University English: the blog for ESL students

October 16, 2015

Week 8 Homework Assignment

Filed under: homework — richardlstansfield @ 9:52 am

Read the text. Then write the answers on a piece of paper, and put the paper into a box in front of the teacher’s office during Week 8. The deadline is Friday, October 23rd, at 5 pm (17:00). Don’t forget to write your name and your class number.


Why all the interest in texting?

An article on the Internet recently caught my eye. It was about the Texting Championships in New York City. The 17-year-old winner texted 149 characters in 39 seconds and won $50,000. That is certainly impressive, and much, much faster than me – LOL : – ). However, I started to wonder: Why is there still so much interest in texting? After all, texting is a commonplace activity these days.

It’s clear that texting, with all of its abbreviations and symbols, is now part of our lives. According to research, about 75% of Americans send text messages, and almost one third prefer to text rather than talk on their phone. It’s just quicker to send a text than make a call. Typing SUP is faster than asking “How are you?” and listening to the answer. It’s also more discrete because no one can overhear your conversation – and that’s FBM.

OTOH, texting has its downsides, too, and perhaps it’s these problems that create all the interest. Texters gripe that they are getting more spam texts than ever before. Teachers complain that students’ test scores are getting worse because teens spend more time texting than they should. Some also say that texting encourages bad grammar and punctuation and IMO, that’s true. Students don’t realize they shouldn’t write their essays in “textese,” and they get low grades as a result. Many young people are sleeping less because they wake up in the night every time a text pops up on their phone. Others have injuries to their hands and thumbs from the constant texting.

There are also more serious problems with texting, however, such as the accidents that happen when people text and drive at the same time. Fortunately, many countries are passing laws that make it illegal to text when you’re behind the wheel of a car. In addition, public service advertisements warn of the dangers of texting while driving. Perhaps, then, there is good reason for all the interest in texting.


Match the textese with its meaning.

1. LOL __
2. : – ) __
3. SUP __
4. FBM __
5. OTOT __
6. IMO __

a. Fine by me.
b. In my opinion
c. Laugh out loud
d. On the other hand
e. Smile
f. What’s up?


Match the vocabulary with their meanings.

1. caught my eye __
2. wonder __
3. discreet __
4. overhear __
5. downsides __
6. warn of __

a. disadvantages
b. not noticeable
c. hear without intending to
d. got my attention
e. say there’s a problem
f. ask myself


1. What are two reasons why many people like texting better than talking on the phone?

2. What is “textese” and what kinds of problems does it cause?

3. What are four downsides to texting?

Mr. Stansfield’s Office: 5남242

October 6, 2015

Mid-term Exam Appointments

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 9:43 am

Class 14
Wednesday, October 14

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김구현 12150243 9:00
김만정 12121613 9:05
류지혜 12112044 9:10
박소연 12151026 9:15
사아려 12154627 9:20
상연 12154628 9:25
송지영 12013580 9:30
아블라예바카 12154689 9:35
왕군림 12154686 9:40
윤영우 12150711 9:45
이다혜 12123741 9:50
이동길 12150106 9:55
이효영 12151878 10:00
조하늘 12150229 10:05
최규락 12150304 10:10

Class 32
Thursday, October 15

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
고경서 12151117 10:30
김경현 12151228 10:35
김민중 12150024 10:40
김진현 12150664 10:45
김혜승 12122015 10:50
류시헌 12151251 10:55
박다혜 12151554 11:00
박수홍 12101828 11:00
배예찬 12150422 11:05
송창민 12111287 11:10
신승훈 12150093 11:15
이다솜 12143090 11:20
이용호 12091792 11:25
정범기 12122071 11:30
최용호 12150306 11:35

Class 5
Thursday, October 15

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김다미 12150384 2:30
김동균 12150021 2:35
김민수 12110739 2:40
김수헌 12150484 2:45
리우림 12153886 2:50
박근범 12150412 2:55
박소현 12151075 3:00
박주석 12111740 3:05
서성준 12150926 3:10
윤성원 12151976 3:15
윤형우 12151086 3:20
이데르바트 12134630 3:25
이승훈 12131921 3:30
장전서 12154604 3:35
정우영 12151481 3:40
황민지 12150474 3:45

Class 23
Friday, October 16

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김영진 12091064 10:30
김장곤 12150968 10:35
박다해 12150413 10:40
박윤호 12150069 10:45
박진수 12150419 10:50
박창수 12150074 10:55
송혁진 12150427 11:00
신광훈 12151270 11:05
신산하 12150987 11:10
염채린 12153703 11:15
오치종 12150441 11:20
이경민 12150104 11:25
이유경 12153753 11:30
정우석 12141002 11:35
호종현 12100981 11:40

