place?

B: It’s a little cramped, but it’s really comfy.
It’s pretty cluttered, but it’s cozy.
It’s a little too dark, but it’s got plenty of room.
It doesn’t have much storage space, but it gets lots of sun.
It needs some fixing up, but I feel at home.

A: Sounds nice.

Part 3. Ask and answer these discussion questions with your partner.
When answering a question, use at least two sentences from Part 1.

a. What’s your place like? (Describe your home.)
b. Do you like your place? Why or why not?
c. What would your ideal place be like? (Describe your perfect home.)

Page 79, Exercise 3

Order of Adjectives = opinion, size, color, shape, nationality, material.

Opinion: beautiful, cute, etc.

Size: big, small, etc.

Color: red, green, etc.

Shape: round, square, etc.

Nationality: Korean, Turkish, Taiwanese, etc.

Material: wood, cotton, etc.

e.g. “They have beautiful, big, red, rectangular, Turkish, cotton rugs.”

Discussion. Look at Page 79.
Discuss which items you like and don’t like.

A: Which _____ do you like?
rug
speakers
clock
curtains
TV
B: I like the __ __ __ one (ones). How about you?

Example

A: Which clock do you like?
B: I like the small, black, round one.

LG-Intros-New-Clamshell-Phone-Lollipop-2samsung-announces-anycall-branded-c3110h-for-hong-kong

26594product2

1010892607p952850

317v6ep4bgl_sl500_aa280_6a00c225239a5e8fdb00e398aa0f690004-500pi


Page 80

Conversation Strategy: Asking Politely

polite: (adjective) behaving in a way that is not rude (does not upset other people) and shows that you do not only think
about yourself

permission: (noun) when you allow someone to do something

Books closed.

Jessica visits Ben at his apartment. Listen and answer the questions.

1. Ben asks Jessica to do four things. What are they?

2. Jessica asks for permission do something. What is it?

Answers

1. – to make herself at home

– to give him her coat

– to help him in the kitchen

– to chop the onions

2. – to look around Ben’s apartment

Asking For Permission

Do you mind if I …
Do you mind if I open the window?
Do you mind if I take your coat?
Do you mind if I look around?

Can I …
Can I open the window?
Can I take your coat?
Can I look around?

Ben: “Do you mind if I open the window?”

Jessica: “No, go ahead.”

[Then Ben opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise B
Practice these conversations many times.
Change the underlined words.

A: Do you mind if I use your phone?
Can I put on some music?
open a window?
take a cookie?
get a glass of water?
turn on the TV?
B: No, go ahead.
Sure, go ahead.

“… mind …”

“Do you mind … ?” means “Does … bother you?”

That’s why we say “Yes” by saying “No …”
Asking Somebody To Do Something

Would you mind …
Would you mind helping me in the kitchen?
Would you mind chopping the onions?

Could you …
Could you help me in the kitchen?
Could you chop the onions?

Ben: “Would you mind opening the window?”

Jessica: “No, not at all.”

[Then Jessica opens the window.]

Page 80, Exercise C
Practice these conversations many times.
Change the underlined words.

A: Would you mind answer(ing) the door for me?
Could you hand(ing) me the newspaper?
set(ting) the table for me?
make/making some coffee?
help(ing) me with the dishes?
feed(ing) the cat?
B: No, not at all.
Sure, no problem.

“… mind …”

“Would you mind … ?” means “Would … bother you?”
That’s why we say “Yes” by saying “No …”
Also, we use _-ing after (“Would you mind helping me?”)
Page 81, Exercise 2

(Other answers are possible.)

1. B: No, no problem.

2. B: No, not at all.

3. B: … go ahead.

4. B: No, not at all.

5. B: Sure.

“Do you mind … ?” means “Does … bother you?”

“Would you mind … ?” means “Would … bother you?”

That’s why we say “Yes” by saying “No …”
Page 81, Exercise 3

Listen to the conversations. What is each request? Did the person agree to it?