Class 41
Friday, October 16

Student Name, Student ID #, Appointment Time
김근용 12121607 2:30
김동희 12150386 2:35
김민주 12102241 2:40
김유준 12091066 2:45
김인성 12100082 2:50
김재현 12151133 2:55
김현웅 12121280 3:00
양희승 12110293 3:05
예명동 12154618 3:10
유연진 12150503 3:15
이명석 12150284 3:20
이정균 12141454 3:25
이헌 12151303 3:30
전덕원 12151311 3:35

About the Mid-term Exam

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 9:40 am

You will give a presentation. Its maximum length will be 3 or 4 minutes. You will talk about the following two things:

* Talk about the advantages and disadvantages of one of the technologies below:

– the Internet
– mobile phones
– Internet TV
– 3D TV
– cars that work without a driver
– robot surgeons

Give your opinions by using phrases for “Giving Opinions” and give reasons by using conjunctions like “as” and “because of.”

Talk about both advantages and disadvantages by using conjunctions such as “as well as,” “on the other hand,” and “whereas.”

* Choose one of these tasks and tell people how to do it.

(There are now more choices. You can also choose your own task.)

– make a cup of tea or coffee
– change the oil or wheel of a car
– send an e-mail on a mobile phone
– sew on a button
– cook one of your favorite dishes
– do part of a dance [1]
– start and drive a car
– dry your hair
– apply your makeup [2]
– wash dishes
– have the perfect date

–> Remember to use the Imperative verb form.
–> Remember to use Adverbs of Sequence (first of all, firstly, to start with, next, then, after that, at the end, finally, to finish).
–> No reading. No Power Point presentations. Just you talking.

[1] Example 1: (starts at 1 minute 18 seconds of the video)

First of all, turn your body to the left or to the right so that your shoulder is forward.

Next, put your arm out straight. Your palm faces the audience.

Then, move your hand back and forth.

After that, make a circle with your hand.

Next, lift your knee. At the same time, bend your body towards that knee. Repeat on the other side.

Finally, hold up your index finger and move it back and forth.

[2] Example 2: (starts at 58 seconds of the video)

First of all, apply generous amounts of sunscreen lightly and delicately.

Next, apply small amounts of liquid and runny foundation.

Then, use a sponge to smooth out the foundation.

After that, use a brush to use cake-like concealer to cover the dark areas under your eyes and the red areas under your nose.

Next, use a brush to apply facial powder to brighten your face.

Finally, use a powder puff to apply brightening powder to tone up your face.


–> Arrive early and wait inside.

During the mid-term exams, some people came in late. Here are two real examples.

Real Example #1

Student: I’m ready to do my exam now.
Teacher: You missed your exam.
Student: My exam is at 2:40.
Teacher: No, your exam was at 1:40.
Student: 헐 …

Real Example #2

Student: I’m ready to do my exam now.
Teacher: You missed your exam. It was at 1:40.
Student: I was outside at 1:30.
Teacher: So why didn’t you come inside and take your exam?
Student: I don’t know.
Teacher: I don’t know either.

* So, for the final speaking exam:
– come early, and
– come inside and wait.

The teacher will not go outside and call you to come it. You should be inside the classroom when it is time for your exam.

* If anyone misses their final speaking exam, they get zero (0/25) points.

* If anyone comes in late, they will receive penalties as follows:
1 minute late: – 25%
2 minutes late: – 50%
3 minutes late: – 75%
4 minutes late: missed the exam –> 0 points

Unit 5: Possible Material for Quiz

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 9:34 am

* Vocabulary (Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3 // Page 95, Exercise 3)

* Verb Patterns (Page 94, Exercises 4, 5, and 6)

* Giving Instructions

–> How to make the sign for “happy” (Page 98)
–> How to set the alarm on a mobile phone (Page 99)
–> How to prepare a photocopier (Page 100)
–> How to send an instant message (Page 197)

* Parts of Speech

Give the part of speech for the underlined words.


1. The science laboratories are on the first floor.
2. Homework is important because I want to pass my exams.
3. Robots were not used so much in the past as robots were expensive.
4. When I switch on my laptop, it takes a long time to start.
5. My cell-phone doesn’t have it touchscreen, it has keys that I press.
6. It seems that computers are not making us stupid, but they are making us lazy.
7. People use computers to save information and to organize it.
8. Please follow me.
9. She is a pretty girl.


1. preposition [page 57]
2. verb (auxiliary verb + main verb) [page 58]
3. conjunction [page 73]
4. verb (phrasal verb) [page 76]
5. noun [page 77]
6. conjunction [page 81]
7. conjunction [page 82]
8. verb. [page 93]
9. adjective


Filed under: homework — richardlstansfield @ 9:31 am

Class 5

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 5 and 6

Class 14

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 5 and 6

Class 23

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 4, 5, and 6

Class 32

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

* Page 94, Exercises 6

Class 41

* Page 88, Exercises 2 and 3

* Page 89, Exercise 11

Unit 5: Language and Communication

Filed under: Unit 5: Language and Communication — richardlstansfield @ 9:29 am

Page 88, Exercise 2

1. few c
2. many e
3. Equator f
4. beach b
5. speakers g
6. ancestors d
7. Antarctica a

Page 88, Exercise 3

1. Equator
2. beach
3. Antarctica
4. speakers
5. Many
6. ancestors
7. few
Page 89, Exercise 11

1. a real person or event
2. formal




“Genre” is a word similar in meaning to “type of.” (Korean uses the word “genre” too but the pronunciation is different.)

For example, there are music genres (such as heavy metal and hip hop) and movie genres (such as horror).

Genres have characteristics that can be used to identify them.

For example, heavy metal uses loud, distorted electric guitars, and hip hop is distinguished by fast talking in a rhythm. Horror movies have violence and fearful situations.

Now we will look at some other genres and their characteristics.

Page 91, Exercise 6

Genre Characteristics
d. present tenses used to describe recent

As you know, there are three tenses: past (e.g. yesterday), present (e.g. now), and future (e.g. tomorrow). However, we sometimes use the present tense to talk about things in the past. We do this when we are telling a story and want the events to feel like they are happening in front of you.

e.g. Person A is telling Person B a story, and wants the story to sound interesting.

A: “So I ask my friend to go and get it for me, and my friend is annoyed because he thinks it’s inconvenient …”

h. short sentences with positive

Adjectives are another part of speech. They modify nouns. That means that they describe, or tell us about, nouns. Look at the sentences below, and say what the adjectives are.
* It’s an interesting book.

* I went to the book store.

Genre Characteristics

radio advertisement: e, h
telephone message: f, g
museum tour: b, c
TV news report: a, d

Page 91, Exercise 7

radio advertisement: 4
telephone message: 2
museum tour: 3
TV news report: 1

Page 92, Exercise 9

Genre Country Language
1. television news report India Bo
2. telephone message the USA Navajo
3. museum tour Russia Tuva
4. radio advertisement Wales Welsh



* Do you think we should make efforts to preserve minority languages? (Remember that doing so will cost taxpayer money.) Why or why not?

* What if there was only one language in the world? What would be the advantages and disadvantages?


In the sentences below, what are the subjects, objects, and verbs? What are the types of objects?

* Michael gave his grandmother a present.

subject – Michael
verb – gave
direct object – a present
indirect object – his grandmother

* I tossed the ball to him.

subject – I
verb – tossed
direct object – the ball
indirect object – him

Some verbs must have an object (transitive verbs).


wrong – I can do.

correct – I can do it.

Verb Patterns
1. say
We say something (to someone).
2. tell
We tell someone something.
We don’t tell to someone something.
3. that
We can say that …
We can’t tell that …
4. speak
We speak to someone about something.
5. ask
We ask someone about something.
We ask someone to do something.

Page 94, Exercise 4

1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a
6. b
7. a

Now, try to correct the incorrect sentences.

1. b He told me Tuvan is a type of Russian.
2. b He told us that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
3. b He told us Tuvan is a type of Russian.
4. a He said that Tuvan is a type of Russian.
He said, “Tuvan is a type of Russian.”
5. a We spoke to someone.
6. b. We asked him about the end of Bo.
7. a. We spoke to him about the end of Bo.

Page 94, Exercise 5
Which one is incorrect?
1. We tell …
the answer
2. We say …
me something

I told the answer.
–> I told my friend the answer.
My friend said me something.
–> My friend said something to me.

Page 94, Exercise 6
1. tell
2. speak
3. tell
4. Tell
5. asked

Page 95, Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with one of these words:
blind lip palm pat pick up
1. blind
2. pick up
3. palm
4. lip
5. pat

Gran Torino
* What did the man do?
* What kind of reaction did the people have?
* Why?