1. magazine,

doesn’t agree

2. money,

agrees

3. wastebasket,

agrees

4. shirts,

doesn’t agree

Ask each other to do something, or for permission.

1 = ask sby to do sth
2 = ask sby for permission

– introduce me to a pretty girl/handsome boy –
– lend me 10,000 won –
– massage my back –
– give me a hug –
– let me call on your cell-phone –
– show me your cell-phone pictures –
– help me study English –
– cut my hair –
– visit your home –
– cook a meal for me –

Tell us something about your partner.

My partner agreed/didn’t agree to (let me) …

Example: My partner didn’t agree to massage my back.

Example: My partner agreed to let me use her cell-phone.

Evening Routines — Page 83, Exercise B
Number the pictures in the order that Mario does them.

1 (opens the window)

2 (checks his messages)

3 (washes/does the dishes)

4 (takes a shower)

5 (watches TV)

6 (prepares dinner)

7 (check his mail)

8 (does his laundry)

Talk with your partner.

. What are the first things you do when you get home?
. Do you cook dinner at home or eat at restaurants? Why?
. What time do you go to bed?
. What do you do just before you go to bed?

Tell us about your partner.

. What are the first things you do when you get home?
 When my partner gets home, he/she …
. Do you cook dinner at home or eat at restaurants? Why?
 My partner eats at _____ because …
. What time do you go to bed?
 My partners goes to bed at …
. What do you do just before you go to bed?
 Before going to bed, my partner …

Page 82, Exercise 1, Part C

Answers

1. 74% of people in the U.S. make their beds every morning.

2. 58% of them wash the dishes/do the dishes right after eating.

3. 8% of Americans never turn off the light when they leave a room.

4. 13% of them organize their books and CDs.

5. 50% of all Americans throw away old magazines after six months.

6. Almost all unmarried men in the U.S. do at least one load of laundry a week.

Unit 7: Going away …

Filed under: Uncategorized — richardlstansfield @ 1:26 am

Page 65.

Look at the four pictures. What do you see in each picture?

With a partner, ask each other:

“What is in Picture # 1/2/3/4 ?”

Picture 1

beach, beach chairs, parasols, sailboard (windsurfing board), beach house, inflatable boat.

Picture 2

2. camera, sunglasses, hotel key, tickets.

Picture 3

3. jumbo jet (airplane).

Picture 4

4. couple, tropical trees.

Page 66

Books Closed.

Alicia and Rita are talking. Listen and answer the questions.

A. Where is Rita going?

B. What are three (3) things that Rita has to do before her trip?

C. What are two (2) things that she is going to do on her trip?

A. San Juan, in Puerto Rico

B.

1. go shopping

2. get a new suitcase

3. go online to find a cheap flight

C.

1. see her relatives

2. go snorkeling

——————————

Page 66

Exercise C

1. to see

2. to do

3. to find

——————————

Page 67

Infinitives = to see, to get, to find

Gerunds = seeing, getting, finding

Exercise A

First, write sentences with all of the phrases.

1. I need to get a phrasebook to learn some expressions.

2. I need to call the embassy to ask about a visa.

3. I need to go on the Internet to get a flight.

4. I need to call a travel agent to get a hotel room.

5. I need to buy a guidebook to find out about trains.

6. I need to go to the bank to change some money.

Now, match each sentence with a question.

1. e

2. a

3. b

4. f

5. c

6. d

Pair Work

Work with a partner. Have six (6) short conversations, using the sentences above. Start with:

I’m going to [country’s name], so …
Example #1

A: I’m going to Brazil, so I need to get a phrase book to learn some Portuguese.
B: Is it necessary to know Portuguese?
A: Well, I think it’s nice to say “Hello,” and “Thank you,” and things like that.
———————————————————————-
A: I’m going to _______, so I need to _______ to _______ .
B: Is it _______ to _______?
A: Well, _______.

——————————

Look back at the conversation on page 66. Change the conversation.