Page 96, Exercise 4
1. b
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. a

Page 96, Exercise 5
a. 3
b. 2
c. 1
Page 96, Exercise 8
1. “Hello!” –> We hold our hand up with our palm facing towards the person and we wave.
2. “OK.” –> Make a circle with your thumb and index finger. Your palm faces away from you.
3. “It smells bad!” –> Pinch your nose with your index finger and thumb.
4. “It’s expensive.” (or signal for money) –> Rub your thumb against your index finger and middle finger.
5. “Please be quiet.” –> Put your index finger to your lips.

* “Come here.” –> Bring your hand towards your body repeatedly.
* “Go away.” –> Move your hand away from your body repeatedly.
* “Don’t do that.” –> Move your index finger to the left and to the right repeatedly.

Page 98, Exercise 1
1. Put
2. Put
3. thumb
4. chin
5. under
6. happy

Page 99, Exercise 3
1. Pick
2. Unlock
3. Enter
4. Select
5. Save
6. Press
7. Put
Page 100, Exercise 2
Start Middle End
first of all next 4. at the end
1. firstly then 5. finally
2. to start with 3. after that 6. to finish

Page 100, Exercise 4
Student A –> Page 100, Exercise 4
Student B –> Page 197

Student A
1. First of all, lift/open the lid of the photocopier.
2. Put the paper face down on the glass.
3. Next, open the paper tray.
4. Put the paper into the paper tray.
5. Straighten the paper.
6. Close the paper tray.
7. Finally, press the start button.

Student B
1. First of all, press/select the message icon.
2. Select “Create new message.”
3. Choose the recipient from your address book.
4. Next, type your message.
5. Select/Press “Send to …”
6. Finally, switch off your computer/tablet/smartphone.

Final Task
1. Choose one of the tasks below or think of your own.
* make a cup of tea or coffee
* change the oil or wheel of a car
* send an e-mail on a mobile phone
* sew on a button
* cook your national dish
2. Make a flow chart to prepare your instructions.
3. Give your instructions to a partner.
* Remember to use the Imperative verb form.
* Remember to use Adverbs of Sequence (first of all, firstly, to start with, next, then, after that, at the end, finally, to finish).

October 5, 2015

Unit 4: Possible Material for Quiz

Filed under: Tests/Exams — richardlstansfield @ 5:12 am

* Vocabulary (Page 70, Exercise 1; Page 76, Exercise 6; Page 77, Exercise 9; Page 78, Exercise 1

* Conjunctions for Reasons (Page 73, Exercise 8; Page 74, Exercise 9

* Conjunctions for Similar and Different Information (Page 81, Exercise 1; Page 82, Exercise 5)

Unit 4: The Internet and Technology

Filed under: Unit 4: The Internet and Technology — richardlstansfield @ 5:09 am

Page 70, Exercise 1
1. diving
2. helmet


3. tank
4. screen
5. projector
6. shark


7. virtual reality

virtual reality

8. submarine


Ask each other:

Would you like to …?

– go diving in a sea where you can find sharks?
– ride a motorbike with no helmet?
– keep a fish tank with different fish at home?
– have a projector and a cinema screen at home to watch films?
– travel under water in a submarine?
– experience virtual reality?
Page 70, Exercise 3
1. five
2. the world
3. laughing
4. under the tank
5. some
6. glass
7. dark
8. can

Page 71, Exercise 4
1. expensive … far away
2. helmet … glasses
3. training
4. camera
5. sharks

Page 71, Exercise 6
2. a. You can see sharks up close and swim alongside them.
2. b. You can’t get hurt.

“What would you like to experience in virtual reality? Why?”

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous.

Report to the Class

e.g. I would like to experience swimming with sharks in virtual reality because I like to swim with fish but sharks are dangerous.

My partner would like to experience skydiving in virtual reality because if your parachute doesn’t open, you can die.

skydiving with parachute

Page 72, Exercise 1

Page 72, Exercise 3
Pronunciation for Listening
/s/ – subject
– suit
– disabled
– sort
– face
– maths
/sh/ – wash
– fish
– pollution
– nation
– short
– wish
– ocean
/ch/ – teacher
– kitchen
– which
– match
– cheap

You will listen to a radio program in which people will talk about robots. Listen and answer the questions.
1. Are there many or few sorts of robots? – many
2. Are the robots cheap or expensive? – cheaper
3. What kinds of things do the robots do?
a. factory work *
b. household chores for old people (e.g. washing clothes) *
c. cooking
d. medical care *
e. measuring pollution in the sea *
f. police checks
g. answering phones

robot teaching English in South Korea

Page 73, Exercise 8

1. expensive
2. (new types of) robots
3. age
4. robot fish

Giving Reasons

We can use the following phrases to give reasons:
– as – because
– thanks to – because of
– due to

“Because” and “as” are followed by complete clauses. (Clauses = small sentences inside of a larger sentence.)

e.g. I failed the test because I didn’t study.
e.g. I failed the test as I didn’t study.

“Thanks to,” “because of,” and “due to” are followed by noun phrases.

e.g. People have a much better quality of life thanks to food from other countries.
e.g. Some disabled people can’t do housework because of their disabilities.
e.g. We can find out about pollution quickly due to new technology.

“Thanks to” is only used with positive (good) things.

Page 74, Exercise 9
1. Thanks to
2. due to/because of
3. as
4. Because of/Due to


* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Discuss these questions with partners. Remember to use expressions to “Give Opinions,” “Agree,” and “Disagree.” Also, give reasons why. (You can use phrases like “as,” “thanks to,” “because,” and “due to.”)


A: Have robots changed society?
B: It seems to me that robots have changed society as they do a lot of factory work. Thanks to factory robots, more people can work in offices instead of factories.
A: Yes, I see what you’re saying but some people still work in factories …

* Have robots changed society?
* Are robots a good or bad thing?

Page 76, Exercise 6

1. switch it on
2. keyboard … mouse
3. log on
4. wifi … go online
5. the cloud
6. shut down

Page 76, Exercise 7

Page 77, Exercise 8

Verbs Nouns
charge battery
surf apps
text charger

Page 77, Exercise 9

1. keys
2. apps
3. surf
4. text
5. battery
6. charger … charge

Page 77, Exercise 10

Page 78, Exercise 1

1. stupid b
2. memory f
3. research a
4. difficult c
5. scientist g
6. location e
7. computer file d

Page 78, Exercise 3


When a word ends in two consonants, and the next word begins with a consonant, we don’t pronounce the second consonant.


And two weeks later …

When a syllable is reduced (reduced = not stressed), the vowels often becomes a schwa.

Page 79, Exercise 5

1. memory
2. difficult
3. websites
4. information
5. lazy

Page 79, Exercise 6

6. information
7. answer
8. how
9. put
10. facts
11. location
12. find


What are some possible problems with keeping your information …
– on your computer?
– on your smartphone?
– in “the cloud”?

Conjunctions are used to link (connect) words, phrases, and clauses. (Clauses = small sentences inside larger sentences.) Clauses can be used to link similar ideas or different ideas. Look at the clauses below, and write them under “Similar Information” or “Different Information”

also and as well as but however

on the other hand too whereas

Similar Information Different Information

also but
and however
as well as on the other hand
too whereas

Page 81, Exercise 1

1. However
2. whereas/but
3. On the other hand/However
4. but

Page 82, Exercise 5

a. and
b. but

a. whereas
b. and also

a. as well as
b. However,

Final Speaking Project

Choose one of the technologies below, then write some advantages and disadvantages about it.

the Internet mobile phones Internet TV

3D TV cars that work without a driver

robot surgeons

Advantages Disadvantages

Pair Work

Tell each other about the technology you chose. Give your opinions by using phrases for “Giving Opinions” and give reasons by using conjunctions like “as” and “because of.”

Talk about both advantages and disadvantages by using conjunctions such as “as well as,” “on the other hand,” and “whereas.”


It seems to me that the Internet is making us lazy due to the fact that people don’t remember information anymore. They just remember where to find the information. Also, people don’t know how to spell words anymore, since they just use symbols like “k thnx” and “ㅋㅋㅋ.”
On the other hand, the Internet is a great way to learn about things because it has more up-to-date information than most books …

Information about Mid-term Exam Week

Filed under: announcements — richardlstansfield @ 5:07 am

We are losing class time because of the Chuseok and Hangul Day holidays.

Because of that, there will be some changes to the lessons.

1. The remaining chapters in the text book will not be taught in order. For example, I will begin Unit 5 in the middle of the unit. This is because I want to make sure that we finish the most important parts.

I might ask you to do some exercises as homework and to check your answers by using my website.

2. Mid-term Exam week (Monday, October 12 to Friday, October 16) will be like this:

– 1st class: Unit 4 quiz and Unit 5 quiz
– 2nd class: Speaking tests (more information later)

Create a free website or blog at