A: Are you ready for your trip to __________?
B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to __________ to __________, and I still have to __________ to __________ .
A: Is it easy to __________?
B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to __________.
A: So, where are you going, exactly?
B: Well, first I’m going to __________ to __________. Then I’m going someplace to go __________.
A: That sounds exciting.
B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

Example

A: Are you ready for your trip to _Canada_ ?
B: Yeah, kind of. But I still have a lot to do! I need to _get a phrase book_ to _learn some expressions_, and I still have to _go to the bank_ to _change some money_ .
A: Is it easy to _learn some expressions_?
B: Well, it’s not too hard. You just have to _study hard_.
A: So, where are you going, exactly?
B: Well, first I’m going to _Montreal_ to _see the jazz festival_ . Then I’m going someplace to go _skating_ .
A: That sounds exciting.
B: Yeah. It’s going to be fun.

Travel Talk

Part 1. Match the sentences that have similar meanings.

1. I want to do some sightseeing. ___
2. I want to relax and enjoy myself. ___
3. I want to practice my English. ___
4. I want to get away from it all. ___
5. I want to experience something new. ___
6. I’m so excited about this trip. ___
7. I’m looking forward to it. ___
8. I can’t wait to go. ___
9. I’m a little anxious about it. ___
10. Thank goodness! ___

a. I want to forget my problems.
b. I really want to go.
c. I want to have a good time.
d. I am hoping to do it.
e. Hurray!
f. I am nervous about it.
g. I want to see famous things.
h. I want to try some new things.
i. I want to use my English.
j. I am very happy about the trip.

Part 2. Have many short conversations. Change the underlined words.

A: Vacation starts tomorrow. I’m so excited!
I’m really looking forward to it.
I can’t wait to go.
Thank goodness!
I’m a little anxious about it.
B: We should go to Africa.
We could
Why don’t we
Let’s
Do you want to
A: That’s a great idea. We can experience something new.
That sounds great. do some sightseeing.
I’d love to. practice our English.
get away from it all.
relax and enjoy ourselves.

Page 69. Books closed.

Jenny is going on a camping trip.
Listen to the conversation between Jenny and her mother.

Jenny’s mom thinks that Jenny should bring six things with her. What are they?

1. insect repellent

2. flashlight

3. spare batteries

4. mom’s jacket

5. dad’s hat

6. extra shoes
Practice the conversation twice. (One time you are Jenny, and one time you are Mom.)

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Page 68. Part A

Look at the pictures. What would you need for a beach vacation? Why?
(Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67 –> infinitives for reasons.)

Write down some sentences.

Examples:

We need a bathing suit to swim in.

We need a towel to dry ourselves.

Items: a bathing suit, batteries, a brush, a first-aid kit,a flashlight, a hair dryer, insect repellent makeup, pajamas a razor, sandals, a pair of scissors, shampoo, a sleeping bag, soap, sunscreen, a tent, a toothbrush, toothpaste, a towel.

Part B

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

Why?
Discuss with a partner.
Use the same grammar as we learned on Page 67.
Make lists and present them to the class.

Examples:

On a camping trip, we need a tent to keep the rain off of us.

On a beach vacation …

We need sunscreen to protect our skin from ultraviolet (UV) rays.
We need a tent to sleep/rest in/sleep safely in.
We need a watermelon to eat.
We need sandals to protect our feet from the hot sand.
We need a hat to protect our head from the sun.
We need a camera to take pictures.
We need a ball to play with.
We need soap to wash our body.
We need insect repellant to repel insects/protect ourselves from insects.
We need a flashlight to light the darkness/to shine a light.
We need sunglasses to protect our eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays.
We need a toothbrush to brush our teeth.
We need a volleyball to play (beach) volleyball with.
We need a first-aid kit to treat any injuries.
We need a map to know where we are/find where we are going.
We need shampoo to wash our hair.
We need a hair dryer to dry our hair.
We need some batteries to power our flashlight.

What are three things that you would need on a camping trip?

We need meat to cook over a fire.
We need some drinks to feel relaxed.
We need a tent to sleep in/protect us from insects/sleep safely in.
We need a toothbrush to brush our teeth.
We need a portable gas stove to cook food.
We need a flashlight to shine a light/light the darkness/to be able to see in the dark.
We need a backpack to carry things in.
We need a cell-phone to contact people.
We need insect repellent to repel insects/to protect us from insects.
We need batteries to power our flashlight.
We need a sleeping bag to sleep comfortably in.
We need a portable gas stove to cook food.
We need beverages to drink.

What are three things that you would need on a business trip?

We need a schedule to not forget any appointments/know what I have to do.
We need a cell-phone to communicate/keep in touch with people/contact people.
We need a laptop/notebook computer to do work/make presentations on/to find information/write documents/store our presentation/do research/record the meeting.
We need a watch to know the time/tell the time/know what time it is.
We need that country’s currency to pay for things.
We need a briefcase to carry documents/papers in.
We need a passport to enter another country legally.
We need a razor to shave our face.
We need makeup to look good.
We need soap to wash ourselves.
We need a suit jacket (and tie) to look professional.
We need a notebook to write notes in.
We need credit cards to pay for things.
We need business cards to network with new clients.

What are three things that you would need to stay overnight with a friend?

We need pajamas to sleep comfortably in/wear while we sleep.
We need a game console to play games with our friend.
We need a toothbrush to brush out teeth.
We need shampoo to wash our hair.
We need alcoholic beverages to relax with our friend/to drink together with our friend.
We need a spare cell-phone battery to power our cell-phone.
We need playing cards to play games with our friend.
We need a brush to brush our hair.
We need beverages/snacks to drink/eat with our friend.
We need toothpaste to put on our toothbrush.

Look again at the conversation between Jenny and her mom. Mom is making suggestions and giving advice. Look at the phrases that Mom uses to make suggestions or give advice.

Mom: Jenny, maybe you should take some insect repellent … Oh, and take a flashlight, and don’t forget to pack some spare batteries. … Why don’t you take my jacket? It’s a good idea to have something warm. … Now, you need to take a hat. You could borrow your dad’s. But don’t lose it. … Oh, and Jenny, do you want to pack some other shoes?

Jenny: I’m sorry, Mom. Did you say something? I can’t hear you with my headphones on.

Page 70

Exercise 1, Part A

Books closed.

Listen. Chris and Adam are talking.

a. What four (4) suggestions does Adam make?

b. Does Chris agree to them at first? How do you know?

c. Does Chris agree to them at the end? How do you know?

a. 1. take a few days off

2. go to Mexico for a couple of weeks

3. quit their jobs

4. go backpacking for a few months
.

b. Yes, he does.

He says, “Yeah, we should. Definitely,” and, “That’s a great idea.”
.

c. No, he doesn’t.

He says, “I guess we could, but …” and, “I’d like to, but …”

Practice the conversation twice. (One time, you are Chris, and one time, you are Adam.)

Chris: You know, we should take a few days off sometime.
Adam: Yeah, we should. Definitely.
Chris: We could go to Mexico or something.
Adam: That’s a great idea.
Chris: We could even go for a couple of weeks.
Adam: Well, maybe. I guess we could, but …
Chris: You know, we could just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months. …
Adam: Well, I don’t know. I’d like to, but … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
Chris: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Look at the conversation again. Look at the phrases that Chris uses to make suggestions. Look at the phrases that Adam uses to respond to the suggestions.

Chris: You know, we should take a few days off sometime.
Adam: Yeah, we should. Definitely.
Chris: We could go to Mexico or something.
Adam: That’s a great idea.
Chris: We could even go for a couple of weeks.
Adam: Well, maybe. I guess we could, but …
Chris: You know, we could just quit our jobs and maybe go backpacking for a few months. …
Adam: Well, I don’t know. I’d like to, but … I guess I need to keep this job, you know, to pay for school and stuff.
Chris: Yeah, me too, I guess.

Making Suggestions

… should … (e.g. We should take a few days off.)

… could … (e.g. We could go to Mexico.)

Why don’t … ? (e.g. Why don’t we quit our jobs?)

Let’s … (e.g. Let’s go backpacking in India.)

Do you want to … ?
(e.g. Do you want to tell our boss that we’re sick?)

Responding to Suggestions

If you like the suggestion then say:

– That’s a great idea.
– That sounds great.
– I’d love to.

If you don’t like the suggestion, then say:

– I guess we could, but …
– I don’t know.
– I’d like to, but …

Page 70, Part B

Match the suggestions with the responses. Then practice with a partner.

1. b

2. d

3. e

4. f

5. a

6. c

——————–

Page 71, Exercise 2

Answers

1. A: You know, I guess my favorite kind of vacation is going camping.

2. A: I guess it gets pretty cold in Canada in the winter.

B: …

A: Yeah, I guess I’d probably like the snow.

3. A: …

B: Well, I guess I could go. Oh, wait, I have an exam next week. But I could study in the car, I guess.

4. A: …

B: Yeah. Two weeks’ vacation a year isn’t enough, I guess.

A: But I guess we could go away on weekends or something.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part A

Answers

1. Everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime.

2. Everyone should learn another language.

3. World cultures should be a required class in high school.

4. It’s a good idea to travel with a friend.

5. You should read a lot about a place before you go there.

6. It’s nice to try the local food in a new country.

Page 71, Exercise 3, Part B

Discuss their statements. Do you agree with them?
Why or why not?  Later, you will present your opinions to the class.

* Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
* Do you think everyone should learn another language?
* Do you think world cultures should be a required class in high school?
* Do you think it’s a good idea to travel with a friend?
* Do you think you should read a lot about a place before you go there?
* Do you think it’s nice to try the local food in a new country?
Example:
A: Do you think everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime?
B: Yes, I think so. It’s good to visit other countries.
A: Definitely. But some people can’t afford to travel.

Present your opinions to the class.

My partner and I agree/don’t agree.

Both/Neither of us think that _______ because…
I think/don’t think
He/She thinks/doesn’t think

Example:
My partner and I don’t agree.
She doesn’t think that everyone should learn another language because it’s difficult.
I think that everyone should learn another language because languages help you communicate with more people.

Example:
My partner and I agree.
Both of us think that everyone should travel to a foreign country sometime because you can learn interesting things.

Homework (Page 73, Exercise 1, Part C)

Answers

(Answers can be slightly different as long as they have the correct information.)

1. You dive.

2. It takes about an hour.

3. You can see the salt hills, lakes, and hot springs. You can also see Fisherman’s island with its 12-foot cacti.

4. Because the sun gets extremely bright.

5. It has an art gallery, a chapel, a movie theater, a disco, and an ice fireplace in the lounge. There is also a sauna.

(chapel = a small church, or a room used as a church in a building)

(lounge = a room in a hotel, theatre, airport, etc where people can relax or wait)

6. Because it melts in the spring.

Page 73, Exercise 2, Part B

Answers

1. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

2. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

3. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

4. 1 (the Cave Hotel)

5. 3 (the Spa Hotel)

6. 2 (the Lighthouse Hotel)

Discussion

Discuss which hotel would you like to visit? Why?
Then tell the class.

A: Which hotel would you like to visit?

B: I would like to visit the Jules Undersea Lodge because …
Hotel de la Playa
Ishotellet
Cave Hotel
Lighthouse Hotel
Spa Hotel

Present your opinions to the class.

My partner and I agree/don’t agree.

Both of us would like to go to _______ because …
I
He/She

Example
My partner and I don’t agree.
I would like to go to the Jules Undersea Lodge because I love to watch fish.
He would like to go to the Cave Hotel because he wants to look down from the hot-air balloon.

2013 Incheon Half-mathon

Filed under: marathon — richardlstansfield @ 1:24 am

Yesterday (October 6, 2013) I participated in the Incheon Half-marathon. My time was 2hrs 39 mins.
(-_-);
IMG_1223

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